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UKAMMAR AND DICTIONARY 



LAKHER LANGUAGE 



) 



in 



VREIX W. SAVIDGE 

OF THE \KTfllNGTOS MISSION, FU8T l 






I'KIM-EI) AT tut, PIONHEH PBB88 



Price Ra. 3- 



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I 



.^' 



HARVARD UNIVERSITY 




LIBRARY 

or THE 

PEABODY MUSEUM 

GIFT OF 
ROLAND BURRAGE DIXON 

(A.B. 1897, Ph.D. 1900) 
OF HARVARD, MASSACHUSETTS 

Received May 7, 1936 



J 




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A GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY OF THE LAKHER LANGUAGE. 



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A 

GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY 



OF TUB 



f LAKHER LANGUAGE 



BY 

FRED. W.JAVIDGE 

OF THE ARTHINGTON MISSION, FOKT LUNGLEH. 




pobllsb^a Dp JlotDorltp. 



FBINTBD AT THE PIONKBS PRESS 
ALLAHABAD 

iioB 



Price Eft 3. 

3 1-7 03 



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PRIXTBD AT THS PIONEEK FRE33 

ALLAHABAD 

1908 



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CONTENTS. 

Page. 

Part I. — aRAMMAR .,• ... ••• 1 — 22 

Part II. — useful sentences ... ... ... 23 — 28 

Part III. — dictionary: lakher- English ... ... 29 — 118 

Part IV. — dictionary : english-lak her ... ...119 — 210 



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GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY 

OF THB 

LAKHER LANGUAGE. 



PART L 
GRAMMAR 
LAKHER ALPHABET AND PRONUNCIATION. 
The Lakher alphabet consists of the following letters : 

Alphabet. Pronunciation. 

like u in the English word ^m. 

like a in the English yford, father. 

like ir in the English word Jir^ without rolling 

the r. 
like aw in the English word awl. 
as in English. 

like ch in the English word chop. 
as in English. 

like e in the English word tell. 
like the first e in the English word there. 
as in English, 
like h in the English word hxyme. When h is 

placed at the end of a syllable or word, it 

denotes that the preceding vowel sound must 

be abruptly shortened, 
like i in the English word sit. 
like i in the English word police. 
as in English (used only in foreign words). 



as in English. 



* The final vowels .of words and syllables being generally long, they are not as a 
rule accented. 

B 



A 


a 


*A 


d 


A 


a 


Aw 


aw 


B 


b 


Ch 


ch 


D 


d 


E 


e 


•^ 


S 


F 


f 


H 


h 


I 


% 


•1 


I 


J 


3 


K 


k\ 


L 


I 


M 


m 


N 


n 



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LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Alphabet. Pronunciation. 

Ng ng when ng comes at the beginning of a syllable or 
word it is pronounced like ng in the English 
word singer. When ng comes at the end of a 
syllable or word, the pronunciation seems to be 
made up of a curious combination of a nasal 
and a guttural sound, the true pronunciation 
of which can only be learnt from a Lakher. 
The vowel a usually precedes this pronuncia- 
tion. 

like in the English word pot. 

like in the English word dome. 

as in English. 

like r in the tinglish word rock (this letter is never 
mute). 

as in English. 

pronounced with the tip of the tongue touching 
the teeth. 

like u in the English word/WZ. 

like u in the English word W^. 

as in English. 

sometimes as in English, and sometimes like the b 
in the- English word plewmre, 
eu is pronounced like eu in the French word^ew, fire. 

This is a very common sound. 

Note —When ch, k^por t, are combined with h they are pronounced as foHows: — 
cM like d^ in the English word cAtercA, but "^ there must, however, be no 
distinctly aspirated. | hiatus between the k and h, p and A, 

kh like kh in the English word blockhead, Vt and A, as in the English words, but 
pk like pk in the English word uphill. | both must be pronounced with one 
th like ^ A in the English word neatJierd. ) breath. 

!^h is pronounced like sh in the English word ship. 

When the liquids Z, m, w, r, are aspirated they are preceded 
by the letter h. When the initial ng is aspirated it is followed 
by h. 

The numbers are represented by the same figures as in 
English. 

NOUNS. 

Nouns are declined as follows : — 

Singular. 

Nom: Laisha^ laisha-tay laisha-na ••• a girl. 

Voc: Laisha ... ..• ... o girl. 

* The final vowels of words and syllables being generally long, they are not as a 
rule accent<Hl. 









•6 


6 


p 


V 


R 


r 


s. 


s 


T 


t 


U 


u 


•if 


u 


V 


V 


z 


z 



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PART 1. — GRAMMAR. 



Poss : Laisha (or laisha with the suflSc na ap- 
pended to the thing possessed, as : — 

Laisha viapakaw-nay agirVs coat)... a girl's. 

Obj: Laisha ... ... ... a girl. 

Plural. 

Nom: Laiaha^zeu, laisAa-zeutay laisha-naw ... girls. 

Voc: Laisha- zeu, laisha-naw ... ... ol girls. 

Poss: Laisha-zeu^ laisha-naw ... ... girls'. 

Obj: Laisha-zeUj laisha^naw ... ... girls. 

Gbndbe. 

There are three Genders, idz.^ masculine, feminine and neuter. 

(1) Masculine and feminine are sometimes distinguished by 
different words, as — 

sha-tliaj a youth : laisha^ a maid. 

(2) By affixing chapaw for the masculine and chanao for the 
feminine to the general word, as-* 

sheiy a slave ; shei chapaw y a male slave ; shei chanao ^ a 

female slave. 
aw chapaWy a cock ; aw chanao, a hen. 

(3) In the case of full-grown animals taopa is sometimes 
used instead of chapaw for the masculine, as — 

mt, a goat ; mi taopa^ a he-goat. 

(4) Some words are the same in both the masculine and 
feminine, as — 

U'tay elder brother or sister. 
naW'ta^ younger brother or sister, 
sometimes pa is affixed to chapaw or chanao for the sake 
of euphony, as — 
mi chanao-pa, a she-goat 

Number. 

There are two numbers, vtz.^ singular and plural. 

(1) The plural of nouns is formed by affixing one of the 
following terminations to the singular : — 
zeu^ ^ naWy 

zeu'duoy sha-hlawh. 

thangy a tree ; thang zeuy trees. 

aw'shiy a star ; aw-shi zeu-duay stars. 

laishay a girl ; laisha nawy girls. 

hatiy a boy, hati-sha-hlawhy boys. 

NoTB.-^Sometimes when the aboye are used with postpositions, the postposition pre« 
cedM the plural affix, as-^ 

Thang rH^ta zeu-ta shi tCy go under the trees. 



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LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICmONARY. 



(2) Nouns are not inflected for the plural number when they 
are qualified by adjectives denoting plurality, as— 

Ang pao'pali'i-hneih ... I have four houses. 

Pang pao-nang na-pi-te ... Give nae two cloths. 
Lakhu heU'kha a hneih ... He has several hats. 

Case. 

There are. four cases, viz.. Nominative, Vocative, Objective 
and Possessive. 

Nominative Case. 

When the subject of a sentence is followed by a transitive 
verb in the active voice it usually takes the termination <a, pata^ 
or na to distinguish it from the object. In other instances it 
generally remains unchanged. Frequently for the sake of eu- 
phony the termination pata becomes pana. 

Examples — 

Viachaw-ta shipaopa a ha. The cow ate the grass. 
ChanaO'ta sachha a zua ... The man is selling rice. 
Hati'pata laisha a tuh ... The boy beat the girl. 

Vocative Case. 

The vocative case is the same in form as the nominative. 
Examples— 

Hatij khapa na ta? ... Boy, what are you doing? 

Khichhai sha-hlawh khapa You strangers, what do you 
ma na ma khang ? want 2 

Objective Case. 

This case has no inflection. The noun in the objective case 
is generally placed immediately before the transitive verb which 
governs it. 

Examples — 

Na nawta-pa, alo cha-let- Your younger brother has gone 

pata^ Tla-bola a zu. to Demagiri to buy salt. 

Ita pazu a patu-dai m^a. The dog is about to seize the 

rat. 
I u hnangta i i pi aw. I will give a dog to my elder 

brother. 



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PART I.— GRAMMAR. 



Possessive Case. 

The noun denoting the possessor is generally placed imme- 
diately before the noun denoting the thing possessed, and is used 
adjectively without any inflection as — 

Kali sha a shei ... Kali's hair is long. 

Chanao pang i zua haw ... I have sold the woman's clotL 

Sometimes ei is added after the noun to denote the possessor, 
as— 

He shei he aheu ei maw f ... Whose gayal is this ? 

I na ei. . • . ... My mother's. 

ADJECTIVES. 

Adjectives are placed after the words they qualify, as — 

CheU'Sha pha. A good man. 

Thang sha. A high tree. 

When an adjective is used to complete the predicate of a 
sentence, a pronominal particle (see page 14), agreeing with the 
subject, is placed before the adjectives. 

Examples — 

He pang he a pha ne. This cloth is good. 

He pawpi he a shai ne. This flower is red. 

When a noun is used as an adjective, it precedes the noun it 
qualifies, as — 

/ sham a-nang a lei haw. My beer glass is lost 

/ ang lo ang ne. My house is a stone house. 

COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES. 
Comparative Dbgsbb. 

This is formed by adding the adverb via^ * more,' to the posi- 
tive and inserting the conjunction hlata^ * than,' after the object 
of comparison • 

Examples — 

Shawchapaw shawchanao The son is taller than the 
hlata a sha via. daughter. 

Thita hlata keu a hri via. Lead is heavier than iron. 

When hlata is used with the demonstrative it is combined 
thus — 

Hei'hi hlata. becomes he-hlana-he-ta. , 

HaW'hu hlata. „ haw-hlana-haw-ta. 

Kha-khaw hlata. „ kha-hlana-kha-ta. 

KhU'khu hlata. „ khu-hlana-khu-ta. 

Khi'khi hlata. „ hhi-hlana-khi-ta, 

Cha-chu'hlata. „ cha-hlana-cha-ta. 



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LAKHSR GRAMMAR AND DIOTIONART. 



Examples — 

HaW'hlana-haW'ta hei-he a This is better than that. 

pha via. 
Khi chanao hlana khi-ta kha That maiden near you is 

laisha kha a aha via ne. taller than that woman up 

there. 

When the object of comparison is not mentioned, hlata is not 
used, as — 

Na shawchapaio a aha via. Your son is taller. 

SUPBBLATIVB DbGREB. 

This is formed bv adding the adverb chai^ 'most,* to the 
positive and inserting hlataj * than/ or hreuta^ * among,' after the 
object of comparison, as— 

He ang he ang zeu-dua This house is the best house. 

hlata a pha chai. 

Phalo zeu hreuta na nA cheu You are the shortest of the 

chai. sahibs. 

Chai may sometimes be omitted. 

When the object of comparison is not mentioned hlata is not 
used, as — 

He pavypi he a pha chai. This flower is the prettiest 

NUMERALS. 
Cardinal Numbbrs. 



They are as follows : 

1, pao-kha. 

2, pao-nang. 

3, paO'thao. 

4, paO'pali. 

5, paO'pa-ngaw. 

6, pao'charu. 

7, pao-sari. 

8, paO'chari. 

9, paO'Chaki. 
10, paO'hraw or sheu-kha. •natassand 

Nqtb.-*Iii apeakiDg of bnman beings jpao becomes pa. 



11, paO'hraw nata^ pax>-kha. 

12, paO'hraw natapao-nang. 

13, pao'hraw nata pao-thao. 

14, paO'hraw nata pao-pali. 

15, paO'hraw nata pao-pa- 
ng-aw. 

16, pao-hraw natapao^charu. 

1 7, pao-hraw nata paO'Sari. 

18, paO'hraw nata pao-chari. 

19, pao-hraw nata paO'Chahi. 

*natas=:and. 



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PA-RT L — GRAMMAR. 



The cardinals, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, and 90 are formed by 
adding to sheu the units pao-nangj pao-thaOy etc., without their 
common prefix, pao^ as — 



20, sheu-nang. 
30, sheu'thao. 
40, sheU'pcUi. 
50, sheu'pa-ngaw. 



60, sheu'charu. 
70, sheu'Sari. 
80, sheU'Chari. 
90, sheU'Chaki. 



The cardinals 21, 22, etc., 31, 32, etc., are formed by adding 
pao'kha^ paO'Tiangy etc., to sheU'tiang, sheu-thaoy etc., and inserting 
the conjunction ncUaj ^ and ' as — 

21, sheu'tiang nata pao'kha. 100, sheU'hraWj or za. 

32, sheu-thao nata pao-nang. 10(K), sha. 
43, sheU'pali nata pao-tha^, 10,000, then. 
54, sheu-pa^ngaw ncUa pao- 
pali. 

Hundreds, thousands, etc., are formed in the same manner as 
the multiples of ten, as— 
2(^0, za nang. 
4000, sha pali. 
30,000, then thao. 

Natay * and,' is also inserted between the thousands, hundreds^ 
and tens, as — 

843, za chari nata sheu pali nata pao-thOfO. 
1907, sha kha nata za chaki nata pao-sari. 

When the cardinals from 1 to 9 are used to qualify nouns 
the prefix pao is often omitted, as — 

Nang chai^, six days. 
Thang pali^ four trees. 

The prefix is generally retained when human beings are 
spoken of, and then pao becomes, pa as — 

Laisha pa-chaki^ nine maidens. 

When any numeral above ten qualifies a noun, the noun is 
usually repeated after each recurrence of the conjunction nata^ 
and the prefix pao is omitted. With words of two or more sylla- 
bles this rule does not generally apply. 

Examples — 

Tlaw hraw nata tlaw chqri^ 18 rupees, 
Cheu-shapa za nata sheu pali^ 140 men. 



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LARHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



OBDINAfi NUMBBRS. 

These are formed by affixing na to the cardinal numbers, as — 
Chahu pao-pali-na vaw la te, — Fetch the fourth book. 
A nang thao-na ta a thi^ — He died on the third day. 

In speaking of the order of time the ordinal numbers may 
also be expressed by repeating the noun after the cardinal, as — 

Nang charu nang, — The sixth day. 

Za pa-ngaw za ta % vaw tlao aw, — I shall arrive on the fifth 
night. 

*Every other day ' is expressed by nang kha dai ta 
*Every third day * „ nang nang dai ta. 

*Every fourth day ' „ nan^ thao dai ta. 

and so on. 

DlSTRIBDTIVES. 

These are formed by doubling the cardinal and adding the 
affix shai'tay as : — 

Paonang paonang shai ta, — two at a time. 
NUMERAL ADVERBS. 

These are formed by prefixing ei to the cardinal numbers and 
omitting the prefix pao, as : — 

Ei'thaOy thrice, 

Ei'palij four times. 

Ei'sheu paliy forty times. 

In compound numbers ei is repeated after each recurrence of 
the conjunction nata, as — 

Ei sheu thao nata e% palij 34 times. 

DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES. 

The demonstrative adjectives are — 

Singular. 

He he or he hi, .». this. 

Hawhu, ... that (there). 

Kha JchaWf ... that (near you). 

Khuhhu^ •.. that down there. 

Khi khi, ... that up there. 

^'i^\ ... that. 



Chu chu J 



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PART I. — GRAMMAR. 



Plural, 



He zeu hi 
Haw zeu hu 
Kha zeu khaw 
Khu zefjirkhu 
Khi zeu khi 
Cha zeu chu 



these. 

those (there). 

those, near you. 

those, down there. 

those, up there. 

those. 



The noun which the demonstrative qualifies is placed between 
the two words forming the demonstrative, as — 



He khi he a kaw ne 

Cha parao'pa cha na pa- 

hnangrna? 
Khi ang zeu khi kei ei ne 

Khu vaw khu'ta a law a ni 

He lapi lia-na he shang te 
Shadao lia-na khu-ta na ha 
te. 



This village is extensive. 
Did you hear that noise? 

Those houses up there are 

mine. 
That pig down there is eating 

food. 
Put it on this road. 
Wait for me in that garden 

down there. 



Nom 
Poss 

Obj. 

NOTB.- 

Nom 

Poss : 

ebj. 



Nom 
Poss : 
Obj: 



PRONOUNS. 
PERSONAL PEONOUNS. 
First Person, keima^ ^ I '. 

Singular. 

\ keima, kei i ... I. 

(keima, i ... my. 

[keima ei, keiei ... mine. 

na, kei na ... me, to me, for me. 

-Cha is sometimes used instead of A;etma, ibet, with certain verbs. 



Plural 

keimang, ima 
Ikeimang, inui 
[keimang, ei, ima ei ... 

keimang mania ... 
mania. 

Second Person, nama, ' thou.' 
Singular. 



we. 

our. 

ours. 

us, to us, for us. 



nama, na 



jnama, na 
nama ei, na ei 
nama, na 



\ 



thou, 
thy. 
thine, 
thee. 



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10 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Plural. 

Nom: namang, nama* ... you. 
p . *c (namangj nama ... your. 

[namang ei, nama ei . . . yours. 
Obj : namang, nama -. you. 

♦iVa»/a in the plural is pronounced slightly diflFerent from 
nama in the singular. 

NoTB — The objective case is frequeutly formed by omitting or retaining the pro- 
noun and using cha with na for the singular, and c?ia with ei na for the plural, as— 
Cha tuld na ... ... ... I will strike thee. 

Cha tu Id ei na. ... ... I will strike you. 





TmRD Person, anang, * he, she, it ' 




Singular. 


Nom : 
Poss : 
Obj: 


anang, a ... he, she, it. 
anang, a ... his, her, its. 
anang ei, a ei ... his, hers, its. 
anang ... him, her, it. 




Plural. 


Nom r 
Poss : 
Obj: 


amang, ama ... they. 
amang, ama ... their. 
amang ei, ama ei ... theirs. 
amang ... them. 



NOTB.— The pronouns t, wma, na^ nama, a, and ama, are used as pronominal particles 
to yerbs. 

Reflexive Pronouns. 

When a reflex action is required to be expressed the pro- 
nouns keima, nama, anang, etc., are used and the particle a is pre- 
fixed to the verb, as — 

Na tako na pi te, na a chhaw Give me your chopper, you 

. aw na, will cut yourself. 

Keima i a tu I hit myself. 

Other ways of expressing a reflex action may be seen in the 
following sentences : — 

Keima nata keima i a ka] I qVi f vqelf 

Keima sha sheu-ta i a kaj "' ^ 

Relative Pbonouns. 

The relative pronouns are — 

Cha I "• Who, which, what, that. 

Zeudua. '] 

Zeuduacha, j> ... Whoever, whatever, whichever. 

Zeuduakha. ' J 



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PART 1. — GRAMMAR. 11 



Kha is generally used when the antecedent is known to or has 
been seen by the speaker, whether it is known to or has been seen 
by the person addressed or not. v 

Cha is generally used when the antecedent has only been 
heard of by the speaker, but is known to or has been seen by the 
one addressed 

The relative pronoun follows the verb of the relative sen- 
tence. 

Examples — 

Aza'hiataavdpakha,khatai' Where is the man who came 
tama ad"? last night ? 

■•• Pang mdlata i cha lei ^a cha^ I will give you the cl<»th which 
X cha pi la va na. I shall buy to-morrow, 

CheU'sha na khang pa zeu- Call whichever man you like. 
dua aw te. 

Aw zeu(jth(inachalei pa zeu- Whatever fowls you bought 

dua pha vei. were bad- 

Very frequently the relative pronoun is omitfed, and then 

the verb becomes a participle or adjective qualifying the noun 

in the ordinary manner. 

Examples — 

I cha rang-pa a pha ne The letter which I have writ- 

ten is good (lit my written 
letter is good). 

Na ang sha-pa a lai-tu haw The house which you built is 
na. too large. 

A pang sha-pa a pha ngai-ta The cloth which she wove is 
na very pretty. 

The possessive cases * whose ', * of which ', and * whoseover ' are 
expressed by usiftg the above nominatives and prefixing the prono- 
minal particle referring to the antecedent to the thing possessed, 
as — 

Mia lu i tai'pa cha, i-na a The goat, the head of which I 
ni. cut offf a dog has eaten. 

Thang a paw i cha pi pa The tree of which I gave you 
Ma, kei shadao liata a d. the flower is in my garden. 



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12 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS. 

The interrogative pronouns are — 

Aheuma ? Aheu ? Aheumaw'l * Who.' 

Aheuma a vd'i Who came ? 

Aheuma cha tu ? Who hit you? 

A vd vei. Aheumaw ? He has not come. Who ? 

I ara a chalei haw. Aheu'^ He has brought my horse. 

Who? 

Anang he aheU'ei-maiv ?, Whose is this ? 

When aheu-ma is used adjectively, the noun it qualifies is 
placed between the two parts which make up the word, as — 
Aheu aw ma na cha-lei ? Whose fowl did you buy ? 

Aheu ang liata ma na dl In whose house are you stop- 
ping? 

When aheu-ma qualifies a noun which is the subject of a 
transitive^ verb in the active voice, the verb does not take the 
usual pronominal prefix, as — 

Aheu i ma cha shi ? Whose dog bit you ? 

Ahen can only be used by itself in the following manner — 

A pang a lei haw. Aheu His cloth is lost. Whose cloth? 

pang'i 

Aheuma ? Aheumaw ? Aheui * Whom ? ' 

Aheu-ma hmang ? Whom did you see ? 

Aheu-ma can be split up by a postposition, as — 

Aheu chata ma na taw ? For whom are you making it ? 

Khapa-ma ? Khapa ? Khapa- * What ' ? 

maw ? Kha-maw ? 

KJiajya-^ma na khang ? What do you want ? 

When Khapa-ma and khapa-maw are used adjectively they 
are split up by the nouns they qualify, as — 

Khapa ti ma i cheu aw ? What water shall I draw? 

Khapa is only used by itself in the following manner — 
Na hmao ma ? Khapa ? Have you seen it ? What ? 

Khei-ha-ma'i - Whicli? 

Chabu khei'ha-ma na khang'i Which book do you want? 

When pa is inserted between the two parts of a pronoun it 
o-ives it a partitive force, as — 

Aheu'pa-ma na aw ? Whom of them did you call ? 

A khei'ha-pa-ma na hmao ? Whicli of them did you see ? 



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PART 1. — GRAMMAR. 



13 



Ta-pa or ta may be used with an interrogative pronoun to 
give it the force of a relative, as — 

Aheuma tapa na pahiang Do you know who it was ? 

ma ? 
Khapa^ma tapahnang va na. 1 do not know what it was. 



POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS. 
The possessive pronouns are as follow : — 

Singular. 



Keima, i 


.... My. 


Keima ei kei^ ei. 


... Mine. 


NamOy na 


... Thy. 


Nama eiy na ei. 


... Thine. 


Anang^ a 


... His, her, its. 


Anang eiy a ei. 


... His, hers, its 




Plural. 


Keimang.ima ... 


... Our. 


Keimang ei, ima ei. 


... Ours. 


Namangy nama. 


... Your. 


Namang eiy nama ei. 


... X Yours. 


Amang, ama ... 


.. Their. 


Amang ei, ama ei. 


... Theirs. 



DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS. 

The demonstrative pronouns are the same as the double 
forms of the demonstrative adjectives. 

INDEFINITE PRONOUNS. 
Some of the indefinite pronouns are as follow : — 

... Nothing. 



Khapamata \ 

Khapamata...vei J 
Khaparai 
Atang 

Khapaleipa ... 
Khapama 
Aheumata ) 

Aheumata . . . vei J 
Aheurai ... • 

Aheu-tleuma ... 
Akhaophi. ..akhaophi 
Ahraopa 
Ama zeudua-ta 



Anything. 
Everything. 
Something. 
Something or other. 

Nobody, no one. 

Anyone. 

Some one, a certain one. 

Some... others. 

Another, others. 

All, 



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14 



LAKH BR GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Examples of tbe use of indefinite pronouns : — 

Azahia ima khi liata aheu- Last night some one died in 

our village. 
Whom do you want ? Anyone. 



Aheu* 



tleuma a thi. 
Aheuma na khang ? 

rai. 
Akhaophi i niy akhaophi i 

th&. 
Khapa na khang chdi ? 

Khaparai. 



Some I ate, others I threw 

away. 
Whicji do you want most? 

Anyone. 



J^QiTK.'-Khapamata and ahfMmata are only used in answer to a question, and then the 
pest of the sentence is understood, as— 

Khapa na rex t Khapamata. What did you say ? Nothing. 

Aheuma adf Aheumata, Who is there P No one. 

In other instances it is always followed by * vei ' not. 

VERBS. 

The conjugation of the verb in Lakher is simple. It has the 
same form throughout the tense and it is the pronominal particle 
which alone determines the person and number. 

'J'he pronominal particles are as follow : — 

Singular. Plural. 

1 St person — ima We. 



1st person — i I 
2nd person — na Thou. 
3rd person — a He, she, it. 



2nd person — noma You. 
3rd person — ama They. 



The pronoun proper is generally omitted except when 
emphasis is required, but the pronominal particle must always be 
used whether the pronoun proper is present or not. 

The conjugation of tlie verb eha ^ to be,' is as follows : — 

INDICATIVE MOOD. 

Pbbsent Tbnsb. 



Sinqular, 



1 . Kfiima i cka. 

2. Nama na cha' 

3. Anan^j a cha. 

1. Keimang ima cha. 

2. Namiing nama cha. 

3. Amang ama cha. 



1 am. 
Thou art 
He is. 



Plural. 



We are. 
You are. 
They are. 



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PAET I. — GRAMMAR. 



15 



1. Keima i cha. 

2. Mama na cha. 

3. Anang a cha. 



1. Keimang ima cha. 

2. Namang nama cha. 

3. Amang ama cha. • 



Past Tensb. 

Singular. 

I was. 
Thou wast. 
He was. 

Plural. 

We were. 
You were. 
They were. 



Perfect Tense. 



Singular. 



1. Keima i cha haw. 

2. Nama na cha haw. 

3. Anang a cha haw. 



I have been. 
Thou hast been. 
He has been. 



Plural. 



1. Keimang ima cha haw. 

2. Namang nama cha haw. 

3. Amang ama cha haw. 



We have been. 
You have been. 
They have been. 



1. Keima i cha aw, 

2. Nama na cha aw. 

3. Anang a cha aw. 



Future TIsnsb. 
Singular. 

I shall be. 
Thou wilt be. 
He will be. 



Plural. 



1. Keimang ima cha aw. 

2. Namang nama cha aw. 

3. Amang ama cha aw. 



We shall be. 
You will be. 
They will be. 



SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD. 



Present and Past Tense. 

Singular. 

1. Keima i cha hhiata-la. 

2. Nama na cha khiata4a. 

3. Anang a cha khiatada. 



If I be or If I were. 

If thou be or If thou wert. 

If he be or If he were. 



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16 



LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



- PlnraL 

1. Keimang ima cha khiat<u If we be or If we were. 

la. 

2. Namang nama cha khiaia^ If you be or If you were. 

la. 

3. Amang ama cha khf'ata-la. If they be or If they were. 

Khiata-cha may also be used instead of khiata-la. 

or 

Singular. 

1. Cha niB shala. If I be or If I were. 

2. Cha la. If thou be or If thou wert. 

3. Cha skala. If he be or If he were. 

Plural. • 

1. Cha i shala. If we be or If we were. 

2. Cha ula. If you be or If you were. 

3. Cha shala. If they be or If they were, 

Plupbrfect Tense. 
Singular. 

1. Cha haw atn shala. If I had been. 

2. Cha haw la. If thou had been. 

3. Cha haw shala. If he had been. 

Plural 

1. Cha haw i shala. If we had been. 

2. Cha haw ula. If you had been. 

3. Cha haw shala. If they had been. 

Imperative Mood. 

Singular. 

2. Cha te. Be thou. 

3. Cha-na na sha. Let him be. 

Plural. 

2. Cha-ta u. Be ye. 

3. Cha-na na ei sha. Let them be. 



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PART I. — GRAMBIAE. 17 



Negative Form. 
Sinj/tilar. 

2. Cha kha ... ...Be not thou. 

3. Chix kha '^ha ... Let him not be. 

Plural. 

2. Cha kha n ... ... Be ye not 

3. Cha kha ei aha ... Let them not be. 

The verb & *to be/ *to exist,* is conjugated in the same 
manner as cha. 

The verb * to have ' is represented by usingi in the following 
manner. 

Kei hnangta a a, 1 have {lit. It is to me). 

Noma hnangta a d. Thou hast {Ut. It is to thee). 

e vG. t ei/C 
CONJOGATION OP THE VbBB SHI » TO GO.' 

Note. •In the following conjugation the first person singular of each tense only will 
be ffiven, as the verb remains unchanged throughout the tense, and the other persons can 
easily be formed by substituting for Ktima % the pronouns and particles nama na^ anang a, 
etc. 

INDICATIVE MOOD. 

Present Tbnsbs« 

Indef : Keinia i shi, keima i shi teu. I go, I do go. 

Imperf : Keima i shi hai. I am going. 

Perfect : Keima i shi haw. I have gone. 

Past Tenses. 

The same as the present tenses. 

FuTDRB Tenses. 

Indef: Keima i shi aw. I shall go. 

Imperf: Keima i shi hai aw. I shall be going. 

Perfect : Keima i shi haw aw. I shall have gone. 

CONDITIONAL MOOD. 

Present Tenses. 

Keima i shi aw pa-tlai. I would go. 

Past Tense. 

Keima i shi haw aw pa-tlai. I would have gone. 
The above tenses also express the meaning * 1 should or ought 
to go.' 



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18 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 

SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD. 

Present and Past Tenses. 

Keima i shi khiata-cha. If I go, went, have gone, or had gone. 

or 

Singular. 

1. Shi aw shala. If I go, or had gone. 

2. Shi la. If thou go, or had gone. 

3. Shi shala. If he go, or had gone. 

Plural 

1. Shi i shala. If we go, or had gone. 

2. Shi ula. If you go, or had gone. 

3. Shi shala. If they go, or had gone. 

Pluperfect Tense. 
Singular. 

!• Shi haw aw shala. If I had gone. 

2. Shi haw la. If thou had gone. 

3. Shi haw shah. If he had gone. 

Plural. 

1. Shi haw i shala. If we had gone. 

2. Shi haw ula. If you had gone. 

3. Shi haw shala. If they had gone. 

Note.— If hra be inserted between the Terb and the subjunctive ending of any of 
the persona in the second form of the preaent and past tenses, or of the pluperfect, the 
meaning becomes 'although* or *even if.* as— 

Sha hra aw sha la. Although I go, even if I go. 
The negative forms of the above are as follow : — 

Singular. 

1. Shi kha aw shala. If I go not, etc. 

2. Shi kha la. If thou go not, etc. 

3. Shi kha shala. If he go not, etc. 

Plural. 

1. Shi kha i shala. If we go not, etc. 

2. Shi Jcha ula. If you go not, etc. 

3. Shi kha shala. If they go not, etc. 



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PART I. — GRAMMAR. 19 



Singular. 

1. Shi haw kha aw shala. If I had not gone. 

2. Shi haw kha la. If thou had not gone. 

3. Shi haw kha shala. • If he had not gone. 

Plural. 

1. Shi haw kha i shala. If we had not gone. 

2. Shi haw kha ula. If you had not gone. 

3. Shi haw kha shala. If they had not gone. 

If hra be inserted between the verb and the subjunctive end- 
ing, the meaning becomes 'although' or 'even if,' as — 
Shi hra kha aw shala. Even if I do not go. 

IMPERATIVE MOOD. 
Singular. 

2. Shi'te. Go thou. 

3. Shi-na na sha. Let him go. 

Plural. ^ 

1. Shi i sha u. Let us go. - ' 

2. Shi ta u. Go ye. 

3. Shi-na na ei sha. Let them go. 

Other forms of the imperative are — 
Shi ma &, shi la va chi. Go thou. 

NEGATIVE FORMS. 
Singular. 

2. Shi kha. Go not. 

3. Shi kha sha. Let him not go. 

Plural. 

1. Shi kha i sha u. Let us not go. 

2. Shi kha u. Go ye not 

3. Shi kha ei sha. Let them not go. 

Other negative forms are — 

Shi kha a, shi baw kha cha. Do not go. 

Infinitive Mood— 5Af. To go. 

Participles — Shi-ta, shi-pata. Going. 

Gerunds — Shi-pa, shi-pata, shinaic-pata. For going. 

CAUSATIVE VERBS. 

These are formed by prefixing pa and afiBxing sha to the verb 
and then adding the necessary tense endings, as — 
shi *to go', pa-shi'Sha^ 'to cause to go, send . 



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20 



LAKH8R GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



INTERROGATIVE PARTICLES OF VERBS. 

Ma or maw — This interrogative particle is placed at the 
end of a senteiuJe and cannot be translated into English, as — 



iVa shi aw ma? 

A pka ma ? 

Na hmao haw ma ? 

Thang na phaw ma ? 
Khiamaw--' 

Ava skua khiamaw ? 
Tleuma — 

Na shi khang tleuma ? 



Will you go ? 

Is it good ? 

Have you seen ? 

Are you carrying wood ? 

Is it raining or not ? 

Do you want to go ? 
or not ? 



NEGATIVE FORM OF VERBS. 

When a verb is used negatively the adverb vei, *not' is placed 
after the root verb, as — 

/ pata shei na pi khang vei. My father does not wish to give 
me a gayal. 

Vei sometimes becomes vana for the ending of a sentence, 
as — 

Anang-he aheuma a rang? Who wrote this? 

Pahnang va-na. I do not know. 

Verbal Prefixes. 

Va — Signifies motion from generally on level ground, as— 

Va chhang te. Go and tell. 

Vaw — Signifies motion towards the speaker, as — 

Ha vaw pi te. Come and give it to me. 

ADVERBS. 
Some adverbs of place are— 



Chaoliata. 

Reulata. 

haikata. 

Chhaolata. 

Machhata. 

Mathila. 

Ueliata. 

IJawliata. 

KhUiata. 

Khvliata. 

Khataitamaw ? 

Khatailarai. 

Khatailamata. 

Hniiala. 

Hnangta. 

Chahio. 



On top, above. 

Underneath. 

Outside. 

Inside. 

Above, higher up. 

Below, lower down. 

Here 

There. 

Up there. 

Down there. 

Where? 

Anywhere. 

Nowhere. 

Before, in front. 

Behind. 

Round about. 



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PART I. — 


OaAMMAR. 


21 


Some adverbs of time are — 






Atahma 


now. 


Patang 


early. 


Atahaw " 


ago. 


Hei 


again. 


Nangtao 


daily. 


Hanang 


day after to- 


Mdta 


in the early morn 




morrow. 




ing. 


Zahia 


last night. 


Atavia 


presently. 


Reikha 


to-night. 


Teu \ - 


ever, always. 


Meutang 


every morning. 


Teu varia 


never. 


Kaotang 


every year. 


Veiy vdy 


not. 


Ata-hma4ai 


yet. 


Azahia 


yesterday. 


Aihua-paw 


short time ago. 


Meula 


to-morrow. 


Ateumaw 


this niorning. 


Ata-nang 


to-day. 


Azachhanang 


formerly. 


Zakhahniapa 


day before yester- 


' Atakao-ta 


this year. 




day. . 


Aza-kaO'ta 


last year. 


Khatitama. 


when. 


A'Cha-cha-ld 


occasionally. 


Ttia 


late. 


Daung 


just now. 


Some adverbs of manner are— 






Khatamaw 


how. 


Kawna 


very. 


Hei-hawnu' 


thus. 


Bra 


also, too. 


heitd 




Rhai 


quite, entirely. 


Para 


quickly. 


Chhaw 


also. 


Daahawta 


slowly. 


Se-sha 


so much. 


d 


yes. 


Rhazima 


how much. 


Cha-vei 


no. 


Pathlei 


accidentally. 


a 


all right 


Rdreua 


purposely. 


Hmei'Shei'ta- 


certainly. 


Chakheu 


merely. 


tai 




Rhawdua- 




Tlaw 


more. 


maw 


how. 


Chai 


most. 


Na hru khaw' 


• How foolish you 






duamaw ! 


are. 



Many adverbs are placed between the root verb and its in- 
flexion, as — 

Hria para te ... ... Work quickly. 

Na vaw ilia tu ... ... You have come too late. 

Adverbs may be made by affixing patata to an adjective, as — 
Pha ... good.' Phapatnta ... well. 

Adang ... correct Adang-patata ... correctly. 

Adverbs thus formed are not placed between the root verb 
and its inflexion. 

The comparative degree of adverbs is formed by adding rili to 
the positive, and the superlative by adding cAat, as — 
Shi para rid te ... Go more quickly. 

Na shi para chai ... You go the quickest 



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22 



LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



PREPOSITIONS. 

The prepositions in Lakher govern the possessive case and 
are placed after the noun or pronoun they govern, consequently, 
they are raore accurately denominated " postpositions." 

Some of them are as follow : 



Hnangta 

Emateuta 

Bmiata 

Kiapata 

Lata 

Liknwta 

Lalita 

Chata 

Hreuta 



to, with, from. 

before. 

near, 
towards. 



\ between. 

for. 
among. 

Examples — 

Panang kei hnangta ama shi. 

Lapi lichita a-teu kha. 



Lichita 

Chhao 

Khaoihaota 

Leipacha 

Khao 

Vawkeicha 

Ta 

Tawta 



in the middle of. 
within, 
outside of. 
except. 

\ beyond. 

on, in, by, at, with, 

from, upon, 
from. 



Two men went with me. 

Do not sit in the middle of 

the road. . 
I cannot see from your village. 



Na khi tawta hmao thei va-na. 

CONJUNCTIONS. 

The most usual conjunctions are — 

Cha-hra-shala. Nevertheless, still, yet, but. 

Ghata-na-chata. Therefore, than, so, so that. 

Khiatala if. Nata and, if. 

Blatala until. Ma or. 

Fata because. Tleumacha whether. 



Examples — 

Na tlao hlatala paheu kha. 

Azahia ama shi tleumacha^ 

rei thei va na. 
Na shi aio ma shi aw vei? 



Do not open it until you arrive. 
I cannot say whether they 

went home yesterday. 
Will you go or not ? 



INTERJECTIONS 

Some of the most common are — 
d ! as in— 
Ava maw 6, 1 
Angpa e ! as in — 
Angpael Thang na chalei 

khang ma ? 
Chhei'Chhei ! 



Ho ! come here. 



Chhei chhei I a ngia va-na, 
Aze-aze I 



1 say! Do you want to buy 

wood? 
An expression of surprise, or 

disbelief, as in — 
Pooh ! I do not believe it. 
An expression of pain or 

fatigue; 



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USEFDL SENTENCE. 



23 



PART II. 
USEFUL SENTENCES. 



1. 

English. • 

How are you ? 1 am well. 

What is the name of this ? 

What is this? 

What is your name? 

Where are you going ? 

What village man are you ? 

How far is your village ? 

Two days* journey. 

Who are you ? 

I am a Lakher. 

Are you a Lakher or a Lushai ? 

What are you going to Demagiri 

for? 
I am going to pay my tax. 
Are your crops good this year ? 
We have a lot of rice. 
What is your father's name? 
My father is dead. 
When did he die ? 
Three years ago. 
How is your mother ? 
Is your mother well ? 
I have no mother. 
Have you a wife ? 
How many children have you ? 
Is there any water near your 

village ? 
How many houses are there in 

your village ? 
Are you a muntri ? 
Call your muntri, I want to speak 

to him. 
Early to-morrow morning I want 

twenty coolies. 
Ten men will not be enough. 
I will stay in your house to-night. 



Lakher. 

Na tla ma ? I tla. 

Anang he aheu ma a mang ? 

He he khapa maw ? 

Na mang aheumaw ? 

Khatai lama na vaw aw ? 

Khatai khi cha maw ? 

Nama khi khasa a hlapa maw? 

Nang nang khai. 

Aheucha maw ? 

Tlaoshaipa ang ne. 

Tlaoshaipa chama Tlaikawpa 

chama ? 
Khapatatama Tlabola na zu 

aw? 
Leiba na i pi aw. 
Atako nama keuhma a pha ma? 
Sa i ma hnei. 
Aheuma na paw mang. 
I pa a thi haw. 
Khapanang-tama a thi? 
Kao thao a-ta haw. 
Na nao kheitama a i ? 
Na nao a tla ma ? 
I nao hnei va na. 
Lapinao na hnei hawma ? 
Shaw kha zima na hnei ? 
Na khi kialiata ti a & ma. 

Nama khi deu khazi maw ? 

Machapa na cha ma? 

Nama machapa aw ta u, bi na 

i chhang khang. 
MS.la madarita kawli sheunang 

i khang. 
Pahraw ta a dai aw vei. 
Ataza na ang liata i ri aw. 



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LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Engliah, 

Your village is very dirty. 
What is the price of that fowl? 
How very dear ! 
I will buy it for twelve annas* 

Have you any plantains ? 

Bring some wood and some water 
quickly. 

Kindle a fire here. 

Put the fire out. 

What a longtime you have been! 

Why have the coolies not arriv- 
ed? 

Put your loads down here. 

Are your loads too heavy? 
To-morrow we will divide them. 
We will rest awhile. 
The road is very slippery. 
Must we cross that stream down 

there? 
Is there a bridge ? 
Is the water deep ? 
Be careful. 
Go more slowly. 
You have worked well to-day. 

I am very pleased with you. 

We will rest here all day to-mor- 
row. 

Is that sick man better ? 

Do not make a noise. 

What a pity? 

If you do this again I will fine 
you. 

Your jhums are very extensive. 

Bring me some clear water. 

Eat your rice. 

Come here. 

Do this quickly. 

Do not forget. 

Are you afraid ? 

Do not run away. 



Lakher. 

Na khi a pua kaw na. 

Kha aw kha khazi ma maw? 

A shao kaw dua maw ! 

Shiki thao ta cha cha lei aw 

sha a. 
Bahla na hnei ma ? 
Thang nata ti vaw la para ta u. 

He lia-na beta mei paka ta u. 

Mei pa thi te. 

Nama rei kaw dua maw ! 

A. kawli pinaw khaziama ama 

vaw tlao vei ? 
Nama phaw he liata a chhao ta 

u. 
Nama phaw a hritu ma? 
M ila ima pachhai aw. 
Ima paha cheu aw. 
Lapi a pahnia kaw na. 
Khu chava khu ima chakaw pa 

ma. 
Hlei-dS. a a ma ? 
Ti a thu ma ? 
Dang thla te. 
Du-saw via ta shi te. 
Atanang a phapa-ta-ta nama 

hria. 
Na ang ta i leu nga sha kaw. 
Mala helia-na beta ima cha 

aw. 
A tla leipa kha a tla via ma? 
Palang kha u. 
A pei kaw dua ma ? 
He hawta nata he khia ta la 

leina chei aw. 
Nama leu a kaw ngai ta na. 
Ti pashaopa na la pa te. 
Na pati ni te. 
Hialiata av& te. 
He he ta para te. 
Meu kha. 
Na chi ma ? 
A ra kha. 



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PART II. — USEFUL SENTENCES. 



25 



English. 

Stand up. 

Fetch me a knife. 

Hold my horse. 

Go out. 

Look ! the tree is going to fall. 

1 do not know. 

I cannot say. 

Why are you crying ? 

Follow me. 

Open the door. 

Shut the door. 

Take this away. 

Have you been to Lungleh ? 

When will you go ? 

What does he say? 

What is the matter ? 

Are there any tigers round here ? 

1 am very thirsty. 

Who is there ? 

Come in. 

Get out of the way. 

Where is your chief? 

Be quiet, I want to sleep. 

The sun is hot. 

It is going to rain. 

Why are you laughing ? 

Who lived here formerly ? 

Do not kill a gayal for me. 

Are you still here ? 

Go into every house. 

Count all the houses in this village. 

It is impossible to go. 

I am busy. 

He has gone the wrong way. 



Lakher. 

Adua te; 

Chaizao na va la pa te* 

Kei ara pa tu te. 

Pua ta u. 

Mang te ! thang a pu aw hu. 

Pahnang va na. 

Rei thei va na^ 

Khaziama na cha ? 

Na pazi te. 

Aug chhi paheu te. 

Ang chhi khaw te. 

Hehe shi khei te. 

Lo lei la na zu haw ma? 

Khatitama na shi aw. 

Khapa a rei ? 

Khapa maw ? 

He kiapata chakei a ^ ma ? 

I da a phi ngai ta na. 

Aheumaw? 

Avaw ngai te. 

A hrang la & te. 

Nama bei khataitaima? 

A thli te, a mao na i khang. 

Nang a sha kaw. 

Ava a shua aw. 

Kha ziama na pahnei ? 

Helia naheta a za chhanang a 

heuma a ^ ? 
Shena thi kha. 
Kha na a ma. 
Ang tang ta a ngia te. 
He khi liata ang he rei te. 
A shi pa ta cha ri ma. 
I phia pahri kaw na. 
A nang lei pala ta a shi. 



2.- 

Against whom have you a com- 
plaint ? 
Speak louder. 
Why did you quarrel ? 
Tell me it from the beginning. 



A hSu chao ta ma bi pei-pa na 

hnei? 
A tha via ta rei te. 
Kha ziama nama tu ? 
A tha beu taw ta na chhang 

khai haw te. 



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26 



LAKHKR GRAMMAR AND mCTIONARY. 



English. 

Have you any witnesses ? 
Who is this man ? 
Tell me only the truth. 

If you lie I shall be very angry. 

Do not keep anything back. 
Why did you not tell your chief? 

He could have settled it. 
Do not beat about the bush. 
Tell me whatever you know. 

Without fear speak freely. 
Do not fidget. 
Is this true ? 
I do. not believe you. 
Speak only one at a time. 
Call the next man. 
What is your complaint? 
Why have you come again ? 
Last night I settled your case. 

Do not say any more. 

You are not guilty. 

I will not beat you. 

You are guilty. 

If you do it again I will fine you 
ten rupees. 

Answer quickly. 

What did you steal ? 

Is that gun yours ? 

Which man is the murderer? 

Did you kill him accidentally? 

Where did he cut you ? 

I will send you down to the 
plains. 

You did it in ignorance. 

Are yo;. sorry ? 

Kelease these two men. 

Dq not be impatient. 

1 cannot hear any more cases to- 
day. 



Lakhef\ 

A thei pa ma pahnang ma? 

Anang he aheumaw? 

Bihmei sheipa shaita na ch- 

hang te. 
Na hai khiata la, i hi a ha kaw 

aw. 
Khapahma ta phi kha. 
J^ama bei khaziama na chhang 

vei? 
Chakhiatala rSu thei aw. 
Rei pakhia pakhi kha. 
Napahnang pa zeu duata na 

chhang te. 
Chi lei pata a shiapatata rei te. 
Kama ria thaw kha sha. 
He bi he a dang ma. 
Na bi cha zang va na. 
Pakha shai ta rei ta li. 
A pa zi pa aw te. 
Khapama na bi pei pa ? 
Khaziama na vaw lai hei? 
Aza hia khana bi pei pa i parai 

haw. 
Bi hrang pa rei kha. 
Ma dang na. 
Chatu aw Va na. 
Adang va chi. 
Nata lai hei nata tlaw hrawi 

cha pa chei sha aw. 
A chheu pa tang te. 
Khapama na pa ru ? 
He meithei he nama ei ? 
Khei ha ma mang a thi pa ? 
Not hi pathlei ma? 
Khapa ang ta ma a cha chhaw? 
Phaituala chapa shi sha aw 

sha a. 
Na hru va ta na na ta. 
Na rei shi ma ? 
He panang pa he pa thli te. 
A ngialia tia vei kha. 
Atanang bipei pa hrang pa cha 

thei va na. 



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PART II. — USEFUL SENTENCES. 



27 



Encilish. 

Come to-raorrow at noon. 
Let every one go out. 
Put these papers together. 
Send them to my house. 



Lakher. 

Mala la chaw ni ti ta a vS ta u. 
Pua khai ha na nei sha. 
He cha he pah maw te. 
Ima angla ta pa phaw te. 



How many sick men are there to- 
day? 
Let them come in one at a tiftie. 

What is the matter with you ? 

Put out your tongue. 

Open your mouth. 

Let me feel your pulse-. 

Where is the pain ? 

Does your head ache ? 

Do you have fever ? 

Do you go to stool daily ? 

Did you perspire last night? 

Have you a pain in your stomach? 

What did you eat this morning ? 

Why did you not come before? 

Have you a pain in your chest? 

Have you a cough ? 

Lie on your bnck. 

Lie on your stomach. 

Do not sit up. 

Can you walk a little ? 

Stoop down. 

Hold up your hands. 

Have you diarrhoea ? 

Have you syphilis ? 

Have you had a miscarriage ? 

How long have you been ill ? 

How many years ago ? 

Are you a little better ? 

Can you sleep at night ? 

I will bandage your foot ? 

Come every morning at this time. 

Drink this three times a day. 



Atanang a tla leipa khazima 

aft? 
Paklia khata avaw ngia na na 

oi si I a. 
Na khapa ma a pa sha ? 
Na pa lei pa chhaw te. 
A-te. 

Na tha napa hria sha te. 
Khatai ra chhao ta ma a pasha? 
Na lu a pa sha ma? 
A cha cha shi ma ? 
Nangtang leupa na pua ma ? 
Azahia a cha sha hmu ma ? 
Na chhao a pasha ma ? 
Atameu khapama na ni? 
Khazia azachhanang na va va ? 
Na chachao hua a pas ha ma ? 
Na pakhu ma ? 
A di lata a mao te. 
A beung na lata a mao te. 
A teu kha. 

Bachha na shi thei ma ? 
A bao te. 

A chao la pa za te. 
Na chhao pha vei ma ? 
Hri-chhi pa na phaw ma ? 
Saw na sha pashi ba ma ? 
Khati taw ta ma na pasha } 
Kao kha zi ma a ta haw } 
Na tla via ma ? 
Azang ta na mao thei ma } 
Na phei pa za i pahleu aw } 
Atahmati na hita men tang a 

vi te. 
A nang he meu tang ei than 

djuiu te. 



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28 



LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



English. 

.Swallow these two at a time, three 

times daily. 
Take this before every meal. 

Eat only soft boiled rice. 

Do not eat any meat. 

Have you a cold ? 

You have come too late, I cannot 

give you any medicine. 
You will soon be well. 
Are you deaf? 
Have you rheumatism ? 
Can you come every day ? 
Do not move your head. 
I will not hurt you. 
How are you to-day ? 
When did he die ? 
He is on the point of dying. 



Lakker. 

Ananghe nangtang paonang 
sbai ta ei thao pa la te., 

Ananghe pati ni hla shai ta ni 
te, 

Ka ei dei ta pa hraw te. 

Sa kha pa sahma ta chai kha. 

Pang na chhi ma ? 

Na \& tlia tu da-dang cha pi 
aw va na. 

Na tla pa tang aw. 

Na na a pa ma ? 

Ru-shi naphaw ma ? 

Nangtang na v& thei aw ma ? 

Na lu pa pi kha. 

Pa sha aw vei. 

Atanang kheitama na & ? 

Khatita a thi pa maw. 

A thi dai ma na. 



Each bring a kodali. 

Clear the jungle quickly. 

Level this ground. 

Throw away these stones. 

Do not cut down that tree. 

This is too deep. 

Go to the jungle and fetch posts. 

Send men for sun-grass. 

To-morrow put on the thatch. 
There is only a little cane. 
Do not waste it. 
Do not be lazy. 
Now split bamboos. 
This knife is very blunt. 

Close up the door- way. 

Have you received your wages ? 



Vei tu pi pao kha shai ta a 

chei ta u. 
Va pa ra te. 
He lei he pa rai te. 
He alao he thSu te. 
Haw thang haw thlu kha u. 
Anang he a thu tu. 
Angtao a law pa-tu leu-ra la 

shi ta u. 
Ngiadi a phaw pa-tu mang tua 

te. 
MS.la ngiadi dia ta u. 
Khawhri a chSu ta dei ta a &. 
Pa-pa pa hria kha. 
Nama thachhi kha sha. 
Atahma ra ma chhei ta u. 
He chai-zao he a kang ka chu 

haw. 
Angchhi pa mai te. 
Na hlaw na hmao haw- 



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PART in.— DICTIONARY : LAKH ER-BNG LIS H. 29 



PART in. 

DICTIONARY. 
LAKHER-ENGUSH. 



A, (a.) cut, reaped, (v.) to cut, to reap. 

A-ao, (V.) to be sheltered or free from the wind. 

A-ao-pa, (5.) 'the name of a certain kind of bamboo plaiting and 

cloth weaving. 
A-aw, (v.) to wear round the neck, to bellow, to buzz (as in the ear). 
A-aw-shaw, {v.t.) to hang. 
A-ba, (s.) credit, (v.) to owe. 
A-bai, (5.) a flying squirrel. 
A-bai-pa, (w.) to mutually support or hold up, to be mutually 

dependent. 
A-baa, (*>.) to stoop, to lean or bend forward. 
A-baw, (a.) slanting from the roots upwards and drooping at the 

top as bamboo, (v.) to bury the face in the hands, to put the 

hand to the face or head (as when in perplexity or sorrow), to 

hang the head. 
A-bei, (s.) chief, (a.) great. 
A-bei-ma-cha, (s.) an elder, a chief man, a mantri, (v.) to be old, to 

be elderly. 
A-beung, (v.) to brood over, to sit (as a fowl), to govern, to rule. 
A-bi, (v.) to be friends with ; to be or cause to be of the same 

mind, to come into conjunction ; to be in pairs. 
A-bia, (s.) the names of various kinds of beans. 
A-bia-sai-pa, (s.) the names of various kinds of beans. 
A-bu, {v.) to lodge at a place and provide one's own food, to wear 

(as a cloth). 
A-bu-pa-khu-pa-ta, (adv.) forward, (jn the face. 
A-cha, (a.) caked together, firm (as muscle), hard, (v.) to be caked 

together, etc., to play at a game, to collide, («.) the name of a 

game played with a top. 
A-cha-a-cha, (adv.) a little, slightly. 
A-cha-a-cha-ta, (adv.) occasionally, sometimes. 
A-cha-cha, (adv.) yes. 
A-cha-ei-aw-na, (adv.) perhaps. 
A-cha-khi-cha-li-pa-tai, (adv.) thoroughly. 
A-cha-ku, (v.) to bury the face in the hands, to put the hand to the 

face or head, to be down-cast, to hang the head. 



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so LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



A-cha-nei-cha-na, (r.) to move (as the ears and nostrils). 

A-chang, (v.) to go by bounds (as a mouse, rat, etc.). 

A-chang-la, (s.) a regent, (ji) to act as a regent for. 

A-cha-ia-phei-pi, (5.) the hammer of a gun. 

A-cha-rah-dai-phai-pa-ta, (arlv.) immediately. 

A-cha-tao, (v.) to romp or play together. 
• A-cha-thla-ha-pa-ta, (conj.) nevertheless, although this is so. 

A-cha-ti-pa-thla, (v.) to push over the edge. 

A-chau, (v.) to stab, to spear, to prick, to pierce. 

A-chau, (i?.)to shine into or upon, to punch, to strike with the fist. 

A-cha-ua, {v.) to be at enmity withj to hate, quarrel. 

A-chau-chai, {a.) uppermost. / 

A-chau- via, (s.) Hindustanies and Gurkhas in Burmah, (v.) to be 
complicated. 

A-cheo-ta, (adv.) little (quantity), few. 

A-chu, {v.) to learn, to copy, to imitate. 

A-chu-pa, (v.) to imitate, to mock. 

A-chha-a-chha-na-lia-ta, in course of time, in the end. 

A-chhei, (v.) to escape, to run, or go away secretly. 

A-chhei-pa-ra, (y.) to escape, to run or go away secretly. 

A-chha, {v.) to step, to pace, to stride. 

A-chhai-na-law, {$.) the last food a person eats before dying ; the 
first offering of food made to a departed spirit. 

A-chhao, (v.) to wear (in the hair). 

A-chhi, (5.) a species of sesamuin, (>».) to go (on water in a boat, 
etc.), to walk along, to observe or keep as a command, to con- 
duct, to lead, to escort, to take with, (adv.) unanimously, all 
together, with one consent. 

A-chhia-daw-pa, (v.) to be cursed. 

A-chhi-pa-ta. (v,) to treat badly, to do badly. 

A-chhi-sa-pa, {v.t.) to curse 

A-chhu, (v.) to scramble for, to quarrel over the possession of any- 
thing, to both lay claim to anything, to collide. 

A-chhua, (v.) to be or get ready. 

A-chhua-pa-tha, (r.) to strive, to try hard, to be determined, to be 
resolved. 

A-chhua-ria-lia, {v.) to strive, to try hard, to be determined, to be 
resolved. 

A-da, (v.) to have time hang heavily, to be lonely, (a.) lonely, to 
agree together. 

A-da-ka-rao, (a.) lonely, {v.) to be lonely, to have the time hang 
heavily on one's hands, to wait for, to be impatient for. 

A-da-li, («.) an eight-anna piece. 

A-dang, (v.) to be cleared of guilt, to be justified, (a.) right, accu- 
rate, true, proper, righteous. 



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PART 111. — DICTIONARY : LAKH BH- ENGLISH. 31 



A-dang-a-cha, {s.) the parts of a sacrificed animal set apart for 

the spirits. 
A-dang-ha-cha, (s.) the parts of a sacrificed animal set apart for 

the spirits. 
A-dang-na-bi-rei, (v.) to make a defence. 
A-dang-vei, (v.) to be guilty, to be in the wrong, to pronounce 

gailty, to coiideran, (a.) guilty. 
A-dao-pa, (a.) obedient, (v.) to be obedient 
A-daw, (a.) wizened, wrinkled, (v.) to wrinkle, to be wrinkled, to 

buy and sell, to barter, to bargain, to break into perspiration 

just before dying, (s.) death dew, the crop (of a bird). 
A-dei-a-ka, (v.) to stand up for or by one another, to help. . 
A-dei-che-ka, (v.) to stand tip toe. 
A-di, (v.) to ask a price higher than the right value, to ofter a 

smaller price than the one quoted, to pretend not to want in 

buying anything in hopes that the price will be reduced, to do 

without, to strain through a strainer, to pour out slowly, to pour 

off (as water), to lie on the back, (adv.) on the back, backwards. 
A-dia, (v.) to wade. 
A-di-la-ta-shi, (v.) to walk upon the hands and feet with stomach 

upwards. 
A-di-ti-a-zaw, (v.) to float on the back. 
A-do, {adv.) generally, as ^ rule. 
A-ei, (v.) to argue, to contradict one another, to discuss, to dispute, 

to cock a gun, to force or pull open, to open or be open (as the 

legs, earth, cut, etc.}, (pro.) his, hers, its. 
A-hai-a-phia-pa, (s. ) a liar. 
A-ha-na, (v.) to lean against. 
A-ha-pa, (v.) to look after, to superintend. 
A-hei, (5.) a trap, a snare. 
A-hei-pa-li, (v.) to face. 
A-hei-pa-ti, (v.) to be face to, to face. 
A-hei-sha, (5.) the last quarter of a moon. 
A-heo-ma-ta, (pro.) no one. 
A-heo-maw, {pro,) whom, to whom, whose. 
A-heo-rai, (pro.) anyone. 

A-heo-tleo-ma, (p'^o.) some one, a certain man, (a.) certain 
A-hia, («.) a capsicum, a chilli. 

A-hi-phu-chu, {v.) to be swollen out (as ears of rice, etc.) 
A-hla, (v.) to borrow, when the identical article is to be returned, 

to pass on from one to another. 
A-hlai, {v.) to go backwards and forwards, or to and fro. 
A-hlang, (s.) a thorn, h prickle. 

A-hla-pa-thla, {v.) to lift up and put upon higher level. 
A-hlau» (a.) round, spherical, square, (advs) spherically. 



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S2 LARHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 

A-hlaw-fa-pa, (v.) to work for wages, («.) one who works for wages, 

a hireling. 
A-hlei, (v.t.) to dislocate. 

A-hli, (5.) the name of a plant with edible leaves. 
A-hlia-phia, ('i.) without a flaw, unharmed, saved, safe, perfect, 

'{v.) to preserve from harm. 
A-hlua, {v.) to roll. 
A-hlu-piX'^) very much, very many. 

A^hmang, (5) a short petticoat or- kilt worn by Lakher women* 
A-hmaw, {v,) to be aflfected by the evil eye. 
A-hmaw-a nei-pa, (f.) to have the evil eye, (s.) one having the evil 

eye. 
A-hmaw-nei-tu-pa, (5.) one having the evil eye. 
A-hmaw-the, {v.) to ward oflF the evil eye, to perform the ceremony 

which averte the evil eye. 
A-hmei-shei-na, so it is, it is really. 
A-hmi, (s.) meat, vegetables, or anything eaten with rice. 
A*hmia-pa-ti, (r.) to face, have the front or face towards, to be 

arrayed against. 
A-hna, (5.) the generic name for all edible leaves, green stuff of 

any sort. 
A-hnang-ta, (cow/.) since. 
A-hnaw, (v) to demand, to ask for^ to hint at, to visit, to go along 

close by (as by a wall, the bank of a river, etc.), to go along by 

the edge or side of. 
A-knaw-ta, (v.) to go along close by (as by a wall, the bank of a 

river, etc.), to go along by the edge or side of, (prep.) against, 

close by, near. 
A-hnei, (v.) to move from one place to another, to change the 

mind or opinion, (adv.) in another place. 
A-hnei-pa, (s.) an owner. 
A-hotu-pa, (5.)a master, commander, overseer, oflBcer, any one 

acting as the head of a company, the head of a family. 
A-hra, (s.) a species of mustard plant, (v.) to wake, to be wake, to 

open, (as eyes), (adv.) indeed, also, in a way. 
A-hra-bia-pa, {s.) a radish. 
A-hrang-a-hrang-.ta, {adv,) separately. 
A-hrang-a-ria-pa, in other respects, in other things. 
A-hrang-a-ria-pa-ta, (s.) works, doings, deeds. 
A-hrang-a-ria-pa-ta-thei-na, («.) power, ability. 
A-hrang-la-ta-eo, (i-O to get out of the way. 
A-hrang-pa, (x*.) another, other, different. 
A-hrei, (3.) an axe. 
A-hri, (5.) a weal, (v.) to weal. 
A-hria, {v.) to romp, to play, (a.) touching. 



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PART in. — DICTIONARY : LAKHBR-BN^GLISH. 33 



A-hro-sha-shi, (v.) to be at enmity, to be at logger-heads. 
A-hrua, {v.) to do anything one after the other or together. 
A-hru-na-pang, (s.) a towel, a cloth for wiping oflF perspiration. 
A-hru-pa, (5.) a fool, an idiot, a silly person, a mad person. 
A-hru-pi-pa, (5.) an idiot. 
A-hua, (v.) to find, to pick up, to be spongy, light, (a.) spongy, 

light (as bread), pithy (asTadish, sugarcane, etc.) 
A-hua- ha, (i;.) to threaten, to adjure. 
A-hua-kaw, (a.) apart, detached, (adv.) apart, only, (t;.) to be 

apart, etc. 
A^, (v.) to make, to feel sick, to make one turn against, to cause 

one to turn against, to nauseate, (a.) firm, rigid, prosperous, 

stable, (adv.) firmly, etc. 
A-i-vei, (a.) loose, unstable, (v.) to be loose, etc. 
A-ka, (v.) to fight, to shoot at one another, to scorch, (s.) the horizon. 
A-ka-ka-daw-pa, l^s.) a caul, membrane, skin. 
A-kang (v.) to crouch, to be rucked up, to be crumpled, to be 

drawn together, to be contracted, to be shrunken, to ruck up, to 

crumple, etc., to bend (as the finger, arm or leg). 
A-kang-ta, (v.) to crouch, to cringe, to keep out of one's way (for 

shame, etc.) 
Aka-ni-a-ka-naw, (v.) to be muddy, (s.) mud. 
A-kei-dai, (v.) to ifetter, to put in stocks. 
A-kei-pa-kaw, (v.) to bend, to pull towards one (as a bough). 
A-keo, (u) to put on, to wear (as a coat). 
A-khai. (v.) to crv (as an elephant or monkey). 
A-khang-phi, la.) half (lengthwise). 
A-kha-pa-ma, {pro.) which. 
A-khei, (s.) a bee, a wasp, a hornet. 
A-khei-chua, (s.) a cake of bee's wax weighing as much as can be 

supported when suspended from the tip of the fore-finger, with 

the palm of the hand downwards. 
A-khei-haw- pa-ma, (pro.) which. 
A-khei-haw-pa-maw, (pi^o.) which. 
A-khei-thlaw, (5.) honeycomb. 
A-khei-ti-pa, («.) honey. 
A-khi, (v.) to go, to walk, to wander about, (s.) the hard piece in 

the centre of a boil. 
A-khi'Cha-hlao, (v.) to rotate, revolve. 
A-khu, (v.) to bind on (as a turban), to carry on the head, to wear 

(as a hat), to put on (as a hat), to cover. 
A-khuh-hlao, (v.) to lake after, to resembje (parents, etc.) 
A-kia, (a.) sticky, plastic, thick (as liquid), (r.) to be sticky, etc., to 

move on one side (as the body or head), to turn the head, to 

lean on one side (as body or head), to be lop *sided» 



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^4 LAKHER GRAM^iAk AND DICTIONARY. 



A-kia-a-za, (u.) thick (as liquid). 

A-kia-hiiaw, (v.) to get married without Darent's consent, to coha- 
bit. 

A'kia-thaw, aflSx signifying, in every respect, in everything, com- 
pleteness. 

A-kua, («.•) bark (of tree). 

A-la, {v.) to go anywhere and return the same day, to go through 
and come out the other side or end, (s.) a bier, a stretcher, a 
support made to keep a- corpse in a sitting posture. 

A-lang-a-shi, (r.) to quake (as the earth). 

A-lang-shi, (s.) an earthquake. > 

A-lao, (it.) a stone, a rock. 

A-lao-ka, (5.) a cake of salt. 

A-lau, (5.) salt. 

A-lau-pa, (s.) the name of a boring insect. 

A-law, (adv.) off, (a.) having a piece off,, chipped, (i\) to be chipped. 

A-lei, (5.) earth, ground, the tongue, a fine, a debt, a tax, (t).) to 

' buy, to barter. 

A-lei-a-lao-pa, (s.) the air, the atmosphere. 

A-lei-a-lua-pi-tua-nang-ta-pa, from the foundation of the world. 

A-iei'ka-ni-ka-naw-pa, (s.) mud. 

A-lei-sha, (5.) creeping things, creatures which walk upon the 
earth in contradistinction to those which fly. 

A-lei-shu, (v.) to bow down to the ground, to touch the head on the 
ground, (s.) the name of a creeper. 

A-li'Cha-kao, (s.) a bay, a cove, a creek. 

A-lo-chhu-ha-khia-ta-cha, just as though, just as if. 

A-lo-chhei-ha-khia-ta-cha, just as if. just as though. 

A-lo-khaw, (5.) a salt spring. 

A-lo-pa, (a.) far apart, (v.) to be far apart, (adv.) occasionally, at 
long intervals. 

A-lo-pa-ta, just as if, just as though, just as» 

A-lo-pi, (s.) the name of a kind of salt. 

A-lo-thlo, (5.) sugar. 

A-lo-vei, (adv,) unlike. 

A-ma, (pro,) they, their, (v.) to have leisure. 

A-ma-la, (5.) the name of a dance, (v.) to engage in the above 
dance. 

A-ma-na chai-i, (v.) to fall on each other s neck, to embrace the 
mouth. 

A-mang, (pro.) they, them, their. 

A-mang-eih, (pro.) theirs. 

A-mang-thai, (v.) to exalt one's self, to be conceited, to think 
highly of one's self, to be proud. 

A-ma-thle-shaw, (v.) to keep, to detain, to keep hold of. 



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PART III. — DICTIONARY : LAKHKR-KNOUSH. 35 



A-mau, (v.) to sleep, to be asleep, to lie down, to recline, to close 

(as a leaf at night), (s.) the name of a tree. 
A-mau-na-hmang, (s.) a sleeping place, 
A-ma-pa-ru, (w.) to consult together, to reason together, to ask 

advice of one another. 
A-ma-phu, {v.) to be in right proportion, to be properly matched, 

to match. 
A-ma-phu-kaw, (r.) to be in right proportion. 
A-maw, (5.) the hill indigo (Strobilanthes flaccidifolius), yarn dyed 

blue. 
A-mei, (s.) cloud, fog, mist. 
A-mei-a-zaw, (v.) to become foggy or misty. 
A-mo, (v.) to sleep, to be asleep. 
A-mo-hla, («.) the time between supper and bed time. 
A-na, (a.) unlawful, wrong, (v.) to be unlawful or wrong. 
A-nang, (pro.) he, his, she, her, it, its, him, (adn.) twice. 
A-nang-dei-ta, (pro.) he himself, she herself, it itself, of itself. 
A-nang-ei, (pro.) his, hers, its. 

A-nang-nang, (a ) shy, bashful, diflSdent, (v.) to be shy, etc. 
A-nang-nao-pa, (v.) to disregard, to think of no account, to think 

little of another, to look down upon one as an inferior. 
A-nang-via-sha,(5.) a companion. 
A-na-thi, (s.) the priming of a gun, (v,) to prime a gun. 
A-nau, (v.) to sulk, to get into a temper, to be disappointed. 
A-neung, (y.) to hide one's self, to be hidden. 
A-nia-thlu, (?;.) to cohabit with> to serve for a wife, to enter a house 

with the intention of killing, assaulting, or quarrelling with its 

inmates. 
Ang, (8.) a house. 
Ang-chhao, (a.) inner, 
Ang-chhao-chai, (a.) inner-most 
Ang-chhao-pi, (».) the inner-room of a chiefs house. 
Ang-chhi, (s.) a door, (r.) to shut a door. 
Ang-chhi-tla, (s.) a door-post, the side of a door- way. 
Ang-i, (v.) to swing. 
A-ngia, (a.) pretty, beautiful. 
A-ngia-khei, (v.) to gather up, to gather or take in, to load (as a 

boat, etc.), to put inside. 
A-ngiapa-chhi, (v.) to care, to regard. 
A-ngia-thlu, (».) to liye together as husband and wife without being 

legally married, to cohabit. 
A-ngi-pa-chhao, (v.) to break off through, having too great a 

weight upon it (as bough, peg, etc.). 
Ang-kei, (v.) to secure a roof by wind ties, (5.) a wind tie. 
Ang-li-kaw, (/?.) the space or alley between two 1 onj?e». 



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36 LAKHBR GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Ang-na-na, {s.) a ridge pole, the bamboos in a roof going length- 
ways on the top of the rafters. 
Ang-pa-e, an exclamation like ' 1 say ' ! 
Ang-ri, (v.) to toss, to gamble, («.) the name of a game similar to 

knuckle bones 
Ang-tao, («.) a post. 

Ang-tao-law-pa, (v.) to play, to play at being grown-up people. 
Ang-taw-ta-pa, (v.) to go for a picnic, to play at being grown-up 

persons, (5.) a picnic. 
Ang-thei, (a.) patient, forbearing. 
Ao, (s.) a gourd, a vessel. 
Ao-pa, (5.)a neighbour. 
A-pa, (s.) a raft, the names of baskets for storing rice, a large 

bamboo receptacle for storing rice. 
A-pa-chaw-ha-na, (f.) the wind-pipe where it enters the lungs. 
A-pa-che, {v.) to keep a good look-out, to look out for, to get or be 

ready, to make preparation for, to prepare beforehand. 
A-pa-chha, {adv.) by turns, one after another. 
A-pa-chhai, (v.) to separate. 
A-pa-chia, {v.) to backbite. 
A-pa-da, {v.) te lose savour, to fade, to lose taste, (a.) without 

savour, faded. 
A-pa-dang-sha, (v.) to pronounce guiltless or right, to clear of 

guilt. 
A-pa-ha, [v.) to rest. 

A-pa-hlaw, (v,) to be surprised or startled, to jump with suq>rise. 
A-pa-hle, (v.) to merge into one, to join together, to run into one 

another, (as rivers), together. 
A-pa-hle-na, (s.) the confluence of rivers, the place where things or 

persons are gathered together. 
A-pa-hleo, {v.) to share, to use or have in common. 
A pa-hnang-tu-pa, (s.) a hearer, ft witness. 
A-pa-kang, (v.) to be cramped for room. 
A-pa khaj, (r.) to personate, to ask for an explanation of conduct, 

to question, to cross examine. 
A-pa-khai-pa, («.) a light, luminary. 
A-pa-kha ta, {i^rep,) in shelter of, under the lee of, behind. 
A-pa-ku, {v.) to share (between two), to go halves, to be in pairs. 
A-pa-ku-pa, («.) one on the opposite side, a defendant or plaintiff 

in a law case, a fellow, a mate, one of a pair. 
A-pa-lai, (v.) to exalt one's self, to think much of one's self. 
A-pa mao, [v.) to draw in (the head, etc.), to go in, to sink in. 
A-pa-mi, (i>.) to make one's self tidy, to adorn one's self, to be tidy, 

{a.) tidy 
A-pa-mi-lei-pa, (/?.) untidy. 



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PART III.— DICTIONARY : LAKHER-ENOLISH 37 



A-pang-pa, (s.) a drug, a weed, medicine. 

A-pa-pao, (s.) pimple, [v.) to have pimples, to be dense, (a.) dense 

(with undergrowth). 
A-pa-po-sa-pa, (v.) to sell at a profit. 
A-pa-pua, (8.) dirt, mire, filth, (n.) dirty, unclean (for sacrifice or 

food), (y.) to be dirty, etc. 
A-pa-ra, (v.) to hurry, to hasten, to be quick, (adv.) hurriedly, etc. 
A-pa-rai, (v.) to be at peace. 
A-pa-fai-pa, (s.) a judge, an arbitrator, a manager. 
A-pa-ra w, (v.) to band together. 
A-pa-raw-khang, {v.) to band together. 
A-pa-ri-pa, (s.) the name of a ferry, consisting of a raft and a rope 

spanning the river. 
A-pa-9hi, {v.) to move, to move along, to move from one place to 

another, to change the mind or opinion, (n^iv.) in another place. 
A-pa-shi-pa-thai, {v. ) to prepare, to get ready. 
A-pa-shu. (v. ) to be contiguous. 
A-pa-taw, (v.) to be joined together, to be contiguous. 
A-pa-taw-na, (s.) a joint, a join. 
A-pa-te, {a.) next to each other. 
A-pa-te-na, (s.) a join, a joint. 
A-pa-te-pa-ta-ta, [adv,) in order, consecutively. 
A-pa-te-thai-pa-ta-ta, (adv.) in order, consecutively. 
A-pa-thai-pa-thlao, (i*.) early dawn when things are just beginning 

to become visible. 
A-pa-thla, {v.) to be untidy, slovenly. 

A-pa-thlang, (v.) to he double, to be two-fold, (a.) doubled, twofold. 
A-pa-thlao, {v^ to swoop down. 
A-pa-tla, (v.) to assemble, to come together. 
A-pa-tla-thlai. (v.) to associate with, to make up after a quarrel. 
A-pa-ti-pa-te, (r. ) to over-lap one another, to go by different roads 

and so miss one another 
A-pau-pa, (fj.) whole, all 
A-peo, (v.) to embrace, to take hold of, to accept, to obey, to give 

heed to, to take. 
A-pha,(5.) the cotton tree, (vMo speak, to talk, to be able to reach. 
A-pha-pa, (r.) to be stuck, bound, joined, or tied top;ether. 
A-pha-pa-la, (5.) a kind of cotton yielded by the tree. 
A-phi, (v.) to sweep, (5.) a receptacle for storing rice, the name of 

a finely woven bamboo mat. 
A-phia, (v.) to have upon one's person (as dirt, sores, whiskers, etc.) 
A-pi, (y.) to do, to act. to work, to perform, to stumble, to hop (as 

locusts, etc.), to go by bounds. 
A-pia, (v.) to wrestle, to carry a load on each end of a stick, the 

centre of which rests on the shoulder. 



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3^ LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY 



A-pi-da-pha-vei, (5.) works, actions, deeds. 

A-pi-lei-pa-ta, {adv.) without moving, motionlessly. 

A-pi-pa-ti, {v.) to face, to turn towards, to have the front towards. 

A-pi-shai-ta, (adv. ) one at a tincie, one after another, one by one. 

A-pi-ta-pa-ta, (adv.) one at a time, one after another, one by one. 

A-pi-zi-pha-vei, (5.) works, actions, deeds. 

A-pua, (v.) to bury or dispose of the dead in any manner. 

A-pua-pua-pa, (5.) one who brings out or puts out a founder, an 

originator, a composer, an institutor. 
A-pu-pa, (5.) the inside part of a bamboo or cane. 
A-ra, (5.) a horse, (v.) to quarrel, to abus*3 one another, to run, to 

take shelter, to eat or drink anything, to be in the habit uf 

eating or drinking anything. 
A-ra-chai, (5.) opportunity, (//.) opportune, convenient, (v.) to be 

opportune, etc. 
A-rai, (a.) straight, even, stretched tightly, (v.) to be straight, 

even, stretched tightlj^ 
A-rai-ri, (v.) to gird round the waist (as cloth). 
A-rang, (5.) the name of a plant with edible leaves. 
A-ra-pa-shua, (v.) to run a race, to race. 
A-ra-ri-na, («.) the place where two ranges join. 
A-ra-sha, (5.) scissors. 

A-rau, (v.) to groan, to growl, to purr, to hum. 
A-rei-pa-vei, (v.) to humble one's self, to be humble, to feel small 

or insignificant. 
A-rei-shi, (v.) to kick against. 
A-rei-thai, (v.) to boast, to praise one's self. 
A-ri, (v.) to exchange. 
A-ru, (s.) the name of a creeper, the roots and leaves of which are 

used to poison fish ; various roots, leaves, etc., used for poison- 
ing fish, (a.) pungent, sjtrong (as spirits, tobacco, etc.) 
A-rua-phia, (5.) a thief 
A-ru-la-ta, (adv.) secretly, on the sly. 
A-sha, («.) the name of an edible plant with yellow flowers. 
A-sha-shai, (s.) muscle, flesh, lean, substance, form, complexion. 
A-shao-shi-pa, (s.) the tubes which run under-ground from the 

bellows to the forge in a smithy. 
A shaw-naw-pa, («.) a child, a boy, a girl. 
A-she, {v.) to walk or move backwards. 
A-shei, («.) a spear. 
A-shi, (v.) to bathe, to wallow, (s.) a small spring, species of 

chestnut tree. 
A-shia-pa-ta-ta, {adt\) plainly, clearly. 
Ashia-ra, (v.) to crack, (s ) a crack. 
A-shi-na-i, (v.) to sob, to snivel. 



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PART 111.— dictionary: LAKHER-ENGLlSn. 39 



A-sIii-pa-hri, (a.) wet and dirty, thiii. watery, [v.) to be wet and 

dirty, etc. 
A-shii, (V.) to knock together, to appear, to show one's self (as a 

spirit), (s,) a post inside a house supporting the ridge pole. 
A-shu-pa-hli, (/*.) a short cut, (v.) to avoid, to escape. 
A-shu-pa-kha, (v.) to merge into one. 

A-shu-thai, (v*) to meet one another, to come across one another. 
A-ta-haw, {ath\) ago, since. 
A-ta-hla-ra-chhao, (aJv.) now-a-days, now. 
A-ta-hma, (ativ.) now, by now. 
A-ta-hma-he, (adv.) now. 
A-ta-hma-i, (adv.) still, even, now, yet. 
A-ta-hma-la, (afiv.) n6w, by this time. 
A-ta-hma-rai, (adv.) still, even now, yet. 
A-ta-hma-ra-ri-taw-ta, {adv.) now, already, now, at once. 
A-ta-hma-tai, (adv.) yet, up to the present time, hitherto. 
A-ta-hma-tai-ta-chhaw-ta, (adv.) still, even, now, yet. 
A-ta-hma-ta-thlang-tlia, (s.) the present generation. 
A-ta hma-ta-thla-pa, (adv.) this month. 
A-ta-hma-tla-lai, (arfu) now at this moment, now (emphatic). 
A-tai, (v.) to make a contract. 
A-tai-la-ta, (adv.) across, crosswise. 
A-ta-kao, (adv.) this year. 
A-ta-meo, (adv.) this morning. 
A-ta-na, (a.) materials for building, etc. 
A-ta-nang, (adv.) to-day. 
A -tang, (s.) all sorts of things, everything, etc. 
A-tang-a-ria-pa, (s.) a thing. 

A-ta-pa, (s.) a prisoner, the outside (of bamboos, et(;.) 
A-ta-sha, (v.) to boast. 

A-tau, (s.) the perpendicular split bamboos in a mat wall. 
A-tau-na, (s.) the bow of a fiddle, a drum stick, stick of a 

gong. 
A-ta-via, (v.) to be taken up with one another to the exclusion of 
. others, (adv.) by and by, presently. 
A-ta-za, (adv.) to-night-. 

A-te, (v.) to sulk, to get into a temper, to be disappointed. 
A-tei, (s ) the edible shoots of bamboo. 
A'teung, (u) to sit, to sit down, to succeed to a chieftainship. 
A-teung-na, (s.) a seat, a stool, a chair. 
A-thao-a-ha, (adv.) at a profit, cheaply. 
A-thei, (s ) a species of large cucumber. 
A'thia-paw, (adv.) a short time ago. 
A-thi-khi, (s-) the abode of departed spirit. 
A-thi-pa, (s.) a corpse, a dead person. 



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40 LAKHER QRAMMAB AND DICTIONARY 



A-thla, (v.) to relieve to take another's place, to act as a sub- 
stitute, to lower, to let down, to throw down, to drop, to become 
a substitute. 

A-thla-da, {v.) be transparent, very thin (as cloth). 

A-thla-pa, (s.) a substitute, a sucijessor. 

A-thla-shi, (v.) to be cold, to have fever. 

A-thlaw, (v.) to be in love with one another, to love one another, 
to copulate. 

A-tia-na-tai-cha-ta, (v.) to sharpen. 

A-tlai, (v.) to stamp, to hop, to spring. 

A-tla-lei-pa, (v.) ill, dead, to be ill, to be dead. 

A-tlang, (s.) the name of an ant's nest used for burning in order 
to keep away sand flies. 

A-tlaw, (5.) a hole where animals wallow. 

A-tlaw-chaw, {v.) to shake, to boil, galloping. 

A-tlaw-ta-i-na-lei-thlu, {v,) to slop over (as water, etc.) 

A-tli, (v.) to struggle, to move, to wriggle. 

A-tlu, (V.) to be equal. 

A-tlua, (v.) to be without an owner, to be left over, to be super- 
fluous, to be useless, (a.) left over, etc., {adv.) to no purpose, 
uselessly. 

A-tu, (v.) to fight, to quarrel, to come to blows, (s.) a hoe. 

A-tu-ma-nao, (5.) the imperial pigeon. 

A-tu-va-chhu, («.) a wood pigeon. 

Au, (5.) the name of a pumpkin, a gourd, a bamboo or other re- 
ceptacle for holding liquids. 

A-ua, (a.) nearly dry, dry on the top, (v.) to lean back> to bend 
bacL 

Au-da, (5.) a dimple. 

Au-khai, (s.) the cheek, the side post of a door. 

Aung-pa, (s.) a window. 

Au-f)ao-pa, {s.) a hole, an aperture. 

Au-phia, (5.) a broom, the name of a grass from which brooms 
are made. 

A-va, (s.) the sky, (v.) to go, to walk, to wander about, to come, 
to crowl. 

A-va akha, (u) to be prosperous. 

A-va-a-nei, (v.) to be very rainy looking, to be cloudy. 

A-va-a-pa-nang, (v.) to be very rainy looking,* to be cloudy. 

A-va-a-pa-thai, (v.) to be clear weather. 
,A-va-a-shua, (u) to rain. 

A-va-a-thua, (s.) thunder, (v.) to thunder. 

A-va-cha-khia, (t;.) to be twisted together. 

A-va-di-daw, (5.) a rain drop. 

A-va-eo, (v.) to make, convert or fashion into. 



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PART III. — dictionary: lakher-bnglish. 41 



A-va-hnaw, (5.) a local shower. 

A-vaipa, (s.) a watcher, a keeper. 

A-va-ka-tla, (5.) a shower with large drops far apart. 

A-va-lia-pa-lao, (s.) the zenith. 

A-va-naDg, (a.) stormy looking, rainy-looking. 

A-va-nei, (5.) very wet weather. 

A-va-pa, (5.) a husband. 

A-va-pa-hnei, (t\) to marry a husband. 

A-va-pa-thai, (5.) clear weather, day light. 

A-va-shua-ti, (5.) rain water. 

A-vaw, [v.) to keep, to preserve, to take care of, to receive, to have 

upon one's person or with one. 
A-vaw-cha-kai, {v.) to bring. 
A-vaw-dua, (5.) to stand. 

A-vaw-sha, (v.) to put or throw a weight, to bargain. 
A-vaw-thla-haw, (v.) to keep, to preserve, to take care of, to 

receive, to have upon one's person or with one. 
A-vei, (adv.) not quite. 

A-vei-sha, (v.) to be on good terms with, to be friendly with. 
A-vi-lao-pa, (s.) the name of a beetle. 
A-vua-sha-pa, (s.) rain. 

A-za, (vt,) to set on edge Tas teeth), to stretch one's self. 
A-za-a-chhi, (v.) to feel like stretching one's self 
A-za-a-khaw, (a.) maimed, wounded, disabled, injured, deprived of 

members, (v.) to be maimed, etc. 
A-za-chha-nang, (adv.) formerly, a long time ago, in olden times, 

sometime ago. 
A-za-chhi-pa-ta, (adv.) in order from beginning to end. 
A-za-hia, last night. 
A-za-ko-ta, last year. 

A-za-ko-va-de-vaw-dai-pa, the year before last. 
A-zang, (a.) closely woven, free from holes, air tight, {v.) to be 

closely woven, etc. {adv ) firmly, thoroughly, closely, etc. 
A-zang-a-pia-pa, {s. ) a miser, a niggard. 
A-zang-a-va-ta, day and night. 
A-zang-za-khi-dei-ta, all night. 
A-za w, (V.) to squabble, to strive together, to excel or rival one 

another, to emulate one another, to vie witb one another, to 

pounce upon, to spring upon. 
A-zaw-pa-thla, (v.) to jump down. 
A-za-za-pa, (5.) the trigger of a gun. 
A-zeo, (5.) a monkey 
A-zeo-dua-ta, (a ) all. 

A-zi, (v.) to walk or go one after another, to walk in Indian file 
A*zi, an interjection. 



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42 LAKHBR GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 

A 

A, (v.) to be, to remain, to exist, to have, to stop, to rest. 

A-khei-pa, (v.) to adopt, to keep. 

A-la-pa, (v.) to adopt, to keep. 

A-na (5.) abode, home, place. 

A-nang, (s.) a day of rest, a holiday. 

A*zi, (s.) meaning, shape. 

AW 

Aw, (v.) to call, to point at in contempt, to bleat, (5.) a fowl. 

Aw-chang, (5.) the comb of a cock or hen. 

Aw-cha-paw-pa, (5.) a cock. 

Aw-cha-ri, (5.) a small fowl house under the eaves of a house. 

Aw-che-pa, (s.) a chicken. 

Aw-hlu, (5.) a louse. 

Aw-hnang, (s.) the long feathers in the tail of a cock. 

Aw-hnang-a-kao-pa, (a.) curved, (v.) to be curved. 

Aw-braw, (a.) greedy, (v.) to be greedy. 

Aw-khe, (5.) a cockerel. 

Aw-lao-tei-pa, (5.) the name of a white stone. 

Aw-lu-tai-na, (s.) the back of the head, the nape of the neck. 

Aw-ma-bei, (s.) a man's pipe. 

Aw-pa-kh&, {v.) to call together. 

Aw-pa-ki-pa-thaw, (v.) to be complete (as guests at a feast, warriors 

at a fight) to call a sufficient number. 
Aw-pa-nao, (s.) a full-grown hen. 
Aw-pa-pua, {v.) to call out from. 
Aw-sa-shi, (5.) the long feathers round a cock's neck which stand 

out like a shield when angry, the long feathers near a cock's 

tail. 
Aw-shi, (s.) a star. 

Aw-shi-cha-kei-pa, («.) the planet Mars. 
Aw-shi-cba-ru, (5.) the Pleiades, a land snail. 
Aw-ta*chhi, (5.) a chicken. 
Aw-ta-lu-pa, (5.) the name of a vegetable {Mordica mixta). 

B 

Ba, (v.) to owe, to wear in the ear, to browse, to cease, to stop, to hang 
up (as on a peg, etc.), to put in the mouth whole, to put into the 
mouth, (5.) the arm, (a) left unfinished, remaining, left remaining. 

Ba-a, {v.) to vaccinate. 

Ba-hla, (5.) a plantain. 

Ba-hla-pi, (5.) a species of large plantain. 

Ba-hle, {s ) the name of species of beans. 



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PART III. — dictionary: lakhbr-english. 43 



Ba-hra^ (s.) a yam. 

Ba-hru, (5.) the name of a plant, the leaves of which are used by 
the Lakher for thatching, the fan palm, a gayal's head. 

Ba-k-sha, (5.) a measurement equal to length of the arm. 

Bai, (v.) to hook, to catch, (as briar) to cast or carry a cloth over 
the shoulder, to be hwked or caught, (s.) an elfin lock, hair imme- 
diately in front of the ear, mane, the name of the basket, the ear, 
the handle (of cup, etc.) the eye (of a needle), (v.) to blame, to 
accuse. 

Bai, an affix signifying to hold or keep down, (v.) to stick, to 
adhere. 

Bai-ba, {s.) the name of a large basket with a cover. 

Bai-hle, (s.) a burr. . 

Bai-kai, («.) the name of a basket 

Bai -pa, (s.) the ijame of a game played by boys with a large bean, 
(v.) to play at the above. 

Bachhei, (v.) accuse or blame falsely. 

Ba-kai, («.) species of watermelon. 

Ba-ka-li, (s.) the armpit. 

Ba-ka-li-cha-ki, (v.) to carry under the arm or on the hip, to have 
under one*s wing. 

Ba-ka-li-cha-ra, (v.) to lift up the arm so as to expose the armpit, 
(s.) the part of a coat, etc., under the armpit. 

Ba-kao, (v.) to jump with both feet together. 

Ba-kha-chia, (5.) the name of a plant with edible leaves. 

Bakhai, (s.) a species of edible arum. 

Ba-leo, (s,) a boat. 

Ba-lia, {s.) a chain. 

Bang-thao, Xs.) a club, a mallet 

Ba-pa-li-pa, (v.) to tie the hands behind the back. 

Ba-pa-lo-pa, (5.) the muscle of the upper arm. 

Ba-pai, (5.) the wrist. 

Ba-pei, {s.) a species of plantain. 

Ba-pi-nao, (5.) a wife. 

Ba-ra, («.) a Lakher sieve. 

Ba-ra-shi, (5.) the name of an edible fungus. 

Ba-rao, (5. ) the name of a bean. 

Bashi, (v.) to sag, to hang low, to be loose or long. 

Ba-shu, (5.) sugarcane. 

Ba-ta, (5.) a species of small plantain. 

Bau (v.) to plant, to set up by burying one end in the ground, to 
athrow over the head, (as an antagonist in wrestling). 

Bau-ka-li-la ta-shi-pa, {v.) to walk on the hands. 

Baung-hlaung, (a.) whole. 

Baw, (v.) to stuflF in the mouth, to pour out, (as a fluid) to water 
plants. 



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44 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Baw-ka-hlu-ta, (prep.) behind (a house). 

Baw-pa-shu, {v.) to administer punishment in which the whole 

village joins, to punish or attack in a body. 
Baw-pi, (5.) the thigh. 
Baw-tla-tlang, (s.) a clod of earth. 
Bel, (v.) to stick, to adhere. 
Bei-a-vi-pa, (5.) a potter 
Bei-a-vi- thai-pa, («.) a potter. 
Bei-hmang-na-kua, (5.) a measure of time equal to about one hour 

(literally the time it takes for a pot of rice to cook.) 
Bei-hmei-ve-pa, (s.) soot caused by the action of fire on pots, etc. 
Bei-lei, (5.) clay. 

Bei-pa-ri, {s) a vessel holding cleaned rice. 
Bei-phia, (v.) to syphon, to draw with a syphon. 
Bei'phia-a-chhang-pa, (s.) a minister, a servant, an attendant. 
Bei-va-na, (adv.) never, {v.) to be not customarv. 
Beu, (v.) to watch for, to Avay lay, to lie in wait, to lie in ambush, 

to lie down, (as animals), to recline with the head raised. 
Beurei, (5.) a booth, a but, a temporary house. 
Beu-ta, {a.) the name of a bird the male of which is scarlet and the 

female yellow. 
Bi, (a.) full, {v.) to be full, to' speak to, to speak, to propose (for 

marriage), to offer a sacrifice to, to sew, (s.) a seam, (v.) to have 

had sufficient food, to name, (5.) a word, asajing news, (prep.) 

about, concerning. 
Bia, (5.) edible arum bulb and plant. 
Bia-a-hnei-pa, (s ) one in authority, 
Bia-dai-na, (a.) a wooden pestle for pounding arum bulbs for pig's 

food. 
Bia-ei-ava-lei-pa, (5.) an irrelevant speech. 
Bia-hna, (a.) the leaves of the edible arum. 
Bia-hne-pa-haw-ta, {adv.) authoritatively. 
Bi-ai, (s.) the name of a wild fowl trap. 
■ Bia-pa, (5.) a bulb, a tuber. 
Bia-pa-hmang-pa, (5.) a witness for. 
Bia-pa-hnei, (a.) bulbous. 
Bia-pa-kaw, (5.) the name of a basket. 
Bia-pa-nao, (a.) the name of a large edible arum bulb. 
Bia-pa-pai, (v.) to give a verdict, to pass sentence, to wind up a 

case, to settle a case. 
Bia-pa-rai-tu-pa, (a.) a judge, a magistrate, an arbitrator. 
Bia-pa-rao, (v ) to whisper to, to speak secretly. 
Bia-sha, (v.) to be careful, (adv,) carefully. 

Bia-sha»pai, (a.) the name of a lattice-work, (v.) to make the same. 
Bia-taw, (a,) the young tubers of the arum. 



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PART III. — DICTIONARY : LAKHER-ENGLTSH. 45 



Bi-bu. (s.) a bowl. 

Bi-hnei, (v.) to receive authority 

Bi-hnei-pi, (v.) to give authority. 

Bi-hnei-ta-a-taw-pa, (v.) to give authority to. 

Bi-hri, (s.) the name of a bean. 

Bi-li, (5.) the mole. 

Bi-pa-chia, {v ) to plot, to conspire, to plan, (s.) a plot, conspiracy, 

a plan. 
Bi-pa-lao-pa, (s.) a mystery, a deep saying. 
Bi-pa-lei-pa-rei, (v.) to make mischief, to speak to another's hurt 
Bi-pa-raw, (v.) to be unanimous or of one mind. 
Bi-pa-raw-ta, (adv.) unanimously, with one mind or desire. 
Bi-pa-tha, [s.) a report, a rumour, (v.) to get reported, or rumoured. 
Bi-pa-tlang-kha, (v.) to be unanimous or of one mind. 
Bia-pa-tlang-kha-ta, {adv.) unanimously, with one mind, with one 

desire. 
Bi-pa-tlao-lai, stern. 
Bi-pei-pa, (s.) a complaint, a judicial case, a question, a complaint, 

a dissension. 
Bi-pa-chhei, (.v.) to apologise, to confess, to capitulate. 
Bi-phi, (s.) a secret. 
Bi-pi, (s.) the red cheeked bamboo rat, (v.) to command, to give 

permission. 
Bi-tai,*(t;.; to command, to order, to seduce, to threaten, to pro- 
mise, (5.) a command, etc. 
Bi-tahru, (a.) rough, (as hair), (v.) to be rough. 
Bo-ka-li-ta-a-dua, (v.) to stand on the head. 
Boung, (v.) to help, to assist. 
Bu, (5.) a nest, a bunch, a cluster^ (v.) to noose, to lasso, to fie a 

rope round the leg or the neck of an animal to lead it. 
Bua, (a.) narrow, small, close together, (v.) to be narrow, {adv.) 

closely together, frequently, at short intervals, little. 
Bu-chu, {s.) froth, lather, scum, foam, (v.) to froth, etc., (s.) ashes, 

dust, \^v ) to be reduced to ashes or dust. 
Bu-cha-hru-na, (5.) a fire shovel. 

OH. 

Cha, (conj.) if when (in reference to future time), (v.) to remain in 
a place over a day and night, to sojourn, to be, to cry, to weep, 
to be hard, ripe, etc., (pro.) who, which, that, {adv.) yes, (s.) a 
fish trap, (a.) hard (not soft), ripe, mature. 

Cha-a, (v.) to cut up, to slice up. 

Cha-a-cha-la, (a.) these, those. 

Cha-a-ro-khei-pa, (5.) a d&k runner. 



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46 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONAftT. 



Cha-a-sha-hlao-cha, (a.) these, those. 

Cha-au, (s.) the chest, the breast, (v.) to be listless, etc. 

Oha-a-vei-ma, last, perhaps, may. 

Cha-aw, (s.) the name of a tree and its fruit, which resembles a 
large bean, a crab trap. 

Cha-ba, (w.) to take, to bring, to hold, to have with one or upon 
one's person. 

Cha-bai, (v.) to clap, to slap, to pat. 

Cha-baw-va, {adv.) no. 

Cha-bSung, (v.) to bite, to snap, as a dog, etc. 

Cha-bi, {8.) a pile or post (under a house), 

Cha-bia, (a.) lame, (y.) to be lame, to walk lame. 

Cha-bu, (5.) a book. 

Cha-cha, (a.) this, that, these, those. 

Cha-cha-la, (s.) the right band side. 

Cha-cha-ua, (v.) to hiccough. 

Cha-chau-hna-ru, (s.) the breast-bone. 

Cha-chei-ta, (adv.) under no circumstances, on no condition, not 
at all. 

Cha-chei- ta-va, {adv.) under no circumstance, not at all, in no- 
wise, not in the least, certainly not, surely not. 

Cha-chei-ta-va-na, {adv.) surely not, certainly not, not at all, under 
no circumstance, in nowise, not in the least 

Cha-chhaw, {v.) to beat (as heart, etc.) 

Cha-chhei, {».) a measurement from the tip of the middle finger to 
the breast-bone with the arm extended. 

Cha-chi, (5.) a frog. 

Cha-chu, {V.) to cover (with the hand). 

Cha-da, {s.)fi species of euphorbia. 

Cha-dai, {v.) to chase, to pursue, to hunt. 

Cha-daw, {v.) to economise, to take out. 

Cha-ei, {v.) to chew, to masticate. 

Cha-ei-cha-ma, {s.) refreshment. 

Cha-ha, {v.) to make much of. to wheedle, to make up to. 

Cha-ha-cha, {v.) to dry wood, etc., on the fireshelf. 

Cha-hei, {v.) to boil or cook without salt, to cook with salt, («.) any- 
thing cooked with salt. 

Cha-hna, (5.) playing cards, a letter paper, reading and writing. 

Cha-hnaw, {v ) to press in (as salt in a measure), to blow (as wind 
the flames), to lean upon, to pounce upon, to be pressed tightly 
together, {adv.) tightly together, closely together, (a.) pressed 
tightly together, close together, prosperous. 

Cha-hnia, {$.) a brother or sister next in age to one's self, either 
older or younger. 

Cha-hra, (a.) rough (as wood), {v.) to be rough. 



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PART III. DICTIONARY : LAKHBR-BNGLISH. 47 



Cha-hra-lei-pa, (a.) weak, (adv,) in a weakly manner, slowly, [y.) 

to be weak. 
Cha-hra-sa-la, (conj.) neverthless, yet, still, but. 
Cha-hraw, (v.) to push in, to probe. 
Cha-hrSo, (v.) to tie, to bind. 
Cha-hri, (v.) to go round, to pass by, to walk round about, to walk 

up and down in front of, to graze, to strike at an angle and slip 

along, («.) split bamboos spread out under the floor matting or 

under the roof, to keep it level. 
Cha-hria, (vt.) to stir (as with a spoon, etc.) 
Cha-hri-ta, (prep.) underneath, (adv.) underneath. • 
Cha-hu, (v.) to clench (the hand), to clasp, to grasp. 
Cha-hu-saw, (v.) to suffocate by stopping the nose and mouth. 
Chai, (v.) to suck (as sugarcane), (a.) strong (as rope), (s.) the waist, 

(adv.) very, most. 
Cha-i, (v.) to be in one another's way. 
Cha-ia, (s.) a crab. 

Cha-ia-ba-shu, (*.) the name of a small edible plant. 
Cha-ai-phei-pi, (s.) the claw of a crab, the hammer of a gun. 
Chai-chi, (s.) tongs, pincers, tweezers. 
Chai-ha, (s.) a splinter, a jagged edge, to be jagged. 
Chai-hna, (5.) the name of a class of plants some of which have 

large tough leaves, used for wrapping up food, etc. 
Chai-hrai, {s.) a girdle, a belt 
Chai-la-ki-pa, (s.) an earwig. 
Chai-na, (v.) to put the arms akimbo. 
Chai-ri, (s.) a small girdle worn by a woman to keep up the 

kilt. 
Chai-vei, (v.) to wear in the belt (as a dagger), to keep in the belt 

(as money). 
Chai-zao, (s.) a knife. 
Cha-ka, (r.) to step over, to cross, to decrease, to evaporate, to dry 

up, to suffer famine, to be hungry. 
Oha-kai, (v.) to carry, to have with one (as money), to wear (as 

cloth), to hold. 
Cha-kang, {s. ) a Lakher fire-place, a hearth, (a.) scarce, scanty, 

uncommon, rare, (v.) to be scarce, etc. 
Cha-kang-khi, (*.) the mound of earth at the back of a Lakher fire- 
place to protect the wall from tire. 
Cha-kang- tia, (5.) the wooden frame work of a Lakher hearth. 
Cha-ka-ri-pa, («.) a worm. 
Cha-ka-ri-pai, (s.) the reddish deposit found at the bottom of some 

pools, or where water has run. 
Cha-ka-ru-pa, (s.) the name of a large snail. 
Cha-kau-tla. (^ .) a seat in front of the hearth in a Lakher housa 



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48 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Cha-kei, (5.) a tiger, a door-way, (v.) to force or pull open, to force 
an opening through. 

Cha-kha, (v.) to ascend, to be steep (upward), (a.) steep (upward) 
(adv.) up. 

Cha-khJL, (v.) to strike, to knock. 

Cha-khai, (s.) the hips, the side of the upper part of the thigh. 

Cha-khai-ru, (s.) the hip bone. 

Cha-khaiig, {adv.) to push through, to press against, to treat with 
unfairness or without respect, to disrespect the rights of, to take 
advantage of, to cause to bear the blame, to beat down, to offer 
a price lower than the one quoted. 

Cha-kha-sai-pa, (a.) very steep (upwards). 

Chakhaw, (v.) to spear, to fall downwards upon, to go through as 
spear, to make (a booth, or temporary house), to slide. 

Cha-khei, (v.) to prick as a blister, to prick out or dig out (as a 
thorn), to butt, to push (as a bull), to hit and scrape past ( as a 
bamboo, etc., (suddenly released), to weep over or about, to pick 
(as a sore), («.) a cause of weeping, 

Cba-khei-na, (s.) a button, a fastening. 

Cha-kh6o, (adv.) merely, uselessly, gratuitously, undeservedly, 
simply, causelessly. 

Cha-khi, (v.) to pinch, to squeeze, to jam, to batten, to tie, to 
fasten, to swell, to come into a bump, to tie, in a weaver's knot, 
to tie, (a.) knotted, («.) a knot (in wood, string, etc), an excre- 
scence, a swelling. 

Cha-khia-la-la, a word used to introduce a sentence. 

Cha-khiapa-hi-na, (5.) a rudder. 

Cha-khi-ia-pi, (v.) to tie in a bow, (5.) a bow. 

Cha-khi-pa, {v.) to introduce, to point out. 

Cha-khi-shu-pa-hli, {v.) to tie in an ordinary knot, (5.) an ordinary 
knot. 

Cha-khbung, (v.) to leak, to run out, to slip through or off, to push 
away through, to squeeze through. 

Cha-khua-pa, (s.) a mound, raised ground, the brow of a hill or 
incline. 

Cha-ki, (s.) a butt for holding pigs' wash, etc., made of a hollowed 
out tree, a water butt, a tub, (v.) to cut off (as edge of thatch, 
bamboo stump, etc.), {vt.) double up (as leaf to form drinking 
cup), to curl up, (a.) double up or turned over at the edge, dog- 
eared, curled up. 

Cha-kia, (5.) the spur (of a cock), small stones, pieces of baked 
clay, etc., mixed with potter's clay before making pots. 

Cha-ki-pa-chhao, (v.) to cut (with scissors). 

Cha-ku, (v.) to put the hand on the shoulder of another, to put 
the arm round the neck or waist. 



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PART III. — DICTIONARY : LA KHER- ENGLISH. 49 



Cha-kua, object of or for, cause of, meaning of, reason of or for, 
means of, (5.) a stalk of flower, fruit, etc., an aerial root, a branch 
growing downwards from the trunk (as in the fig tree), (a.) low- 
lying, low, (v.) to be or get low. 

Cha-lang-cha-ba, (y.) to hold a child by the thighs and jump it up 
and down. 

Cha-lao, (a.) the name of a trap. 

Cha-law, («.) the kidneys, a kidney, the spleen. 

Cha-law-a-tla, (v.) to have enlarged spleen. 

Cha-law-tla, (s.) enlarged spleen. 

Cha-lei, (v.) to buy. 

Cha-lei-pa-li-law-khia-ta-cha, (adv.) else. 

Cha-li, («.) quiet, silent, (v.) to be quiet, silent, to stop, to pause. 

Cha-lia-na-cha-ta, (adv.) there, in that place, from that place. 

Cha-lua, (v.) to be proud of, to be pleased with, to lift up and put 
upon a higher level. 

Gha-mai-a-pa-ia, (a.) very poisonous (as snake, nettle, etc.), (v.) to 
be very poisonous. 

Cha-mei-hnei, {a.) poisonous, (v.) to be poisonous. 

Gha-mi, (t;.) to twist round, (a^fv.) under no circumstances, on no 
condition. 

Cha-mi-pa-chhao, (v.) to twist, to wrench. 

Gha-nai, (s.) poison. 

Gha-na-tla-pa, (^.) ope who presides at a feast. 

Gha-nau, (« ) a woman. 

Gha-nau-cha-paw, (s.) men and women (collectively). 

Gha-nau-cha- paw-pa, (s.) an hermaphrodite, a neuter. 

Gha-nau-ha-ti, («.) a girl. 

Ghang, (v.) to alight, to settle, to roost, to perch, to be barren, 
etc., (a.) barren, impotent, childless. 

Ghang-hna, (s.) a leaf 

Gha-ngi, (s.) the wild dog (cam's dhola). 

Ghang-pa-hlao, (v.) to strip a tree of all its leaves except a small 
bunch at the end of each bough or to cut off all the boughs 
except the topmost, and stripping that of its leaves except a 
bunch at the tip, a favourite pastime of the Lakhers. 

Ghang-tlaw, (s.) mud, mire. 

Ghao, (a.) having the top or head off, (adv.) off. 

Ghao-a-tla-pa, (v,) to prepare a feast^ 

Cha-pa, («.) moss, the power of fascinating, charming, or getting 
power over. 

Gha-pai, (a.) spotted, striped, marked, tattooed. 

Cha-pa-sha-tlao-thai-aw-sha-la, (v.) to support a person for 
life. 

Gha-pa-ta, (prep.) instead of, because of, {conj.) than. 

u 



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60 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Cha-paw, (v.) to thrust the arm into (as a hole, coat-sleeve, etc.), 

(«.) a male, a man. 
Cha-paw-ha-ti, (s.) a bov. 
Cha-p6o, (a.) proud, (v.) to be proud. 
Cha-ph6o, (v.) to claw, to scratch, to gape. 
Cha-pi, {8.) the name of a wild plantain, (v.) to fillip, to kick out 

bebiad, to hammer in (as a nail), to naiL 
Cha-pia, (v.) to knock against with the lower part of the leg or 

with the foot, to trip against 
Cha-pu, (5.) a jhum house. 

Cha-rang, («.) the bend of the leg behind the knee. 
Cha-rang-na, (s.) a pen, a pencil. 
Cha-rang-na-ti-pa, («.) ink. 
Cha-rang-pa, (s.) a writer, a clerk, a scribe. 
Cha-raw, (v.) to scrape with a hoe. 
Cha-rei, (v.) to be prevalent (as a disease), to stroll, to walk, to 

take a walk, to float (in the air), to fly about, to visit (a young 

wouian), to court, to go courting. 
Cha-ri, (s.) lac, sealing wax, cotton rolled ready for spinning, 

a small fowl house under the eaves of a house, (v.) to roll 

up in the hand, to twist, to chew, to masticate, to grate the 

teeth. 
Cha-ria, (v.) to be at war, to war against, («.) fighting men. 
Ciha-ria-pa, (s.) an adversary, an enemy. 
Cha-ria-shai-shang-pa-a-cha, (v.) to have a sham fight, («.) a sham 

fight. 
Cha-ru, (a.)six, 

Cha-shi, (a.) cold, chilly, (t;.)to be cold, etc. 
Cha-shu, (s.) a hind. 
Cha-shu-sha-shu, {s.) the sambar deer. 
Cha-ta, (v.) to rub, to besmear, to scour, (prep.) for, (pro.) to thee, 

from thee, for thee, thee. 
Cha-ta-hei-hi, (pro.) you, to you, from you, for you. 
Cha-ta-kha-ta, (so and so, etc.), this and that. 
Cha-ta-na-cha-ta, (conj.) therefore, then, so that, so and so, this or 

that being so, (adv!) thus, in this or that manner. 
Cha-tang, (prep.) opposite to. 
Cha-tang-a-sha-ta-cha, (adv.) so. 
Cha-tao, (v.) to tease. 

Cha-ta-va, (conj.) for this or that reason, therefore. 
Cha-ta-zi, (so many). 
Chatei, (v,t.) to melt, to fry. 
Cha-thang, (v.t.) to shake. 

Cha-thao-pa-kai. (v.) to shake out, to shake open. 
Cha-thi, (v.) to thread, to skewer. 



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PART III. — DICTIONARY : LAKHER- ENGLISH. 51 



Cha-tWei, (v.) to sift, to separate, to divide, to distinguish between, 

to have respect of persons, to m^kea distinction between. 
Cha-tlai, {v.) to ransom. 
Cha-tlaw, {v.) to clean by pouring water over. 
Cha-tli, (a.) quick, (v.) to be quick, (adv.) quickly. 
Chat-t6o («.) the name of a tree with edible leaves. 
Chat-teung, (v.) to wrap up (in a parcel or bundle), to enclose (as 

fish in a net), to bring (cooked food) with one wrapped up in a 

leaf, etc. 
Oha-ti-pa, (s.) ink. 
Cha-ti-pa-aw, («.) an ink-pot. 
Cha-tua, (v.t.) to alter, to transform. 
Cha-taw-ta-la, (v.) disperse, to break up. 
Chau, [s.) roof, top, the bark (of a dog), (a.) slanting, lop-sided, 

(adv.) slantingly. 
Chau-hrai-na, (s.) a girdle, a belt. 
Chau-ka, (s.) the shelf over the fire in a Lakher house. 
Chau-ta, (prep.) above, upon, against, during, (conj.) while. 
Chau-ta-chhaw, (conj.) even, when, although. 
Cha-va, (s.) a land leech, a stream, a river. 
Cha-va-hnaw, {s.) a small valley, a ravine. 
Cha-va-hnaw-la, (adv.) up-stream. 
Cha-va-ka-tla, («.) a short sharp shower. 
Cha-va-law, (s.) shingle. 

Cha-va-na-cha-ta, (conj.) for this or that reason, therefore. 
Cha-va-pi, (s.) a river. 
Cha-va-tha, (adv.) down-stream. 
Cha-vei, (v.) to do or say anything over again, (adu.) again and 

again, over and over again, no 
Cha-vei-khia-ta, {adv.) else, then. 
Cha-vei-khia-ta-cha, (conj.) lest, that not being so. 
Cha-vei-la, [a.) the left hand side. 
Cha-vSo, (s.) a bear. 
Chaw, (a.) dry, parched, (u) to dry, to be dry, etc., to dig a hole, (s.) 

consumption, any chronic or wasting disease, one so afflicted, 

the bottom of anything, the posterior, the mouth of a river. 
Chaw-a-thaw, (v.) to commence cutting a jbum at the lower end 

and working upwards. 
Chawk, (s.) the name of an ant. 
Chaw-kao-pa, (s.) the name of a small red ant 
Chaw-khaw, («.) the anus. 
Chaw-lia, (s.) a wild gayal. 
Chaw-lia-tao-pa, (s.) a wild gayal. 
Chaw-naw, (v.) to stroke. 
Chaw-pa-hru, {3.) a false bottom. 



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52 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Chaw-pa-ra, (8.) one who practises sodomy. 
Chaw-phaw, (v.) to claw, to take up in the fist or fingers, 
Cha-zai, (v.) to entwine (as creeper), to bind, to twist or wind 

round and round, to pull round. 
Che, (adv.) for a little while, for a time or season, for the present, 

at present. 
Che-cha-aw, {a ) the name of a basket. 
Che-che, the call for a dog. 
Chei, {V.) to borrow (when the equivalent but not the thing iteelf 

is to be returned), to plant, to sow, to be in the habit of using, 

eto., to take oflFthe fire (as a pot), (a.) engraving, colouring, (a.) 

variegated, of various colours. 
Chei-cha, (s.) a clay pellet for the pellet bow. 
Chei-cha-lang, (u) to exalt, to promote, to glorify, 
Chei-haw, (a^v.) very, exceedingly. 
Chei-shia, (s.) the pellet bow. 
Che-na, (s.) the name of a blue striped cloth. 
Che-sa, (s,) a person, a man, a thing, one, 
Cheu, (a.) short, small, little, (v.) to be short, to be small, to get 

small. 
Chha, (v.) to put forth strength, to exert one's self, to fall from a 

height, to set (as sun, etc.) to be born prematurely, to complete 

(as one's time for working), to finish paying a debt, to dish up, 

to serve out (as food), to be thick, (adv.) at least, at any rate, 

even then, then, (a.) last, thick (as wood), («.) a generation, an 

offspring, a meal, conclusion, end, finish. 
Chha-aw-na, last, perhaps, may. 
Chha-kha, (v.) to half cock (as gun). 
Chha-la-a-cha-pa, (v.) to side with, to help, to be witness for, (s.) 

an ally, a helper, a witness for. 
Chha-mei, (s,) Indian corn, maize. 
Chha-nang, (v.) to fully cock ^as gun). 
Chhang, (v.) to cook, to boil, to distil, (a.\ short (as a coat, rope, 

etc.), looped up. 
Chhang-chhi-khia-ta-cha, supposing if. 
Chhang-pa, (a.) stale, cold, not eaten the same time as cooked, 

(v.) to get stale, cold, etc. 
ChhSng-tao, {a.) disobedient, obstinate, stubborn, self-willed. 
Chha-no-pha-vei, (v.) to have diarrhoea. 
Chhao, (5.) day time. 

Chhao-kha-shaw, (5.) children of the same mother. 
Chha-pa-haw-pa, (s,) an attendant, a companion on a journey, a 

supporter, one who looks after another's interests. 
Chhan, (v.) to growl, to be angry, to put down (as a load upon the 

ground) to rest against or upon, (s.) the abdomen, the belly. 



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PART IIL — DIOTIONART : LAKHBR-BNGLISH. 53 



Chhaua-pa-tlai, («.) a watery diarrhoea, (t; ) to have diarrhoea. 

Chhau-a-pua, (v.) to have a feeling of fulness in the stomach. 

Chhau-cha-khaw, (v.) to have diarrhoea. 

Chhau-chhi, [a.) blighted. 

Chhau-chhi-phaw, (v.) to have worms (disease). 

Chhau-hri, (a.) a tape worm, worm disease. 

Chhaung, (v.) to tell, to inform, to raid, to attack, to exact a fine 

in lieu of work. 
Chhau-pa-da-pa, [s.) the name of the partition in a house by the 

bed. 
Chhau-pa-da-pa-chhaw, (s.) a room. 
Chhau-pa-t]ai, (v.) to have diarrhoea. 
Chhau-ta-a, (prep,) within, inside, in. 
Chhau-tlao, (s.) a species of clay, raised by white ants into 

mounds. 
Chhau-tlao-lei, (s.) a species of clay. 
Chhau-tlao-paw, (s.) the name of an edible fungus. 
Chhaw, (v.) to get in front of, to outstrip, to cut down (weeds, trees, 

etc.), to clear (jungle), to massacre, to chop (with dao), to cut, 

to build (a house), to make (a net), (a/v.) also, even. 
Chhaw-lei-thu, (s.) the name of a small insect with an ofiensive 

smell. 
-Chhaw-pa-chhao, (v.) to cut right through at one blow. 
Chhaw-pa-hli, {v.) to bevel, to cut off at a slant, (a.) bevelled^ etc., 

(adv.) slantingly. 
Chhaw- pa-ri, (vj to match. 
Chhaw- ta, (prep,) along with, together with, (eanj.) although, 

notwithstanding. 
Chhe-a-phaw-pa, (5 ) a fellow traveller, a follower. 
Chhei, {v,y to cut open bamboos and split them for matting, to 

pit, to dent, to chip, to split wood with an axe, (a.) pitted, 

spotted, covered with small holes. 
Chhei-haw, (adv,) fairly, rather, very much, very, quite, exceed- 
ingly. 
Chhei-hlu, (s.) the emblic myrobalan. 
Chh6o, (v.) to answer, to reply, to accept. 
Chh6o-thaw, (v.) to sprout, (5.) a sprout. 

Chhi, [a.) fine (as cotton) high (as voice), bad, nasty, ugly, spoiled, 
. old, degraded (in rank or power), (adv.) finely, high, (s.) a tax, 

(v ) to make an offering to the spirit of one departed, to be 

twisted, to nod (the head), to carry (a lamp, torch, etc.) 
Chhia, (5.) the gi'oin, (v.) to chop (with an axe). 
Chhi-a-khei-pa, {s.) a tax collector. 

Chhia-pa-thlua, {v ) to speak unadvisedly, to speak boastfully. 
Chhi-chhi-chhi, the Lakher call for a cat. 



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54 lAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Chhi-chhi-pa, (s.) a species of wild job's tears. 

Chhi-haw, (a.) durable. 

Chhi-hrang-ao, (s.) a bottle. 

Chhi-hrang-haw, (5.) a bottle. 

Chhi-hri, (5.) a species of sesamum. 

Chhi-kbei, (v.) to fear for. 

Chhi-khi, («.) a tributary state or village. 

Chhi-law, (adv.) more. 

Chhin, {v.) to try. 

Chhi-na, (5.) an amber bead or necklace, amber. 

Chhin khup, {s.) the cover of a woman's pipe. 

Chhi-pa-raw, (v.) to do harm, to do mischief, to harm. 

Chhi-ru, (a.) durable. 

Chhi-sha, [v. ) to take an oath. 

Chhi-tao, (s.) a species of sesamum. 

Chhi-zaw, (5.) the domestic cat. 

Chho, (s.) a species of millfpede, the inside (of animal, roan, etc). 

Chho-cha-la, (s.) the side of a house, opposite the fire-place. 

Chho-chhi, (s.) indigestion, diarrhoea. 

Chho-kha, (v.) to make an embankment, to fill in, to fill up, («.) 
an embankment, a raised road. 

Chho-pa-da-pa, (s.) the name of a partition in a house. 

Chho-ta, (conj ) as long as, all the time. 

Clihu, (s.) the inside (of anything), the vulva, (v.) to snatch away, 
to take away from, to claim, to snatch up (as goods when house 
is on fire, etc.). to kick, to kick against, to notch. 

Cthua, (v.) to wish, to want, to intend, to attempt, to try, to pur- 
pose, to be about to. 

Chhu-pa-ra, («.) a fornicatress. 

Chhu-ta, (v.) to descend, to go down hill, (a.) steep (downwards), 
{adv,) down, downwards, (s:) the womb. 

Chi, (v.) to break or to be broken (as the hole in the lobe of ear, a 
hole in wood, etc.), to have a piece of the edge off or to be split 
at the edge (as paper, cloth, etc ), to be frayed, to disperse, to 
fear, to break (as a rope), (a.) broken, frayed, etc. (s.) clan, caste^ 
sort, seed. 

Chia, (s.) a bough, a branch. 

Chia-cha-ri-pa, (5.) the name of a cricket. 

Chia-cha-ri-pa-law, (s.) the name of a plant. 

Chia-chi, {s.) the name of a tree (Erythrina indica.) 

Chia-i, (a.) small, cramped for room, (v.) to be small. 

Chia-kaw, (5.) the fork (of a tree, etc.), to be forked, (a.) forked. 

Chia-la-ba, {s.) a crook, a hook, a stick. 

Chia-mia, («.) a bugle. 

Chia-mi-a-tao-pa, is.) a bugler. 

Chia-mi-pu-pa, [s.) a bugler. 



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PART III. — DICTIONARY : LAKH BR -ENGLISH. 55 



Chia-ria, (s.) a spider, 

Chia-ria-bu, (s.) a spider's web, a cobweb. 

Chia-ria-pa-ri, (s.) a spider's thread, a cobweb. 

Chi-che-li, (s.) a species of small tailor bird. 

Chi-i, (a.) tight fitting, tight, crowded, (v.) to be tight fitting, etc, 

Chi-ka-lei-pa. (s.) debility, loss of strength, (v.) to be debilitated, etc. 

Chi-kaw, («.) vegetables. 

Chi-mang, (v.) to die out (as a race, etc.), to become extinct. 

Chi-nai-lao, (s.) limestone. 

Chi-pa-huH, (v.) to distrust, to fear. 

Chi-pa-hua-aw, (a.) perilous. 

Chi-pa-thla, (5.) posterity, a descendant^ 

Ohi-phao, (s.) a needle. 

Cho, (a.) thin, lean, (v.) to be thin, eta 

Cho-chang, (s.) soot, (a.) sooty. 

Chua, (v.) to suspend a weight from the tip of the first finger palm 

downwards, (s.) a weight, as much as can be thus suspended. 
Chu-chu, the Lakher call for gayals. 
Chu-chu-chu, (s.) the Lakher call for a goat 



Da, (v.) to sink in, to be sunken, to contract, (s.) the palate, cus- 
tom, way, manner, habit. 

Da-daw, {s.) medicine 

Da-haw, [s.) snow, ice, hoar frost. 

Dai, (v.) to last, to hold out, to be sufficient, to butt, to push (as 
a pig), to collide with, to forge, to sculpture, to butt (as goat), 
to knock with the head, to knock the head against, to butt (as a 
bull), to rest the forehead on anything, to give up coming or 
going for a tune, to not come or go for a time, {adv.) enough, 
sufficiently. 

Dai-khi-ta, (s.) about the right quantity, size, etc., about sufficient. 

Dai-khi-ta-ta, (adv.) moderately. 

Dai-ma, almost, nearly, about to, (adv.) on the point of, almost, 
nearly, (v.) to miss (not to hit, etc.) 

Dai-pa-la, (v.) to give up coming or going altogether. 

Dai-pa-sha, (v.) to ram (as with a ramrod, etc), (v.t.) to press 
closely together. 

Dai-pa-ta, (v.) to be exactly, enough, to be ample, (adv.) exactly, 
enough, amply. 

Da-khaw, (s.) phlegm. 

Dang, (t; ) to be not guilty, to be justified, to be in the right, to be 
innocent, to be indulgent, to pronounce not guilty, to justify, 
eta, to drink, (a.) innocent, indulgent, etc., (s.) length. 



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56 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Dang-ka, (v.) to slip away (as the side of a hill, a path, etc.) 

Dhang-khaw, (s.) the hog plum {Upondia mangijera). 

Dang-khi, (s.) a measure, a conical heap of rice, etc., the apex of 
which*will be level with the crown of an ordinary sized man's 
head. 

Dang-pa, (s.) drink. 

Da-pa- thla-pa, (5.) the name of a species of creeping fern. 

.Da-phi, (a.) thirsty, (v.) to be thirst. 

Dau, (v.) to sit down to eat food, to surround, to get or be dark or 
dull, to pretend to, to besiege, (//.) dark or dull in colour, false, 
sham, (s.) a clump (of bamboos, trees, etc.), a bruise. 

Dau-di (5.) fire fly. 

Dau-hla, (s.) lightning. 

Dau-hla-a-pa-thli, (v.) to lighten. 

Dau-vei, (v.) to pretend, to deceive, to deprive. 

Daw, (s.) brass, a bell, a gong, (v.) 10 feel sorry for, to compassion- 
ate, to be puckered, etc., to catch (as ball, etc j, to take up (as 
spinning top) to hold out (as the hand, cloth, etc., for receiving 
anything), which is raised above the ground, such as a table, bed, 
bridge, self, etc , (a.) compassionate, puckered, wrinkled. 

Daw-cha, {v.) to aid, to assist (as in work, food, etc.) 

Daw-khang, (5.) a Burmese gong. 

Daw-phi, (v.) to jerk, to pull, to drag, to take as a substitute, to 
pull, to spin (cotton, top, etc ), to assist in walking, to hold up, 
to lead (as by hand or rope), (s.) a fair, a mela. 

Daw-shai-pa, (s.) copper. 

Da-za-pa, (s.) the uvula. 

Dei, (v.) to hold, to catch hold of, (y.t) to raise. 

Dei-rf., (5.) the name of a tree, a kind of resin. 

Dei-ta, (a.) only, alone 

Dei-va, (s.) a planet. 

De-tha, (v.) to deny admission, to forbid to come, pass, etc., to 
thrust from one, to not welcome or receive. 

Deu, (v.) to meet, to go, to meet any one. 

Deung, (adii.) newly, freshly, just now, {y.) to support (from below), 
to be at enmity with, to prop up. 

Deung-a-thai-pa, (5.) a witch, a wizard, a sorcerer, a magician. 

Di, (v.) to crack (a flea) on the finger nail, (f<.) a drop, a grain, a 
single one, (adv.) in small pieces, into powder, a finely powdered. 

Dia, {y.) to put on thatch, or roofing of any kind, to become cool, 

to cool down, to quiet, (5.) rain water which has settled on leaves. 

Dia-a-rua-lua, (a.) prosperous, having a high and open situation, 

(v.) to be prosperous, etc. 
Dia-shai, (s.) a species of mimosa, the bark of which is used for 
poisoning fish. 



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PART in.— dictionary: LAKHER-BlNaLISH. 57 



Dia-thla-pa-ta-a-chhua, (v.) to be determined, to be resolved- 

Di-pa, (v.) to defecate 

Dua, (v.) to stand, to be upright, to stop, (s.) a picture, shadow, 
shade, a loin cloth, (adv.) soon, for a short time, first, previ- 
ously, very, much, (a.) out of the common. 

Dua-sua-va, (v.) to clear jungle, or weeds round a house or village. 

Dua-ta, (prep.) along with, together with. 

Dua-vei, (v.) to be not below the ordinary standard, (a.) uncommon, 
extraordinary. 

Du-baw, (s.) tobacco box. 

Du-chhi, (a.) fastidious, (v.) to be fastidious. 

Du-da-ao, («•) a cocoanut, a hookah. 

Du-saw-ta-ta, (v.) to be careful, to take care. 

Du-shaw, (a.) slow. 

Du-shaw-ta, (adv.) slowly, gently, by degrees. 

Du-shaw-ta-ta, (ndv.) slowly. 

E. 

E, an interjection, a word used in introducing a sentence. 

Ei, (v.) to rest, to have little to do, to contradict, to gainsay, to 

make excuse, to refuse. 
Ei-kha, {adv.) once. 
Ei-kha-nang, (adv.) formerly, in olden times, a long time ago, 

sometime ago. 
Ei-ma, an interrogative particle. 
Ei-pa-li, {adv.) four times. 
Ei-thao, {adv.) thrice. 
Eu, yes. 

H. 

Ha, {v) to cease, (as rain, etc.), {s.) a tooth, the teeth, the edge (of 
a dao), the handle (of a hoe, etc.), (v.) to have the teeth on edge 
through eating acid fruit, to wait, to be in contact with, to knock 
or lean against, to touch, to depend upon. 

Ha-a-kaw, (v.) to be broad. 

Ha-chhi, (v.) to bite the lips, to make up the mind, to bear any- 
thing (such as pain). 

Ha-hmia, {s ) the incisor teeth. 

Hai, (a,) false, untrue, (adv.) expressing entirety. 

Hai-bi, (s.) a lie. 

Hai-bi-rei, (v.) to lie. 

Hai-pa-li, (v.) to echo, (s.) an echo. 

Hai-phia, (v.) to Ke. 

Hai-phia-pa, (s.) a liar, (v.) to lie, to be a lie. 

Ha-ka*ta, (a.) next year. 



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58 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Ha-kiia-sha, (v.) to thrust from one, to disbelieve, to refuse to 
believe. 

Ha-la-ta, (prep,) across, (adv.) across. 

Ha-nang, the day after to-morrow. 

Ha-nang-za-la. the night after to-morrow night 

Ha-pa-chi-pa-ta, {adv ) with all the might, resolutely. 

Ha-pi. (5.) the molar teeth. 

Ha-ra-pa, (5 ) an orphan. 

Hari, (5 ) India rubber, the india-rubber tree. 

Ha-ri-pang, (5.) water-proof cloth. 

Ha-sai, (5.) a baby. 

Ha-shei-paw, (s.) a gumboil. 

Ha-ti-a-cha, (a) peevish, pettish, (v.) to be peevish, etc. 

Ha-thi, (v.) to sneeze. 

Ha-thle-na-a-za, (v.) to have the teeth on edge. 

Ha-thli-a-za, {v.) to set the teeth on edge 

Ha-ti-ha, (s.) the milk teeth. 

Hau, (v.) to have much, to possess much, (adv.) perfectly, entirely. 

Hau-lau, (adv.) in numbers, also has the idea of many, all or 
several. 

Haw, (v.) to drive away, to hate, to dislike, to have an idiosyn- 
crasy under the influence of certain drugs, venomous bites, etc., 
to fill in, (as a hole, etc.), to insert, to tamp, to ask for, to de- 
naand, to ask. 

Haw-chai-pa, (/».) a despised one, one who is hated, bSte-noir. 

Haw-hei, (adv.) again, (a.) next. 

Haw-hu, (pra.) that, (a ) that 

Haw-ka, (.«.) the entrance to a village. 

Haw-la-ta, (adv.) there, in that direction. 

Haw-lia-na-haw-ta, there. 

Haw-pa, exactly resembling. 

Haw-shai-ta, (prep.) in accordance with, according to, like as. 

Haw-ta, (conj ) as if, as through, like as. 

Haw-ti-ma-cha, (5.) old and young. 

Haw-ti-nang, (s.) childhood. 

Haw-ze-hu, (a.) that, those. 

He-haw-ta, {adv. ) so, thus, like, this. 

Hei, (adv.) again, then, (conj ) and, or, if, (a.) unripe, raw, (v.) to 
be unripe, etc., to turn, (as head or body), (adv.) again. 

Hei-baw, (5.) a loop. 

Hei-cha-rao-pa, (5.) string, rope, cable. 

Hei-hi^(a.) this. 

Hoi-la, (5.) a cowrie. 

Hoi-Ii-hei-la, (v.) to look about one, to be inattentive, to be in- 
quisitive, to be fond of pleasure. 



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PART III. - DICTIONARY : LAKHKR-ENGLISH. 59 



Hei-tlia, (v. ) to be jealous of. 

Hel-cha-rau-pa, («.) string, rope. 

He-lia-na-hi, (adv.) here. 

He-lia-ta, (adv.) here 

He-sha, (a.) so much, this much. 

He-sfia-hlaw-hi, (a.) these. 

He-taw-na-he ta, (adv.) henceforth. 

He-zl, so many. 

Hi, (v.) to be dispersed, to be scattered, to be scattered abroad, (a.) 
scattered, etc, (a.) dry, dead, (v.) to be dry, etc., to lack, (a.) dry, 
(v.) to turn round, to revolve, to screw, to giri, (as cotton), (a.) 
dry, watertight (as a roof), (v.) to be dry, to be watertight, to be 
not implicated, to be clear (of a crime), to lick, (as flames do a 
pot), (5.) parched rice. 

Hia, iv.) to itch, to be pungent, to be hot, (as pepper), (a.) pungent, 
hot, (v. ) to ask for, to beg. 

Hia-chhi, (v.) to send to Coventry. 

Hia-hri, (v.) to massacre, to ask advice, to be vicous, etc., to ask, to 
enquire. 

Hia-hri-lei, (s.) a question. 

Hia-hri pa-chhua, (v.) to ask what another said^ to ask for infor- 
mation in order to pass it on to another. 

Hia-kha-la, the other side, the opposite side or direction. 

Hia-kha-Ia-hia-kha-la, on either or both sides. 

Hia-phei-pha, (v.) to beseech, to pray. 

Hia-ra-rua, {v.) to beseech, to pray. 

Hia-mia-tua-ta-thla, last month. 

Hla, (v.) to give, to offer, (5.) the after-birth, a mole, a spot, a song, 
a poem, poetry, (v.) to be for, (a.) another, other, different, more. 

Hla-a-pa-pi-thai-pa, (s.) a poet. 

Hla-cha, is.) the wild plantain, sometimes used of cultivated plan- 
tains also. 

Hla-cha-ttw, (s.) the plantains' flower in bulb (edible). 

Hla-cha-thei, (s.) the. fruit of the wild plantain. 

Hlai, (v.) to flag, to make profit, to keep for one's self, to skin, to 
strip off bark, etc. 

Hlang-ia, {s. ) an ant. 

Hlang-ia-di, (s.) the name of a small red ant. 

Hlang-sha-thaw, («.) the name of a species of ant. 

Hlao, (a.) round, cylindrical 

Hla-pa-pia, (v.) to compose poetry or songs. 

Hla-pha-eida, (s.) a tune. 

Hlasha, (v.) to sing a song. 

Hla ta, (prep.) in front,^ before, prior to. 

Hla-ta-cha, (conj.) until 



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60 LAKH BR ORAliMAR AND DIGTIONART. 



Hla-thi, («.) the after-birth, the womb. 
Hlau, {s.) a ball, clay ready kneaded for making pots, etc. 
Hlaw, (8.) a flock, a herd, a company, a group, a flock, a pair, a 
species, a kind, (v.) to company with, to take pleasure in, (a.) 
blue, covered with bloom. 
Hlaw-tlang, (v.) to be popular, (a.) popular. 
Hlei-da, (s.) a bridge. 
Hlei-khao, beyond, more than. 
Hlei-na-va, not particularly. 
Hlei-ri, (a.) a bridge. 
Hlou, («.) wages. 

Hlu, (a.) much, many, common, plentiful. 
Hma, (adv.) early, soon, (v.) to use. 
Hma-da-ang-tla, (a.) useful. 
Hma-daw-pa, («.) a scar, (v.) to scar. 
Hma-hma-vana, (adv.) not at all. 
Hma-kei, {s.) baggage, things, goods, luggage. 
Hma-khang-nang-ta, for something, for anything, for a purpose. 
Hmang, (5.) place, kind, sort, part, site, goods, things, property, 
articles, (a.) ripe, cooked, mature, (v.) to be ripe, etc., to subju- 
gate, to be subjugated. 
Hraang-ba-law, (a.) fully ripe. 

Hmang-chhi*pa, (s.) a cloth for covering clothes during work. 
Hmang-phaw, {s.) a mattress or anything spread for sleeping on. 
Hmao, (v.) to kindle, to blow, (with the mouth). 
Hma-te-pa, (v.) to have on hand, (to do, etc.), to have left. 
Hmau, iv.) to see, to get, to receive, to find, (v.t) to inflate. 
Hmau-sha, (v.) to show. 

Hmau-tu-pa, (s.) one who sees, an eye-witness. 
Hmaw, (a.) savoury smelling, strong smelling (as burning feathers, 

fat, etc.) 
Hmaw-hmi, (5.) the moustache. 

Hmawng or vaw-dia, (s.) bird lime made from the sap of a tree. 
Hmaw-sha, (5.) the lower lip. 
Hma-zi, (a.) useful. 

Hmei-shei, (adv.) just as, in exact accordance with, really, exactly. 
Hmei-shei-ngai-ta, (a.) real, exact. 

Hmi, (V.) to grasp tightly, to squeeze, to encircle with fingers, («.) 
a measurement equal to the circumference of the thumb and the 
middle finger joined ; hair, fur, wool, feathers. 
Hmia, (5.) the face, the edge, (of a knife blade, etc.), appearance, 

shape, form. 
Hmia-a-pha, (v.) to be good looking, handsome. 
Hmia-a-sha, (a.) to take the lead, (s.) a leader. 
Hmia-chai-ta, (adv.) first, (a ) first. 



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PART in. — DICTIONARY : LAKHER-ENGLISH. 61 



Hmia-chhi, (v.) to be ugly. 

Hmia-daw-ta, (prep.) opposite, opposite to, in front of. 

Hmia-kba, (a.) alike, the same. 

Hmia-khu, (5.) the name of a large edible plant. 

Hmia-la, (prep.) facing, (r.) to notch a tree so as to ensure it fall- 
ing in the right direction. 

Hmia-la-a-vaw, (v.) to carry a child in front of one. 

Hmia-mang-hnei, (v.) to slight. 

Hmia-pa-chhi, (v.) to do one's self harm, to make one's self disliked. 

Hmia-pa-hnang, (v.) to recognise, to be acquainted with, to know 
by sight. 

Hmia-pa-hnang-lei-pa, (s.) a stranger. 

Hmia-shia-vei-lo, no, not so. 

Hmia-ta, (prep.) in front, before, prior to, (adv.) in front, before, (a.) 
front, first. 

Hmia-thia, (s.) the name of a plant, a pimple, a small boil. 

Hmia-zi, (s.) a fan. 

Hmi-chhi, (a.) ugly, («.) the hair with which a child or animal is 
born. 

Hmi-pa-shu, (v.) to squeeze liquid out of anything, 

Hmi-pha, (a.) good looking, handsome. 

Hmi-thi-pa, [s.) small hair on the body. 

Hmo, {s.) a seed, a kernel. 

Hum, {v.) to feed with the mouth. 

Hna, (v.) to sniff, (s.) mucus from the nose. 

Hna-a-pa-va, (v.) to be keen-scented. 

Hna-au, (v. ) to have a turned up nose. 

Hna-bei-shei, (v.) to expect, think, consider, hope. 

Hna-cha-bu, {s,) the indentation just above the nose. 

Hna-cha-butta, {v.) to disapprove. 

Hna-hnang, (v.) to blow the nose. 

Hna-hru-na-pang, («.) a handkerchief. 

Hnai, (a.) low, short 

Hnang, (m,) the back. 

Hnang-chai-ta, (a. ) last 

Hnang-chhSu, (v.) to leave behind, to leave, to give away when 
going away. 

Hnang-khi, (5.) the back of the head, the nape of the neck. 

Hnang-khi-da-pa, (s ) the nape of the neck. 

Hnang-pang. (5.) clothes. 

Hnang-pang-chhi, (s.) left off clothing. 

Hnang-ta, (prep.) among, with, along with, after, behind, (adv.) 
after, behind presently, afterwards, (a.) last. 

Hnang-ta-ta, (adv.) behind, presently, afterwards. 

Hnang-thang, (s.) an apron, a cloth or skirt worn by women. 



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62 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Hna-pa, (v.) to wound, (a.) wounded. 

B[na-pa-shu, (s.) the nose, the source of a stream. 

Hna-pa-shu-a-khu, (v.) to have an aquiline nose. 

Hna-va, (v.) to have a turned up nose. 

Hnau, (s.) the loins. 

Hnei, (v.) to get, to have, to obtain, to push on one side, to run up 
against, to approach. 

Hnei-rau, (a.) rich, (v.) to be rich. 

Hni, (*.) a foot-print, (v.) to make a foot-print, («.) a print, an im- 
pression, the long feathers of a bird's tail. 

Hnia, (v.) to smear, to rub on, (a.) near, («.) juice, sap, pus. 

Hni-cha-thao, (v.) to track. 

Hni-cha-thaw, (v.) to track. 

Hra, (adv.) also, too, as well, now, after this, an affix with the idea 
of taking one's turn, even (used only in the negative), (a.) dis- 
hevelled, (as hair, etc.), (s.) the name of a basket. 

Hrai, (v.) to tie up (as an animal), to stretch from one place to 
another (as a wire, rope, etc.), to suspend, to detain forcibly, to 
keep as a security or hostage, to keep in a pound, to oppose, to 
contradict, to act contrary to, (s.) the thread of a screw, a screw. 

Hrai-pa-ta-a-la, (v.) to take as security. 

Hrai-thla, (v.) to button, toenail, to fasten. 

Hrai-thla-na, (».) a button, a nail, a fastening. 

Hra-khaw, (s.) the name of a stinging nettle, the name of a 
woman's brass girdle. 

Hra-lia-lo-pa, («.) an island. 

Hran-chhau, (s.) lifetime. 

Hrang, (v.) to fear, to be nervous, to be timid, (a.) nervous, timid, 
alive, (v.) to be alive, to revive, (after fainting, chloroform). 

Hrang-ai, (v.) to be tired of life. 

Hrang-hla, (v.) to put or get on th6 side, {adv.) side- ways, on the 
side. 

Hra-va, (conj.) neither, nor, (adv.) not at all. 

Hraw-hra-pa, (t; ) to pull up the last crop of weeds on a jhum, («.) 
the last crop on a jhum. 

Hra-sha, [s.) the name of an inferior kind of sugarcane. 

Hrau, ($.) a knot of hair on the nape of tiie neck, the name of the 
knot of hair of the Poi tribe. 

Hrau-a-khu, {9.) the name of a clan of Pois. 

Hrau-chha, («.) an object in living, that which makes life worth 
living. 

Hrau-pa, (v.) to be speechless. 

Hrei-ha-sha, (s.) a measurement equal to the length of an axe 

Hrei-phi. (s.) a small axe. 

Hrei-ta, (s.) a small axe. 



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PART III. — DICTIONARY : LAKHER-ENGLISH. 63 



Hri, (a.) torn, (v.) to be torn, to punish, to cultivate a jhum two 
or more years in succession, to tear, to split, to rip up, (s.) 
testicle, the testicle and scrotum, the spirit supposed to cause 
sickness 

Hria, (v.t) to feel, to touch, (vA to do, to assault, to be engaged in 
doing anything, to begin, to appeal to (as in a law suit), to 
work, to do, to perform, to touch. 

Hria-khi, (v.) to be prevalent (as sickness.) 

Hria-sha-pa, (s.) to have ague. 

Hri-chhi-pa, («.) syphilis, 

Hri-khaW-a-rei, (v.) to exorcise, to doctor. 

Hri-lSung, (v. ) to castrate. 

Hri-pa, (s.) an evil spirit, (a.) haunted, (v.) to be haunted. 

Hri-phaw, (v.) to get or contract any disease. 

Hri-pi, (s.) an epidemic, a pestilence. 

Hru, (v ) to rub, to wipe, to scoop up, to gather up, (s.) a fool, a 
foolish person, a mad person. 

Hrua, (v.) to sift, to separate, to divide, to distinguish between, to 
have respect of persons, to make a distinction between, to ask, 
to invite. 

Hru-chha, (v.) to be short of breath. 

Hru-shia, (v.) to scour, to dust, to rub clean. 

Hu, (pro.) that, (adv) that, {s ) an imaginary cord which is sup- 
posed to snap at death. 

Hua, (a.) light (not heavy), (v.) to be light, (s.) an anna. 

Hua-pua, (a.) loose fitting, (v.) to be loose fitting. 

Hu chha-a-ru, {v.) to be tenacious of life. 

Hu-hi, (v.) to cry (as the gibbon ape.) 

Hu-hia. (v.) to pant. 

Hu-shang, (v.) to breathe, to breathe out, to sigh. 

I 

I, (pro.) I, my, (s.) a dog, excrement, dung, (u.) to defecate, to 
make to feel hot, depressed, to be sultry, to be depressing, to 
confine (such things as rice, etc., in an over full basket by form- 
ing a barricade of leaves, etc., round the edge, or by covering 
with a cloth and tucking in), (a.) sultry, depressing, hot. 

la, (V ) to perform a ceremony in order to get the spirit of a wild 
animal killed in the chase into one's power after death, (s.) a 
crab. 

la-dao-pu-pa, (s.) the name of a plant with edible fruit, a species 
of solanum. 

la-ka, (5. ) a prawn. . 

la-pa-hnang, (s.) a hangnail, the pouch under a crab for its young, 
(t;.) to have a hangnail. 



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64 LAKHRR GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



la-paw-lei-a-pa, (5.) a species of wild ginger. 

la-sa-mai-pa, (s.) turmeric. 

la-shang, (5.) ginger. 

la-tha-a-va-shua, (5.) the rain which comes at the beginning of 

autumn after a break in the wet weather (said to be the time 

when crabs appear), 
la-tia, (3.) the name of a tree with a large fruit. 
I-hi, an interjection. 
I-hla-vaw-cha-hei, (v.) to manure. 
l-hh\w-pa-tlao, (v.) to complete, to accomplish, to finish, to 

conclude. 
I-hli, (s.) a flea. 

I-hria-la-pa, (s.) a fellow, a mate. 

I-khang-chei-ha-ta-raw-pa-ta, (conj.) although, even though. 
I-la, if you. 

l-lao-pa-pa-hlua, (s,) the name of a dung beetle. 
F-ma, {fro.) we, our. 

I-mei-ia-chai-raw-na, (s.) fire irons (poker, shovel, etc.). 
I-na-shi, (v.) to get stiff with being cramped. 
I-pa-shi-na-bei, (s.) the name of a pot, a lota. 
I-phaw, (s.) species of large mangoe. 
I-sha, (5.) a lemon, a lime. 

I-ta-mei, {$.) the name of a creeper with a bean-like fruit. 
I-tia zaw, [V.) to swim like a dog. 
I-tla, (v.) to put the foot through, to fall through. 
I-zang-a-vei, (adv.) without fail, all in good time. 



K. 



Ka, (r.) to give (a gun), to shoot at, to disperse, to clear, to flare, 
to flame, to blaze, to burn to smart, to be pungent, to be dirty, 
etc., (5.) the lower jaw, the chin, a flame, a game played by 
girls with a kind of bean, (a.) slightly scorched. 

Ka-chaw, (v.) to char, to burn, (a.) charred, burned. 

Ka-chhei, (v.) U) shoot and miss the mark. 

Ka-chu, (5.) the name of basket, a handle. 

Ka-dang, (s.)the third finger or toe. 

Ka-daO'pa, f5.)the fourth toe. 

Ka-ei, (s.) rice water, rice cooked very soft. 

Ka-hlu, (v,) to gossip, to be talkative, to divulge a secret. 

Ka-hmi, (a.) the beard, the platform in front of a Lakher house, 
the steps leading up to a Lakher house, the ladder leading up 
to a Lakher house. 



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PART III. — DIOTIONARY : LAKHER-ENGLISH. . 65 



Kai, (v.) to be smashed, to be broken to pieces, to be broken, to 

spread out (as the hand, etc.), to open (as a JSower, etc.), to 

diverge (as lines, etc.), (a.) smashed, etc., («.) sulphur. 
Kai-bang-kai-pa. («.) the praying mantis. 
Kai-bu, (a.) a spinning top. 
Ka-la, (prep.) beyond. 
Ka-la-ta, (prep.) beyond. 
Kang-pi, (s.) the name of a large tortoise. 
Kao-ka-ra-ta, (adv.) for ever, from the beginning, from time 

immemorial, eternally. 
Kao-kha-ra, (a.) ancient, eternal. 
Ka-pa-ta-thlaw, (v.) to detain by persuasion, to restrain 
Ka-pa-thi, (s.) steel. 

Ka-pau, (s ) the cross beams in the roof of a house. 
Ka-pu, (v.) to lever, to paddle with a stern oar, to wriggle about, 

to row. 
Ea-pua-pa, (adv.) exactly. 

Ka-ra-pi-pa^ (s.) the names of different species of wood-peckers. 
Ka-raw, (v.) to be hollow, (s.) a holJow, nicotine water, (a.) 

hollow 
Ka-raw-da-khi, (5.) about half an hour, that is the time a Lakher 

can keep a sip of nicotine water in his mouth. 
Ka-raw-lia, (s.) a woman's pipe. 
Ka-raw-lu-pa-hru, (s.) the lid of a woman's pipe. 
Ka-ri-mai-pa, (s.) the name of a. small tortoise. 
Ka-ru, (5.) a small round bell. 
Ka-Ha-ma, (s ) blue vitriol. 
Ka-shaw, {v.) to shoot dead. 
Ka-tlaw, (v.) to roll (as a ship), to surge, to move up and down 

(as water). 
Kau, (s.) a plant, a tree, the trunk of a tree, the stem of a plant, 

a year. 
Kau-kha-ra,(arfi;.) away, at all times. 
Kaung, (ndv,) round about, winding, (a.) crooked, bent. 
Kaw, (s.) an ear of maize on the cob, shell, pod, the stock (of a 

gun), the cover of a book), a hole, the bowels, a Bengali, (a.) 

large, exten^sive, [v.) to be large, etc., to get through a lot (of 

work, food, etc) 
Kaw-kha-ha-pa-shi, (v.) to rebuke, (s.) a word or two. 
Kawng-a, [s.) a hornbill, 
Kawng-pa-nang-naw, (5.) the Lakher name for Queen Victoria 

(literally the Company's mother). 
Kaw-ra, (5.) a rhinoceros, the name of an insect. 
Ka-za-ti, (s. ) a measurement equal to the width of the hand. 
KS, (5.) lead. 



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66 . LARHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Kei, (pro.) I, (s.) the fork of the legs, a step, a stride, a place, (a.) 

drooping, (v.) to pull down towards one (as a bough), to lend, to 

step, to stride, to place, to secure or demand on certain conditions 

or by distraint. 
Kei-bu, («.) the name of a trap which crushes its victims. 
Kei-cha-kaw, {v.) to open the legs. 
Kei-chhang, {$.) a leopard. 
Kei-chhaw, (adv.) also, even. 
Kei-chho-khaw, (s.) the space between the legs, 
Kei-ei, (pro.) my. 
Kei-ma, (pro.) I, my. 
Kei-ma-ei, (pro.) mine. 
Kei-mang, (pro.) we, our. 
Kei-mang-ei, (pro.) ours. 
Kei-pa, (5.) a fish hook. 
Kei-pai, (5.) large bamboos notched and bent over the ridge pole to 

support the thatch. 
Kha, do not thou (imperative, negative termination), (a.) bitter, (v.) 

to be bitter, to span with thumb and middle finger, (s.) a span 

as above. 
Kha-chhaw, (s.) an onion. 
Khai, {v.) to put on top of, to be able, to finish, to complete, to 

reach out the hand, to reach, to arrive, to shoot (so as to hit , to 

lose in weight, value, etc., {adv.) expressing entirety, («.) light, 

(a.) spoiled, wasted. 
Khai-ka-lao-pa, (a.) naked. 
Khai-lia-ta-vei, {adv.) nowhere. 
Khai-mei, (s.) the chilauni tree {Schima toaUichii). 
Khai na, (s.) a light, a luminary. 
Khaina-ta, having finished, when, after. 
Khai-pa, {v.) to nail to, nail up, to nail down. 
Khai-pa-hli, (v.) to pass through a village without putting up for 

the night. 
Khai pa-li, {v.) to echo. 
Khai-tu na, three days hence. 
Kha-khaw, {pro. and a.) that, that by you. 
Kha-khu, (ft.) that down there. 

Kha-lia-na-kha-ta, {adv.) there, there in that place, there near you. 
Khang, {v ) to equal, to want, to like, to be fond of (especially of 

eatables), to long for ; both, both together. 
Khang-chai-pa, {a.) beloved. 
Khang-lang, {s.) a hammer. 
Khang-thi, {a.) a civet cat. 
Khang-tla-pa, {$.) use, purpose, reason, a necessity, a requisite^ 

anything wished for, wanted or acceptable. 



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PART III. — DICTIONARY; LAKHER-ENGLISH. 67 



Khao, (v,) to overflow, to go or be out of sight, behind anything, 

to weigh, (s.) a seer, two pounds. 
Khao-na, {s.) scales, balance. 
Khao-phi, (a.) a half, half-way, (pro.) some, others, {v.) to divide, to 

separate, to leave, to take leave of, to separate from, (adv.) 

separately, apart 
Khao-ta, beyond, more, than. 

Kha-pa, something, some, certaiin, (pro.) what, which. 
Kha-pa-lei-pa, (s.) something, anything, history, news. 
Kha-pa-maw, (pro.) what? 

Kha- pa-nang-ta-hma-ta, not at any time (in the past). 
Kha-pa-nang-ta-tleo-ma, at sometime, (in the past). 
Kba-pa-rai, the same as anything, any, any one. 
Kha-pa-rai-cha-sha, howbeit, nevertheless, be it as it may, come 

what will. 
Kha-pa-rai-cha-sha-la, howbeit, nevertheless, be it as it may, come 

what will. 
Kha-pa-rai-ta-la, howbeit, nevertheless, come what will, 
Kha-pa-rai-thi-thaw, (pro.) whatever. 
Kha-pa-vei, (s.) nothing. 

Kha-paw maw, (adv.) why ? what for? where for. 
Kha-pi, (s.) a tiger trap. 
Kha-sha, it is sufficient, it is enough, stop. 
Kha-sha-a-hla-pa-maw, how far. 
Kha sha-maw, how much? how long? 
Kha-sha-pa, (a.) equal. 

Kha-ta, (adv.) when (in reference to past time), 
Kha-tai-la-chhaw, (adv.) wherever. 
Kha-tai-la-ta-maw, (adv.) whence. 
Kha-tai-la-ta-pa-maw, (adv.) whence 
Kha-tai-lai-ta-pa-maw, (adv ) whence. 
Kha-tai-lia-ta-pa-rai, (adv.) anywhere. 
Kha-tai-ta-maw, (adv.) where. 

Kha-tai-ta-tle-ma, (adv.) somewhere, in a certain place, some- 
where or other. 
Kha-tai-taw-ta-maw, from where ? as in, from where did you see it 
Kha-ta-shaw, it is sufficient, it is enough, stop. 
Kha-tia-ta, (adv.) there, there in that place, there near you. 
Kha-ti-ta-hma-ta, not for a long time, not at any time. 
Kha-ti-ta-ma, (adv.) when ? 
Kha-ti-ta-rai-ta, at any time, any time, 
Kha-ti-ti-ta-chhaw, at any time (in future). 
Khau, (v.) to put in, to imprison, to go or pass over, to pass, to pass 

by, through or out. to allow to pass, to weigh, (adv.) over, (s.) a 

seer, two poundi?. 



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68 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Khau-khi, (s.) a wind storm. 

Kbau-pa-khi-pa, {v.) to tie the hands behind the back. 

Khau-pa-tWia-na, (5.) scales, balance. 

Khau-phi, (5.) a half. 

Khau-phi-a-tai-pa-chhu-lai, («,) a quarter. 

Khau-thang, (5.) the outside, (a.) shallow. 

Khau-thang-chai-ta, (a.) outermost. 

Khau-thang-la-ta, {adv. and prep.) outside. 

Khau-thang-ta, (adv. and prep.) outside, (a.) outer. 

Khau-ti-pa, (s.) the bed near front door in a Lakher house. 

Khaw, an inteqection, («.) a hole, a cavity, (pro.) that, which, who, 

(a.) that, that by you, (y.) to shut. 
Khaw-chai-zao-pa, (s.) the name of different kinds of grasshoppers. 
Khaw-chhi, (5) an unlucky cavity or subterranean passage. 
Khaw-hri, (s.) a creeper, cane, rope, string, rope made from the 

bark of the tree. 
Khaw-ma-tlao-pa, (v.) to hollow out. 
Khaw-shu, (s,) a grasshopper, a locust, a cricket. 
Khaw-thlo-hrai-pa, (s.) a species of edible locust. 
Kha-zao-pa, (s.) God, the giver and preserver of life. 
Kha-zao-pa-a-bi, (v,) to worship God. 
Kha-zi, how many? how much? 
Kha-zia, {pro.) what ? 
Kha-zia-maw, in some or certain respects, {adv.) why ? what for ? 

wherefore ? 
Kha-zi-ma, how many ? how much ? how long (time). 
Khei, {v.) to collect, to gather here and there, {adv.) in different 

places from different places, here and there. 
Khei-ha, {adv.) where? also used as an interjection, somewhat 

similar, to English * Now then ! ' ' here.' 
Khei-hlu, {s.) a boil, (an abcess), ulcer. 
Khei-ia-mai, (5 ) a wasp. 
Khei-lao, {s.) bee's wax. 
Khei-ta-e, how ? what ? 

Kbei-ta-hma-ta, no how, not any how, not at all. 
Kheo, {v.) to peel off, to pull off (as skin, bark, etc.), to be grazed, 

to have the skin or bark scraped off. 
Khi, {v.) to be sufficient, to be enough, to have a hole in, (as a 

bund), to leak, to unstop (a hole pipe, etc.), to make a hole in, 

{adv.) sufficiently, enough, (s.) a sufficiency, a hole, the forehead, 

a village, weather, {a.) that up there. 
Khia-a-pa-khai, {v.) to be or become day light. 
Khia-mei-tei-pa, {s.) a large species of cockroach. 
Khia-na-hei-pji, {s.) a species of small cockroach. 
Khia-ta-la, {conj.) if, when (in reference to future time). 



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PART III. — DICTIONARY : LAK HER -ENGLISH. 69 



Khia-zang, (v.) to be or become dark. 

Klii-chha, (s.) the Chins and other tribes who wear their hair in a 

knot upon the top of the head. 
Khi-clihai, (s.) a stranger one belonging to another village. 
Khi-chh^o, (s.) a fellow villager, a friend, (a.) belonging to the 

village, native. 
Khi-khi, (a.) that up there, those up there. 
Khi-lia, («.) a street, the place in front of a house, 
Khia-lia-ta, (a.) up there. 

Khi-law-pa, (s.) tributary village, a small outlying village. 
Khi-ma-thi, (s.) the west. 
Khi-pa-dei, (v.) to remain awake all night. 
Khi-pa-va, (5.) early dawn, daybreak, day, day-light. 
Khi-sha, (v.) to manage. 
Khi-sha-hlaw, (a.) those up there. 
Khi-sha-zi, (s.) circumstances, wardly estate. 
Khi-tang-ta, every where, to or in every village. 
Khi-taw-pa, a small out-lying village, a dependant village. 
Khi-va-ta-li, (s.) a kingdom, a domain, a subject or subjects of a 

chief. 
Khou, (v.) to scratch. 
Khu, (s.) a cover, (v.) to cover, to hide, to conceal, to bandage, to 

wrap round, to brood over (as a fowl), (prep.) upon, (a.) that 

down there. 
Khua-dei, (v.) to dawn (as day), to become light 
Khu-bi, (a.) knock kneed, (v.) to be knock kneed. 
Khu-khang, (s.) the patella. 
Khu-khu, (a.) those down there. 
Khu-lia-na-khu-ta, (fidv.) down there. 
Khu-lia-ta, ladv.) down there. 
Khu-lu, {s.) a spur (of a hill). 
Khu-sha-hlaw-khu, (a.) those down there. 
Khu-thang, («.) a turban. 
Khu-zia-khu, (a.) those down there. 
Ki, (v.) to recieve as a share or portion, to be sufficient, entire, 

enough, complete, (5.) an angle, a corner, a horn, (a.) nine, 

(arfu.) sufficiently, completely, etc. 
Kia, (5. ) a bank, a shore, the mouth, border, tip, edge, brim, 

mouth (of pot, etc.), the top (of tree, post, etc), the end (of a 

sentence), a fence, (v.) to conduct a bride to a bridegroom's 

house, to entice fowls into a coop, the act of a bride going to the 

bridegroom's house, to go into a coop (as a fowl), to feed, to 

get on top of, to be on top of, to sit upon, to mount, to ride, 

to embark, to climb to ascend. 
Kia-hnaw, (t\) to work in part payment for a wife. 



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70 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Kia-lia-ta, {adv. and prep,) near. 

Kia-pa, {v.) to surround, to g(» round, {adv.) around, round, {prey.) 
near, close to, against, over against. 

Kia-pa-ta, {prep.) round, on all sides of, throughout, in the neigh- 
bourhood of, round about, {v.) to be close, to touch. 

Kia-sbaw, {v) to kill by poisoning the food 

Ki-la-bao, (V) to turn over length- ways, to turn a somersault, 
{adv.) head over heels. 

Ki-li, {v. t.) to tickle. 

Ki-pa-li, (a.) four-cornered, square. 

Ku, (a.) small, narrow (as the mouth of a bottle or other vessel), 
{s.) the hand. 

Kua, {s.) the layers or rings in the stems of plantains and similar 
trees, the sheath of maize cobs, (t;.)to return, {adv.) back, again. 

Kua-chia-kaw-pa-sha, {&.) a measure, a conical heap (of rice, etc.), 
the apex of which will be level with the tips of a man's fingers 
when standing with the arms raised high above the head. 

Kua-h8o-pa, {s.) bark, shell. 

Kua-ka, {s.) a bracelet. 

Ku-cha-khi, {v.) to clasp the hands, («.) the elbow. 

Ku-cha-khi-pa-ra, {s.) the funny bone. 

Ku-daw, {v.) to hold out the band, to ask alms. 

Ku-da-pa, («.) a wayside beggar. 

Ku-hi-pa-rang, (v.) to snap the fingers by shaking the hand. 

Ku-khi, (s.) the neck. 

Ku-la, (s.) a knuckle. 

Ku-mang-a-thai-pa, {v.) to be skilled in palmistry, («.) one skilled 
in palmistry. 

Ku-mi, {v.) to crack the knuckle, to sprain the wrist. 

Ku-pa-rang, {s.) a finger, the fingers and thumb collectively. 

Ku-pa-za, {s.) the palm of the hand. 

Ku-pa-zao, {s.) the first finger. 

Ku-pi, («.) the thumb, the big toe. 

Ku-pi-na, {s.) a measurement equal to the width of the thumb. 

Ru-sa-di, {s.) a finger ring. 

Ku-shao, (5.) a sheaf (of rice, etc.) 

Ku-ta-a-kei, {v.) to beckon. 

Ku-tao, {v.) to whistle with the knuckle in the mouth. 

Ku-ta-pa-tu, {v.) to shake hands. 

Ku-tau, («.) the fist, {v.) to clench the hand. 

Ku-thli-pa-ra, (v.) to crack the knuckles. 



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PART III. — DICTIONARY : LAKHER-ENGLISH. 71 



La, (s.) a joint (as fingers, bamboos, etc.), a verse of a song, a 
measurement, the distance between the tip of the finger on the 
right hand to the same on the left with the arms extended, way, 
direction, place, {v.) to take, to fetch, to bring, to appear, to be 
visible, to pronounce, to summon, to call for, to search or look 
for, to mention, to speak of, to drink through a tube, (conj.) 
if thou. 

La-baw-pa-pang, (s.) the name of a cloth. 

La-chaw-ni-ti, (s.) midday, the time of the midday meal. 

La-ha-ta, {adv.) apparently, outwardly, publicly, openly. 

La-hla-pa, (5.) new shoots springing from the roots of old bamboos 
after a jungle fire. 

La-hmao, {s.) spun cotton on the spindle. 

La-hmi, {s.) a cotton spindle worked by hand. 

La-hua, (s.) a pillow, a bolster, {v.) to distrain. 

Lai, (v.) to dig, to be large, etc., to increase in size, to stop, to 
continue, to remain, (a.) large, eminent, great, (s.) a gutter cut 
in the ground under the eaves, {adv.) more (denoting compara- 
tive degree), more than others. 

Lai-cha-dai, (y.) to track, to trace. 

Lai cha-hmo, (s.) a verandah, the front verandah of a Lakher 
house. 

Lai-chha, (a.) full grown, (v.) to be full grown, to stop growing. 

Lai-ka-chha-ta, (prep.) above (spoken of a house on a hill side). 

Lai-ka-lia-ta-a-to, (v.) to be out of doors in the evening or at 
night. 

Lai-ka-thi-ta, (j>rep.) below (spoken of a house on a hill side). 

Lai-lao, many, much, more than necessary. 

Lai-pa-thla, (v.) to drive aw^ay. 

Lai-phia-zao, («.) the name of a creeper. 

Lai-sha, {s.) a mHiden, a young woman. 

Lai-shia-ko-bo, {s.) a funnel for making saltpetre and lye. 

Lai-tla-pi, (s.) a platform of the side of the kahmi. 

La-kha-chhi, (v.) a measurement, the distance from the tip of first 
finger to the first joint 

La-kha-sha, (s.) a vegetable {Momordica carantia). 

La-ki, (5.) the top (of head, peak, etc.), summit, apex, the name 
of a tree, the bark of which is used to dye bamboo, etc., red. 

La-ki-khai, (v.) to c-irry or put on the head. 

La-lao, (a.) warm, hot, (v.) to be warm, to be hot. 

La-nang-sha, (s.) a measurement, the distance from the tip of first 
finger to the first joint. 

Lang-tei, (5.) elephant grass. 



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72 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Lao, (v.) to be encouraged, to take courage, to be in comfortable 

circumstances, to have no anxiety. 
Lao-ka-hra-sai-pa, (s.) the name of an ant 
Lao-khaw, (s.) a cave. 
Lao-pa-pua, {v.) to defecate. 
Lao-ta. {$,) a hone, a grind stone. 
Lao-tu-na, (s.) a pickaxe. 
La-pa, (v.) to confiscate, to take away. 
La-phei, (a.) flat, level, (v.) to go along level ground, to go straight 

on without going up or down, {adv.) horizontally, evenly, neither 

up or down. 
La-pi, (s.) a path, a doorway, a way. 
La-pi-chhaw, (v.) to make a road. . 
La-pi-nao-hnei, (v.) to marry a wife. 
La-pi-pa-chia-pa, («.) a branch road or path, the place where one 

path runs into another. 
La-pi-pa-hra, (v.) to block up the way, to be in the way, to 

cumoer, to be profitable, to be of use. 
La-ri, (*.) a cotton gin. 

La-shi-nao, (5.) the fabled creator of animals, the spirit which pre- 
sides over hunting. 
La-tao, (s.) a reel or ball of cotton. 
La-tao-cha-hria-na, («.) a kind of blind, known in India as a * chik,' 

a mat made of thin strips of wood, used for wrapping in rolled 

cotton. 
La-thang-pang, (s.) sack cloth. 
La-thli, (i».) the brain. 

Lau, (adv.) continuously, right on, one after another. 
Lau-chhi, (s.) the name of a small maggot which is destructive to 

clothes, the name of a species of white ant. 
Lau-ka-hra, (s.) the name of a large ant. 
Lau-lia, (s ) potash, lye. . 

Lau-li-tla, (v.) to be melancholic, («.) a hypochondriac. 
Laung, (v.) to shake, to wave, to flow. 
Lau-tla-pa, (5.) the name of a species of arum. 
Ijaw-bu, (s.) a weaving machine. 

Law-dao, (v.) to partake of a feast, to be a gueat at a feast 
Law-hmi-tu-pa, (s.) a caterpillar. 
Law-hmi-tu-pa-bu, (s.) a chrysalis. 
Law-kia, (s.) the name of a basket. 
Lawng-ma-thu, (s.) a trivet, stones used to support a pot over the 

fire. 
Law-pa-tai, (js.) a bait, (v.) to bait. 
Law-ta, (y.) to make a feast. 
Law-va-pa, (5.) an animal, an insect, living creatures. 



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PART ni. — DICTIONARY : LAKHER- ENGLISH. 73 

Law- via, (a.) bow-legged, (v.) to be bo wc legged/ 
La-zaw, (s.) the place where paths meet, cross roads. 
Lei, (v.) to go away, to be lost, (u. t) to spill to upset, (a.) lost, 
bad, wicked, sinful, ill-dispositioned, faulty, wrong, (adv,) away, 
by mistake, in error, wrongly, (s.) a fault, sin. 
Lei-ba, (s,) a tax, a tribute, a fine, a debtor, (v.) to owe. a tax, etc. 
Lei-cha, (s.) an ambassador, an emissary, (v.) to go as an 

ambassador. 
Lei-cha-pa, (s.) a squirrel. 
Leichhaw. (s.) a white ant (wingless).- 
Lei-haw-kei-shai, (s.) the name of a squirrel. 
Lei-hu-pi-pa, (s.) the name of a squirrel. 
Lei-kang, {s.) the name of a kind of saucer to cover pots. 
Lei-khei, (v.) to take away, to carry oflf. 
Lei-Jang-shi, (s.) the name of a squirrel. 
Lei-lao, (v.) to be ruined, to be completely lost, to cease to exist, to 

come to nought, to perish. 
Lei-lao-thei, (a.) perishable. 

Lei-pa-cha-sha, (w.) to send as an emissary or ambassador. 
Lei-pa -chhaw, (prep.) besides. 
Lei-sha-di- paw-pa, (f.) sand. 
Lei-shai, (v.) to desert, to leave. 
Lei-tla, (s,) the platform in front of a Lakher house. 
LSo, (v.) to be pleased, to be pleased with, to have pleasure in, 

to be contented, to be happy, to be grateful, to be thankful. 
LSo-na, (s.) something to give pleasure. 

LSung, (5.) a cultivation, a jhum, (v.) to pluck (as flower, fruit, etc.) 
Lfiu-ra, (s.) forest, country. 
Lgu-hri-pa, (s) an evil spirit. 
Li, (5.) a spring (as a watch, gun, etc.), a deep pool (in a river), 

the lower extremity of the bowels, an arrow, a dart, (v.) to ladle 

out, to return, to come back, to be sour, (a) four, sour. 
Lia, (s.) the centre, the middle, the navel. 
Lia-na-hi-ta, (adv.) here. 
Lia-ri, (s,) the heart (of a tree, etc ), (a.) deep, profound (as a 

saying), difficult, weighty, important, (v.) to be deep, etc. 
Lia-sha, (a,) correct, proper, (arfy.) correctly, properly, fast, firmly, 

emphatically. 
Lia-sha-a-chhua, {v.) to be determined. 
Lia-sha-a-haw, (v.) to beseech. 

Lia-sha-i-ta, (v,) to say emphatically, to charge strictly. 
Lia-sha-rei- pa-saw, (v.) to beseech, to try hard, to persuade. 
Lia-sha-ta-ta-hia, (v.) to beseech, to pray. 
Lia-ta-pa, (prep.) from. 
Lia-taw-paw-pa, (s.) the bladder. 



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74 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIOKART. 



Lia-tla, (v.) to have protrusion of the bowels. 

Li-baw, (s.) a bow (weapon). 

Li-kaw-ta, (prep.) between, because of, by favour of, (conj.) since, 
as, because. 

Li-kang, (s.) a dam, (v.) to dam up water. 

Li-la, (a.) upside down, inside out, wrong way about, vice versdj 
(v.) to be upside down. 

Li-lai-pi, (5.) the sea. 

Li-la-ta-shi, (v.) to walk on the hands. 

Li-law, according to, the same again, (adv.) again, over again. 

Li-law-pa-ta, according to, the sameaa 

Li-pia-taw, (v.) to be ready to burst (as a rice, bud). 

Lo, («.) a jhum, crops. 

Lo-ao, (s.) a prison, a^ stone house. 

Lo-bi-pa, (5.) a disused jhum, land which has been jhumed. 

Lo-cha, (5.) a slate for writing. 

Lo-cha-rang-na, (5.) a slate pencil. 

Lo-hraw, (y.) to make an ofl'ering to a departed spirit. 

Lo-hraw-tang, (v,) to sacrifice an animal at the death of any one, to 
act^ompany the departed spirit to the other world, to offer a sac- 
rifice for the dead, to purify, to cleanse, to make one's self cere- 
monially clean. 

Lo-ia-shang-pa, («.) the cinnamon tree, cinnamon. 

Lo-ia-shao-pa, (s.) the name of a tree. 

Lo-lei-pa-ta, (prep.) contrary to. 

Lo-mang-vaw-shi, (v,) to return home from the field or from work. 

Lo-mang-vaw-tlao, (v.) to arrive home from the field or from work. 

Lo-mei-mua-pa, (5.) a jhum between the burning and the springing 
up of the first seeds. 

Lo-phai, (v.) to gather together the pieces of bun it wood, etc., after 
the burning of a jhum. 

Lo-pi, («.) a kitchen garden at a distance from the house. 

Lo-pi-sha, (s.) a measurement of about a mile. 

Lo-sha, (s.) a measurement of about two to four miles. 

Lo-thang, (s.) wool, the fibre from which sack cloth is made. 

Lo-tu-na, (».) a pickaxe. 

Lo-va, (v.) to cut a jhum. 

Lu, (s.) the head, scurf 

Lu-a-pa-sha, (v.) to have a headache. ^ 

Lu-la-khu, (s.) a hat, a cap. 

Lu-lu-khu, (5.) the Lakher umbrella. 

Lu-pa-sha, (s.) headache. 

Lu-ru, (.V.) a skull. 

Lu-sa-di, (s.) the fontanel. 

Lu-tai, (r.)to decapitate. 



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PART III. — dictionary: LAKHER-BNGLI8H. 75 



M. 

Ma, (v.) to be ready, to be able, to complete, to have inclination 
to, to have strength or ability to, to have time to, to be good 
value for money, to be expensive, (s.) price, reward, recompense, 
wages, a dream. 

Ma-cha, (s.) an elder, a chief man, a mantri, (v.) to be old, to be 
elderly. 

Ma-cha-ha, (s ) the permanent teeth. 

Ma-chha-la, (s.) the east. 

Ma-chha-ta, (adv^ and prep.) above, higher up. 

Ma-chhi, (v.) to lose prestige, to be deposed, to lose power, to be 
beaten, to fall from power, to be abased, to beat or excel one 
who is superior. 

Ma-hnei, (v.) to dream, to have a dream. 

Mai, (a.) yellow or ripe (as fruit), ruddy, rosy, (v.) to be ripe, etc. 

Mai-tao, (s.) an orchid. 

Mait-teo, (s.) the egg fruit, brinjal. 

Ma-la- ta-hmao, (v.) to dream of, to see in a dream. 

Mal-pa hrei-a-va, (5 ) a man's ear-bead, 

Ma-mapg, (s.) a quail. 

Ma-na-chai, (5.) the part where the sternum is situated. 

Ma nao, (a.) ordinary, common, any sort of, every sort of, all sorts 
of, (pro.) whoever, whomever, whatever. 

Ma-nao-ta, (adv.) whenever, wherever. 

Ma-nia, (pro.) me, us, for me, for us, to me, to us. 

Ma-nia-khi, (s.) another village. 

Ma-nia-raw-thei, (a ) dazzling. 

Mang, (v.) to look, to attend to cooking, to die of plague or pesti- 
lence, (s.) a name. 

Mang-a-chhua, (v.) to take the name of another, to call one's self 
b^- another's name. 

Mang-a-chhua-pa-ta, falsely in the name of. 

Mang-a-thai-pa, ($.) an augur. 

Mang-bai-pa, (s.) spectacles, eye glasses. 

Mang-kha. (v.) to nurse, to tend, to look after. 

Mang-lei, (.s.) a quarrelsome, foolish, or bad person, a sinner. 

Mang-nao, (s.) a wife's mother, a wife's sister. 

Mang-pa-chhi, (v.) to give one a bad name, to disgrace. 

Mang-pa-khang, (v.) to copy, to compare. 

Mang-pa-khei-pa, (s.) a nick name. 

Mang-pa-khei-pa-a-ma-bi, (v.) to nick name. 

Mang-pa-shi, (v.) despise. 

Maug-sa-kaw-pa, (s.) the name of a matting. 

Mang-saw-chha-ua, (a.) the horizon, the utmost bounds of the earth. 



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76 LAKHER aRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Mang-ta, in the name of. 

Mang-tha, (a.) famous, renowned, reported or spoken well of, (v.) 

to be famous, renowned. 
Mang-zua-dua-ta, (a.) in every thing, upon every occasion, in vain. 
Ma- phi, (s.) twins. 

Ma-ra-thei-pi, (s.) the name of trees with edible fruit, 
Ma-sha, (v.) to dream. 
Ma-shao-pa, (s.) a morsel, a piece, a small piece or stick of wood, 

bamboo, etc. 
Ma-shia-nga-hli, (s.) a water leech. 
Ma-shia-pa-khaw, (5.) an elephant trap. 
Ma-tbeo-pa, (s.) a fly. 
Ma-thi, (adv.) lower, down, (s.) the west. 
Ma-thi-la, (s.) the west, {adv. and prep.) below, lower, down. 
Ma-thi-ta, {prep. ) below, lower, down. 
Ma-thlai, (5.) perspiration. 

Ma-thlai-hi, {v.) to be cool, to get cool, to feel cool. 
Ma-thlai-lei, (v.) to perspire. 

Ma-thlai, (s.) the names of species of stinging horse flies. 
Ma-tu, (s.) the Kumi tribe. 
Mau-hia, (s.) an elephant. 
Maung, (s.) the eye. 
Maung-a-ku, (v.) to feel sleepy. 
Maung-chou, (v.) to be blind, (a.) blind. 
Maung-hmi, (s.) the eye lashes. 
Maung-khi-tla-pa-hmi, (s.) the eye brows. 
Maung-thli, (s.) tears. 
Maung-v6o-pa, (s.) the iris of the eye. 
Mau-pha-hli-na, (5.) a telescope, field glasses. 
Maw, (s.) the trunk (of an elephant, etc.), the canine teeth, (a.) 

speechless with pain, overwhelmed with pain, (v.) to be speech* 

less with pain, etc. 
Maw-la, (a.) forgetful, absent-minded, (v.) to be forgetful, etc. 
Maw-meo, (s.) a pumpkin. 
Maw-pa, (s.) the north. 
Maw-pa-ma-thi, (s.) the north-west 
Maw-rei-phei, (s.) a torch, a fire brand. 
Maw-sha, (s.) the name of a species of rice. 
Maw-tia-naw-kaw, (5.) the name of a reed. 
Ma-za, {s.) a species of edible arum. 
Mei, (s.) fire, a tail, the stern of a boat. 
Mei-ba-le, (5.) a steam boat. 
Mei-dang, (s.) morning. 
Mei-hei, (s.) charcoal. 
Mei-hei-hrang-pa, (s.) live embers. 



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PART III. — DICTIONARY : LAKHER- ENGLISH. 77 



Mei-hla, {a.) chapped, (y.) to be chapped, to have a corn. 

Mei-ka, {s.) a flame. 

Mei-khu, (5.) smoke. 

&fei-khu-pua-na, (5.) a chimney. 

Mei-kia, (a.) pretty, handsome. 

Mei-lao, {s.) flint. 

Mei-ma, (5.) red yarn. 

Mei-pa-lei, {s.) a spark. 

Mei-pi, {s.) a bonfire anywhere outside a village. 

Mei-ra, (5.) a lucifer match. 

Mei-rei-pei, (5.) a torch, a fire brand. 

Mei-sha, (5.) the fire tree, the pine. 

Mei-sha-dang, {s.) dust. 

Mei-sha-dang-khi, {s,) dust (suspended in the air). 

Mei-sha-dang-pa-khu, (v.) to make a dust. 

Mei-sha-ku-pa, («.) a rainbow. 

Mei-tei, {s.) a Manipuri. 

Mei-tha, (5.) haze. 

Mei-thei, (5.) a gun. 

Mei-thei-cha-lua-sha, (5.) a measure, a conical heap of rice, etc., the 

apex of which will be level with the end of a gun held high 

above the head of an ordinary-sized man. 
Mei-thei-cha-raw-na, {s.) a ram rod. 
Mei-thei -mang-pa-na, {s.) the sight-piece of a gun. 
Mei-thei-na-thi, {s.) the touch hole of a gun. 
Mei-thei-paw, [s.) the pan of a gun. 
Mei-thei-phi-pa, (5.) a double-barrelled gun. 
Mei-thei-pia-phao, {s.) the butt of a gun. 
Mei-thei-zai, (v.) to load a gun, (.f.) a loaded gun. 
Mei-thei-za-pa-pa, (5.) the trigger of a gun. 
Mei-thu, (s.) wood with one end burnt, partly burned wood. 
Mei-ti-pa, {s.) kerosine or any other mineral oil, a candle, a lamp, 

a lantern, lamp oil. 
Mei-ti-pa-aw, {s.) a lamp glass or chimney. 
M60, (v.) to forget. 
Meo-la, to-morrow. 
MSung-lang, {adv.) still. 
M8u-pa-ti, («.) the morning meal, breakfast 
Meu-ta, in the early morning. 
Mi, (a.) smooth, (v.) to be smooth, {s.) a goat. 
Mia, (v.) to sprinkle, to salt, to be salt, {a.) salt 
Mia-kha, (a.) alike, same, equal, (v.) to be alike, etc. 
Mi-chia-ki, (j«.) the name of a creeper with edible fruit 
Mi-taw, {s.) a kid. 
Mi-tei, {s.) the peach. 



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78 



LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Mu, (v.) to faint, (s.) mildew, mould. 

Mu-chhi, (v.) to blame falsely, to lay blame upon. 

Mu-pho, (v.) to be put to shame. 

N. 

Na, (v.) to be used to, to be familiar with, to be not afraid of. to 
press, to squeeze, to push, to knock against, to be cheeky, to clip, 
(adv.) not, (prep.) for, (a.) cheeky, brazen-faced, bold, forward, 
not shy or bashful, free and easy, (pro.) thy, thou, thine, thee. 

Na-ei, (pro.) thine. 

Nai, (a.) fine in texture, soft, weak (as beer), yielding to the touch, 
untempered, (v.) to be soft, etc., to look into, to spy into, to look 
at, to examine. 

Na-ma, (pro.) thou, thy, thee. 

Na-ma-ei, (pro.) thine. 

Na-mang, (pro.) you, your. 

Na-mang-ei, (pro.) yours. 

Nang, (s.) the sun. day, a paternal aunt, (a,) two. (v.) to be tired of. 

Nang-ai-a-i-ai, (a.) embarrassed, not prosperous, having a confined 
situation, (v.) to be embarrassed. 

Nang-a-a-i-ai-a-chhi-pa, (a.) embarrassing, depressing. 

Nang-a-kia, (v.) to face west and get the full rays of the setting 
sun. 

Nang-a-va, {v.) to have thought for the future. 

Nang-chhao-hla, (s ) morning, forenoon. 

Nang chhao-hra-kha-khai, (s.) half a day's journey. 

Nang-chhi, (s.) sun rise, (v.) to rise (as the sun). 

JNang-di, (v.) to be hungiy, (s.) hunger. 

Nang-di-pa, (s.) shade, (a.) shady. 

Nang-dua-pa, (s.) shade, (a ) shady. 

Nang-hai-a-chhi, (a.) fatiguing, monotonous, tiresome. 

Nang-hlaw, (a.) fortunate, lucky, (v,) to be -fortunate, to be lucky. 

Nang-hlei, (v.) to stay over a day and a night. 

Nang-khai, (s.) sun light. 

Nang-kha-khai, one day's journey. 

Nang-khala-pi, one day's journey. 

Nang-kha-shi, one day^s journey. 

JNang-la, (s.) a watch, a clock. 

Nang-la-a-la-thei-pa, (s.) a watch, a clock. 

Kang-la-law-pa, (v.) to be in suspense, to be in a fix. 

Nang-la-law-pa-ta, (v,) to put in a fix. 

Nang-lo, (8.) sunshine. 

Nang-pa-khai-na, (s.) a burning glass, a magnifying glass. 

Nang-pa-rai, (v.t.) to maze, to worry, to put in a fix. 

Nang-pi-ti, (s.) the summer, the hot weather. 



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PART ill.- dictionary: LAKHER- ENGLISH. 79 



Nang-sa-ri, (5.) a week. 
Nang-sha, (5.) sunshine. 

Nang-ta, (ativ.) when (in reference to past time). 
Nang-taung-ta, {a^Jv.) daily, day by day. 
Nang-th8o, (s,) a sun -shade, an umbrella. 
Nang-thla-la-na, (5.) a photographic camera. 
Nang-thla-la-pa. (v.) to photograph, (s.) a photograph. 
Nang-thla-pa, (5.) a model, an image, a picture, imitation, a scare- 
crow. 
Nang-thla-ma, the day after to-morrow. 
, Nang-thla-ma-za-la. to-night, the night after to-morrow night. 
Nang-tla, (s.) sun set, (v.) to set (as sun). 
Mao-chhi, (o.) cruel, vicious, bad. 
Na-pahrei, (5.) a woman's earring. 
Na-pa-pa, (a.) deaf, (v.) to be deaf. 

Na-pa-vftpa, (a.) clever, enlightened, wise, sharp, quick of hearing, 
(v.) to keep a good lookout, to be clever, etc. 

Na-ra-thang-phia, (5.) th? name nf a tree used in sacrificing. 

Na-rau, {s.) a female's si>*ter. 

Narau-nao, (s.) a female's sister. 

Na-ta, {prep.) with equivalent to *and,' {conj.) directly, immediately, 
when. 

Na-taw, {conj ) since. 

Na-taw-ta, {adv,) whence, where. 

Na-tha-thi-kaw-na, ('#.) delicate, (u.) to be delicate. 

Na-ti, {a.) the priming of a gun. (u.) to prime a gun. 

Na-thli, {v.) to listen, to give heed to, to eaves-drop. 

Na-thli-chhei, {v.) to put a wrong construction upon. 

Na-thli-pha, (s) anything pleasant to hear. 

Na-tla-bi-pa, {a.) cruel, stupid, vicious, bad, (v.) to be cruel, etc. 

Nau. {v.) to froth, to bubble up, to effervesce, {s.) a mother, a mater- 
nal aunt, a paternal uncle's wife, a husband s mother, a female. 

Nau-a-nai, {v.) to be good tempered 

Nau-cha-pha, {a.) good tempered, good ["natured, (v.) to be good 
natured, etc. 

Nau-hmei, {s.) a widow, divorced^* woman or] {spinster living by 
herself, a young woman either divorced or widowed. 

Nau-hmei-nao, («.) the name of a kind of bee. 

Nau-hraw, {s.) a step- mother. 

Nau-nai. (a.) good tempered 

Nau-pha, (a ) kind, thoughtful, considerate, unselfish. 

Nau-pi, («.) an old woman, (u.) to become an old woman. 

Nau-shaw, {/<.) mother and child used also to express ' one and a 
half,' and one hundred and fifty. 

Nau-tha, {s.) a concubine. 



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80 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Nau-u, (s.) a captive taken in war. 

Nau-va («.) husband and wife. 

Naw, (s.) a buffalo, (a.) easy. 

Naw-a-pa-ta, (prep.) for. 

Naw-mao, (v.) to bribe, («.) a bribe. 

Naw-ta, (s.) a younger brother or sister, a child, a paternal uncle's 

younger child, a maternal aunt's younger child, a younger 

brother's wife, a husband's younger sister or brother^ 
Na-zi, an aflBx similar to the English affix 'able.' 
Na-zua-dua-ta. (adv.) whereever. 
Na-zua-via-sha, («.) the friend of a bride who accompanies her 

to her husband's house. 
Ni, (v.) to graze, to pasture, to search for food, to eat. 
Nia-pa, (s.) food. 

Nia-thai, (v.) to be unable to put up with or bear. 
Ni-la-baw-te, (v.) to eat and drink. 
Ni-pa, (5.) the name of a game somewhat resembling chess, (v.) to 

play at the above game. 
Noung, (8.) a tusk, a tooth, (a.) easy, (v.) to be easy. 



NG. 

Nga, (5.) a fish, (a.) brave, daring, tame, (v.) to be brave, etc., to 

dare, to gain a victory, to be prepared to do a thing. 
Nga-cha-mang, (5.) the cat fish. 
]Nga-chhi-pa, (s.) an eel. 
Ngai, (adv.) exceedingly, very, certainly, ever, (a.) great, much, 

many. 
Ngai-a-shi, (v.) to bathe, to wallow. 
Ngai-khua, (s.) fever, cold. 
Ngai-ta, [adv.) exceedingly, very, certainly, really, (a.) great, much, 

many. 
Nga-la, (adv.) bitterly (cry)^ much. 
Nga-rai-pa, (s.) the name of a fish. 
Nga-sha, (adv.) much, many. 
Nga-sha-shei, (s.) the name of a fish. 
Nga-thu, (8.) Bengali dried fish. 
Ngau, (s.) gold, (a.) golden. 
Ngaw, (a.) five. 

Nggo, (a.) white, fair, of a light colour. 
Ngia, (v.) to obey, to become a follower of, to join, to join in, to 

accede to a request, to believe, to be pretty, beautiful, exalted, 

honoured, to be fit or proper, (a.) pretty. 
Ngia-a-pua, (v.) to band. 



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PART iri. — DICTIONARY : LAKHER-ENGLISH. 81 



Ngia-ba-ua-va, (v.) to covet, to va^t very much, to hold dear, to 

be attached to, to be reluctant to part with or give up. 
Ngia-cha, {$.) a wild boar. 
Ngia-chhi, (v.) to love, to pity, to regard or treat with favour, to 

be heart-broken, to be sad, to be hurt in the feelings. 
Ngia-chhia-chhi, (a.) pitiable. 
Ngia-chhi-pa-ta-ta, (adv.) kindly. 
Ngia-chhi- thei, (a.) pityful, kind. 
Ngia-di, (s) thatching grass. 
Ngia-di-dia, (v.) to thatch. 
Ngia-di-paw, (s.) the flower of sungrass. 
?Jgia-hrai, (5.) the long leaves protruding from the roof of a Lakher 

house, a large male wild boar. 
Ngia-ka, (5.) the bank (of a river), the edge (of a mug, etc.), land 

(in contradistinction to water;. 
Ngia-khei, (v.) to bring in. 
Ngia-leo, (s.) the shin. 
Ngia-pa-chhi, (v.) to confess and ask pardon, to apologise, to deny, 

to be pleased, to be contented, {vt. ) to hurt the feelings, to break 

the heart, to make sad. 
Ngia-pa-chhi- vei, (v.) to be vexed, annoyed, displeased, or discon- 
tented. 
Ngia-pa-ti, (y. ) to calculate, to guess, to reckon, to put on one side 

for a set purpose. 
Ngia-pa-ti-khei, (v.) to advise. 
Ngia-pa-ti-pa-pa, (v.) to advise. 

Ngia-pa-ti-pa-ta, (adv.) according to calculation, reckoning, or guess. 
Ngia-rang, (v ) to dislike, to object, to think a trouble, to not want, 

to be sad, to grieve, to be sorrowful, discouraged or disheartened. 
Ngia-ru, (s.) a large male wild boar. 
Ngia-sha-ma thlaw,(5.) the place sheltered by the eaves, the edge 

of the eaves. 
Ngia-shi, (v.) to like, to be fond of, to love. 
Ngia-tha, (s.) the shoulder. 
Ngia-thei, (v.) to put up with, to suffer, to endure. 
Ngia-tla-phaw-na, («.) braces, the straps worn across the chest by 

Lakhers to help to support a load. 
Ngia-zaw, (js.) the name of a wild boar. 

o. 

0, (s.) voice, yes, the name of a fabulous creature which is supposed 
to swallow the sun or moon during an eclipse, (v.) to hang by 
the neck or leg. 

0-na-a-pa-la, (v.) to be eclipsed (as sun or moon). 

0-pa-la, (8.) an eclipse. 

L 



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82 . LAKHEB GRAMMAR AND BIOTIONART. 



p. 

Pa, (a.) slow of understanding, dull, stupid, thin (as paper, etc.), 
(v.) tabe slow of understanding, etc., to explode, to burst, («.) 
explosion, {adv.) also, at the same time, too, as well, {conj.) or 
generally used in interrogative sentences only. 

Pa-a, (a.) strong, pungent, smelling (as spirit, etc.) 

Pa-ai, (v.) to dry, to roast, to scorch. 

Pa-ai-hu, {v.) to roast or toast so as to bum, to scorch much, to 
burn. 

Pa-ao, (v.) to chew (as tobacco), to suck in the mouth, to retain in 
the mouth, to preserve by boiling and potting, to pot, to put 
fruit in a pot to hasten its ripening. 

P&, (5.) the belly. 

Pa-ba, (adv.) quite, soundly (as in quite dead, soundly asleep, etc.) 

Pa-bai, (a.) blunt, (v.) to be blunt, to hold down, to keep down, 

Pa-ba-sha, (v.) to make dirty. 

Pa-bi, (5.) an embankment, a road on an embankment, (v.) to 
make an embankment. 

Pa-bu, (v.) to bury. 

Pa-cha, (s.) faith, belief, the mind, the thoughts, (v.) to set apart, 
to choose, to appoint, to fix upon, to ordain, to select, to believe, 
to consider, to think, to be of opinion, to taste, to think or con- 
sider before hand, to trust, to suppose, to depend on, rely upon, 
to make or get ready, to make shift with, to lean against, to 
ponder, to be anxious. 

Pa-cha-hua-chha-pa, (v.)U) lean against. 

Pa-cha-khei, (v.) to advise 

Pa-cha-na-pa-hnang, (y.) to know how. 

Pa-cha-na-rai-pa-hnang-lei-pa-ta, (v.) to put in a fix, to hold in 
suspense. 

Pa-cha-na-rai-pa-hnang-va, (v.) to not know what to do, to be in a 
fix, to be at a loss, to be in suspense. 

Pa-chang, (v.) to put one on top of an other, to put on top. 

Pa-cha-pa-hrei, (a.) anxious, worried, troubled, (v.) to keep or have 
in the mind, to wish, to be anxious, worried, or troubled, to 
guess, to express an opinion. 

Pa-chhu, (v.) to save up, to accumulate, to lay up, accumulate, to 
store up, to prick up (as ears), to stand on end or upright. 

Pa-chaung, (a.) stiff, inflexible, strong. 

Pa-chaw, (5.) the lungs, (v.) to dry over the fire, to be sore or 
cracked (as the lips), (a.) dried over the fire, etc. 

Pa-chaw-kha-na, (s,) glue, gum, paste. 

Pa-che-hmu-lu, (v.) fat, chubby, to be fat, chubby. 

Pa-chei-sha, (v.) to fine, to tax, to levy a tax;. 



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Pa-che-pa-kha, (v.) to get or be in the way. 

Pa-chha, (v.) to toss from a sieve, to help, to rescue. 

Pa-chhai, (v.) to extinguish, to get a glimpse of an animal when 

tracking, to overtake, to be iu time to meet 
Pa-chhao-pa-khu, (v.) to mark, to count, to fix in the mind. 
Pa-chhao-pa-khu-na, (s,) a mark, a sign. 
Pa-chha-pa-pa-la-pha, («.) the name of a plant. 
Pa-chha-]pa-pua, (v.) to rescue, to save. 
Pa-chha-pa-tla, (v.) to rescue, save. 
Pa-chha- ta, (v.) to rescue, to save. 

Pa-chhau, (s.) a wall, a partition, (v.) to stop, to abate, to fade. 
Pa-chhaung, (v.) uncock (a gun). 
Pa-chhaw, (y.) to stew, to boil for a long time, to spit. 
Pa-chhi, (s.) a meteorite, a thunderbolt, a bead, a bell worn by 

cattle, (y.) to make sparks, to break into sparks, to throw out 

sparks. 
Pa-chhi-pa-ra, (y.t) to frighten, to startle. 
Pa-chhi -pa-ria-pa, (s.) the name of species of mantis. 
Pa-chhi-ri, (s.) a necklace. 

Pa-chho-phei, (s.) the horizontal split bamboos in a mat wall., 
Pa-chho-tla, (a.) the frame work of the walls of a house, wall 

battens. 
Pa-chhu, («.) a portion, a part, a chapter, (adv.) in pieces, (v.) to 

cut or chop in pieces. 
Pa-chhua, (adv.) up, (s.) the story of a house. 
Pa-chi, {v.t) to break (as the lobe of the ear), to split the edge, to 

pull a piece oflfthe edge of any soft materials (as book, cloth, etc.), 

to soak, to dip, to crunch between the teeth, (s.) spittle, saliva, a 

flint 
Pa-chia, (v.) to turn (to the right or left when walking, etc.), to 

branch, to branch oflf, (a.) branching off, branch, symmetrical 

and having many branches (as horns, trees, etc.) 
Pa-chia-na, («.) the place where roads, etc.. meet, a branch road, 

an off-shoot. 
Pa-chia-thei, (5,) a species of raspberry. 
Pa-chi-bu-cha-phe, (v.) to foam at the mouth. 
Pa-chi-bu-cha-pha-pa-a-pua, (v.) to foam at the mouth. 
Pa-chi-bu-cha-phe-pa-pa-tla, (v.) to foam at the mouth. 
Pa-chi-bu-cho-phe, (s.) foam (of mouth). 
Pa-chi-chi, (v.) to grin at, to smile at, to make grimaces at 
Pa-chi-pa-chia, (adv.) fussily, particularly. 
Pa-chih-pa, (5.) a jhum more than one year old, {v.) to become 

old. 
Pa-chih-pft-chhaw, (v) to spit 
Pa-chu, (v.) to bite (as a snake), to peck, to peck up» 



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84 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Pa-da, {v.) to draw in (as stomach), to keep in or back, to retain 
(as urine). 

Pa-dai, (v.) to staunch, to stop, to quiet. 

l^a-dao. (5.) a measurement, equal . to the circumference of the two 
thumbs and two middle fingers joined, {v.t.) to bruise. 

Pa-daw, (v. t.) to shut (as umbrella), to slacken, to loospn, (v.) to 
cackle, to ascend, to be steep, (upward), (a ) steep (upward), 
(adv.) up. 

Pa-di, (v.) to make into fine powder, (adv.) finely, in small pieces, 
to powder. 

Pa-di-sha, (v. t) to melt. 

Pa-ei-zi, (s.) tune, tone. 

Pa-ha, (a.) nice (to taste or smell), fit, worthy, (v.) to be nice, etc., 
to gape, to rest upon or against, to lay out a dead body, to lay 
in the grave, to dress up a dead body and place it in sitting 
posture, ($.) a rest of any kind for arms, feet, etc. 

Pa*hai (v.) to hang up, to suspend, to carry, to lift up, to draw (as 
water from a well), to draw up. 

Pa-ha-pa-paw, (a.) greedy. 

Pa-ha-vei, (a.) nasty (to the taste or smell), unfit, unworthy, (v.) to 
be nasty, etc 

Pa-haw, (v.) to scratch up, to unearth by scratching, to bespeak, 
to open, to take uflf a covering. 

Pa-ha w-chi-pa, (a.) open, ready open. 

Pa-hei, (s.) the name of a species of mustard. 

Pa-hi, (v.) to whistle, to toast, to dry, to knit, to plait, to crochet 
to be crossgrained (as wood), to be knotted or prominent (as 
sinews), to be entangled, to whistle through the teeth, spifx 
(with a hand spindle), to pursue for a long distance, to whistle 
when carrying heavy loads, etc., (a.) knitted, etc. 

Pa-hia, (v,) to be giddy, to be dizzy. 

Fa-hi-pa-hu, (s.) early dawn. 

Pa-hlai, (v,) to pull off, or out with a jerk (as twig or tooth), to cut 
off, to strip off (as leaves, etc.) 

Pa-hla-pha, (v.) to lend when the identical article is to be re- 
turned. 

Pa-hlaw, (v.t) to mix, (v.) to startle, to surprise, to make, to jump 
with surprise, to startle a bird or animal, to drive away suddenly. 

Pa-hlaw-pa-hli, (v.) to stir up, to agitate, to cause a disturbance. 

Pa-hle, (v.) to go over to tlie side of another, to join another 
party after deserting one's own. 

Pa-hlei, (v.) to spend (as money), to sell, to dispose of, to use up, 
to spend (as money, strength, etc ), to give as a price, to lose, 
to make for, to steer for, to go towards. 

Fa-hlei-pa-hlaw, (v.) to spend (as money), to selL 



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PART III. — DICnONART ! LAKHBR-ENGLISH. 85 



Pa-hlei-pa-hlo, (v.U) to ruin, to lose. 

Pa-hle-shai, (v.) to desert in order to join another, 

Pa-hli, (adv,) through, (v.) to be wounded so that blood flows or 

bones are broken, to wash (the face), to take oif (as a coat), to 

remove (as a cloth), to turn up or lift up (as a coat), sleeve, 

cloth, or any covering, (s.) a fresh wound. 
Pa-hli-pa-ta, (adv.) directly, immediately upon. 
Pa-hlua, (v.) to roU. 

Pa-hmang, (v. t) to cook, to ripen, to bring into subjection. 
Pa-hmaw, (v,) to set an example, to put together evenly (as 

sticks, paper, etc.), to pleat 
Pa-hmi-a-ngia, (v.) to beautify, to adorn. 
Pa-hmo, (.•?.) the hawk, the name of a kind of hawk which eats 

snakes. 
Pa-hmo-ao-la, (s,) the name of a species of hawk. 
Pa-hmo-chhi. (5.) the name of a hawk. 
Pa-hmo-na-kaw-hnei, (5.) a vulture. 
Pa-hna, (a.) stinking, high, strong, smelling, (v.) to stink, etc., to 

smell, (pro.) whoever, whomever, whatever. 
Pa-hnai, (v.) to lower, to profit or benefit by, to increase (as money), 

to be pro fitable, (<r.) profitable, beneficial, (adv.) quickly, to some 

purpose, not in vain. 
Pa-hnang, (v.) to hear, to feel, to understand, to know, to surmise, 

to remember. 
Pa-hnang-khai, (v.) to know well. 
Pa-hna ng-khei, (v.) to remind, to bear witness. 
Pa-hnang-lai, (v.) to recollect. 
Pa-hnang-na, (s.) a proof. 

Pa-hnang-sha, (v.) to explain, to cause to know, to show how to do. 
Pa-hnang-thla, (v.) to remember, to keep in mind. 
Pa-hnang-thla-haw, (v.) to remind, to bear in mind. 
Pa-hnaw, (v. ) to snore. 
Pa-bnei, (v.) to laugh. 
Pa-hnei-pa-ra, (v.) to feel like laughing. 
Pa-hnei-shaw, (v.) to laugh at, to mock, to scoflf at 
Pa-hni, (v.) win, to overcome. 
Pa-hnia, (s.) fluid which comes from a corpse, (a.) combed out, not 

entangled, slippery, smooth, (v.) to be slippery, etc. 
Pa-hra, (v.) to tti^e up room, to occupy space, to seize or possess 

(as a spirit). 
Pa-hra-bua, (v.) to take up little room. 
Pa-hrai-sha, (v.) to give as security. 
Pa-hra-kaw-na, (v.) to take up much room. 
Pa-hrang, (v.) to spare, to leave, to save, to make well, to bring to 

life, to bring round after choloroform, to keep or make alive. 



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86 LARHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Pa-hraw, (v.) to eat with a spoon. 

Pa-hraw-khi. («.) sufficient food to last for a year. 

Pa-hre. (a.) large, eminent, great, (v.) to be large, etc., to increase 

in size. 
Pa-hrei, (5.) a twig, a small branch, (a.) big. large. 
Pa-hri, (v.) to slip off, slip through, to come off, to slip off (as the 

edge or binding of anything). 
Pa-hru, (5.) a lid, a stopper, a cover, a cork, (y.) to close, to shut, 

to stop, to cork. 
Pa-hru-na, (s.) a lid, a stopper, a cover, a cork. 
Pa-hu, (v.) to put a lid on a pot when boiling on the fire, to keep 

the steam in. 
Pa^hua, (v.) to waste away (as in illness), to wither, to dry 
- up, to make or convert into, to shut, (as an umbrella), to 

loosen. 
Pahua^sha, (v.) to put out, to eject, to let go. 
Pai, (5.) the side (of anything), a fringe, a sheath, a scabbard, (v.) 

to migrate. 
Pa-ka, (5.) the mouth, (v.) to scorch lightly. 
Pa-kai, (v.) to open (the hand, flower, etc.), to spread out or open 

out (as cloth, etc.), to hang up (as cloth on line, etc.), to spread 

(as salt), {v. t.) to spread out, (as cloth, hands, tail, etc.) 
Pa-kau!)g. (v. U) to sprain, to bend. 
Pa-ka- thaw, (v.) to emphasise, to exaggerate. 
Pa-kau, («.) a syphon. 

Pakaung, {v.) to bend (as the knee or elbow). 
Pa-kaw, (5.) a yard, enclosure, pen-fold, a slip knot, a noose, a loop, 

a hole, a cavity, (v.) to enlarge (as a hole), to make a slip knot, 

noose or loop. 
Pa-kaw-chhao, (s.) a yard, enclosure, pen-fold. 
Pa-kei, (v.t) to break. 
Pa-kha, (v.) to keep from, to prevent, to stop, to obstruct, to hide 

from sight, to screen. 
Pa-kha-ma, (s.) an obstacle. 
Pa-kliang, (v.) to compare, to liken, to. 
Pa-khang-pa-bi, (s.) a parable, a proverb. 
Pa-kha, {v.) to put or gather together. 
Pa-kha-pa-di, (v.) to withstand, to oppose, to be against. 
Pa-kha-ta-ta-a-di, (v.) to winnow by pouring from a height slowly 

and allowing the wind to blow away the chaff. 
Pa-kha-ta-ta-bai-te, (v.) to adjust a cloth by throwing the ends 

over the shoulder. 
Pa-kha-ta-ta-pa-hnang-na, (s.) a proof. 
Pa-khaw, (5.) the well of a trap, dug in the ground, a pitfall. 
Pa-khaw-pa-ba, (v.) to maim, .to injure, to wound, to disable. 



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PART HI. — DICTIONARY : LAKHER-ENGLISH. 87 



Pa-khSo, (v.) to gather (as sticks, firewood etc., or as a bird its 

food). 
Pa-khu, (v.) to cough, (s.) the knee. 
Pa-khu-pei-nei, (v.) to kneel 
Pa-ki, (v.) to smile, to grin, to make grimaces at, to squeal, to curl 

up, to coil, to encircle (as a snake), (s.) a coiL 
Pa-ki-sha, (v.) to coil. 
Pa-kua, (v.) to give back, to return. 
Pa-kua-sha-pa-thla, (v.) the same as * ha-kua-sha.* 
Pa-la, (v.) to swallow, to bolt (as a bird its food), to swallow, (adv.) 

immediately, straightway, while about it, right on, on for good, 

(s.) cotton, yam. 
Pa-la-hlo-na, (s.) a cotton reel. 
Pa-lai, (v.) to magnifjT. 

Pa-la-i, (s.) a handle (of pot, spoon, etc.), a wall plate. 
Pa-lang, (v.) to be able, to be suflScient for. 
Pa-la-ri, (^.) cotton thread. 
Pa-lau-lai, (r.) to pick a quarrel, to aggress? 
Pa-lau-laipa, (s.) the aggressor in a quarrel, etc. 
Pa-la- ve, (adv.) not at all. 
Pa-law, (v. t.) to chip. 
Pa-lei-sha, (v.) to send away. 
Pa-li, (y.) to vomit, to turn upside down, to capsize, to turn over, 

to lick, to lap, to answer, to reply, to accept, to turn up, to roll 

up, to turn inside out. 
Pa-li-a-chbi, (v.) to feel sick. 
Pa-lo-pa-cha-pa, (v.) to say what one would like, to build castles 

in the air, to express one's desires, (s.) desire. 
Pa-lo-pa-kua, (v.) to steal the aifections of a woman already 

engaged to another and to cause the marriage not to take 

place. 
Pa-lo-ri-pa-lo-pa-chhang, (v.) to have no thought for the future. 
Pa-lo-ri-pa-hnei, (v.) to make up the mind, to decide. 
Pa-lo-ri-pa-kua, (y.) to change the mind. 
Pa-lo-ri-pa-mia-kha-ta, with one mind. 
Pa-lo-ri-pa-pa-li, (v.) to change the mind. 
Pa-ma, (v.) to usurp or take the place, to supersede, to excel, to 

eclipse. 
Pa-mai, (v.) to insert, to fill in, to stamp. 
Pa-mang-a-daw-pa, (s,) a sprout, (y.) to sprout 
Pa-mang-sha, (v.) to show. 
Pa-maung, (s.) a bud, (y.) to bud. 

Pa-maw pa-la, (y. t.) to worry, disturb, to set in an uproar. 
Pa-mai-pa-ha, (t;.) to grumble, to find fault with, (a.) grumpy, 

grumbling. 



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88 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DIOTIONART. 



Pa-mi, (v.) level, to make peace among, to tidy, to make or put 
tidy, to repair. 

Pa-na, (a.) clear, (as atmosphere), clean, lawful, right, (v.) to be 
clear, to be clean, etc., to take out (as dust from the eye), to 
cleanse, to clean up, to keep, to observe a holiday, to swear not 
to do or say a thing. 

Pa-na-na-chhai-chhi, (9.) the general name for sacrificial furniture. 

Pa-nao, (a.) large, big, full grown (generally used of female ani- 
mals, birds, etc., after having young), (v.) to be large, to be full 
grown. 

Pa-nau, (a.) muddy, turbid, (v.) to be muddy, to be turbid. 

Pa-naw, (v. t.) to lessen, to reduce, (v.) to pay homage to, to humble 
one's self before, to be exhausted, to be tired out, (s.) present 

Pang, (5.) a cloth. 

Pa-nga, (v.) to comfort. 

Pang-hla-ciia-pai, (5.) the names of white cloths with stripea 

Pang-hla-shai, (a.) the names of white cloths with stripes, 

Pang-hria-dai, (5.) fever, feverishness, (y,) to have slight fever, to 
be feverish. 

Pang-phei, (s.) the woof. 

Pang-tao, (5.) the warp. 

Pang-za-pa, (s.) the name of a plain white cloth. 

Pa-ni-sha, (v.) to feed. 

Pa-nua, (v.) to measure, to compare, to liken unto. 

Pa-nua-na, (5.) a measure. 

Pao-cha-ki, (a. ) nine. 

Pao-cha-ri, (a.) eight. 

Pao-cha-ru, (a.) six. 

Pao-kha, (a.) one. 

Pao-pali, (a.) four. 

Pa-pai, (r.) to dismiss, to cause, to break up, to be thin, (a.) thin 
(as bamboo). 

Pa-pai-pa-long, (v.) to speak depreciatingly of. 

Pa-pai- vei, (a.) thick (as bamboo), (v.) to be thick. 

Pa-paung, (a.) closed up, (v.) to close up, to be closed up. 

Pa-paw, {v, t.)to knock over, to push over, to knock down, to 
settle. 

Pa-phang, (v. t) to slant, (adv.) at an angle, slantingly. 

Pa-phaw, (v.) to send. 

Pa-pho, (v.) to mutter, to murmur, to talk to one's self, to grum- 
ble, to find fault with. 

Pa-pho-pa-leo, (v.) to grumble, to find fault with. 

Pa-pho-pa-leung, (v.) to grumble, to find fault with. 

Pa-pho-pa-ru, (v.) to whisper, to mutter, to murmur, to talk to 
one's self 

Pa-phua-sha, (v.) to spread abroad. 



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PART III. — DICTIONART : tAKHER-ENGLISH. 89 



Pa-pi, (v.) to compose, to make up. 

Pa-po, (v.) to oifer for sale at a profit 

Pa-pu, (5.) a wive's father or brother. 

Pa-pua, (v.) to produce, to get by the labour of one's own hands, 

to bring forth or out, to make dirty, to drive out, to expel, to 

banish, (v. t) to put out, to eject, to originate, to bring to light, 

to bring out, to institute. 
Pa-ra, (v.) to divert the water of a river, to catch fish by diverting 

the water of a river, to tingle, to ache as with cold, (adv.) sud- 
denly, quickly. 
Pa-rai, (v.) to judge, to arbitrate, to manage, to pull, to pull up, 

to begin, to build a house, to put up frame work of a house, (a.) 

finished (as house), (s.) the lowest beam under the floor of a 

Lakher house, frame work. 
Pa-rai-pa, (v.) to level, to make peace among. 
Pa-rang, (5.) a finger, a toe, a root, the toes or fingers collectively. 
Pa-rang-na, (s.) a measurement equal to the width of one finger. 
Pa-rang-pa. (a.) old (not new), (v.) to be old. 
Pa-ra-pa-ra, (adv.) quickly. 
Pa-rau, (a.) without gloss, dry (as unoiled hair). 
Pa-raw, (v.t.) to mar, to spoil. 
Pa-rei, (5.) hail, glass, china, earthenwara 
Pa-ri, {v.) to be drunk, to be intoxicated, (a.) drunk, intoxicated, 

(«.) a snake. 
Pa-ri-pi, (5.) the name of a large snake, the python. 
Pa-ri-sha, (v.) to intoxicate. 
Pa-ro-pa-kei, (v. t.) to spoil, to pervert. 
Pa-ro-pa-na-sha, (r.) to glorify- 

Pa-ru, (v.) to steal, (adv.) secretly, slyly, on the sly, stealthily. 
Pa-rua, (v.jt to suggest, to suppose. 
Pa rua-bhei, (v.) to advise, (5.) an adviser. 
Pa-sai-pa-i, (v.) to destroy wilfully, to torture, to ill-treat, to 

mutilate, to handle, to work at 
Pa-saung-pa-di, (v.) to blink the eye. 
Pa-sau-pa-hia, (a.) unreliable, dishonest, untrustworthy, (v.) to be 

unreliable, etc. •• 
Pa-sha, (v.) to pain, to ache, to feel pain, to be ill, to tame, to 

domesticate, to cultivate, to feed, to tend, to support, to sling 

across the shoulder (as satchel, etc.), to carry in a satchel, (a.) 

tame, fat, chubby, (s.) pain, sickness. 
Pa-shai, (v.) to permit, to allow, to grant, to forbid, to be reluctant, 

to part with or give up, to try to dissuade, to beseech or ask 

not to grudge. 
Pa-shai-a-chhi-vei, (v.) to be a pity, to be a loss, 
Pa-shai-bi-pa-pa-hlao^(t;.) to dissuadoi to put a stop to. 



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90 LAKHIH ORAMMAR AMD DICTIO]^ART. 



Pa-shai-pa-i, (v.) to handle, to work at 

Pa-shai-pa-rang, (a.) clean, ceremonially clean, without bleuiish, 

holy, (y.) to be clean, etc. 
Pa-shang, (a.) hard, solid, mean, stingy, miserly, (v.) to shut (as 

the eye). 
Fa-sha-nang-hnei-*pa-ta, (adv.) intermittently (as in fever). 
Pa-sha-sha, (a.) aggravating, grievous, provoking, exasperating, 

(adv.) aggravatingly, etc. 
Pa-sha-sha-kha, (v. t.)to hurt. 
Pa-shau, (a.) fussy or impatient in sickness or suffering, (v.) to be 

fussy or impatient 
Pa shau-sha, (v.) to think much of, to value highly. 
Pa-shi, {v.) to wash, (a.) having a taste like meat, maize, bread, 

vegetables, etc. 
Pa-shi-pa-hlia, (v.) to wash, to wash clean. 
Pa-shi-sha, (v.) to send away, to let go. 
Pa-shi-ta-ia, (a.) tempting (to eat). 
Pa-shu, (v.) to wash (clothes), to tie together, to join, to push, to 

push along, to graze, to strike at an angle and slip along. 
Pa-shu-pa-hU, (t;.),to overlap, to miss any one when going to 

meet him by taking the wrong road. 
Pa-shu-pa-li, (v.) to hush a child. 
Pa-shupa-li-la-pa-mo, (v.) to hush to sleep. 
Pa-ta, (prep.) for. 

Pa-tai. (v.) to help, to stand by or up for. 
Pa-tang, (s.) a nail, a claw, a talon, a hoof. 
Pa-tang-a-ia-pa-hnang, (t;.).to have hangnail, (s.) hangnail. 
Pa-tang-kia-pa-hnang, (s.) the quick of the nail. 
Pa-tao, (v.) to stand a thing on its end, to stand a thing 

upright ^ . 

Pa-ta-vei, (v.) to ridicule, to sooflf, to speak sarcastically. 
Pa-taw-na-ta, directly, immediately upon. 
Pa-te, (a.) next, (adv.) next 
Pa-teh-pa, (a.) next, (s.) the next one. 

Pa-tei, (adv.) with force, vehemently, very much, (v.) to bite. 
Pa-tha, (v.) to itch, to be pungent, to be Yiot (as pepper), to feel 

after, (a.) pungent, hot, springy, having a smell like raw flesh, 

dried pulse, etc., having a metallic taste or smell, (adv.) some 

how or other, by hook pr by crook. 
Pa-tbai, (v.) to blaze (with a hatchet, etc.), to strip of bark, to cut 

oflfa small piece, to be clear, to be clean, etc., to take out (as 

dust from the eye) to cleanse, to clean up, (a.) clear (as atmos- 
phere), clean, lawful, right 
Pa-thang, (s.) the name of a species of grass. 
Pa-tha-sha,.(i;.) to lend. 



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PART [II.^--t>ICTIO]rART { LAKHEA-BKaLISH. 91 



Pa-thei, (5.) a fruit, (v.) to bear fruit, to swallow the wrong way, 
or so as to choke, to catch one's breath. 

Pa-theo, (v.) to wake, to help one rise, to cause to rise. 

Pa-thi, (v. /.) to kill, to extinguish, {s.) the liver. 

Pa-thi-a-chhaw-chhaw, to be startled, to receive a shock by bad 
news, etc. 

Pa-thi-a-chhi, (v.) to be bad natured, irritable, surly. 

Pa-thichhi, (a.) bad natured, irritable, surly, (r.) to be bad na- 
tured, etc. 

Pa thi-pa-chhang, (a.) touchy, easily made angry, quick tempered 
(r.) to be touchy, etc. 

Pa-thi-pa-lao, (a.) the heart, the mind. 

Pa-thi-pa-lao-a-pa-kua, (v.) to change the mind. 

Pa-thi-pa-lao-a-pha, (t?.) to be good natured, to be good. 

Pa-thi-pa-lao-nai, (a.) easy going, good tempered, (t>.) to be easy 
going, etc. 

Pa-thi-pa-lao-pha-pa, (a.) good natured, good. 

Pa-thi-pa-lao-tha-a-pha, (v.) to feel elated, happy, joyful. 

Pa-thla, {v. /.) to drop unintentionally, to leave behind (as a slain 
comrade in battle.) 

Pa-thlao-pa-tla, (v.) to complete, finish or accomplishi to be com- 
pleted, finished or accomplished. 

Pa-thla-pa, (<».) an ancestor, a progenitor 

Pa-thla-pa-thla, (t;.) to let down, to drop down, to lower. 

Pa-thlau, {(idv.) vertically, perpendicularly, (a.) vertical 

Pa-thlaw, (5.) a tube, a pipe stem. 

Pa-tblei, (v. ) to sift in a sieve. 

Pa-thli, (a.) polished, glossy, to be polished, etc., (v.) to blow (as 
the wind). 

Pa-thlia, (v.) to lift down. 

Pa-thli-sha, {v.t.) to quiet. 

Pa-thlu, {v.t) to pile up, (as when measuring grain, etc.). 

Pa-thlua, (v.) to forsake, to give up, to leave to one's own ways or 
devices, to scatter, to throw up, to lose to swing to and fi:o. 

Pa-thlua-pa-thla, (v. t) to dance up and down (as a<>*hiid). 

Pa-ti, (s.) cooked rice, food. 

Pa-ti-khia-a-khai-pa, (^.) a beggar. 

Pa-ti-khia-khei, {v.) to beg from house to house. ^ 

Pa-ti-pa, (« ) the names of baskets for storing rice. 

Pa-tla, (v.) to make well, to save, to straighten (the leg). 

Pa-tlai, (v.) to be spilled, to pour out, to fall down (as little pieces 
from the roof, etc.), to empty out, to change, to exchange, to cast 
(as metal), to pour in or out, (a.) cast (as iron, etc.) 

Pa-tlang-pa-tla, (v.) to complete, to finish, to accomplish, to be 
completed, finished or accomplished. 



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92 . LARHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Pa-tla-pa-hnang-pa-ta, (adv.) publicly, openly, 

Pa-tlao-pa-tla, (r.) to make suffice, to make answer the purpose, 

to make shift with. 
Pa-tlaw, (v. t) to prevent, (v.) to split, to cut in halves. 
Pa-tlaw-pa-pa, (v. t) to use up, to consume, to waste, to eat a lot 

of. 
Pa-tlia, (v.) t4> treat, to stand treat 

Pat-ta, (v.) to hold out at arm's length, to straighten the arm, 
Pa-tu, (v.) to grasp, to hold, to detain, to restrain, to seize or 

possess (as a spirit), to catch hold of. 
Pa-tu-sha, (r.) to deliver up, to cause to be seized « 
Pa-u, (v.) to make a noise, as a rat when being suffocated by 

snake in its hole, to increase in numbers or quantity, (v. t.) to 

shelter from the wind, to scorch much, to bum, (s.) a sore, a 

wound, a swarm (of bees). 
Pa-ua, (v. f.) to slant. 

Pau-pa, (s.) the body, the side (of a mountain, eta) 
Pau-pa-sha, (s.) the body. 
Pau-pa-sha-pa, (s.) substance, form. 
Pau-pa-ta, (a.) whole, 
Pau-sa-ri, (a.) seven. 
Pau-thao, (a.) three. 
Pa-va, (8.) the name of a tree the bark of which is used to poison 

fish, light, (a.) keen (of sight hearing, etc.), white, (v.) to be keen 

(of sight, etc.), to be white, to be light, (not dark). 
Pa-va-thei, (s.) the name of a tree, the fruit of which is used for 

poisoning fish. 
Pa-va-vei, (a.) dim (as sight), (v.) to be dim (as sight). 
Pa-vaw, (s.) a bird. 
Pa-vaw-hmi, (s.) a feather. 

Pa-vaw-sha, (v.) to be entrusted with, to give into one's keeping, 
Pa-veo, (s.) the stomach. 
Pa-vi, (v. U) to fill. 
P(iw, (v.) to fall down (not from a height), to be settled, to bloom, 

to blossom, to be or become gray or white, (5.) a flower, a blossom, 

a father, a husband's father, a paternal uncle, a maternal aunts 

husband, a male, a masculine affix, a fungus, a mushroom, (a.) 

gray, white (as hair). 
Paw-cha-pa, (5.) the name of a species of edible fungusi,' 
Paw-chhi, (s.) a toad stool, an unedible fungus. 
Paw-di, (adv.) suddenly. 
Paw-ei-tlia, (s.) a species of amaranthus. 
Paw-hmou, {s.) border, edge, point, end, tip. 
Paw-mai, (s.) a species of yellow amaranthus. 
Paw-pa-ngaw, (a.) five. 



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PART 111. — DICTIONARY : LAKHER- ENGLISH. 93 



Paw-pi, («.) a flower 

Paw-pi-pa, {s.) an old man, (r.)to become an oldman. 

Paw-shai-di-nao, {s) a bird with red plumage. 

Paw-tlang, («.) a full grown male, (a.) full grown, (v.) to arrive at 
the age of puberty, to be of age. 

Pa-za, {v. t.)to put to shame, to tickle, (v.) to stretch, to be elastic, 
(a.) elastic. 

Pa-za-pi, (V.) to sQOup up with both hands, (5.) a double handful 

Pa-za-ti, (s.) a measurement equal to the width of four fingers. 

Pa-zau, (s.) urine, the first finger or toe, {v.) urinate. 

Pa-zau-kha, (s.) a span (with thumb and first finger), (v.) to span. 

Pa-zau-pa-dao-khi, (5.) a measurement, as much as can be encir- 
cled by the thumbs and the forefingers of both hands joined 
together* 

Pa-zau- ti, (5.)- urine. 

Pa-zaw, (8.) the name of a fiowering tree, the bark of which is 
used to make rope, (v.) 10 join together, to spread out or hold 
out (the arms or hands on either side), to straighten (the arm), 
to lift or hold up (the arm), to be joined, to sharpen, to a 
point, {v t) to make into pieces, (a.) pointed, tapering. 

Pa-zaw-na, (s.) a joint. 

Pa-zaw-pa-hmia, (v.) to continue doing anything. 

Pa-zei, (v.) to make speechless, to refute, to confute. 

Pa-ze-sha, (5.) a measurement equal to the length of the first 
finger lo the fork of the thumb. 

Pa-z6u, (v.) to suck up (as cattle do water, etc.) 

Pa-zi, (v.) to support, to stand up for or on behalf, to stand by in 
time of need, to be friend. 

Pa-zo-pa-pei, (v.) to pulverize, to make into small pieces. 

Pa-zu, («.) a rat. 

Pa-zua, (a.) damp, moist, (v.) to be or get damp. 

Pa-zu-pa-tha, (v.) to stroke, to rake, to scrape. 

Pa-zu-pa-vaw, (5.) rats and birds, a term which includes all ani- 
mals and birds which destroy the crops, bears, boars, rats, 
birds, and all animals which eat the crops. 

Pei, (v.) to be possessed (by a spirit, etc.), to be of consequence, to 
matter, to be a pity, to be a misfortune. 

Pei-chai, (a.) important, necessary, (v.) to be important 

Pei-sha, {v.) respect, to regard. 

Pei-Ua-nang, (s.) the time between the harvest and the cold 
weather. 

PSuug, (^.) a hole, an aperture, (v.) to have a hole in. 

Pha, (a.) good, well to do, advantageous, beneficial, well, comfort- 
able, nice, (v.) to be good, etc., to overtake, to reach, to be able 
to reach, to be comfortable, {adv.) well, thoroughly. 



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84 LAKHSR GRAMMAR AKD filOTIONART. 



Pha-hnai, (adv.) much, largely, in large quantities, (5.) much, a 

lot, a large quantity, (a.) useful, very gooil,(«;.) tol>© useful, etc. 
Pha-hnai-khang. (a.) ambitious, earnest, greedy,- zealous, thorough, 

(t;.) to be ambitious, etc., (adv.) thoraughly, well, carefully. 
Phai-hli, (v.) to slightly graze, to go or pass close to (as shot), to 

go round about or up and down in front of. 
Phai-lai-pa, (s.) a pop gun. 
Phai-pa-hai, (v.) to lift up the foot 
Phai-pa-za, (*.) the foot. 
Phai-tual, (s.) the plains. 
Pha-khi-ta-ta, (adv.) according to ability. 
Pha-lao-pa, (s.) a sahib. 
Phang, (s.) a clan, a nation, a strap passing across the forehead 

to carry loads. 
Pha-pi, (5.) a species of hart's tongue fern. 
Pha-ta-ta-ta, (v.) to treat well, to do well. 
Phau-pa, (s.) story, a fable, a tale. 

Pha-vei, (a.) bad, disadvantageous, not beneficial, (v.) to be bad, etc. 
Phaw, (a.) pregnant, (v.) to be or become pregnant, to contract or 

catch (a disease), to have (a disease), to pass away (as a month, 

year), to wave about, to spread (as cloth, etc.), to have leprosy, 

(5.) leprosy. 
Phe, (v,) to scream, to cry out, to shout. 
Phei, (s.) a foot, a leg. 

Pbei-bi, (s,) notches made in a tree or hill to assist in climbing. 
Phei-bi-cha-khua, (.^) steps, stairs. 
Phei-cha-kao, (s.) the heel. 
Phei-cha-ta-na, (5.) a door mat, a scraper. 
Phei-chau, (v.) to be lame, (s.) a lame person. 
Phei-chhua, {s) a footstool. 
Phei-chhua-pa-rang, (s.) foot fall. 
Phei-k&, (5.) a boot, a shoe, a clog. 
Phei-kaw, (5.) a boot, a shoe. 

Phei-la, (v.) to place in a horizontal position, (adv.) horizontally. 
Phei-lia-pa, (.v.) the middle toe. 

Phei-pa-di-pa, (s.) the part immediately above the heeL 
Phei-pa-hai, (v.) to lift the foot 
Phei-pai, U.) the calf of the 1^. 
Phei-pa-khai, («.) the sheaths round the knots of bamboos, a piece 

of string or wire round the leg of a bird, etc., to identify it 
Phei-pa-rang, (s.) the toes, a toe. 
Phei-pa-zar-da, («.) the sole of the foot 
•Phfii-pa-zau, (5.) the second toe 
Phei-pi, («.) the big toe, the claw (of a crab), the hind leg (of 

locusts, etc.) 



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PART lU. — dictionary: LAKHKR-ENGLISH. 95: 



Phei-shai, («.) a sepoy, a soldier. 

Pbei-shi-na, (5.) stilts. 

Phei-ta-shi, {v.) to walk, to go on foot. 

Phei-ti-ta, (5.) the little toe. 

Phei-via-pa-kaw, (5.) trousers, knicker-bockers. 

Phei-via-pa-kaw-phaw-na, (s.) braces 

Phi, (v.) to steal and kill an animal, fowls, etc., for eating or 
sacrifice, to murder secretly, to assassinate, to prevaricate, to 
lie, to keep anything back, to suppress, to conceal, to undo, to 
take to pieces, to dismantle, to be forked, to hide, (a.) forked, 
doubje (as gun, egg, nut, etc.), (s.) a secret, (adv.) haply, by 
chance. 

Phia, (v.) to pull out, to extract, to unsheath, to be flat and thin, 
(a.) flat and thin, {adv.) flat, (s.) a page, a slice, a slab, a species 
of oak. 

Phia-bi-pa, (5.) the bulbul. 

Phia-kaw, (s.) shoulder, the shoulder-blade with flesh, etc., the 
fore-leg of an animal. 

Phia-kaw-ru, («.) the scapula. 

Phia-thla, (ft.) a spoon. 

Phi-hma, (5.) one who steals and kills an animal, fowl, etc., for 
eating or sacrifice, an assassin, a secret murderer. 

Phi-hru, (5.) a false bottom. 

Phi-hru-na, (s.) a lid, a stopper, a cover, a cork. 

Phi-pa-hri-pa, (s.) a winged white ant. 

Phi-pa ru, (v.) to conceal, to hide. 

Phi-tla, (v.) to crouch. 

Phu, (a.) suitable, (v.) to suit 

Phua, (v.) to tell of, to make known, to expose, to reveal, to spread 
(as sore news, etc ) (v. t.) to spread abroad. 

Phu-ba-la, (v.) to avenge. 

Phu-hlu-pa, (5.) scales (of fish, sores, etc.) 

Phu-la, (v.) to avenge. 

Phu-sa, (5.) a pice. 

Phu-sa-de-re, (s.) a pie (money). 

Phu-vei, (a.) unsuitable (v.) to be unsuitable. 

Pi, (v.) to be born, to give, to offfer, to move, to carry on the back 
(as child, etc.), to become old, (s) a grandmi^ther, a great-grand- 
mother, a wife's female relation, a maternal uncle's wife or 
daughter, a term of respect for a woman, a single thread (as of 
cotton, hair), (a.) extensive (spoken of several jhums, etc.), joined 
together, old (in age). 

Pi-khei, (^.) an own brother or sister. 

Pi-lao, (s.) the barrel (of a gun), the stick or sapling bent down for 
a spring in making a noose trap, a rod. 



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96 LAKHER GRAMliAR AND DICTIONART 



Pi-pa-shi, (v.) to have any great infirmity, to be deformed, to be 

maimed 
Pi-tlang, (v.) to reach maturity. 
Pi-vaw, (s.) the hog badger {avtony collni8\ a pigeon. 
Po-hraw, (^i.) ten. 

Po-hraw-na-ta-po-cha-ki, {n.) nineteen. , 
Po-hraw-na-ta-po-cha-ri, (a.) eighteen. 
Po-hraw-na-ta-po-cha-ru, (a.) sixteen. 
Po-hraw-na-ta-po-kha, (a.) eleven. 
Po-hraw-na-ta-po-pa-li, (/i.) fourteen. 
Po-hraw-na-tA-po-pa-ngaw, (v.) fifteen. 
Po-hraw-na-ta-po-sa-ri, (a.j seventeen. 
Po-hraw-na-ta-po-tho, (a.) thirteen. 
Po-nanjf, (a.) two. 
Pu, (5.) a grandfather, great-grandfather, a wife, a male relation, 

a maternal uncle s son, a maternal uncle, one in charge of any 

one or anything, a term of respect for a man 
Pua, {a.) dirty, soft (as the earth fai a jhum after being burnt), 

glowing with heat (as embers and ashes), {v.) to be or get dirty, 

to free, to let go, to release, to come or go out, to disembark, to 

originate, to come to light, to start (on a journey), to make into, 

to become, to finish, to feel (as in), 1 feel sleepy. 
Pua-khei, (v.) to unload (as a boat, etc.), to take out. 
Pua-pa-thia, (v.) to fall through 
Pu-pi, is,) the thumb. 

R. 

Ra, {n.) slightly-spotted, having a few patches of white, piebald, 
mottled, iy,) to be slightly spotted, to abuse, to reproach, up- 
braid. 

Ra, iy.) to put into anything long and narrow, (as bottle, etc) to 
load (as gun), convenient, proper, to be convenient, etc. 

Ra-a-khi, {v.) to hunt, to go hunting. 

Fa- aw, («.) a crow, a jungle fowl. 

Ra-aw-pa-chhi, (5.) the name of a plant. 

Ra-cha, (*.) the name of a large earthenware pot 

Ea-dau, («.) the balsam plant 

Ra-ha-ri, (5.) an endless band. 

Ra-ha-thua, (5.) a cotton spindle worked with a wheel. 

Rai, {v.) to divide, to distribute, (5.) the naifie of a large chirping 
insect, work, the generic name for all chirping insects, {n.) flat, 
level, even, (arfv.) evenly, etc., together, an affix denoting con- 
tinuity. 

Rai-hria, (v.) to work, {s,) work. 

Rai-ri, {yro.) each, (of two) both. 



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PART HI. — PICTIONART : LAKHKR-ENOLISH. 97 



Rai-ta, {conj.^ although, when, notwithstanding. 

Ra-khau, (s.) a bedstead. 

Ra-khau-pi, {s) the bed in a Lakher house on the further side of 

the fireplace. 
Ra-khau-tau, {s.) a Lakher bed-post. 
Ra-khau-tau-khaw, (5.) a hole made in a Lakher bed-post to serve 

as a receptacle for small articles. 
Ra-khu-pa-hlaw, (v.t.) to surprise, to startle. 
Ramang, (.5.)^h flute. 
Rang, {v,) to reform, to repent, to give up, to keep one's self from 

doing a thing, to serve one rij?ht, to write, to engrave, (5.) smell, 

a line, a scratch. 
Rang-pa-hnang, (u.) to smell. 
Rang-pa-hna-pa, («.) the Kuki weed. 
Ra-pua, {v,) to hunt, to go hunting. 
Ra-raw, (a.) rotten and brittle, rotten (as cloth), (v.) to rot, to put 

up for the night. 
Ra-shang, is.) the names of various kinds of bamboo. 
Ra-tai, {$.) the name of a species of bamboo. 
Ra-taung-ta, {adv.) every where, in different places. 
Ra-thei, (5.) a bamboo cup. 
Rau-na, (<?.) mighty, marvellous, commanding, grand, magnificent, 

stupendous, gre^t. 
Rau-na-na, {$.) glory, anything which tends to one's greatness. 
Rau-pua, (5.) a goitre. 
Ra-va, (5.) a tin, (v.) tin. 
Raw, (5 ; the mouth of a bottle or jar, etc., (v.) to dazzle, to heat, 

to roast, to bake, to temper (as steel), (5.) the neck, the crop 

(of a bird). 
Raw-a-ta, [v.) to bolt food so that it hurts when passing down the 

gullet, to hurt when passing down the gullet, to upset (^s bad 

news) to be upset, to provoke, to be provoked. 
Raw-la (5.) the name of a species of grass. 
Raw-law-pa-ta, (a.) just as, exactly as. 
Raw-maw, (5. ) a bamboo. 
Raw-nal, (5 ) a species of bamboo. 
Raw-pua, {s.) a goitre. 
Ra-zi-pa, (5.) land sheltered from the sun's rays and so kept con- 

tinually damp. 
Re-chhi, (a.) cowardly, {v. to be cowardly, to be afraid. 
Rei, (v.) to say. to count, to reckon, to read, to price, to ask a i)rice, 

to burrow, to speak, to talk, (5.) language, speech. 
Rei-aw, (v ) to comfort, to persuade, to dry, to pacify, to appease, 

to entice, to tempt. 
Rei-cha-aw, (v.) to stutter, to stammer, (a.) stuttering. 



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98 LARH8R GRAHlfAR AND DICTIONART. 



Rei-cha-hra, (a.) ill-tempered, irritable, (v.) to be ill-tempered, etc. 
Rei-cha-maw, {v.) to talk in sleep or delirium. 
Bei-cha-tli-pa, {v.) to be talkative, to be glib, to chatter, (a.) talka- 
tive, etc 
Rei-chhi, (v. t) to swindle, to deceive. 
Bei-hlu, (s.) a floent person^ a chatterbox, (a.) fluent, etc., (v.) to 

be fluent, etc. 
Rei-ka, («.) disposition, mode of speech, bamboos going crosswise 

under the floor in a Lakher house. 
Rei-lai-ta-ta, after a short tima 
Rei-pa, (t?.) to be hoarse. 
Rei-pa-aw, (v.) to correct, to explain, to say correctly, to speak to 

the point. 
Rei-pa-chhi, (v.) to run down, to speak against, blaspheme, to 

speak evil of 
Rei-pa-saw-pa-thlu, (v.) to persuade, to succeed in persuading, 

comforting, appeasing, enticing or tempting. 
Rei-pa-shia, (v.) to raise objections, to find foult with, to make 

excuse, to speak against. 
Rei-pa-shia-hma, (v.) one given to raising objections, finding faulty 

etc. 
Rei-pha-t^pa-thli, (v.) to bid farewell, to wish God-speed. 
Rei-pa-thli-thei, (s.) a fiuent person, a chatter-box, (a.) fluent, etc., 

(v.) to be fluent, eta 
Rei-shei, (v.) to be prolix, to beat about the bush. 
Rei-shi, (v.) to kick, to kick against. 

Rei-ta, (s) command, pleasure, wish, (v.) to receive authority. 
Rei-ta-ta,^(v.) to be subject to, to obey. 
Bei-thai, (v.) to praise, to report, or speak well of. 
Rei-tua, (v.) to foretell, to prophesy, to say beforehand. 
R6ua-pa, (a.) empty, hollow, naked, (v.) to be empty, hollow, 

naked. 
R8u-la-ta, (prep.) beneath, under. 
Ri, (a.) eight, (s.) a dead body, a corpse, the bowels, entrails, a 

boundary, sound, (v.) sound, to change. 
Ri, (r.) seize by the throat, to squeeze in. 
Ria-ai, (s.) bank, side. 
Ria-chhai, (s,) the name of a parasitical plant, a headache which 

comes on every morning soon after sunrise. 
Ria-chhai-lao-pa, (s.) the name of a bird. 
Ria-chhia-chhi, (a.) fearful, awful, dangerous, (v,) to be in danger 

of. 
Ria-dia, (a.) oppressively silent, (v.) to be oppressively silent. 
Ria-hmang-chi, (v.) to be falsely alarmed of a raid or an attack (s.) 

a false alarm of a raid, or attack. 



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PART ni. — diotiomart: lakher-bnglish. 99 



Ria-lia, (adv.) purposely, intentionally, in an insistent manner, (v.) 

to insist 
Ria-lia-pa-tha, (adv.) persistently, perseyeringly. 
Ria-pa-haw, (s.) a fal£^ alarm, (v.) to be falsely alarmed. 
. Ria-pa-haw-a-pa-sha, (v.) to make false alarm. 
Ria-pha, (/I.) generous, (r.) to be generous, to be bold, (a.) bold, 

brave, victorious. 
Ria*phang-a-sha-pa, (a.) brave, (v.) to be brave, («.)a brave man. 
Ria-sha-pa-phaw,H[5.) an adulteress, (v.) to commit adultery, (used 

only of a woman). 
Ria-shaw, (4.) a bastard. 
Ria-shi, («.) a heron. 
Ria-tha, (s,) the itch. 
Ria-thaw, (a.) fond of joking, full of fun, fond of playing pranks, 

lively, (t;.) tobe fond of joking, etc., to play pranks, etc., to fidget, 

(a.) fidgetty. 
Ria-vai, (v.) to drive (as cattle), to outstrip, to get in front, to be a 

sentry, («.) to scout. 
Ria-vai-ang, (s.) a block house. 
Ria-vai-na-ang, (a.) a block house. 
Ri-li, (adv.) more., 

Ri-ma, (a.) wonderful, (adv.) wonderfully, (v.) to be wonderful. 
Ri-ma-ta. (a) to be amased, to be fiJled with wonder. 
Ri-ma- vi, (v.) to be impossible. 
Ri-pa-hrei, (a.) coarse, thick, (v.) to be coarse, etc., {adv.) coarsely, 

etc. 
Ri-pa-la, (s.) a female's brother. 
Ri-pi-thei, (s.) the name of a creeper, with edible fruit 
Bi-ru-phia-pa, («.) the name of a snake. 
Ri-ta, (s.) the name of a small bird. 
Ri-thei-chhi, (a.) troublesome, horrible, miserable, uncomfortable^ 

wret<5hed. ^ , 

Ro, (v.) to burn, to set on fire, to ignite, to char. 
Ro-pa-pa, (v.) to blast, to blow up. 
Ru, (a.) difficult, rank, jungle, covered with weeds, (v.) to be rank^ 

etc., to be old before getting married, («.) a bone, the frame 

work of a house. 
Rua, (a,) empty, hollow, naked, (v.) to be empty, hollow, naked. 
Rua-hma-pa. (s.) a thief. 
Ru-chhau, (a.) angry, (v.) to be angry. 
Ru-na, (a.) difficult, (t?.) to be difficult 
Eu-ra, (5.) the name of a plaid cloth. 
Ru-shei-chei-pa, (5.) a species of mimosa. 
Ru-shi, (s.) rheumatism. 
Bu-shia-a-ang, (v.) to have rheunoatism. 



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100 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY, 



' s. 

Sa, (5.) the hair of the head. 

Sa-cha-rang, (5.) small species of broken rice produced by the 

process of pounding. 
Sa-cha-tli-pa, (5.) the name of a species of rice* 
Sa-hang, (5.) unhusked rice. 
Sa-haw, (s.) a wild cat, (Felin marmoratn), 

Sa-hawi-a-pa-li-pa, {s.) the name of different kinds of grasshoppers- 
Sa-hmi, (5.) fur, hair of animals. 

Sa-hra-thaw, (5.) a sour drink made from a kind of bean. 
Sa-hria, (5.) a satchel, bag. pocket, pouch. 
Sa-hrua, {$.) a platform on which rice is trodden out ; a threshing 

floor, rice from which beer has been brewed 
Sai, {v.) to look at from a distance, to look, to look at, to view. 
Sai-i, (a.) rusty, (v.) to be rusty, (5.) rust. 
Sai-ka, («.) a saddle joining two ridges. 
Sai-kow-pa-thei, (5.) a species of lemon. 
Sai-li, (5.) the temples, the lock of the jaw. 
Sai-ma-che-ta, on the point of, just about to 
Sai-pa, {adv.) to no pur|)0se, in vain, gratuitously. 
Sa-ka-ra or sa-rai, {&.) file. 
Sa-kei, {s.) a tiger, a ring of cane to put under a pot to keep 

it from rolling. 
Sa-kia, (5.) the name of a bras9 hairpin. 
Sa-ki-ka, (5.) Chittagong. 
Sa-ku, {s.) a porcupine. 
Sa-ng§u,(v.) to cut the hair. 

Sang-hri, («.) a bamboo mat, used to dry rice, etc., upon. 
Sa-pa-ang. {v.) to strain, (tenesmus), to pufFout the stomach. 
Sa-phu, («.) the pangolin or scaly ant-eater. 
Sa-pi, (5.) a heir, the bosom, the breasts, lidder, milk. 
Sa-pi-hmu-aw, (5.) a nipple, a teat 
Sa-pi-pa-za, {y.) to milk. 
Sa-pi- ti, (5.) milk. 
Sa-ri, (a.) seven. 
Sa-ri-dia, (5.) the name of a small palm, a fence made with small 

apertures. 
Sa-ri-pi, {s.) the name of a species of palm, the fibre of which is 

used for fiddle strings. 
Satao, (5.) a knot of hair, {v.) to put the hair up into a knot. 
Sa-thaw, {a.) a wild goat, oil, grease. 
Sa-tla-la-na, (5.) the name of a basket. 
Sau-daw, (5.) a shop, a bazar. 
Sau-daw-ra-chhau, {s.) a market place, a bazar. 



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PART III. — DICTIONARY : LAKHER-ENGLISH. 101 



Sau-kha-ta, (adv.) suddenly, unexpectedly. 

Sau-tha-paw, (s.) the stick insect. 

Sau-thla, (v.) to lay hand upon (with the intention of arresting 
stealing, etc ), to strike, to touch. 

Sa-vang, (5.) hide, leather. 

Sa-za, (5.) a wild goat, (Nemorkoedus bvbaUana). 

Sa-zaw, (5.) a species of wild boar, a herd of animals. 

Sai-la-kau-pa, (5.) a tortoise, 

8aw-cha, (5.) a stick. 

Saw-hlaw, (5.) those under the supervision of a superior, a house- 
hold, a company. 

Saw-hlu, (5.) a species of flying squirrel. 

Saw-kaw-hraw, (5.) hairpin. 

Saw-ku-thi-pa, (5.) a centipede. 

Saw-ma-khi, (5.) the name of species of cane. 

Saw-thlaw, (s.) the wild cherry. 

Saw-vaw, (v.) to die an unnatural death. 

Saw-vaw-ta-thi, (u.) to die an unnatural death. 

Sha, (v.) to bear, to beget, to bring forth, to weave, to scorch, to shine 
upon, to squeak, to whine (as a dog), to cry as animal, to chirp, to 
mew, etc., to nag, to talk a great deal. to. sing, (5.) a song, tone, an 
animal, rice, a thousand, flesh, meat, (a.) woven, scorch, high, tall 

Shabi-to, (5.) a large bundle (of rice, etc.), done up in a cloth in the 
shape of a bolster. 

Sha-cha, (5.) cleaned rice. 

Sha-cha-rang, (5.) small piece of anything. 

Sha-chha-thla-na, (5.) a vessel for measuring rice. 

Sha-dau, (s.) a garden. 

Sha-do-khai-kha, (5.) the lower part of a fence which is made 
double to keep pigs and other animals out of a garden, (v.) to 
make the above. 

Sha-do-tau, (5.) a fence made of upright posts. 

Sha-do-tla, (s.) a rail, a railing. 

ShJlSn, {v.) to boil, to bubble up, to effervesce, (a.) boiling, etc. 

Sha-hma, («.) beer. 

Sha-hmaw, (5.) grain, a drop, a single one. 

Sha-hmia, (5.) the parting of the hair. 

Sha-hmia-hia, (v.) to part the hair. 

Sha-hra, (5.) a species of large bean. 

Sha-hrua, {s.) rice from which beer has been brewed. 

Shai, {adv.) only, {v.) to divide or separate one kind from another, 
t€ look at from a distance, to leave, (a.) red, {pro.) each, every 
one, everywhere 

Shai-ka, {s.) a shallow valley, the saddle of a hill. 

Shai-khua, («.) a vessel for measuring rice. 



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102 LASHER ORIHHAR AND DICTIONART. 



Shai-shang, (a.) funny, joking. 

Shai-shang-bi, (s.) a joke. 

Shai-shua, («.) the name of a plant with a sweet smelling flower. 

Shai-tlei, («.) a piece of bamboo used for stirring rice. 

Sha-hma-pi, («.) steamed, fermented or unfermented rice for mak« 

ing beer. 
Sha-hmau-kaw, (s.) a bottle made of a gourd. 
Sha-hmu, (a.) hot, close, (v.) to be hot, etc. 
Sha-ka-hma-bei-rai, (5.) a beer pot, a water pot, 
Sha-kang, (a.) curly, (v.) to curl. 
Sha-ka-ra, (s.) the Bengali bill hook, a reaping hook. 
Sha-khaw, (5.) a small hole made in the ground for planting rice. 
Sha-kia, (s.) the name of a brass hairpin. 
Sha-ki-chei-pa, (s. ) a stag. 
Sha-khao-pa-khi, («.) a whirlwind. 
Sha-khi, (s.) a barking deer. 
Sha-la, (s.) to gather in the harvest. 
Sha-hlaw, (.*.) a companion. 

Sha-ma-zu-pa, (s.) the large civet cat {Viverra migaspila). 
8ha-mu-shai, (s.) the autumn. 
Sha-naw-pa, (^.) family, household, near relations. 
Sha-naw-ri-nau, (s.) a relation, a fellow clansman, a friend, (a.) 

friendly, (v.) to be on friendly terms. 
Shang, (v.) to put, to place, to take off (as cloth) to put off, to 

put by, (a.) wise, clever, artful. 
Shao, (v.) to be slow, leisurely, or self-collected, to take things 

quietly, (adv.) slowly, leisurely, self-coUectedly, steadily, quietly. 
Shao-hia, (a.) gritty. 
Shao-kha-ta-ta, (adv.) suddenly. 

Shao-phi, (s.) a hollow tube or bamboo used for blowing a fire. 
Shao-pa-khSu, (v.) to collect or put together in one place. 
Sha-pa-aw-pa, (a.) the name of a species of rice. 
Sha-pa-shi, (a.) still- bom, (v.) to give birth to a dead of&pring. 
Sha-pi-a-zua-pa, (v.) to be a harlot, (a.) a harlot. 
Sha-shai-pa, (5). nesh.. 
Sha-tao-pa, (5.) millet. 
Sha-thi, (5.) a comb, (v.) to comb the hair. 
Sha-thi-lei-pa, (s.) hair which is too short to be gathered into a 

knot. 
Sha-tlia, (s.) a yt)ung iban. 

Sha-tlia-pha, (s.) a man who is brave and manly, (a.) brave, 
^ maqly. 
Shau, (a.) expensive, dear, (v.) to be expensive, (s.) goo4s, chattels, 

furniture, possessions, a measurement equal to twice the length 

of the closed fist. 



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PART III. — DIOTIONART : LAKHBR-BNGUSH. * 108 



SJiau-daw, (v.) to trade, to be fortunate in trading, to do a 

good stroke of business, to buy cheaply, to sell at a good 

price. 
Shau-dip (s.) the name of a small bird. 
Shau-hmia, (a.) slow, (at work, etc.), (v.) to be slow. 
Shau-khai, (s.) a wooden pestle for pounding arum bulbs for pig's 

food, a large pestle for pounding rice, etc., a pestle. 
Shau-khaw, {s.) a large mortar for pounding rice, a mortar. 
Shau-ti, (s.) a skewer, a kind of two prong^ fork. 
Shau-vei, (a.) cheap, (v.) to be cheap. 
Sha-via-kua, (s.) husk of a grain, chaff. 
Sha-vu-pa, (s.) straw. 
Shaw, («.) offspring, son or daughter, a man's brother's child, 

husband's brother's child, a net, the rainy season, (v.) to wring, 

to squeeze, to shake. 
Shaw-cha-nau, (s.) a daughter, a man's brother's daughter, hus- 
band's brother's daughter. 
Shaw-cha-paw, (5.) a son, a man's brother's son, husband's brother's 

son 
Shaw-chhi, (v.) to have a miscarriage. 
Shaw-khi, (s.) the name of an animal, probably the crab-eating 

mungoose. 
Shaw-naw-to-pa, (s.) children, son, daughter, collectively. 
Shawn-sha-tlu-pa, («.) an only child. 
Shaw- pa, (v.) to bring by instalments or by degrees. 
Shaw-phaw, (v.) to be with child, to labour with child. 
Shaw-phaw-na, (v.) to travail with child. 
Shaw-sha, (5.) the name of species of large lizard. 
Shaw-shaw, (5.) a skeleton, bones, a dead body, lyings unburied in 

the jungle in the open. 
Shaw-shi-hmang, (s.) a threshing floor. 
Shaw-thu, (5.) potted fat, (v ) to pot, fat. 
Shaw-tla, (5.) a bastard whose father is unknown. 
Shaw-va, (s.) a house for storing rice. 
Shei, (s.) a slave, a retainer, a servant, (a.) long, (v.) to be long, 

(s,) the domesticated gayal (gavocua frontalis), (orfv.) very, 

really, exactly, (a.) real, exact 
Shei-lu, (tf.) the fan palm, a gayal's head. 
Shei-ngai-ta, (adv.) really, exactly, (a.) real, exact. 
Shei-sha-a-chhu-pa, («•) the name of an edible spider, a spider. 
Shei-sha-hmang-pa-cha-paw-pa, (a.) a species of blackberry. 
Shei-thlaw, (&) the name of a large black squirreL 
She-ma-khu-pa, (s.) a species of begonia. 
Sha-sha-di, (5. ) the name of an aromatic herb. 
She sh&*pa, (s.) a man, a person. 



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104 . LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



She-shu-pa, (v.) to melt the fat off meat, (s.) meat with the fat 

. melted from it. 

Sh6u, (v.) to carry (between two persons), to attract, to suck up, 
to draw (a breath). 

Sh6u-16o, (».) the seed of a creeper which is used as a plaything. 

Shi, (v ) to go to the jhum, healthy looking, to be tired or stiff 
(with standing in one position, etc.), to have had sufficient of, to 
be cold, to bite, to sting, to come, to go or return to one's village 
or home, (a.) healthy looking, contraction of 'aw-shf a star, cold. 

Shia, (a.) faded, old looking, clean, just, accurate, correct, proper, 
convenient, plain, distinct, (v.) to fade (as a flower, etc.), to be 
clean, to shoot with the pellet bow, to spring up or fly back (as a 
springy stick, etc., to do, to do one's special work, to prove, to 
test, to make plain, (s.) special or allotted work or task, (adv.) 
justly, accurately, etc. 

SWa-hlang, (s.) a mousa 

Shia-hra-thei, (s.) the name of a tree with edible fruit 

Shia-khaw, (s.) a sack, a gunny bag. 

Shia-li, (s.) the side of the head. 

Shia-pha-la, (a.) unencumbered with children, (v.) to be unencum- 
bered with children. 

Shia-sa-a-law, (v. /.) to curse. 

Shia-sa-pa, {v, L)to curse. 

Shia-sha, (v.) to renounce upon oath, to abjure, to cast off for ever, 

Shi-e, {s.) the Ca,])e gooseberry. 

Shi-hal, (5.) a jackal. 

Shi-hmaw, (5.) a bug. 

Shi-hne, {s.) the name of a tree with edible leaves, 

Shi-khei, (v.) to take away, to remove, to accompany. 

Shi-ki, (s.) a four-anna piece, a gayal's horn. 

Shi-pa, (5.) anything obtained by false pretences or as a reward or 
perquisite, a fragment, (a.) blind, bad, barren (as a seed). 

Shi-pa-khao, (v.) to pass by. 

Shi-pang-pa-ba, (v.) to browse. 

Shi-pha-khang, (r.) to be mercenary. 

Shi-pha-khang-va-ta, (adv.) with a mercenary motive, 

Shi-phi, («.) a sieve, a strainer. 

Shi-phia, (s.) the floor. 

Shi-shai, (v.) to leave, to abandon, («.) the name of a small red 
bead. 

Shi-ta-nao, (5.) a man's sister. 

Shi-va-pha, (v.) perfect, faultless, excelling in everything. 

Shi-via, (s.) a swallow, a martin. 

Shia-via-pi, (s.) a species of swallow. 

Sho-chai, (a.) valuable, (v.) to be valuable. 



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PART III.— MCTIONART : LAKHER-BNGUSH. 105 

Shu, (v.) to undo, to loosen, to take off (as a coat), to unfasten. 

Shua, {v. t.) to wet, to fall upon (as rain). 

Shua-lua, (adv.) carelessly. 

Shu-ki, (5.) cannibal. 

Shu-pai, (v.) to have a flat nose. 

Sh6o-phaw-lao, {s.) an anvil. 

Sia-hra-pa, (s.) an otter. 

Si-pa, (u) to buy, to get, to visit, etc., while on the way to any- 
where. 

Si-pa-ta, (adv.) on the way. 

Si-pau-pa, (s.) a plant, a weed, under-growth, (a.) over-grown. 

Su-pa-hli, (v. t) to dislocate, (v.) to be dislocated, etc., (a.) dis- 
located, crossed (as pen, etc.) 

Su shai, (a.) blebby, red and spotted (as the nose), (t?.) to be bleb- 
by, etc. 

T. 

Ta, (v.) to commission to tell, to ask, to communicate, to ask, to in- 
form, to send for, to stick in, to catch in, to lodge in, to be im- 
prisoned, to do, to say, to act towards, (conj.) that, also a particle 
used with the interrogative, (prep.) by, of, on, with, by means of, 
an affix indicating the nominative case when the subject is fol- 
lowed by a transitive verb. 

Ta-a-ta-nang, to-day. 

Ta-ba-la-pa, (s.) a butterfly, a moth, the bat. 

la-chhei, (v.) to knock agamst (as with elbow, body, etc.) 

Ta-chu,(5.) the name of a basket. 

Ta-hma-hmang-la, (adv.) hereafter. 

Ta-hma-ri-taw-ta, (adv.) now already, now at once. 

Ta-hmei-shei-ta, (adv.) exactly, truly. 

Tai, (v.) throw down from the back (as a load of wood, etc.), to 
chop or cut off, to cross (as river, etc.), to promise, to threaten, to 
command, to appoint (a day, etc.)» to allow, to be ready, to be 
willing, (adv.) off, across. 

Tai-ta, (prep ) as far as, up to, all the way to. 

Ta-ka, (s.) money, a rupee, silver. 

Ta-ka-pi, (s.) a medal. 

Ta-ka-sa-pa, ($,) silver, white metal. 

Ta-ka-sa-pa-a-dai-pa, (s.) a silversmith. 

Ta-ka-shao, (s ) money, riches. 

Ta-khaw, (s.) a w^ll, a waterhole. 

Ta-ko, (s.) a chopper, a dao. 

Ta-ko-ha-a-nei, (v.) to be uneven (as the edge of a dao). 

Ta-ku-shei-pa, (s.) a sword. 

Ta-kU| (s.) the name of a red paint. 



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106 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Ta-ku-ru-pa, (s.) the name of a species of wood-pecker. 

Ta-lua, («.) the name of a pot, the Bengali khcUshi. 

'J a-ma-ta, (t;.) to not trouble, as in don't trouble, to go. 

Ta-nairlai, (a.) particular, fussy, (v.) to be particular, etc, 

Ta-na-zi, (s,) meaning. 

Tang, (a.) every 

Tang-rai, (a.) all sorts of, all kinds of. 

Tang-ta. (s.) concertina, an accordion, the one stringed Lakhef 

fiddle, a fiddle, (v.) to offer, to give (as something to eat or 

drink). 
Tao-shu, (t;.) to punch or rap with the knuckles. 
Ta-pa-sha, {v. t ) to press closely together. 
Ta-ra-rua, {v.) to insist upon doing or saying. 
Ta-shua-lua, {v.) to oppress, to ill-use, to persecute, to do anything 

carelessly or lazily, to be idle. 
Ta-ta-ka-li, {v.) to give a ride on a cock-horse. 
Ta-thai, (v.) to count, reckon or pronounce just or right. 
Ta-tla-pa, (^ ) a male bom with but one or no testicles. 
Ta-tua, {adv.) quickly. 
Tau, (v.) to play (a musical instrument). 
Tau-ma-ka-pa, (a.) the name of a large grub. 
Tau-pa-chhu-pa, (5.) half. 
Taw, (v.) to thin out (as plants), to kill off, to decimate, to stick on 

a pole, to make or set u|> a land-mark, to hang up, to endure, to 

get ready, to make, to construct, to make arrangements, to 

appoint, (conj.) since, as far as, (s.) the young of animals, birds, 

etc., (a.) young, soft, tender. 
Taw-a-raw, to have a miscarria^re. 
Taw-chi-pa, (a.) ready made, (v.) to be ready made. 
Taw-hlaw, («.) the feathers under the tail of a bird, tlie place 

covered by such feathers. 
Taw-hrang, {v. t.) to alter. 

Taw-'pa, (y.) to stare at, to look at steadfastly, stare. 
Taw-pe, (3.) an oar, a paddle. 
Taw-ta, (prep.) from, (conj.) since, after, as far as up to, (adv.) 

since, after, as far as up to. 
Taw-tla-pa-shi, (v.) to have a miscarriage. 
Taw-tlia-shi, (v.) to waste time. 
Ta-zi, (a.) opportune, good, just what is wanted. 
Tei, (v.) to speak against, to slander, to accuse another, to be 

stuck in. (a.) of medium growth, not full grown. 
Teo, (adv.) always, often, constantly, frequently, continually, 

generally, as a rule, (v.) to meet. 
Teo-ka-16oh, (^.) a contrivance worked by the wind to scare away 

bears, etc., from a jhum. 



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PART Til. — DICTIONARY ! LARHER-ENOLISH. 107 



Teo-phgo, (5 ).a duck. 

ITia, {v.) to bind, (s.) a sinew, strength. 

Tha, (v.) to throw away, to abandon. 

Tha-a-chi, (v.) to get cramp. 

Tha-b6o, (s.) cause, beginning, the root, stump or foot (of tree), the 

lower end («s of stick, post, etc) 
Tha-chha, (v.) to be tired, to be fatigued, (v. /.) to tire. 
Tha-chha-zao-chha, (a.) tiring, troublesome. 
Tha-chbi, (a.) laisy, (v) to be lazy, (adv.) lazily. 
Thai, (v.) to draw (water), to know how, to know, to scoop or dip 

up (water, etc.) 
Thai-hrai-thei, (s.) tlie pineapple. 
Thai-ri, (s.) cane, etc., split for tying, a weaving machine with 

partly woven cloth. 
Tha-ki, («.) news. 

Tha-ma-kua-pa, (*.) the name of a beetle. 
Thang. (s.) a layer, a tree, wood, (a.) of more than one thickness, 

wooden, (adv.) in layers, one on top of another. 
Thang-a-hna, (s.) a saw. 
Thang-a-hna-zo-pei-pa, (s.) sawdust. 
Thang-beo, («.) a box. 
Thang-kai-va, («.) a nail, an iron nail. 
Thang-kang, (s.) the flat buttress-like roots at the foot of some 

trees. 
Thang-khfto, (^ ) a stockade. 
Thang-lia-ri, \s,) the heart of a tree from which the outside has 

rotted away. 
Thang-ma-bu, («.) an insect which destroys clothes and leather. 
Thang-pa-mi-na-zao-pei-pa, (s.) shavings. 
Thang-phaw-na-sha, (s.) a measurement of about one mile. 
Thang-pi, (s.) the tea-tree, tea. 
Thang-pi-thei, (s.) tea seed. 
Thang-ra-hao, (s.) the name of a wooden basin for drawing beer 

in. 
Thang-sa-phu, (s.) the names of trees 
Thang-thei-pa, {».) a generic name for edible roots, leaves, fruits, 

etc., sometimes used also of vegetables. 
Thang-tlaw, («.) a chip, a chip of wood. 
Tha-pa-chha, (v. t) to fatigue. 
Tha-pa-chia, (s.) veins, arteries, nerves. 
Tha-paw-a-chhi-kaw, (a.) pleasing, joyful 
Tha-pi, (a.) loud, (adv.) loudly, 
Tha-pita, (adv.) according to ability. 

Tba-tei-pa-cha, (v.) to set the heart or mind upon, to Ihink about 
Tha-thi, (a.) lazy, (v.) to be lazy. 



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108 LARHSR ORAMMAB AND DIGTIOlfART. 



Thau, (a.) three, (v.) to compensate, to recompense, to give in 

place of or instead of, to pay a debt, {s.) a compensation, a re- 
compense. 
Thaw, (v.) to take out, to exhume, to be fat, to be acid, etc., to 

commence, to start, {s.) fat, grease, mucus, (a.) fat, corpulent, 

acid, sour. 
Thaw-hmaw, {s.) the name of a tree the wood of which is Used to 

make charcoal for gunpowder* 
Tha-zang-hnei, (a.) strong, mighty, {v.) to be strong, etc. 
Thei, (v.) to be able. 
Thei a-thai-pa, (a.) expert, clever, skilful, (v.) to be expert, etc., 

to practise, to compete with another, (s.) a skilled workman, a 

craftsman, an exorcist, a priest. 
Thei-chha-pa, (a.) the name of a creeper with a cucumber-like 

fruit. 
Theihaw-na, {s.) a piece of bamboo bent like a horse-shoe and 

used for scraping beans. 
Thei-hia, (5) the mangoe 
Thei-hla-pa, (s.) edible fruits, 
Thei-ku, (5.) a species of fig. 
Thei-khi-ta-ta, (adv.) according to ability. 
Thei-la-bai-bu, (s.) the name of trees with edible firuit 
Thei-la-khu-pa, (s,) the name of a tree with edible fruit 
Thei-pa-thei, (5.) edible fruit. 

Thei-paw-kia-pa, {$.) the lutqua or bhooby tree {baccavrM sapdia). 
Thei-paw-ki-pa, (a) the name of a tree with edible fruit 
Thei-ra-ta, (5.) the name of a tree with edible fruit 
Thei-sa-di-pa, {a.) small shot, small abortive or undevelt^d seeds. 
Thei-sa-lao, {s.) a shot, a bullet 
Thei-sa-lao-hnaw, («.) a wad. 

Thei-shai-pa, (5.) the name of a tree with edible fruit 
ITiei-ta, (5.) the name of a tree with edible fruit 
Thei-tlili, («.) a species of fig. 
Thei-thu, («.) an orange. 
'Jhgung, (v.) to rise, to get up. 

Theung-tlia, {s.) a voung man, («.) young, (r.) to be young. 
Thi, (v.) to die, to be withered, etc., to bleed, to kill, to extinguish, 

to be new, (a.) dead, withered, paralysed, wseless (as limb), new, 

(arfv.) a new, (*.) blood, menses. 
Thia, (v.) to sprinkle, to splash, to scratch up, to scrape up or to 

scrape together (with fingers t>r feet). 
Thia- ha, (r.) to staunch blood by charming. 
Thi-hnei, {v.) to have menstrual discharges. 
'J'hi-khang^i-shi« (v.) to die, as when two men are fighting and 
each kills the other. 



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PART III. — dictionary: lakher-enoush. lOp 



Thi-la, (v.) to bleed by cupping. 

Thi-na. (a.) poisonous. 

Thi-na-tliang-hinapa, (s,) poison. 

Thi-nau, (s.) yeast. 

Thing-thu, (s.) fire wood. 

Thi-sai-pa, (s.) blood. 

Thi-sai pa-kua, (v.) to shed blood. 

The- thaw, (pro.) whatever, whoever, whomever. 

Thi-thaw^ha-tlia, (a.) quick (at work, etc.), (v.) to be quick. 

Thi-thaw*ta. (adv,) whenever. 

Thla, (s.) a grave, (adv.) actually, without preparation, asking 
permission, warning, cause, etc., (v.) to make saltpetre or lye. 

Thla-baw-na-ta, just when, where. 

ITila-chha, (r.) to run short of anything, to lack. 

Thla-chhi, (a.) brave, (5.) a ghost 

ITila-ha, (5.) glass, looking glass. 

Thla-haw, (adv.) merely, actually, very much, also with the mean- 
ing of 'without preparation, warning, permission, cause, or, 
taking heed,' already, also an affix denoting previous action. 

Thla-ka-didang, (v.) to fold up. 

Thlalai-ta, (5.) next month. 

Thlang, (v.) to swell, (a ) swollen, (s.) a mound, a swelling. 

Thlang-hmia, (s.) a mosquito. 

Thla-pa, (s.) a spirit, the spirit, the soul, the moon, a month. 

Thla-pa-a-bu-nang, the time when there is no moon, 

Thla-pa-chha, (v.) to run out of anything, to lack. 

Thla-pa-hmao, (v.) to see a vision. 

Thla-pa-lao, (v.) to comfort, to cheer. 

Thla-pang-pa, last month, 

Thla-pa-shaw-cha-dao, (v.) to offer a sacrifice, to quiet one's mind. 

Thla-shi-paw, (s.) the cold weather. 

Thla-shi-pu, (5.) a meteor. 

Thla-ta, (prep.) while, during. 

Thla-thi, {$.) the new moon. 

Thlau, (a.) sweet, strong (as beer), (v.) to be sweet, etc. 

Thla-va-ta, (adv.) withal. 

Thlaw, (5.) a bunch (as of plaintains, keys, etc.), (v.) to spin (with a 
hand spindle), to pursue for a long distance. 

Thlaw-hmia, (a.) the name of a pumpkin. 

llilawng-ma-thli, (s.) the tjrest (on a bird's head). 

Thla-zang, (v.) to be exceedingly anxious, to be in anguish, to be 
in fear of death. 

Thli, (t;, t) to break, to snap. 

I'hlia, (s.) a plate, a trough. 

Thlia-hli-khao, (v.) to be free from or sheltered from the wind. 



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110 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Thli-a-za, (v.) to be on edge (as teeth.) 

Thli-pa-kang, {v, /.) to bend. 

Thli-thla, (v.) to make signs. 

Thlu, (v.) to be piled up (as measure, etc.), to fell, to cut down, (a.) 

pileii up, higher in one place than another, swollen, uneven. 
Thu, {8.) a grate, stove, a tire-place, the place enclosed by the three 

stones which support the pot on a Lakher fire-place, (a.) rotten, 

decomposed, putrid, half burnt, partly charred, (v.) to rot, etc., 

to anoint, to cackle, to be half burnt, etc. 
Thua, (v.) to push or butt with the tusks (as hog, etc,), to collect a 

debt from, ask for anything owing, (s.) iron. 
Thua-a-dai-pa, («.) a blacksmith. 
Thua-cha-hra-pa, (s.) steel. 
Thua-dai-a-thai-pa, («.) a blacksmith. 
Thua-hrai-thla-na, («.) a screw. 
Thua-khai, [s,) a kernel. 
Thuari, («.) wire, iron wire. 
Thua-shao-khai, («.) an iron jumper. 

Thua-sho-phi, (s.) a telescope, field glasses, (v.) to look through. 
Thua-tlai, (s.) a bar of iron, a jumper, a crowbar. 
Thu-khai, (s.) a chisel. 
Ti, (5.) water, juicje, an egg, time, season, (v.) to melt, to lay an 

egg, to tend a fire, to put wood on a fire, (adv.) when (in future). 
Tia, (adv.) completely, (a.) sharp (not blunt), (5.) a weapon, tool, 

implement, arms. 
Tiaka-tlaw, (s.) a wave. 
Tia-ma, (a.) diligent, energetic, (v.) to be diligent, etc., (adv.) 

diligently, etc 
Tia-ma-a-clihi, {v. ) to persevere, to endure patiently. 
Tia-ma -a- chhi-ngai-ta-pa-ta, (a'/v.) perservingly, patiently. 
Ti-a-nia, (2;.) to dive, to plunge. 
Ti-a-thai-pa, (s.) a water carrier. 
Ti-a-zaw, (v.) to swim. 

Ti-baw, (v.) to water (as flowers, etc.), to pour out water. 
Ti-cha-khaw, (s.) a waterfall. 
Ti-chhia-dang, an expression used when swearing by the water 

spirits. 
Ti-daw, («.) an aqueduct. 
Ti-hmao, (s.) a testicle. 
Ti-hnai-a-lei-pa-pang, (5.) the name of a cloth. 
Ti-hnaw, (s.) water plants. 

Ti-hra, (s.) a shallow place in a river, a rapid, a ford, cholera. 
Ti-khang-tao, (v.) to make a booming sound in water with the 

hands. 
Ti-lao-pa, (s.) a water spider. 



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PART III. — dictionary: lakher-bnolish. Ill 



Ti-lia-ta-tla-shaw, (v.) to drown. 

Ti-ni. (s.) a water supply. 

Ti-ni-hnang. («.) after noon. 

Ti-pa, (s.) semen. 

Ti-pa-chang, (s.) steam. 

Ti-pa-hlaw, {v. t.) to mix. 

Ti-pa-lei, (v.) to out-cast, to cast off (a relative, etc.), a waterfall 

Ti-pa-ua, (s.) a flood, (v.) to be a flood. 

Ti.pa-2u, (s.) a water rat, the flesh of which is eaten by the Lakhera 
as a remedy in cholera. 

Ti-pi, («.) a large expanse of water, the sea. 

Ti-pi-saw-sha, (s.) a water newt. 

Ti-sa-da, (s.) an alligator, a crocodile. 

Ti-sha-pa-ta-baw, (v.) to scald 

Ti.shaw, (t;.) to outcast, to cast off (a relative, etc.), a waterfall. 

J i-shi-la-kang-pa, (s ) the name of a water turtle. 

Ti-sho-di-pa, (s.) a dragon fly. 

Ti-ta, (adt; ) when (in reference to future time), (s.) the little finger. 

li-ta-cha, (adv.) when (m reference to future time.) 

Ti-thai, (v.) to draw water. 

Ti'thai-na-law-kia, (s,) the name of a basket 

Ti-thao-ao, (s.) a syringe. 

Ti-thei, («.) a water bottle or flask. 

Ti-thlao-pa, (s ) the name of a plant. 

Ti-ti-ba-pa-ze-pa, («.) the snipper. 

Ti-ti-ti, (v.) the call for fowls, 

Tla (orft;.) in a row, straight, (s.) a row, a street between two rows 
of houses, a mountain, a hill, (a.) straight live, etc., (v.) to be 
straight, to fall from a height, to set as (sun, etc.), to be born 
prematurely, to complete (as one's time for working) to finish 
paymg debt, to be acclimatized, to agree with, to cheer ud t^ 
revive, to be refreshed, t^ wake, to be fully awake, to be Sive 
to be well, tx) be saved, to be, to exist to collapse, to fall down 

lla-a-tai-na, («.) the place where two ranges join. 

Tla-bi, (5.) public opinion, the ward of the people. 

'i'la-bo, (s.) Demagiri. 

Tla-hrang, (^.) a mountain range without level ground at the top 

Tlai, (a) straight and long, (s.) a bar, a complete length, a whole 
length or row. © "> » wuuie 

Tlai-hlu-lia.pa-pa.mei.thei, (s.) a revolver, a repeating rifle 
1 ai-kaw, (5.) the name of the Lushais and surrounding hill tribes 
llai-kaw-pa, (^.) the name of all the tribes who wear tiieir hSr in 
a knot at the back of the head. ^^^^ ^^ 

Tla-khai, (s.) the name of a shelf in a Lakher house, a table 
Tla.lai, {uiiv.) really, certainly. 



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112 LAKHBR GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Tla-liai, («.) the name of a basket. 

Tlan, (v.) to pass away, to cease to be or exist, to burn out (as Are), 

to disappear, (a//v.) away. 
Tla-na-la, (s.) the side of anything facing the west. 
Tiang. {v.) to reach, to reach to, to amount to. 
Tlang-hmia-di, (s.) a sand fly. 

Tlao, (v.) to occupy, to take possession of, to enter into possession of. 
Tla-pa-chha, (v.) to be out of anything. 

Tla-pa-shi, (v.) to have a miscarriage, to be bom prematurely. 
Tla-phia, (a.) a temporary house, a booth. 
Tla-pipa, (v.) to herald, to proclaim, (s.) a village crier whose duty 

it is to make known the orders of the chief 
Tlarai, {s.) a plateau. 

'lla-rai-pa, (js ) dysentery, (v.) to have dysentery. 
Tla-sba-ti, (s.) rain water from the roof of a house. 
Tla-shei-khang-pa, (s.) the name of a tortoise. 
Tla-tang-tla-zua, (s.) the hill mainah. 
Tla-thlo, (s.) a range of hills. 
Tla-thlo-dang, (^.) a large range of hills, 
llau, (v.) to cluck, to be completed or finished, to come to an end, ix> 

arrive, to put up, to lodge, to board, to cause to arrive, to escort, 

to appeal in a law case (conj.) yet, still, but, for, although. 
Tlau-na-ang, {s.) a temporary lodging. 

Tlau-na-tai-ta, (prep.) all the way to, as far as, so far as, up to. 
Tlau-shai, (5.) the name of a tribe in the south of Lushai. 
Tlau-ta-ei, (v.) to cut oflFthe outside of a tree, etc. 
Tla-va-na, {adv.) never, (v.) to be not customary. 
Tlaw, (a.) greasy, glossy, stick (v.) to be greasy, to miss fire (as a 

gun), to be prevented, to omit to, to not do, («.) a rupee, pewter^ 

solder. 
'Jlawng, (s.) the Delaswari river. 
Tla-zia, (t;.) to wake up, 

Tle-hrai-mei, («.) a fire in the open air in or near a village. 
TlSo, (v.) to inspect, to itinerate, to go from place to place, to 

trample under foot, to tread out (as grain), to tread or stamp 

upon, to throng, to be durable, to be strong, to be a long time 

(in doing, etc.), to tread upon, to tread to go on a journey, to visit 

a distant village, (a.) durable, strong. 
T16o-ma, {jconj.) whether, or. 
Tl6o-pa-hnia-pa, («.) the name of a lizard. 
Tli, (v.) to be snapped, to be broken, (a.) broken. 
Ilia, («.) to bend down, to droop, («.) a standard of reckoning 

equal to twenty rupees. 
Tlia-nang, («.) the time when a thing is at its best, the time of 

greatest prosperity. 



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PART UI.— DICTIONARY : LAKHBR-ENQLISH. 113 



Tlia-tla, (s.) a platform erected in memory of the deacL 

Tlia-tlao-ma-li, (s.) the name of an iridescent beetle. 

Tlua, (v.) to search. 

Tlua-chao, (a.) dull of intellect, unable to acquire knowledge, in- 
expert, (y.) to be dull. 

Tlu-ua, (v.) to fall asleep while sitting or standing, to be heavy 
with sleep. 

Tlu-zaw, (s,) the name of a creeper with a bean-like fruit. 

Tu, (v.) to beat, to thresh (grain), to poison (iish), to wear (as 
spectacles, etc.), to make or cut anything out of wood, to cut (a 
bee's nest) out of a tree, to cut or chop (bough, etc.) off a tree, 
to make a fence or lattice, to fence in, to pile up, to stack up, 
to build (as a bird its nest), to kill (an animal), to plant (seed), 
to strike, to strike together (as flint and steel, etc.), (s.) a 
grand-child, a sister's child, a husband's sister's child, a paternal 
aunt's child, {adv.\ too. 

Tua, (v.) to cause, to aend, to permit, to ask to do, to bid, to com- 
mission, to enable, (aft v.) before hand. 

Tua-chhi, (v.) to be self-willed, disobedient, to order about, (a.) 
self-willed, disobedient, (s.) a drudge. 

Tua-pha, (a.) obedient, (v.) to be obedient. 

Tua-ta» (adv.) at first, first of all, at the beginning. 

Tu-ha-bai-sha, (5.) a measure, a conical heap of rice, etc., the apex 
of which will be level with the end of * a-tu,' held bigh above 
the head of an ordinary sized man. 

Tu-hlao-pa, (s.) an iron spade made with a place to receive a 
wooden handle. 

Tu-na-bang-thao, (s.) a stick for driving cattle. 

Tu-nao, («.) a grand-daughter, a sister's daughter, a husband's 
sister's daughter, a paternal aunt's daughter. 

Tu-pa, (5.) a grandson, a sister's son, a husband's sister's son, a 
paternal aunt's son. 

Tu-pai-pa, («.) a small axe. 

Tu-pa-pa, (5.) a sister's or daughter's husband. 

Tu-ta, (s.) the little finger or toe. 

U, (a.) scorched badly, by the fire burnt, (v.) to scorch badly, to burn. 

Ua, (v.) to flay, to skin, to split (as cane), to wither, to wrinkle, to 
look out (as of a door), or to look about one, to look upwards, 
to raise or lift the head, to grow, to retch, (a.) withered, 
wrinkled, wilted, bald, bare. 

Ua-va, (v.) to covet, to envy. 

TJa-va-a-chhi, (a.) desirable. 

U-chi-pa, {v.) to be armed, to have, implements with one. 



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114 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 

TJ-ka, (5.) the name of an iron pot. 

U-li, (s.) the name of a flying lizard. 

XJ-naw, (5.) a relation, a brother, sister or cousin. 

XJ-phaw, (5.) a toad. 

U-ta, (5.) an elder brother or sister, a husband's elder brother or 

sister, an elder brother s wife, a paternal uncle's elder child, a 

maternal- aunt's elder child. 
U-tu, (s,) a tadpole. 

V. 

Va, (5.) the side, (v.) to love, to long after an absent one, to copu- 
late, to listen, to obey, to take notice of, to think, to consider, to 
wait for, to be necessary, to have need of, to be customary, to 
cut jungle, to cut (jhum), (a.) beloved. 

Va-cha-ra, (5.) the name of a blue bird. 

Va-cha-ri-pa, (s.) the black pheasant. 

Va-chhang-cha-bu, (s.) the name of a large owl. 

Va-cbhu, (5.) a dove. 

Va-dua, (a.) unfortunate, unlucky, (v.) i/o be unfortunate, eta 

VaSu-na-nang-pa, {s,) a i>ortion, a share. 

Va8u-pa, («.) a portion, a share. 

Va-hi, (5.) a wood pigeon. 

Va-hia, a species of toucan, (s.) the name of a large bird, the name 
of an evil spirit said sometimes to take possession of a dead 
body and cause it to speak. 

Va-hia-zao, (5.) the name of a creeper. 

Vai, (v.) to watch, to look after, (5.) a village, vicinity, neighbour- 
hood, a neighbour, a street between two rows of houses. 

Vai-na, (5.) a large knife, the Burmese dao,*a sword. 

Va-ki, (5.) a parrot. 

Va-ku, (5.) an owl. 

Va-la, (v.) to fetch. 

Va-lao, (5.) the front room of a large Lakher house used as ser- 
vants' quarters. 

Va-la-pa-thlua, (v.) to throw into the air. 

Va-lei-kha-tang, (5.) world. 

' Va-ma, (5.) a string of black, red and white yarn tied round the 
wrist by friends when parting. 

Va-na, {adv) never (used only in the future). 

Vang, (s.) skin. 

Va-pa-ra, (s.) the peacock, pheasant. 

Va-phu, (s.) a roof. 

Va-pu-daw, (5.) flattened bamboos i)ut on top of thatch to keep it 
down. 

Va-rang, {adv.) exceedingly, (a.) immense, intense. 



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PART III. — DICTIONARY : LAKHER-BNGLISH. 115 



Va-ru, (s.) a rib, the ribs. 

Va-shaw, (v.) to be obstracted, to be encumbered, to be in the 

way. 
Va-ta, (prep.) on account of, because of, for the sake of, because. 
Va-tla-hmaw-pa-ta, (adv.) publicly, openly. 
Vaw, (v.) to throw (stone, ball, etc.), to go, (s.) the domestic pig. 
Vaw-cha-hei, (v. ) to earth up, to fill in (as hole), to pile upon 

top of. 
Vaw-ha, (v.) to wait for. 
Vaw-kaw-pa-law, (s.) the name of a tree. 
Vaw-khei, (s.) a species of hornbill. 
Vaw-kua, (v.) to come back, to return. 
Vaw-ngia-pa, (v.) to make preparation for eating, etc., to get or 

make ready. 
Vaw-pa-hlaw, (s.) the hill partridge. 
Vaw-pa-nao, (s.) a sow. 

Vaw-pang-thla-bei, (s.) the name of a stingiftg plant. 
Vaw-pa-shi, (v.) to draw near. 

Vaw-pa-va, {v.) to shine, to give light, (a.) bright, shining. 
Vaw-phaw, (v.) to bring, 
Vaw-sha, (s.) pork, bacon. 
Vaw-tlao, (v.) to arrive, to befal, to bring. 
Vaw-tlia, (s.) the name of a species of bamboo used for making 

the bowls of men's pipes. 
Vaw-vu, («.) a pheasant. 
Va-zi, (s.) a species of a green snake. 

Vei, (v.) to break wind, to be fully satisfied (with food), to be full. 
Vei-he, (prep.) with the exception of, except, but 
Vei-hnang-zao, Is.) the name of a creeper which is chewed by the 

Lakhers as a remedy for toothache. 
Vei-khia-cha-ta, (prep,) with the exception of, except, but.. 
Vei-tu, (5.) a black ape, a species of gibbon. 
VSo, (a.) black, dark (in colour). 
V6o-phaw, (5.) a shield. 
V6o-ti-k haw-pa, (s.) a small species of bear. 
Vi, (v.) to drill a hole, to make a hole through, to fall upon or 

against, to lean upon or against. 
Via, (adv.) slightly, rather, somewhat, more, more likely, more 

than others, specially, (a.) special, (s.) a foreigner. 
Via-ba-hra, (s.) the sweet pota^x). 
Via-cha-ei, (s) the areca palm and nut, the betel nut. 
Via-cha-ei-pa-hna, (s.) a species of betel. 
Via-chao-a-ha-pa, (5.)a'bullock or cow-driver. 
Via-chaw, (s.) a cow, a bull. 
Via-chaw-a-rai-pa, (s.) a cow-keeper. 



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116 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Via-chaw-cha-paw-pa, (s.) a bullock. 

"Via-chaw-hma, (js.) the name of a sore. 

Via-chaw-pa-nao, (5.) a cow. 

Via-chaw-pu-pa, (s.) a bullock or cow-driver, 

Via-chaw-sha, (s.) beef. 

Via-cbaw-taw, (5.) a calf. 

Via-chha, (s.) bread. 

"Via-cbha-pa-rai-pa, («.) toasted bread, toast, (v.) to toast bread 

Via-cbha-phia-pa, (s.) a pancake, a chapati, a loaf. 

Via-chha-shaw, (v.) a loaf, a kind of ground rice, dumpling. 

Via-daw, (5.) the name of a small brass gong used in war, tiger 

hunts, etc. 
Via-ka-paw, (5.) a coat. 
Via-khang, (5.) a small drum. 
Via-lao, (s.) the name of a game played with stones and , holes in 

the ground. 
Via-la-pi, (s.) a road. 

Via-lei-pa-thi, (a.) lazy, idle, (v.) to be lazy, etc. 
Via-nga-la, {adv.) gradually, little by little, by degrees. 
Via-pa-kaw, (5.) a shirt. 

Via-pa-kaw-ba-lei-pa, (s.) a waist-coat, a sleeveless vest. 
Via-phaw-pa-di, («.) flour. 
Via-sha-pa, (s.) a friend, a companion. 
Via-sha-a-tla-a-paw-pa, (s.) bosom friends. 
Via-saw-khaw, (s.) a gunny ba^. a sack. 
Via-tu-phia, ($.) a large hoe, a kodali. 
Via-tu-pi, (s.) a large hoe, a kodali. 
Via-vi, (5.) a homeless person, a wanderer, a vagabond, (y.) to be 

homeless, to wander, etc. 
Vi-pa-thla, (v.) to break through, to make a hole through. 
Vui-hle-pa, (5.) the name of a dung beetle. 

z. 

Za, (5.) night, the penis, the sting (of bee, etc.), the tang (of knife, 
etc.), the tongue (of a reed in a musical instrument), the spout 
(of a kettle, etc.), (a.) shy, modest, bashful, ashamed, a hundred, 
(v.) to be shy, etc., to tickle, to have the pins and needles, to 
reverence, to revere. 

Za-a-chhi, (a.) disgraceful, shameful. 

Za-a-ngia-thei-pa, (a.) merciful. 

Za-bi, (5.) the lamboo rat. 

Za-bi-shai-pa, (s.) the chest-nut bamboo rat, {Rhizomys badius). 

Za-chang, (5.) midnight. 

Za-chhi, (a.) fly blown, {v.) to be fly blown, 

Za-hia, yesterday. 



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PART III. — DICTIONARY : LAKHER-ENGLISH. 117 



Za-hia-za-kha-hnia-pa, the day-before-yesterday. 

Za-hia-za-kha-hnia-pa-za-la-ta, three nights ago. 

Za-hia-za-la, the night before last 

Zai, (j? ) gun -powder, saltpetre. 

Zai-aw, (5.) a powder horn. 

Zai-au, (s ) the name of a powder horn. 

Zai-ka, (s.) a small measure for measuring a charge of gunpowder. 

Za-khei, (v.) to be ashamed of. 

Za-la, («.) evening, nightfall, the afternoon, the evening. 

Za-mo, (5.) the name of a beetle which is said to produce madness 

if eaten. 
Zang, (a.) dark, (v.) to be dark, to be benighted, to be overtaken 

by night, to believe, to allow, to obey, to grant, (s.) darkness. 
Zang-a-chhi, (a.) reliable, trustworthy, credible, honest. 
Zang-a-vei, (adv.) not quite, enough, not exactly, not particularly, 

(v.) to doubt 
Zang-khei, (a ) assent to. 
Zang-pa. (v.) to believe (one's word). 
Zang-pia, (v.) to have an intense longing for animal food. 
Zang ta-a-la-pa, (y.) to fascinate, to charm, to draw by some 

mysterious power- 
Zang-va-na, (v.) to disbelieve, to disallow, to disobey. 
Zao-pei-pa, (5.) a small sample piece of anything, a piece. 
Za-pa-ti, (s.) the evening meal, supper. 
Za-pi-paw-pa, (s.) the hairy bamboo rat (Rhizomys pruinoaus). 
Za-tai, (v.) to circumcise. 
Zau, (5.) the pack, a herd, a flock. 
Zau-pa, (s.) small pieces, small change, dregs, (a.) small, {adv.) in 

pieces. 
Zau-pa-hrai, (s.) a stoppage of urine, (v.) to have a stoppage of 

urine. 
Zau-ru, (s.) the back-bone. 
Zau-ru-la-thli, (s.) the spinal cord. 
Zau thlu, (a.) hunch-backed, (v.) to be hunch-backed. 
Zaw, (v.) to emulate, to vie with, to fly, to spread, to creep, to dry 

or air in the sunshine, to kick out, to kick about, to leap, to 

jump, to gallop, to canter, to accumulate, to gather (specially 

used of clouds on hill tops and in valleys), (a.) creeper, (s.) the 

public, the people. 
Zaw-bu, {s.) a rest-house for strangers, a d&k bungalow. 
Zaw-kia, (v.) to climb (as a creeper). 
Zawla, (s.) the place where several roads join. 
Zaw-pi, (5.) a crowd, a multitude. 
Zaw-zi, (5.) a bayonet, a sword. 
Zaza, (a.) flexible, supple, (v.) to be flexible, to be supple. 



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118 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Za-za-pa, (s.) the trigger or catch of a noose trap. 

Zi, (s.) a comb, a new shoot, nature, mode of life, disposition, habit, 
(v.) to comb, to be smooth, to fan, to winnow, to flap, to flatter, 
to tuck in, to follow, to go with, to accompany, to be temperate, 
to restrain one's self, io desist, (a.) smooth, (adv.) smoothly. 

Zia-chha-pa, (v.) to dream of what one has been talking about 

Zih-thei, (v.) to take exercise, to practise austerity. 

Zi-na-ta-zi, equal shares. 

Zi-pa-chi, (v.) to comb out 

Zi-pa-nao-pa, (s.) a young leaf or ghoot 

Zi-za, (s.) wind, a drought 

Zi-za-pua-pa, (s.) a swing. 

Zo, (a.) thin, lean, (v.) to be thin, etc. 

Zo-pa-sha, {s.) lumbago. 

Zu, (8.) a drop, (v.) to drip, to leak. 

Zua, {v.) to ofl^er for sale, to sell, to spend, to expend, (adv.) 
presumptuously, a suffix denoting that some thing presump- 
tuous has been done. 

Zua-dua, (a.) ordinary, common, any sort of. every sort of, all 
sorts of, (pro.) whoever, whomever, whatever. 

Zua-dua-ta, (adv.) whenever, wherever, (a.) all. 

Zu-nai, {s.) a stag. 



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PART IV. — DICTIONARY : ENGLISH LAKHER. 119 

PART IV. 

DICTIONARY. 

ENGLI8H.LAKHEB. 



Abandon, (^.) shi-shai, tha. 

Abased, {v.) ma-chhi. 

Abate, (v.) pa-chhao. 

Abdomen, {s.) chhao. 

Ability, (s.) a-hiaTig-a-ria-pa-ta-thei-na. 

Abjure, (r.) sbia-sha. 

Able, (v.) ma, khai, thei, pa-lang, khai. 

Able to reach, (v.) pha, a-pha. 

Abode, (s. ) a-na. 

Abominable, (a.) pa-shi-a-chhi. 

Abominate, {v.) pa-shi. 

About sufficient, dai-khi-ta. 

About the right quantity, dai-khi-ta. 

Above, (prep.) lai-ka-cbha-ta, cbao-ta, {adv. and prep.) ma-chha-ta. 

Absent-minded, (a.) maw-la. 

Abuse one another, {v.) a-ra. 

Accept, {v.) a-peo, chheo, pa-li. 

Acclimatized be, {v, ) tia. 

Accompany, (v.) ahi-khei, zi. 

Accomplish, (v.) i-hlaw-pa-tlao. 

Accordance with, (prep.) haw-sai-ta. 

Accordingly, li-law-pa-ta, li-law. 

According to, (prep.) haw-sai-ta. 

According to ability, (adv.) pha-khi-ta-ta. 

According to calculation, (adv.) ngia-pa-ti-pa-ta. 

Accordion, (s.) tang-ta. 

Account of, (prep.) va-ta. 

Accumulate, (v.) pa-chao, zaw. 

Accurate, (a.) a-dang, shia. 

Accurately, (adv.) shia. 

Accuse, (v.) bai, pa-shi-pa-shao* 

Accuse falsely, (v.) bai-chhei. 

Accuse to another, (v.) tei. 

Ache (with cold), (v.) pa-ra, pa-sha. 

Ache as with cold, (v.) pa-ra. 

Acquainted be, (v.) btnia-pa hmang. 

Across, (prep, and adv.) ha-la-ta. 



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120 I^KHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Act, (v.) a-pi. 

Act contrary to, (v.) hrai. 

Actions, (5.) a-pi-zi-pha-vei, a-pi-da-pha-vei. 

Act towards, (v.) ta. 

Actually, (adv.) thla, thla-haw. 

Adhere, (v,) bai, bei. 

Adjure, (v.) a-hua-ha. 

Admonish, {v.) pa-shi-pa-aw. 

Adopt, (y.) a-la-pa. a-khei-pa. 

Adorn, (v.) a-pa-mi, pa-hmi-a-ngia. 

Adulteress, (5.) ria-sha- pa-haw. 

Advantage of (v.) cha-khang. 

Advantageous, (a.) pha. 

Adversary, («.) cha-ria-pa. 

Advise, (v.) pa-sheung, ngia-pa-ti-pa-pa, ngia-pa-ti-khei, pa-rua- 

khei, pa-cha-khei. 
Adviser, (s.) pa-rua-khei. n 

Afraid be, (v.) re-chhi. 

After, (prep, and adv.) hnang-ta, (conj. and adv.) taw-ta, khai-na-ta. 
After a short time, rei-lai-ta-ta. 
After-birth, (s.) hla-thi, hla. 
Afternoon, {s.) za la, ti-ni-hnang. 
After this, (ar/i?.) bra. 
Afterwards, (a'/v.) hnang-ta.ta. 
Again, (adv ) kua, hei, haw-hei, (pi^ep.) chao-ta. 
Against (prep.) kia-pa. a-hnaw-ta, (v.) pa-kha-pa-di. 
Aggravating, (a.) pa-sha-sha. 
Aggress, (v.) pa-lao-lai. 
Aggressor in a .quarrel, (s.) pa-lao-lai-pa. 
Agitate, (v.) pa-hlaw-pa-hJL 
Ago, a-ta-haw. 
Agree together, (v.) a-da. 
Agree with, (v.) tla. 
Ague, (s.) hria-sha-pa. 
Aid, (v.) daw-cha. 
Air, (s.) a-lei-a-lao-pa. 
Airtight, (a.) a-zang. 
Alert, (v.) a-vaw-pa-cheo. 
All, (a.) a-zeo-dua-ta, a-pao*pa, zua-doi-ta. 
Alligator, (s.) ti-sa-da. 
At all, (adv.) kao-kba-ra. 
All in good time, (adv.) i-zang-a-veL 
All kinds of, (a.) tang-ral 
All night, a-zang-za-khi-dei-ta. 
Allow, (v.) zang, tai, pa-shaL 



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PART IV —DICTIONARY I ENGLISH-LAKHER. 121 



All sorts of, (a.) pa-hma, ma-^nao, zua-dua, tang-rai. 

All the time, {conj.) chho-ta. 

All together, (adv.) a-chhi. 

All the way to, (prep.) tai-ta. 

All the way, (prep.) tlao-na-tai-ta. 

Alive, (a.) hrang, (v.) tla. 

Almost, (adv.) dai-ma. 

Alone, (a.) dei-ta. 

A long time, (v.) pa-shi, (adv.) haw. 

A long with, (prep.) hnang-ta, dua-ta, chhaw-ta. 

Already, (adv.) thla-haw. 

Also, (adv.) pa, kei-chhaw, chhaw, hra, a-hra, (v.) shai. 

Alter, (v.t.) taw-hrang, cha-tua. 

Although, (conj.) tlao, chao-ta-chhaw, chhaw-ta, rai-ta, i-khang- 

chei-ha-ta-raw-pa-ta. 
Although this is so, (conj.) a-cha-thla-ha-pa-ta. 
Alway, (adv.) kao-kha-ra. 
Always, (adv ) teo. 
Amazed be. (v.) ri-ma-ta. 
Ambassador, (s.) lei-cha. 
Amber, (s.) chhi-na. 
Amber bead, (s.) chhi-na. 
Ambition, (s.) pha-hnai-khang. 
Ambitious, (a.) pha-hnai-khang. 
Among, (prep.) hnang-ta. 
Amount, (v.) tlang. 
Ample, (v.) dai-pa-ta. 
Ample to be, (v.) dai-pa-ta. 
Amply, (adv.) dai-pa-ta, (v.) dai-pa-ta. 
Ancient, (a.) kao-kha-ra. 
And, (prep.) na-ta. (conj,) hei. 
Anew, (adv.) thi. 
Angle, (s.) ki. 

Angry, (v.) chhao, ru-chhao, (a.) ru-chhao. 
Animal, (5.)lao-va-pa. 
Animals, (s.) sha. 
Anna, (s.) hna. 

Annoyed, (v.) ngia-pa-chhi-vei, pa-lao-cha-vei. 
Anoint, (v.) thu. 
Another, (v.) a-shu-thai, (adv.) a-pi-shai-ta, a-pi-ta-pa-ta, (a.) hla 

a-hrang-pa. 
Another place, (adv.) a-hnei. 
Another village, (s.) ma-nia-khl 
Answer, (v.) chheo, pa-li 
Ant, (s.) hlang-ia. 



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122 LAKHBR GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Anus, (a ) chaw-khaw. 

Anvil, (5.) seo-phaw-lao. 

Anxious, (a.) pa-cha-pa-hrei, {v.) pa-cha-pahrei. pa-cha. 

Any, kha-pa-rai. 

Any one, kha-pa-rai, (pro.) a-heo-rai. 

Any sort of, (a.) a-pa-hma. ma-nao, zua-dua. 

Any thing, (v.) hria, kha-pa-rai, (5.) kha-pa-lei-pa. 

Any time, kha-ti-ta-rai-ta. 

Anything pleasant to hear, (s.) na-thli-pha. 

Anywhere, (adv.) kha-tai-lia-ta-pa-rai, kha-teAi-ta-chha. 

Apart, (adv.) a-hua-kaw, (v.) a-hua-kaw. 

Ape, (s.) vei-tu. 

Aperture, («.) peong. 

Apologise, (v.) bi-pha-chhei. 

Apparently, {adv.) la-ha-ta. 

Appeal in a law case, (v.) tlao. 

Appear, (v.) a-shu, la. 

Appearance, (s.) hmia. 

Appearing, (v.) rei-pa-saw-pa-thlu. 

Appease, (v.) rei-aw. 

Appoint, (v) tai, taw, pa-cha. 

Approach, (y.) hnei. 

Apron, (5.) hnang-thang. 

Aqueduct, (s.) ti-daw. 

Arbitrator, (y.) pa-rai. (s.) a-pa-rai-pa. 

Areca palm, (5.) via-cha-ei. 

Argue, (y.) a-ei. 

Arm, (5.) ba. ' 

Armed be, (y.) u-chi-pa. 

Armpit, (s.) ba-ka-li. 

Around round, (adv.) kia-pa. 

Arrive, (v.) khai, tlao, vaw-tlao. 

Arrow, (s.) li. 

Arteries, (s.) tha-pa-chia. 

Artful, (a.) shang. 

Articles, {s.) hmang. 

As a rule, {adv.) teo. 

As send, (y.) cha-kha, pa-daw. 

Ascend, (v.) kia. 

As far as, (prep.) tlao-na-tai-ta tai-ta. 

Ashamed, (a.) za. 

Ashamed of, (v.) za-khei. 

Ask, (v.) haw, hia-hri, hrua. 

Ask advice, (v.) hia-hri. 

Ask an alms, (v.) ku-daw. 



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PART IV. — dictionary: ENGX.ISH-LAKHER. 123 



Ask a price, (v.) rei. 
Ask for, (r.) haw, a-hnaw, hia. 
Ask to communicate, (v.) ta. 
Ask to inform, (r.) ta. 
Asleep, (v.) a-mao, a-mo. 
Assassin, (s.) phi-hma. 
Assault, (v.) hria. 
Assemble, (y.) a-pat-ta. 
Assent to, (a.) zang-khei. 
As if, (conj.) haw-ta. 
Assassinate, (v.) phi. 

Assist, (v.) boung, (as in work, food, etc.), daw-cha. 
As though, (conj.) haw-ta. 
As well, (adv.) hra. 
Attack, (v.) chhaung. 
At all, (adv.) pa-la-ve. 
At any rate, (adv.) chia. 
At any time, khai-ti ta-rai-ta. 
Atmosphere, (s.) a-lei-a-lao-pa. 
Attempt, (v.) chhua. 

Attendant, (s.) chha-pa-haw-pa, bei-phia-a-chhang-pa. 
Attend upon, (v.) bei-phia-chhang. 
Attract, (v.) sheo. 
Augur, (8.) mang-a-thai-pa. 
Aunt, ($.) pi, nao. 

Authority, (v.) rei-ta, (s.) bia-a-hnei-pa. 
Authoritatively, (adv.) bia-hneh-pa-haw-ta. 
Autumn, (s.) sha-mu-shai. 
Avenge, (v.) phu-ba-la, phu-la. 
Away, (conj.) lei, (adv.) tlan. 
Awful, (a.) ria-chhia-chhi. 

Axe, (s.) a-hru, (small axe), turpai-pa, a-hrei-ta, hrei-phi, hrei-ta, 
a-hrei 

B. 

Baby, (s.) ha-saL 

Back, (adv.) kua, (s.) zao, hnang. 

Backbite, (t>.) a-pa-chia. 

Backbone, (s.) zao-ru. 

Back of the head, (s.) hnang-khi, aw-lu-tai-na. 

Backwards, (v.) a-di 

Bacon, (s.) vaw-sha. 

Bad (a.) shi-pa, lei, na-tla-bi-pa, pha-vei, chhi, (v.) pha-vei, chhL 

Badly, (adv.) a-chhi-pa-ta. 



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124 LAKHER GR^MMAK AND DICTIONARY. 



BadJy off, (a.) shi-pa-sha, (v.) shi-pa-sha. 

Bad natured, (v.) pa-thia-chhi, pa-thi-chhi, (a.) pa-thi-chhi. 

Bad person, (s.) mang-lei. 

Bag, (a.) sa-hria. 

Baggage, (s.) hma-kei. 

Bait, {$.) law-pa-tai, (v.) law-pa-tai. 

Bake, (v.) raw. 

Balance, (s. ) khao-na, khao-pa, thlia-na. 

Bald, (a.) ua. 

Ball, (5.) blao. 

Balsam, (s.) ra-dao. 

Bamboo, (s.) raw-maw. 

Bamboo rat, (s.) za-bi. 

Bandage, (v.) khu. 

Band together, (v.) a-pa-raw, khang. 

Banish, (v.) pa-pua. 

Bank, (s.) kia, ria-ai. 

Bank of a river, (5.) a-hnaw. 

Bar, (s.) tlai. 

Bare, (a.) ua. 

Bargain, (v.) a-daw, a-vaw-sha. 

Bark, (v.) chao, (s.) a-kua, kua-heo-pa. 

Barking deer, (5.) sa-khi. 

Barren, (a.) shi-pa, chang, (v.) chang. 

Barter, (v.) a-daw, a-lei. 

Bashful, (a.) na, za. 

Bastard, (s.) ria-shaw. 

Bat, («.) ta-ba-la-pa. 

Bathe, (v.) a-shi, ngai-a-shL 

Bay, (s.) a-li-cha-kao. 

Bayonet, («.) zaw-zi. 

Bazar, (s.) sao-daw-ra-chhao, sao-daw. 

Be, (v.) cha, za-chhi, tla, a. 

Bead, [s.) pa-chhi. 

Bear, (v.) sha, (s ) cha-veo. 

Beard, (5.) ka-hmi. 

Bear fruit, (».) pa-thei. 

Beat, (v.) cha-chhaw, tu. 

Beaten, (v.) ma-chhi 

Beautiful, (v.) ngia, (a.) a-ngia. 

Beautify, (v.) pa-hmi-a-ngia. 

Because, (prep.) va-ta, (conj.) li-kaw-ta. 

Because of, (prep.) va-ta, li-kaw-ta, cha-pa-ta. 

Beckon, (v.) ku-ta-a-kei. 

Become, (v.) cha. 



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PART IV. — DICTIONARY : BN0L18H-LAKHER. 125 

Bedstead, (s.) ra-khao. 

Bee, (s.) a-kba. 

Beef, (5.) via-chaw-sha. 

Beer, (s,) sha-bma. 

Beer pot, (5 J sha-ka-bma-bei-rai. 

Bees* wax, (s.) khei-lao. 

Befal, (y.) vaw-tlao. 

Before, {adv.) hmia-ta, (prep.) bmia-ta, bla-ta. 

Before band, (adv.) tua, (v.) pa-tba. 

Beg, (v.) bia. 

Beget, (v.) sba. 

Beggar, (s.) ku-daw-pa, pa-ti-khia-a-khai-pa. 

Begin, (v.) bria. 

Beginning, {s. ) tba-beo. 

Bebind, {adv.) bnang-ta-ta, {prep.) a-pa^kba-ta, hnang-ta. 

Belief, (s.) pa-cba. 

Believe, {v.) zang-pa, zang, ngia, pa-cba. 

Bell, («.) daw, ra-ru. 

Bell worn by catte, {s.) pa-cbbi. 

Bellow, {v.) a-aw. 

Belly, {s.) pa, cbbao. 

Beloved, {a.) kbang-cbai-pa, va. 

Below, {adv.) ma-thi-la, {prep.) lai-ka-tbi-ta. 

Belt, (5.) cbai-brai, cbai-hrai-na. 

Bend, {v.t.) pa-kang, tbli-pa-kang, {v.) kei, a-kei-pa-kaw. pa kaung. 

Bend back, {v.) a-ua. 

Bend down, {v.) tlia. 

Bend forward, {v.) a-lao. 

Beneatb, (prep.) reo-la-ta. 

Beneficial, (a.) pha. 

Bengali, (#.) kaw. 

Bengali bill book, {s.) sba-ka-ra. 

Benigbted, {v.) zang. 

Bent, (a.) kaung. 

Beseecb, {v.) lia-sba-a-baw, lia-sba-ta-ta-hia, lia-sba-rei-pa-saw 
bia-ra-rua, bia-pbei-pba. ' 

Besides, {prep.) lei-pa-cbbaw. 
Besiege, {v.) dao. 
Besmear, {v.) cba-ta. 
Between, {prep.) li-kaw-ta. 
Bewell, {v.) chbaw-pa-hli. 
Beyond, {prep.) ka-la, ka-la-ta, blei-khao, khata. 
Bid, {v.) tua. 

Bid farewell, {v.) rei-pba-ta-pa-tblL 
Bier, {s.) a-la. 



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126 liAKHtSE QRAMMAR AND DIOTIONART. 



Big, full grown, (a.) pa-nao. 

Big, (a.) Pa-hrei. 

Bind, (v.) cha-zai, tha, cha-hreo. 

Bind on-(as a turban), a-khu. 

Bird, (5.) pa-vaw. 

Bite, (v.) cha-beung, pa-tei (as a snake), pa-chu, shi. 

Bite the lips, (v.) ha-chhi. 

Bitter, (a.) kha, (v.) kha. 

Bitterly, (adv.) nga-la. 

Black, (a.) veo. 

Blacksmith, (s.) thua-a-dai-pa, thua-dai-a-thai-pa. 

Bladder, («.) lia-taw-paw-pa. 

Blame, (v.) bai, pa-sbi-pa-shao. 

Blame falsely, (v.) mu-chhi, bai-chhei. 

Blaspheme, (v.) rei-pa-chhi. 

Blast, (v.) ro-pa-pa. 

Blaze, (v.) pa-thai, ka. 

Bleat, (v.) aw. 

Blebby, (a.) su shai, (v.) su-shai. 

Bleed, (v.) thi. 

Bleed by cupping, (v.) thi-la. 

Blighted, (a.) chhao-chhi. 

Blind, (a.) shi-pa. maung-chou, (v.) ,mang-chou. 

Blink the eye, (v.) pa-saung-pa-di 

Block house, (s.) ria-vai-na-ang, ria-vai-ang. 

Block up, (v.) la-pi-pa-hra. 

Blood, (5.) thi, thi-sai-pa. 

Bloom, (v.) paw. 

Blossom, («.) paw, (v.) paw. 

Blow (with the mouth), (v.) hmao, cha-hnaw, (as the wind), pa-thli. 

Blow the nose, (v.) hna-hnang. 

Blow up, (v.) ro-pa-pa. 

Blue, (a.) hlaw. 

Blue vitriol, (5.) ka-sa-ma. 

Blunt, (a.) pa-bai, (v.) pa-bai. 

Board, (v.) tlao. 

Boars, («) pa-zu-pa-vaw. 

Boast, (v.) a-rei-thai, a-ta-sha. 

Boat, (5 ) ba-leo. 

Body, (5.) pao-pa, pao-pa-sha. 

Boil, (y.) chhang, shaeo, (an abscess), (5.) khei-hlu. 

Boil for a long time, (v.) pa-chhaw. 

Boil galloping, (v.) a-tlaw-chaw. 

Boiling, (a.) shaeo. 

Bold, (a.) na, ria-pha, (v.) ria-pha. 



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PART IV. — DICTIONARY : ENGLISH-LAK H ER. 127 



Bolster. (5.) la-hua. 

Bolt, (v.) pa-la. 

Bone, (5.) ru. 

Bones, (a.) shawshaw. 

Book, (s.) cha-bu. 

Boot, (s.) phei-kaw, phei-ka. 

Booth, (s.) tla-phia, beo-rei 

Border, (s.) kia, paw-hmou. 

Born be, (v.) pi. 

Born prematurely, (v.) tla-pa-shi. 

Borrow, (y.) chei. 

Bosom, (s.) sa-pi. 

Bosom friends, (s.) via-sha-a-tla-a-paw-pa. 

Both, (pro.) rai-ri, khang. 

Both together, khang. 

Bottle, (s.) chhi-hrang-haw. 

Bough, (5.) chia. 

Bound, (v.) a-pha-pa. 

Boundary, («.) ri. 

Bow, (5.) cha-khi-ia-pi, li-baw. 

Bow down to the ground, (v.) a-lei-shu. 

Bowels. (5.) ri, kaw. 

Bowl, (5.) bi-bu. 

Bowlegged, (a.) law- via, (v.) law- via. 

Bow of a fiddle, (5.) a-lao-na. 

Box, (s,) thang-beo. 

Boy, (s.) a-shaw-naw-pa, cha-paw-ha-ti. 

Bracelet, (5.) hua-ka. 

Braces, (s.) phei-via-pa-kaw-phaw-na, ngia-tla-phaw-na. 

Brain, (s.) la-thli. 

Branch, (v.) pa-chia, (5.) pa-hrei, chia, (a.) pa-cbia. 

Branch oflf, (v.) pa-chia. 

Branching oflF, (a.) pa-chia. 

Branch path, (s.) la-pi-pa-chia-pa. 

Branch road, (s.) la-pi-pa-chia-pa. 

Brass, (s.) daw. 

Brave, (a.) thla-chhi, sha-tlia-pha, ria-phang-a-sa-pa, nga, ria-pha, 

(v.) nga. 
Brave man, («.) ria-phang-a-sa-pa. 
Bread, (5.) via-chha. 

Break, (v. t.) thli, pa-chi, pa-kei, (v.) pa-raw, chi. 
Breakfast, (s ) meo-pa-ti. 
Break into spars, (v.) pa-chhi. 
Break through, (v.) vi-pa-thla. 
Break up, (v.) cha-taw-ta-la. 



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128 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



^reak wind, (y.) vei. 
Breast bone, (s,) cha-chao-hna-ru, 
Breasts, (s.) sa-pi. 
Breathe out, (v.) hu-shang. 
Bribe, (5.) mawh-mao. 
Bridge, (5 ) hlei-ri, blei-da. 
Bright in colour, (a ) pa-law. 
Bright shining, (a.) vaw-pa-va. 
Brim, (s) kia. 

Bring, (v.) la, cha-ba, vaw-tlao, a-vaw-cha-kai, vaw-phaw. 
Bring forth, (v.) sha. 
Bring in, (v.) ngia-khei. 
. Bring out, {v. t.) pa-pua. 
Bring to, {v. t) pa-pua. 
Brinjal, (s.) mait-teo. 
Brittle, (a.) ra-raw. 
Broad be, (v.) ha-a-kaw. 
Broken, (v.) tli, (a.) til 
Brood over, (v.) a-beung, (as a fowl.), khu. 
Broom, (5.) ao-phia. 
Brother, («.) cha-hnia. 
Brother-in-law, (5.) pa-pu. 
Browse, (v.) ba, shi-pang-pa-ba. 
Bruise, (y. t.) pa-dao, («.) dao. 
Bubble, {v.) shaeo. 
Bubble up, (v.) nao. 
Bud, (s.) pa-maung, (v.) pa-maung. 
Buffalo, (5.) naw. 
Bug, (s.) shi-hmaw. 
Bugle, (s.) chia-mia, chia-mi. 
Bugler, (s.) chia-mia-tao-pa, chia-ini-pu-pa. 
Build, (a house), (v.) chhaw, (as a bird its nest) tu. 
Bulb, (s.) bia-pa. 
Bulbous, (a.) bia-pa-hnei. 
Bulbul, (5.)*phia-bi'pa. 
Bull, (s.) via-chaw. 
Bullet, («.) thei-sa-lao. 

Bullock, {s.) via-chao-a-ha-pa, via-chaw-cha-paw-pa. 
Bunch, (s.) bu, thlaw. 
Burmese gong, (s.) daw-khang. 
Bum, (y.) pa-ai-hu, ro, ka, ka-chaw. 
Burned, (a.) ka-chaw. 
Burning glass, (s.) nang-pa-khai-na. 
Bum out (a fire), (v.) tlan. 
Burr, («.) bai-hle. 



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PART IV.— i>lCTIONAHY : BNGLI8H-LAK5BR. 129 



Burrow, (v.) rei 

Bury, (v ) pa-bu. 

Burst, (v.) pa. 

Business, (v.) shao-daw. - 

But, (conj.) cha-hra-sa-la, tlao, (prep.) vei-khia-cha-ta. 

Butt, {v.),(^dk\j cha-khei, thua. 

Butt of a gun, (5.) mei-thei-pia-phao. 

Butterfly, (5.) ta-ba-la-pa. 

Button, {s.) hrai-thla-na, hrai-tbla, cba-khei-na, (v.) oha-khi. 

Buy, (v.) si-pa, a-lei, cha-lei. 

Buy and sell, (v.) a-daw. 

Buzz, (v.) a-aw. 

By, (prep,) ta. 

By and by, (arfv.) a-ta-via. 

By chance, (adv.) phi. 

By means of, (prep.) ta. 

By mistake, (a.) lei. 

By now, (adv.) a-ta-hma. 

c. 

Cable, (s.) hei-cha-ru-pa. 

Cackle, (v,) padaw, thu. 

Cake of salt, (s.) alao-ka. 

Calculate, (v.) ngia-pa-ti. 

Calf, (s.) via-chaw-taw. 

Calf of the leg, (s.) phei-pai. 

Call, (v.) aw. 

Call for, (v.) la 

Call for a^dog, che-che. 

Call for fowls, ti-ti-ti. 

Call together, (v.) aw-pa-kha. 

Candle, (s.) mei-ti-pa. 

Cane, (s.) thai-ru, khawhii 

Canine teeth, (s.) maw. 

Cannibal, (s.) shu-ki. 

Canter, (v.) zaw. 

Cap, (s.) lu-la-khu. 

Cape-gooseberry, (s,) shi-e. 

Capsicum, (s.) a-hia. 

Capitulate, (v.) bi-pha-chhel 

Capsize, (v.) pa-li. 

Care, (v.) a-ngia-pa-chhi. 

Careful be, {v.) bia-sha, dusaw-ta-ta. 

Carefully, (adv.) bia-sha. 

Carefully, pha-hnai-khang. 

R 



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130 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Carelessly, (adv.) shua-lua. 

Carrier, («.) hraang-a-paw. 

Carry, (v.) cha-kai, sbeo, pa-hai. 

Carry (a lamp, torch), (v.) chhi. 

Carry in a satchel, (s.^ pa-sha 

Carry oflF, (v.) lei-khei 

Carry on the back, (v.) pi. 

Carry on the head, (v.) laki-khai, a-khu. 

Cast (as metal), (v.) pa-tlai. 

Caste, (v.) chl 

Castrate, (v.) hri-leung. 

Catch, (v.) daw, patu. 

Catch hold of, (v.) dei. 

Catch in, (v.) ta. 

Caterpillar, (s.) law-hmi-tupa. 

Cat fish, (^0 nga-cha-mang. 

Caul, (8.) a-ka-ka-daw-pa. 

Cause, (adv.) thla,.thla-haw, (v.) tua, \s.) thabeo. 

Causelessly, (adv.) cha-kheo. 

Cause of, cha-kua. 

Cause to arrive, (v.) tlaw. 

Cave, {s.) lao-khaw. 

Cause of weeping, (s.) cha-khei. 

Cavity, (s.) khaw, khaw-va tlaw-pa 

Cease, (v.) ha, (as rain etc,) lei-lao, ba. 

Cease to be, (v.) tlan. 

Centipede, (a.) saw-ku-thi-pa. 

Centre, («.)lia- 

Ceremonially clean, (a.) pa-shai-pa-rang. 

Certain, (a.) a-heotleoma. 

Certain, kbapa. 

Certainly, (adv.) ngai, ngaita, tla-lai 

Certainly not, (adv.) cha-chei-ta-va-na, cha-cheito-va. 

Certain man, (prep.) a-heo-tleo-ma. 

Certain place, (adv.) kha-tai-la-tla-ma* 

Chaff, (v.) sha-via-kua. 

Chain, (s.) ba-lia. 

Chair, (s.) aleung-na 

Change, (v.) pa-tlai, ri. 

Change into, (v.) cha. 

Change the mind, (v.) pa-lo-ri-pa-pa-li, pa-lo-ri-pa-kua, a-hnei. 

Chapati, (s.) via-chha-phia-pa. 

Chapped, (a.) mei-hla. • 

Chapped be, (v.) roei-hla. 

Chapter, (s.) pa-chhu. 



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PABT IV. — DICTIONARY : ENQLISH-LAKHBE. 131 



Char, (v.) ro, ka-chhaw. 

Charcoal, (s.) mei-hei. 

Charm, (v.) zang-ta-a-la-pa. 

Charred, (a.) ka-chaw. 

Chase, (v.) chadai. 

Chattels, («.) shao. 

Chatter, (v.) rei-cha-tli-pa. 

Chatter-box, («.) rei-pa-thli-thei, rei-hlu. 

Cheap, (a.) shau-vei 

Cheap be, (v.) shao-vei. 

Cheaply, (adv.) a-thao-a-ha, (v.) shao-daw. 

Cheek, (s.) ao-khai. 

Cheer, (v.) thla-pa-lao. 

Cheer up, (v.) tla. 

Chest, («.) cha-ao. 

Chestnut, (s.) a-shil-thei. 

Chew, {8.) cha-ri, cha-ei. 

Chew (as tobacco), (v.) pa-ao. 

Chicken, (s.) aw-che-pa, aw-ta-chhi. 

Chief, (s.) a-bel 

Chief man, (s) a-bei-ma-cha, ma-cha. 

Child, (s.) a-bhaw-naw-pa, naw-ta. 

Childhood, (s.) haw-ti-nang. 

Childish with age, (v.) pi-pa-hru. 

Childless, (a.) chang. 

Child only, (s.) shawnaa-tlu-pa. 

Children, (s.) shaw-naw-to-pa. 

Children of the same motiier, ($.) chhao-kha-shaw. 

Chilli, (8.) a-hia. 

Chilly, (a.) cha-shi. 

Chimney, (s.) mei-khu-pua-na. 

Chin, (a.) ka. 

China, (s.) pa-i^i. 

Chip, {8.) thang-tlaw, (v.i.) pa-law, (v.) chheL 

Chip of wood, {8.) thang-tlaw. 

Chipped, (a.) a-law. 

Chipped be, (v.) a-law. 

Chirp, (v.) sha 

Chisel, (8.) thu-khai. 

Chittagong, (5.) Saki-ka. 

Chloroform, (v.) hrang. 

Cholera, («.) ti-hri. 

Choose, (v.) pa-cha. 

Chop, (v.) chhia. 

Chop (with dao), (v.) chhaw. 



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132 LAitfitR dltAttMAR AND t)IC¥lOKAltT. 



Chop in pieces, (v.) pa-chhu. 

Chop off, (v.) tai. 

Chopper, (s.) ta-ko, vai-na. 

Chrysalis, (s.) law-hmi-tu-pa-bu. 

Chubby, (v.) pa-che-hmu-lu, pasha. 

Chubby, (a.) pa-sha. 

Cinnamon, (s,) lo-ia-shang-pa. 

Cinnamon tree, (s.) lo-ia-shang-pa. 

Circumcise, (v.) za-tai. 

Circumstances, (s.) khi-sha-zi. 

Civet cat, (s.) khang-thli. 

Claim, (v.) chhu. 

Clan, (5.) chi, phang. 

Clap, (v.) cha-bai. 

Clasp, (v.) cha-hu. 

Clasp the hands, (v.) ku-cha-khi. 

Claw, (v.) cha-pheo. 

Claw, (s.) patang, phei-pi . 

Claw of a crab, (s.) cha-ia-phei-pi. 

Clay, (5.) bei-lei. 

Clean, (a.) pashai-parang, pathai, pana, shia, (y.) pasha -pa-rang. 

Clean be, (v.) shia, pana. 

Cleaned rice, («.) sha-cha. 

Cleanse, (v.) lo-hraw-tang, pa-na, pathai. 

Clean up, (v.) pa-na. 

Clear, (a.) pa-na, pa-thai, (v.) ka. 

Clear (as amber, etc.,), (a.) pa-law. 

Clear away, (v.) pashi-pa-thai. 

Clear be, {v.) pa-thai, pa-na. 

Clear jungle, (v.) dua-sua-va. 

Clearly, (adv.) a-shia-pa-ta-ta. 

Clear of guilt, a-dang-sha^ 

Clear of guilt be, (v.) a-dang. 

Clear up, (v.) pa-shi-pa-thai. 

Clear weather, (v.) ava-pa-thai, (s.) avA-na-thai. 

Clench, (v.) cha-hu. 

Cleuch the hand, (v.) ku-tao. 

Clerk, (s.) cha-rang-pa. 

Clever, (a.) shang, na-pa-va-pa, thei-a-thai-pa, (v,) na-pa-va-pa. 

Chmb, (v.) kia, zawJtia. 

Clip,(v.)na. 

Clock, (s.) nang-la, nang-Ia-a-Ia-thei-pa. 

Clod of earth, (5.) baw-tlatlang. 

Clog, (s.) phei-ka. 

Close, (a.) shahmu, (v.) pahru, a-mao, kife-pa-ta. 



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PARI? IV. — dictionary: 1»[0L1SH-LAKHBR. 133 



Close by, near, (prep.) a-hnaw-ta. 

Closely, (adv.) a-zang. 

Close together, (a.) bua, cha-hnaw. 

Closed up, (a.) pa-paung, (v.) pa-paung. 

Closely together, (adv.) bua. 

Closely woven, (a.) a-zang, (v.) a-zang. 

Close up to, (v.) pa-paung. 

Cloth, (5.) pang. 

Clothes, (s.) hmang-pang. 

Clothing, (s.) hmang-pang-chhi. 

Cloud, (s.) a-mei. 

Cloudy, (v.) a-va-a-nei. 

Club, (s.) bang-thao. 

Cluck, (v.) tlao. 

Clump, (n,) dao. 

Coarse, (a.) ri-pa-hrei, (v.) ri-pa-hrei. 

Coarsely, {(piv.) ri-pa-hrei. 

Coat, (s.) via-ka-paw. 

Cobweo, (r.) chia-ria-pari, chia-ria. 

Cock, (s.) aw-cha-paw-pa. 

Cock, (v.) a-ei. 

Cockerel, (s.) aw-khe. 

Cocoanut, (s.) du-da-ua. 

Cohabit with, (v.) a-nia-thlu. 

Coil, (v.) pa-ki, (s.) paki. (v.) pa-ki sha. 

Cold, (a.) chhang-pa, (r.) chhang-pa, («.) shi, (v.) a-thla-shi, {s,) 

ngai-khua, (a.) chashi. 
Cold be, (v.) shi, (a.) cha-shi. 
Cold weather, (s.) thla-shi-paw. 
Collapse, (r.) tla. 
Collar-bone, (s.) kao-ka-ru. 
Collect, (v.) shao-pa-kheo, khei. 
Collectively, (s.) shaw-naw-to-pa. 
Collide, (r.) a-chbu. 
Collide with, (v.) dai. 
Colouring, (i».) chei. 
Comb, (5.) zi, (v.) zi, (s.) sha-thi. 
Combed out, (a.) pa-hnia. 
Comb of a cock, 1 / n v 
Combofaheu, j(*)*^-«^*»8- 
Comb out, (v ) zi-pa-chi 
Come, (v.) shi, ava. 
Come back, {^.) vaw-kua, !i. 
Come into a lump, (v.) cha-khL 
Come or go out, (r.) pua. 



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134 LAKHER GRAliBIAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Conie to light, (v.) pua. 

Come to nought, (v.) lei-lao. 

Comfort, (r.) pang-a, rei-aw. 

Comfortable (a.) pha, (v.) pha. 

Comforting, (v.) rei-pa-saw-pa-thlu. 

Command, (v,) tai, bi-tai, bi-pi, (s.) rsi-ta. 

Commander, (s.) a-ho-tu-pa. 

Commanding, (a,) rao-na. 

Commence, (v.) thaw. 

Commission, (v.) tua. 

Commission to tell, (v.) ta. 

Commit adultery, (v.) ria-sha-pa-haw. 

Common, (a.) hlu, zua-dua, pa-hma, manao. 

Companion, (^.) chha-pa-haw-pa, via-sha-pa, a-mang-via-sha, sha- 

hlaw. 
Company, (s,) saw hlaw, hlaw. 
Compare, (v) pa-nua, (s.) pa-nua-na, (r.) pakhang, mang-pa- 

khang. 
Compassionate, {v.) daw, (a.) daw. 
Compensate, (v.) thao. 
Complaint, (s.) bi-pei-pa 

Complete, (v.) khai, i-hlaw-pa-tlao, tlao, pa-thlao-pa-tla, ma, ki. 
Complete length, {s. ) tlai. 
Completely, (adv.) tia, ki. 
Complexion, («.) a-sha-shal 
Complicated, (v.) a cha*via. 
Comport, (v.) thla-pa-lao. 
Compose, (v.) pa-pi. 
Composer, (s,) a-pua-pua-pa. 
Conceal, (v.) khu, phi. 
Concerning, (5J bi. 
Concertina, {s.) tang-ta. 
Conclude, (v.) i-hlaw-pa-tlao, chha. 
Conclusion, (s ) chha. 
Concubine, (5.) nao-tha. 
Condemn, (v.) a-dang-vei. 
Conduct, (v. ) a-chhi. 
Confess, (v.) bi-pha-chhei. 
Confiscate, (v.) la-pa. 
Confute, (v.) pa-zei. 

Conical, (s.) kua-chia-kawpa-sha, tu-ha-bai-sha. 
Conical heap of rice, (s. ) dang-khi. 

Consecutively (adv.) a-pa-te-thai-pa-ta-ta, a-pa-te-pa-ta-ta. 
Consider, (v.) hna-bei-shei, pa-cha, va. 
Considerate, (a.) nao-pha. 



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PART IV. — DICTIONARY : BNGLI8H-LAKHER. 135 



Conspire, (v.) bi-pa-chia. 

Conspiracy, (s.) bi-pa-chia. 

Constantly, (adv.) tea. 

Construct, (v.) taw. 

Consume, ni. 

Consumption, (s.) chaw. 

Contented, (y.) leo, ngiia-pa-chhi, pa-Iao-cha. 

Contiguous, (v.) a-pa-shu, a-pa-taw. 

Continually. (a/Zv.) teo. 

Continue, (v.) lai. 

Continue doing anything, (r.) pa-zaw-pa-hmia. 

Continuously, {adv.) lao. 

Contract, (v.) da, a-tai, hri-phaw. 

Contracted, (v.) pha, law-bi-pa. 

Contradict, (v.) ei. 

Contradick, (v.) hrai. 

Contrai7 to, iprep.) lo-lei-pa-ta. 

Convenient, (a.) ara-chai, shia, (v.) ra, (a.) ra. 

Convert, (v.) avaeo. 

Convert into, (v.) pa-hua. 

Cook, (y. ^) pa-hmang, (v.) chhang. 

Cooked, (a.) hmang. 

Cooked rice, (s.) pa-ti. 

Cook with salt, {v.) cha-hei. 

Cool, {v.) ma-thlai-hi. 

Cool become, (v.) dia 

Cooled down, (v.) dia. 

Coolie, (s.) hmang-a-paw. 

Copper, (s.) dawshai-pa. 

Copy, (y.) mang-pa-khang. 

Copulate, (v.) va, a-thlaw, a-pa-tla. 

Core, (s.) tlia. 

Cork, (t; ) pa-hru. 

Cork, (s ) pa-hru-na, phi-hru-na. 

Corner, (s.) ki. 

Corpse, (s.) thi-pa, ri. 

Corpulent, (a:) thaw. 

Correct, (a ) shia, (v.) pa-shi-pa-aw, rei-pa-aw, (a.) lia-sha. 

Correctly, (arfv.) lia-sha. 

Cotton, (8.) pala. 

Cotton ball, (s.) la-lao. 

Cotton gin, (5.) lari. 

Cotton reel, (5.) pa-hlo-na. 

Cotton rolled, (5.) chari. 

Cottdn tree, (s ) a-pha. 



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136 LAKHER .GRAMMAR AXD DICTIONART. 



Cotton thread, (s.) i)a-la-ri. 

Cough, (v.) pa-khu. 

Courage take, (v.) lao. 

Count, {v.) ta-thai, rei, pachhao -pa-khu. 

Country, (s.) leora, khi. 

Courting, (v.) cha-rei. 

Cover, (r.) cha-chu, a-khu, («.) pa-hru, khu. 

Cover, {s.) pa-hru-na, phi-hru-na. 

Cover of book, (<».) kaw. 

Covet, (v.) ua-va, ngia-ba. 

Cow, (5.) via-ch^w-pa^nao> ria-chaw. 

Cowardly, (adv.) re-chhi, (t;.)re-chhi. 

Cowkeeper, (s.) via-chaw-a-vai-pa. 

Cowrie, (s.) hei-la. 

Crab, (5.)ia, cha-ia. 

Crab trap, (s,) cha-aw. 

Crack, (v.) a-shia-ra, (s.) a-shia-ra. 

Crack the knuckles, (v.) ku-thli-pa-ra. 

Cramp, (v.) tha-a-chi. 

Cramped for room, a-pa-kang. 

Craw^ (r.) ava. 

Creased, daw. 

Credible, (a.) zang-a-chhi. 

Credit, (5.) a-ba. 

Creek, (s.) ali-cha-kao. 

Creep, (v.) zaw. 

Creeper, (5.) khaw-hri. 

Crest, (8.) thlang-ma-thli 

Cricket, (s.) khawshu. 

Cringe, {v.) a-kang-ta. 

Crochet, (v.) pa-hi. 

Crocodile, (s.) ti-sa-da. 

Crop, {s.) raw. 

Crook, (s ) chia-la-ba. 

Crooked, (a.) kaung. 

Crop (of a bird), («.) a-daw. 

Crops, (s.) lo. 

Cross, (v.) cha-kaX;)rep.) ba-la-ta^ (ocZa^.) bi^-ta, a-iai*Ia-ta, {n.) tai. 

Crossed, (as pen, ete.) supa-hli. 

Crossgrained (as wood), (v.) pa-hi. 

Cross roads, («.) la-zaw 

Crosswise, (adv.) a-tai. 

Crouch, (v.) phi-tla, a-kang-ta. 

Crow, («.) ra-aw# 

Crowbar, (s.) thu-a-tlai. 



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PART IV. — DICTIONARY : ENGLISH-LAKHKR. 137 



Crowd, (s.) zaw-pi. 

Crowded, (a.) chi-ih. 

Cruel, (a.) nao-chhi, na-tla-bi-pa, (v.) na-tla-bi-pa. 

Cry, {v.) cha. 

Cry, (as an elephant, or monkey), (v.) a-khai. 

Cry (as the gibbon, ape), (v.) hu-hi. 

Cry out, (r.) phe. 

Cucumber, (s.) a-thei. 

Cultivate, (y.) pa-sha. 

Cultivation, («.) laung. 

Curly, (a.) sha-kang. 

Curse, (v. t) shi-sha-a-law, a-chhi-sa-pa. 

Curse, (v. t.) shia-sa-pa. 

Cursed, {v.) a-chhia-daw-pa. 

Curl up, (r.) pa-ki, {v. t.) cha-ki. 

i'urved, (v.) aw-hnang-a-kao-pa, (a.) aw-hnang-a-kao-pa. 

Custom, (s.) da. 

Customary be, (v.) va. 

Cut, (v.) chhaw, a, pa-chhu, (a.) a, (v.) va. 

Cut down, (v.) thlu. 

Cut a jLum, {v.) io-va. 

Cut in halves, (v.) pa-tlaw. 

Cut jungle, (r.) va. 

Cut off (as edge of thatch, bamboo, stump), (v.) cha-ki. 

Cut off, (r.) tai, pa-hlai. 

Cut off a small piece, (v.) pathai. 

Cut open, (v.) chhei. 

Cut the hair, (v.) sa-ngeo. 

Cut up, (v.) cha-a. 

Cut (with scissors), (v.) cha-ki-pa-chhao. 

Cylindrical, [a.) hlao. 

D. 

Daily, (adv.) nang-taung-ta. 

Dak runner, {s.) cha-a-ro-khei-pa. 

Dam, OS.) la-kang. 

Dam up water, (v.) li-kang. 

Damage, {v. t.) pa-raw. 

Damp, (a.) pa-zua. 

Dangerous, (a.) ria-chhia-chhi. 

Dao, (s.) ta-ko. 

Dare, (v.) nga. 

Daring, (a.) nga. 

Dark, (a.) zang, veo, {v.) khia-zang, zang. 

Darkness, (s.) zang. 



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138 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DTOTIONART. 



Dart, (s.) li. 

Day, (s.) nang. 

Day after to-morrow, ha-nang 

Day and night, a-zang-ava-ta. 

Day before yesterday, za-hia-za-kha-hnia-pa. 

Daybreak, (s) khipa-va 

Day by day, (adv,) nang-taung-ta. 

Daylight, (s.) a-va-pa-thei, khi-pa-va. 

Day of rest, (s.) a-nang 

Day's journey, nang-kha-la-pi, nang-kha-shi, nang-kha-khai. 

Daytime, (s.) chhao 

Dazzle, (v.) raw. 

Dazzling, (a) ma-nia-raw-thei. 

Dead, (a.) thi, hi, (v.) a-tla-lei-pa. 

Dead body, (s ) ri, shaw-shaw. 

Dead quite, (adv.) pa-ba. 

Deaf, (a.) na-pa-pa. 

Deaf be, {v.) na-pa-pa. 

Dear, (a.) shao. 

Death dew, (s.) a-daw. 

Debilitated be, (v.) chi-ka-lei-pa. 

Debt, {s.) a-lei. 

Debtor, (s.) lei-ba» 

Decapitate, (v.) lu-tai. 

Deceive, (v.) dao-vei, {v. t) rei-chhi. 

Decide, (v.) pa-lo-ri-pa-hnei. 

Decimate, (v.) taw. 

Decompose, (a) thu. 

Decrease, (v.) cha-ka. 

Deeds, (s.) a-hrang-a-ria-pa-ta, a-pi-zi-pha-vei, a-pi-da-pha-vei. 

Deep, (a.) lia-ri. 

Deep to be, {s.) lia-ri 

Deer, (s.) cha-shu, sha-shu. 

Defecate, (v.) lao-pa-pua, di-pa, i. 

Defer, (v.) shang. 

Deformed be, (v.) pi-pa-shi. 

Degraded, (a.) chhi, {v. L) pa-raw. 

Degrees, (adv,) du-shaw-ta. 

Delaswari river, {s.) tlawng. 

Delay, {s.) pa-shi, (v.) pa-shi 

Delicate, (a.) na-tha-shi-kaw-na, (v.) na-tha-shi-kaw-na. 

Deliver up, (y.) pa-tu-sha. 

Demagiri, («.) Tla-bo. 

Demand, (v.) haw, a-hnaw. 

Dense, (a.) a-pao-pa, (v.) a-pao-pa. 



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PART IV. — dictionary: enqlish-lakhbr. 139 



Dent, {v ) chhei. 

Deny admission, (t; ) de-tha. 

Depend on, {v.) pa-cha. 

Depend upon, (v.) ha. 

Deposed, {v.) ma-chhi. 

Depressing, (a.) nang-a-ai-a-chhi pa. 

Deprive, (r.) dao-vei. 

Descend, (v.) chhu-ta. 

Descendant, («.) chi-pa-thla. 

Desert, (v.) lei-shai. 

Desirable, (a.) ua-va-a-chhi. 

Despise, (v.) mang-pa-shl 

Despised, {s.) haw-chai-pa. 

Destroy, {v t.) pa-raw. 

Destroy wilfully, (v.) pa-sai-pa-i. 

Detached, (a.) a-hua-kaw. 

Detain, (v.) pa-tu, a-ma-thleo-haw. 

Detain forcibly, (v.) hrai. 

Determined, (v.) a-chhua-pa-tha, dia-thla-pa-ta-ha-chhuaya-chhua- 

ria-lia, lia-sha-a-chhua. 
Detest, {s.) pa-shi. 
Detestable, (a.) pa-sbi-a-chhi. 
Dew, (s.) dia. 
Diarrhoea, (s.) chho-chhi, chhao-a-pa-tlai, (v.) chhao-a-pa-tlai, 

chhao-pa-tlai, chha-nopha-vei, chhao-cha-kaw. 
Die, (v.) thi-khang-i-shi, hua-chi, thi 
Die out, (v.) chi-raang. 
Different, (a.) hla, a-hrangpa. 
Different places, (arfv.) ra-taung-ta. 
Difficult, (a.) lia-ri, ru-na,*ru. 
Difficult, to be, (v.) ru-na. 
Diffident, (a.) a-nang-nang. 
Dig, (t;.)lai. 

Diligent, (a.) tia-ma, (v.) tia-ma. 
Diligently, (arfv) tia-ma. 
Dimple, (ij.) ao-da. 
Dip, (v.) pa-chi. 
Dip up, (v.) thai. 
Direction, {s.) la 

Directly, (conj.) na-ta, pa-taw-na-ta, pa-hli-pa-ta. 
Dirt, («.)a-pa-pua. 

Dirty, (a.) pua, (v.) ka. pua, a-pa-pua. 
Disable, {v.) pa-khaw-pa-ba. 
Disabled, (a.) a-za-a-khaw. 
Disallow, (v.) zang-va-na. 



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140 LAKHBR ORAMHAR AND DICTIONART. 



Disappear, (v.) tlan 

Disapprove, (v.) hna-cha-but-ta. 

Disadvantageous, (a.) pha-vei. 

Disbelieve, (v.) ha-kua-sha,-zang-va-na. 

Discuss, (v.) a-ei 

Disease, (v.) hri-phaw. 

Disembark, (v.) pua. 

Disgrace, (v.) mang-pa-chhi. 

Disgraceful, (a.) za-a-chhi. 

Disgusting, (a.) pa-slii-a-chhi. 

Dishevelled, (a.) hra. 

Dishonest, (a.) pa-sao-pa-hia. 

Dish up, (v.) chha. 

Dislike, (v.) ngia-rang, haw-pa-shi. 

Dislocated, (a.) su-pa-hli, (v.) su-pa-hli, (v. (.) a-hlei, sua-pa-hli. 

Dismantle, (v.) phi. 

Dismiss, (v.) pa-pai. 

Disobedient, (v.) tua-chhi, (a.) tua-chhi, chhang-tao. 

Disobey, (v.) zang-va-na. * 

Disperse, {v.) chi, ka, cha-taw-ta-la. 

Dispersed, (v.) hi. 

Displeased, {v.) ngia-pa-chhi-vei, pa-lao-cha-vei. 

Disposition, («.) zi, rei-ka. 

Disregard, (a.) a-nang-nao-pa. 

Dissension^ (5.) bi-pei-pa. 

Dissuade, (v.) pa-shai-hleipa-pa-hlao. 

Distance, {v.) sai. 

Distil, (v.) chhang. 

Distinct, (a.) shia. 

Distinctly, (adv.) shia. • 

Distinguish between to, (v.) hrua, cha-thlei. 

Distrain, (v.) la-hua. 

Distribute, (v.) rai. 

Distrust, (v.) chi-pa-hua. 

Disturbance, (v.) pa-hlaw-pa-hli. 

Disturb, (v.t.) pa-maw-pa-la. 

Dive, (v.) ti-a-nia. 

Diverge (as lines), (v.) kai. 

Divide, {v.) cha-thlei, hrua, rai, shai. 

Divulge a secret, (v.) ka-blu. 

Dizzy, (v.) pa-hia 

Do, (v.) hria, shia, a-pi, ta. 

Doctor, («.) hri-khai-va-rei 

Dog. (s.) i. 

Doings, (s.) A-hrang-a-ria-pa-ta. 



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PART IV. — DICTIONARY : ENGLISH-LAKHER- 141 



Domain, (s.) khi-va-ta-li. 

Domestic, (s.) chhi-zaw. 

Domesticate, (v.) pa-sha. 

Done be, (a.) ba. 

Door, {s.) ang-chbi. 

Door mat, (s.) phei-cha-ta-na. 

Door-post, ($.) ang-chhi-ta. 

Door- way, (s.) la-pi, cha-kei. 

Double, (a.) a pa-thlang. 

Double (as gun, egg, nut, etc ), phi. 

Double be, (v.) a pa-thlang. 

Double-barrelled gun, {s.) mei-thei-phi-pa. 

Double handful, (s.) pa-za-pi. 

Double up, {v. t.) cha-ki. 

Doubt, (v.) zang-a-vei. 

Dove, (s.) va-chhu. 

Down, (adv.) chhu-ta, ma-thi, (prep.) ma-thi-ta. 

Down stream, (adv,) cha-va-tha. 

Down there, (adv.) khu-lia-na-khu-ta, khu-tia-ta, (a.) kha-khu, khu. 

Downwards, (adv.) chhu-ta. 

Drag, (v.) daw-phi. • 

Dragon fly, (s.) ti-sho-di-pa. 

Draw, (v ) thai. 

Draw (as water from a well), (v.) pa-hai. 

Draw (a breath), (v.) sheo. 

Draw a line, (v.) rang. ' 

Draw in, (v.) pa -da. 

Draw in (the head), (v.) a-pa-mao. 

Draw near, (v.) vaw-pa-shi. 

Draw up, (v.) pa-hai. 

Draw water, (v.) ti-thai. 

Dream, (s.) ma, (v.) ma-hnei, ma-sha, ma-hmei. 

Dream have, (v.) ma-hmei. 

Dream of, (v.) ma-la-tahmao. 

Dregs, (s.) zao-pa. 

Drill a hole, (v.) vi. 

Drink, (v.) dang, (s.) dang-pa. 

Drink through a tube, (v.) la. 

Drip, (v.) zi. 

Drive (as cattle), (v.) ria-vai. 

Drive away, (v.) haw> pha-law, lai-pa-thla. 

Drive out, (v.) pa-pua. 

Droop, (v ) tlia. 

Drooping, (a.) kei 

Drop. (,9.) sha-hmaW| di, zu. 



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142 LARHER GRABiMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Drop down, (v.) pa-thla-pa-thla. 
Drought, {s.) zi-za. 
Drown, (v.) ti-lia-ta-tla-shaw. 
Drudge, (s.) tua-chhi. 

Drug, (5.) a-paiig-pa- 

Drum small. («.) via-khang. 

Drum stick, (v.)lB,'tM»TiSL. 

Drunk, (a.) pa-ri, (v.) pa-ri. 

Dry, (a.) pa-rao, chaw, hi, (v.) chaw, pa-hi pa-ai, hi 

Dry-in-the-sunshine, (v.) zaw. 

Dry-season, («.) chhia-nang. 

Dry-up, (v.) cha-ka, pa-hua. 

Dry- wood, {v.) cha-ha-cha. 

Duck, («.) teo-pheo. 

Dull, (a.) pa, {v.) tlu-chao 

Dung, (s.) i. 

Durable, (a.) tleo, chhi-ru, cbhi-haw. 

Durable-be, {v.) tleo. 

During, (prep.) chao-ta, thla-ta. 

Dust (v.) hru-shia, (s.) bu-cha, mei-sha-dang. 

Dysentery, {s.) tla-rai-pa. 

Dysentery have, (v.) tla-rai-pa. 



Each, (pro.) shai, rai-ri. 

Eager, (a.) pa-lao-cha-ra. 

Eager be, (v.) pa-lao-cha-ra. 

Ear, Is.) bai. 

Earring, {s.) na-pa-hrel 

Early, (ar/t;.)hma. 

Early-dawn, («.) pa-hi-pa-hu, khi-pa-va. 

Earnest, (a.) pha-hnai-khang. 

Earth, (s.) a-lei. 

Earth up, (v.] vaw-cha-hei. 

Earthenware, is.) pa-rei. 

Earthquake, («.) a-lang-shi. 

Earwig, {s.) chai-la-ki-pa. 

East, (5.) ma-chha-la. 

Easy, (a.) naw, noung. 

Easy-going, {a.) pa-thi-pa-lao-nai, {v.) pa-thi-pa-lao nai. 

Easy-to-be, {v.) noung. 

Eat, (v.) ni. 

Eat and drink, (v.) ni-la-baw-te. 

Eat-with-a-spoon, {v.) pa-hraw. 



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PART IV.— DICTIONARY : ENGLISH-LAKHER. 143 



Eavesdrop, (v.) na-thli. 

Echo, {v.) khai-pa-li, hai-pa-li, (5.)hai-pa-li. 

E(;lipi3e, (s.) o-pa-la, (v.) pa-ma, o-na-a-pa-la. 

Economise, (v.) cha-daw. 

Edge, (5.) hmia, kia, paw-hmou. 

Eel, (5.) nga-chhi-pa. 

Eflfervesce, (v.) shaeu, nao. 

Egg, («.)ti. 

Egg-fruit, (8.) mai-teu. 

Eight, (a.) ri. pao-cha-ri. 

Eighteen, (a.) po-hraw-na-ta-po-cha-ri. 

Eject, (v.) pa-hua-sha, (v. /.) pa-pua. 

Klastic, (a.) pa-za. (v.) pa-za. 

Else, (<irfv.)cha-lei-pa-li-law-khia-ta-cha, cha-vei-khia-ta. 

Elbow, (s.) ku-cha-khi 

Elder, (s.) a-bei-ma-cha. 

Elderly, (v.) a-bei-ma-cha. 

Elephant, («.) mao-hia. 

Elephant-grass, (s.) lang-tei. 

Eleven, (a.) po-hraw-na-ta-po-pa-kha. 

Elfinlock, (5.) bai. 

PJmbankment, (s ) pa-bi, («.) pa-bi. 

Embark, {v.) kia. 

Embarrassed, (a.) nang-ai-a-i-ai, (v.) nang-ai-a-i-ai. 

Embers, (s.) mei-hei-hrang-pa. 

Embrace mouth, (©.) a-ma-na-chai-i. 

Embrace, (v.) a-peu. 

Emphasise, (s.) pa-ka-thaw. 

Eminent, (a.) lai, pa-hre. 

Emissary, (s.) lei-cha. 

Emphatically, (adv.) lia-shi. 

Empty, (a.) reua-pa, rua, (v.) rua, reua-pa. 

Empty out, (v.) pa-tlai. 

Emulate, (v.) zaw. 

Enable, (v.) tua 

Encircle, (v.) pa-kl 

Encircle with the finger, (v.) hmi. 

Enclosure, {s.) pa-kaw, pa-kaw-chhao. 

Encourage, {v.) pa-sheung. 

Encumbered, (v.) va-shaw. 

End, (a ) paw-hmou, (of a sentence)* kia, chha. 

Endure patiently, (v.) tia-ma-a-chhi. 

Endure, (v.) taw, ngia-theL 

Enemy, {«.) cha-ria-pa. 

Energetic, (a.) tia-ma. 



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144 LAKHER GRAMBfAR AND DICTIONART. 



Endless-band, (s.) ra-ha-ri. 

Engrave, (u.) rang. 

Engraving, (a.) chei. 

Enlarge, (v.) pa-kaw. 

Enlightened, (a.) na-pa-va-pa. 

Ennaity, («.) hro-sa-shi. 

Enmity with to be, (v.) deung. 

Enough, (adv.) dai, {v.) khi, dai. 

Enquire, {v.) hia-hri. 

Ensure-good, {v.) hri-khao. 

Entangled, (u.) pa-hi. 

Entice, (v.) rei-aw. 

Enticing (v.) rei-pa saw-pa-thlu. 

Entire-eno\]^h, (v.) ki. 

Entirely, (adv.) hao. 

Entrance to a village, («•) haw-ka. 

Entrails, (s.) ri. 

Envy, {v.) ua-va. 

Epidemic, (s.) hri-pi. , , . ,. ,, , 

Equal, (v.) khang, a-tlu, (a.) mia-kha, a-kha-sha-pa. 

Equal-shares, («.) zi-na-ta-zi. 

Escape, («.) a-chha-pa-ra, a-chhei, a-shu-pa-hb. 

Escort, [v.) a-chhi, tlao. 

Eternal, (a.) kao-kha-ra. 

Mernally, (adv.) kao-ka-ra-ta. 

Evaporate, (v.) cha-ka. 

Even, (a.) a-rai, rai, {v.) a-rai, {ativ ) hra, chhaw, kei-chhaw. 

Evenly, {a.) rai. 

Evening meal, («.) za-pa-ti 

Evening, («.) za-la. ^ • * u * • * uu * 

Even now, (adv.) a-ta-hma-i, a-hma-rai, a-ta-hma-tai-ta-chhaw-ta. 

Even then, (adv.)' chha. 

Even though, {cm.) i-khang-chei-ha-ta. 

Even when, {conj.) chao-ta-chhaw. 

Ever, {adv.) ngai. 

Every occasion, mang-zua-dua-ta. 

Every one, {pro.) shai. 

Every sort of, (a.) pa-hma, ma-nao, zua-dua. 

Every thing, a-tang. 

Every where, (pro.) shai, khi-tang-ta, (adv.) ra-taung-te. 

Evil spirit, («.) hri-pa, leu-ra-hri-pa 

Exact, {adv) shei, (a.) hmei-shei-nagi-ta. 

Exact a fine in lieu of work, (u.)chhaung. 

Exacly, {adv.) hmei-shei, shei-ngai-ta, ka-pua-pa, te-hmei-sliei-ta. 

Exactly as, {adv.) raw-law-pa-ta. 



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PART IV. DICTIONARY : ENGLISH-LAKHER. 145 



Exactly enough, (i;.)dai-pa-ta, (arft?.) dai-pa-ta. 

Exaggerate, {v ) pa-ka-thaw. 

Exalt, (v.) chei-cha-lang. 

Exalted, (v.) ngia. 

Examine, (v.) nai. 

Exceeding by, (adv.) chei-haw. 

Exceedingly, (adv.) chhei-hao, ngai, ngai-ta, va-rang. 

Excel, (v.) pa-ma. 

Excelling in every thing, (v.) shi-va-pha. 

Except but, (prep.) vei-he. 

Except, (pro.) vei-khia-cha-ta 

Exception of, (prep.) vei-he, vei-khia-cha-ta. 

Exchange, (v.) a-ri, pa-tlai. 

Excrement, (s.) i. ' 

Excrescence, (s.) cha-khi. 

Exercise, (v.) hri-khaw-a-rei. 

Exert ones self, (v.) chha. 

Exhausted, {v.) pa-naw. 

Exhort, (v.) pa-shi-pa-aw. 

Exist, (v.) tla-lei-lao-a. 

Exorcist, (s.) thei-a-thai-pa. 

Expect, (v,) hna-bei-shei. 

Expel, (v.) pa-pua. 

Expend, (v.) zua. 

Expensive, (a.) shao, (v.) shao. 

Expert, (a.) tlu-chao, thei-a-thai-pa, (r.) thei-a-thai-pa. 

Explain, (v.) rei-pa-aw, pa-hnang-sha. 

Explode, (v.) pa. 

Expose, (v.) phua. 

Express an opinion, {v.) pa-cha-pa-rei. 

Expressing entirety, (adv.) hai. 

Extenisive, (a.) pi, kaw. 

Exterminate, {v. t) pa-raw. 

Extinct, (v.) chi-mang. 

Extinguish, (v. t) pa-thi, pa-raw, pa-chhai, thi. 

Extract, (v.) phia. 

Eye, (s.) maung, bai. 

Eyebrows, (s.) maung-khi-tla-pa-hmi. 

Eyelashes, (s.) maung-hnii. 

Eye-witness, (s.) hmao-tu-pa. 

F. 

Fable, (s.) phao-pa. 

Face, (s.) hmia, (v.) a-hei-pa-ti, a-hei-pa-li. 

Faced, (a.) na. 



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146 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Facing, (prep.) hmia-la. 

Face to, {v.) a-hmia-pa-ti. 

Fade, {y.) pa-chhao, a-pa-da, (as a flower) sbia. 

Faded, (a.) shia. 

Faint, (y.) mu. 

Fainting, (y.) hrang 

Fair, (s.) daw-phi, (a.) ngeo. 

Fairly, (adv.) chhei-haw. 

Faith, (s.) pa-cha. 

Fall down, (v.) tla. 

Fall downwards upon, (v.) cha-khaw. 

Fall from power, (v.) ma-chhi. 

Fall through, (v.) i-tla, pua-pa-thla. 

Fall upon, (v.<.)shua, (v.) pa-tlai. 

False, (a.) hai, dao. 

False alarm, {s.) ria-pa-haw. 

Falsely alarmed, (v.) ria-pa-haw. 

False bottom, {s.) chaw-pa-hru, phi-hru. 

Family, (s.) sha-naw-pa. 

Famous, (a.) mang-tha, (v.) mang-tha. 

Familiar with be, (v.) na. 

Fan, (5.) hmia-zi, (v.) zL 

Fan palm, (s.) ba-hru, shei-lu. 

Far, (v.) hla. 

Far a part, (a.) a-lo-pa. 

Far as, (conj.) taw. 

Far as up to, {conj. and adv.) taw-ta. 

Fascinate, (y.) zang-ta-a-la-pa. 

Fashion into, {v.) a-veo. 

Fast, {adv.) lia-sha, (a.) tha-tlao. 

Fasten, {v.) hrai-thla, cha-khi. 

Fastening, (s.) hrai-thla-na, cha-khei. . 

Fastidious, (a.) du-chhi, (y.) du-chhi. 

Fat, (5.) thaw, (a.) pa-sha, thaw, (v.) pa-sha. 

Father, (s.) paw. 

Father-in-law, {$.) pa-pu. 

Fatigue, (v.f.) tha-pa-chha. 

Fatigued, (v.) tha-chha. 

Fatiguing, (^a.) nanga-hai-a-chhi. 

Fault, (s.) lei. 

Faultless, (a.) shi-va-pha. 

Faulty, (a.) lei. 

Favour of, (prep.) li-khaw-ta. 

Fear, (v.) hrang, chhi-khei, chi-pa-hua, chi. 

Fearful, (a.) ria-chhi^i-chhi. 



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PART IV. — ^DICTIONARY : BNOLISH-LAKHER. 147 



Feast, (v.) chao-a-tla-pa. 

Feathers, (s.) hmi, pa*vaw-hml 

Feed, (v.) kia, pa-nl-sha, pa-sha. # 

Feed with the mouth, (v.) hmu. 

Feel (v.) pa-hnang, pua, (v. t.) hria. 

Feel after, (v.) pa-tha. 

Feel cool, (v.) ma-thlai-hi. 

Feel elated, (v.) pa-thi-pa-lao-tha-a-pha, 

Feel pain, (v.) pa-sha. 

Feel sick, (v.) pa-li-a-chhi. 

Feel sleepy, (v.) maung-a-ku. 

Fell, (vOthlu. 

Fellow, («.) chhe-a-phaw-pa, i-hria-la-pa. 

Fellow clansman, (s.) sha-naw-ri-nao. 

Fellow villager, [s.) khi-chhao. 

Fence, {$.) kia. 

Fermented, (s.) sha-hma-pi. 

Fetch, (t?.) la, ra-la. 

Fetter, (v.) a-kei-dai. 

Fever, (s.) pang-hria-dai, ngai-khua. 

Feverish be, (v.) pang-hria-dai. 

Few, (a'/v.) a-cheo-ta. 

Fiddle, (s.) tang-ka. 

Fidget, (v.) ria-thaw. 

Fidgetty, (a.) ria-thaw. 

Field glasses, («.) thua-sho-phi, mao-pha-hli-na. 

Fifteen, (a.) po-hraw-na-ta-po-pa-ngaw. 

Fight, (v.) a-ka, a-tu. 

Fighting, (v.) thi-khang-i-shi. 

Fighting men, (s.) cha-ria. 

File, {s.) sa-ka-ra, sa-rai. 

Fill, {v. t) pa-vi. 

Fill in, (v.) pa-mai, haw. 

Fill up, (v.) cha-pi. • 

Filth, («.) a-pa-pua. 

Find, (v.) hmao, a-hua. 

Find fault with, (v.) pa-pho-pa4eo, rei-pa-shia, pa-pho, pa mei-pa 

ha, pa-pho-pa-leung. 
Fine, (a.) chhi, (v.) pa-chei-sha, (s.) lei-ba, a-lei. 
Fine be, (v.) chhi 
Fine in texture, (a.) nai. 
Finely, (adv.) pa-di, (a.) di. 
Finger, («.) ku-pa-rang. 
Finger, first, («.) pa-zao. 
Finger, little, («.) tu-ta. 



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148 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Finger ring, («.) ku-sa-di. 

Finish, (v.) pua, khai, i-hlaw-pa-tlao, (s.) chha. 

Finished, (v.) tlao. 

Fire (a gun), {v.) ka, {s.) mei. 

Fire brand, (s.) maw-rei-phei. 

Firefly, (s.) dao-di. 

Fire irons, (poker, shovel), i-niei-ia-chai-rai-aw-na. 

Fire-place, (5.) thu. 

Fire wood, {s.) thing-thu. 

Firm, (a.) a-i, (v.) a-i. 

Firmly, {adv.) a-i, lia-sha, a-zang. 

First, {adv.) hmia-chai-ta, dua, (a.) hmia-ta, hmia-chai-ta. 

First, (adv,) tua-ta. 

First finger, (5.) ku-pa-zao. 

First of all, {adv.) tua-ta 

Fish, (5.) nga 

Fish hook, (a ) kei-pa. 

Fish trap, (s.) cha. 

Fist, (v.) ku-tao. 

Fit, (a ) pa-ha, a-tlai-ang-na, (v.) ngia. 

Five, (a.) po-pa-ngaw, ngaw. 

Fix be in a, (v.) pa-cha-na-rai-pa-hnang-va. 

Fix in the mind, (r.) pa-chhao-pa-khu. 

Fix open, (v) pa-cha. 

Flag, {v.) hlai. 

Flame^ (5.) mei-ka, ka, (v.) ka. 

Flap, {v.) zi 

Flare, (v.) ka. 

Flat, {a(iv.) phia, (a.) la-phei, rai. 

Flat and thin, (v.) phia, (<2.) phia. 

P'lay, (v.) ua. 

Flea, («.) i-hli. 

Flesh, (5.) a-sha-shai, sha-shai-pa. 

Flexible, (a.) za-za, (v.) za-za. 

Flint, (5.) mei-lao. 

Float (in the air to fly about), (v.) cha-rei. 

Flock, (5.) zao, hlaw. 

Flood, (5.) ti-pa-ua 

Flood be, (v.) ti-pa-ua 

Floor, (s.) shi-phia. 

Flour, (s.) via-phaw-pa-di. 

Flow, {v.) laung. 

Flower, {v.) pa-kai, («.) paw, paw-pi. 

Fluent, (a.) rei-hlu, (v.) rei-hlu. 

Fluent person, (5.) rei-pa-thli-thei, rei-hlu. 



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PART IV. — dictionary: bnglish-lakher. 149 



Flute, (s,) ra-mang 

Fly, (v.) zaw, {s.) ma-theo-pa. 

Fly, blown, (a.) za-chhi, (v.) za-chhi. 

Flying squirrel, (5.) a-bai 

Foam, (s.) pa-chu-bu-cho-phe, bu-cha. 

Fog, (5.) a-mei. 

Fold, (8.) pa-kaw-chhao, pa-kaw. 

Fold up, (v.) thla-ka-di-dang. 

Follow, (v.) zi. 

Fond of, (v.) khang. 

Fond of (especially of eatables), (v.) khang. 

Fond of be, (v.) ngia-shi. 

Fond of joking, (v.) ria-thaw. 

Fond of playing pranks (a.) ria-thaw. 

Fond of pleasure, {v.) hei-li-hei-la. 

Fontanel, (5.) lu-sa-di. 

Food, (5.) pa-ti, nia-pa. 

Fool, [s.) a-hru-pa, hru. 

Foolish, {s.) mang-lei. 

Foolish person, {s ) hru. 

Foot, (v.) cha-pia, (s.) phai-pa-za, phei. 

Foot (of tree), (s) tha-beo. 

Footfall, (s.) phei-chhua-pa-rang. 

Foot-print, {s. ) hni. 

Foot-stool, (s.) phei-chhua. 

For, (a^x) pa, (prep.) na, cha-kua, cha-ta, naw-a-pa-ta, pa-ta, 

(adv.) pa-shi, (conj.) tlao. 
For a long time, (adv.) pa-shi. 
For anything, hma-khang-nang-ta. 
Forbearing, (a.) ang-thei. 
Forbid, (v.) pa-shai. 
Force, (v.) a-ei. 
Force open, (v ) cha-kei. 
Force with, {adv ) pa-tei. 
Ford, (5.) ti-hra. 
Forest, (s.) leo-ra. 
Forehead, (s,) khi. 
Foretell, (v.) rei-tua. 
Foreigner, (s.) via. 
Foreleg of an animal, («.) phia kaw. 
Forever, (adv.) kao-ka-ra-ta. 
Forenoon, («.) nang-chhao-hla. 
Forge, (v.) dai. 
Forget, (v.) meo. 
Forgetful, (a.) maw-la. 



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150 LAKHER ORABfMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Fork, (s.) chia-kaw. 

Forked, (a.) plii, chia-kaw, {v.) phi, (8.) chia-kaw. 

Fork of a tree, (5.) chia-kaw. 

Fork of the legs, (s.) kei 

Form, {s.) pao-pa-sha-pa, a-sha-shai, hmia. 

For me, (pro.) ma-nia. 

For a purpose, hma-khang-nang-ta. 

For a short time, (adv.) dua. 

Formerly, (adv.) ei-kha-nang, a-za-chha-nang. 

Fomicatrix, (s.) chhu-pa-ra. 

Forsake, (t;.)pa-thlua. 

For some thing, hma-khang-nang-ta. 

For the sake of, (prep.) va-ta. 

Fortunate (a.) nang-hlaw, (v,) nang-hlaw. 

For us, (pro.) ma-nia. 

Founder, (s.) a-pua-pua-pa. 

Four, (a.) pao-pa-li, li. 

Four-anna piece, («.) shi-ki. 

Fourteen, (a.) po-hraw-na-ta-po-pa-li. 

Four^ toe, (s.) ka-dao-pa. 

Four times, (adv.) ei-pa-lL 

Forwards, (v.) a-hlai, (a.) na, (adv.) a-bu-pa-khu-pa-ta. 

For you, (pro.) cha-ta-hei-hi. 

Fowl, (8.) aw. 

Fragment, (s.) shi-pa. 

Free, (v.) pua. 

Frequently, (adv.) teo, bua. 

Freshly, (adv.) deung. 

Fresh wound, (5.) pa-hli. 

Friend, (5.) khi-chhao, via-sha-pa, sha-naw-ri-nao, (v.) pa-zi. 

Friendly, (adv.) sha-naw-ri-nao. 

Frighten, (v. t) pa-chhi-pa-ra. 

Fringe, («.) pai. 

Frog, {8.) cha-chi. 

From, (prep.) hnang-ta, taw-ta, lia-pa-ta. 

From where, kha-tai-taw-ta-maw. 

From you, (pro.) cha-ta-hei-hi. 

Front, {prep.) hJa-ta, hmia-ta, (adv.) hmia-ta, (a.) hmia-ta. 

Froth, (V.) nao, bu-cha, {s.) bu-cha 

Fruit, («.)pa-thei. 

Fruit edible, (8.) thei-pa-thei. 

Fry, [v.] cha-tei. 

Full, (a.) bi, (v.) bi. 

Full-grown, (a.) paw-tlang, lai-chha, (v.) lai-chha. 

Full-grown hen, (8.) aw-pa-nao. 



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PARE IV. — DICTIONARY : BNGLISH-LAKHER. 151 



Full-grown, not, (a.) tei. 

Full awake, (v.) tla. 

Fully cock (as gun), (v.) chha-nang. 

Fully ripe, (a.) hmang-ba-low. 

Fungus, 5. ) paw. 

Funny, a.) shai-shang. 

Funy bone, (s.) ku-cha-khi-pa-ra. 

Fur, {s.) hmi, sa-hmi. 

Furniture, is.) shao. 

Fussily, {adv.) pa-chi-pa-chia. 

Fussy, (a.) ta-nai-lai. 

G. 

Going, (adv.) li-law. 

Gainsay, (v.) ei. 

Gain victory, (v.) nga. 

Gallop, (v.) zaw. 

Gape, (v. ) cha-pheo, pa-ha. 

Garden, (s.) sha-dao. 

Gather, (as sticks, firewood, etc, or as a bird its food), (v.) 

pa-kheo. 
Gather together, {v.) pa-kha, a-pa-hle, a-chei-pak. 
Gather in, (v.) a-ngia-khei. 
Gather up, (v.) a-ngia-khei. 
Gayal's head, [s.) shei-lu, ba-hru. ■ 
Gayal's horn, (5.) shi-ki. 
Generally, {adv.) teo, a-do. 
Generation, (s.) chha. 
Generous, (a.) ria-pha, (v.) ria-pha. 
Gently, {adv ) du-shai-du-shaw-ta, du-shaw-ta. 
Get, (v.) si-pa, hnei, hmao, hri-phaw. 
Get behind, (v.) a- pa-kha. 
Get cool, (v.) ma-thlai-hi. 
Get damp, (v.) pa-za. 
Get in front of, (v.) chhaw. 
Get out of the way to, {v.) a-hrang-la-ta-eu. 
Get ready, (v.) vaw-ngia-pa, a-pa-shi-pa-thai, taw, pa-cha. 
Get small, {v. ] cheo. 
Get stale, (v.) chhang-pa. 
Get up, (v.) tleung. 
Ghost, (s.) thla-chhi. 
Giddy, (v.), pa-hia. 
Gin (as cotton), (v.) hi. 
Ginger, («.) ia-shang. 
Girdle, (s.) chai-hrai. 



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152 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY 



Girl, (s.) a-shaw-naw-pa, cha-nao-ha-ti. 

Give, (v.) pi. 

Give as a price, (v.) pa-lile. 

Give as security, {v.) pa-hrai-sha. 

Give authority, (v. ) bi-hneih-pi. 

Give back, (v.) pa-kua. 

Give heed to, (v.) a-peo. v 

Give light, {v.) vaw-pa-va. 

Give permission, (v.) bi-pi. 

Giv^ up, {v.) pa-thlua, rang. 

Give up coming altogether, (v.) dai-pa-la. 

Give up going altogether, (v.) dai-pa-la. 

Gizzard, («.) ba-pa-hlao. 

Glass, {8.) thla-ha, pa-rei. 

Glib be, (v.) rei-cha-tli-pa. 

Glorify, (y.) chei-cha-lang, paro-pa-na-sha. 

Glory, {s.) rao-na-na. 

Glossy, (a.) pa-thli, tlaw. 

Glue, (5.) pa-chaw-kha-na. 

Go, {v.) a-chhi, ava, vaw. 

Goat, (5.) mi 

God, (5.) Kha-zao-pa. 

Go down hill to, (v.) chhu-ta. 

Go in, {v.) a-pa-nao. 

Goitre, {$.) rao-pua, raw-pua. 

Gold, (s.) ngao. 

Golden, (a.) ngao. 

Gong, (5.) daw. 

Good, (a.) rao-nai, pa-thi-pa-laoh-pha-pa, {v.) nao-a-nei, pha, pa- 

thi-pa-laoh-a-pha. 
Good looking, (a.) hmi-pha, (v.) hmia-a-pha. 
Good-natured, (a.) nao-cha-pha, pa-thi-pa-laoh-pha-pa, (v.) pa-thi- 

pa-laoh-a-pha, nao-cha-pha. 
Go on foot, (r.) phei-ta-shi. 
Goods, (5.) hma-kei, bmang, shao. 
Good-tempered, (a.) pa-thi-pa-laoh-nai, nao-cha-pha. 
Go on to, (v.) shi. 
Go round to, (r.) cha-hri. 
Gossip, (v.) ka-hlu. 
Go together, (a.) rai. 
Go to meet any one, {v.) deo. 
Go towards, (v.) pa:hei. 
Gourd, (5.) ao. 
Govern, (v) a-beung. 
Go with, {V.) zi. 



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PAUT IV.— DICTIONARY : BNGLISH-LAKHER. 153 

Gradually, (at/v.) via-nga-la, du-shaw-du-sliaw. 

Grain, [v. t.) pa-thlo, {s.) di, sha-limaw. 

Grand, (a.) rao-na. 

Grand-daughter, (s.) tu-nao. 

Grand-child, (s.) tu. 

Grand-father, {».) pu. 

Grand-mother, (s.) pi. 

Grand-son («.) tu-pa. 

Grjant, (v.) pa-shai 

Grasp, (y.) cha-hu, pa-tu. 

Grasp tightly, {v.) hmi. 

Grass hopper, (s.) khaw-shu. 

Grate, (s.) thu. 

Grateful, (i;.)leo. 

Grate the teeth, (v.) cha-ri. 

Gratuitously, (adv.) sai-pa, cha-kheo. 

Grave, («.) thla. 

Gray, {v.) paw, (^i.) paw. 

Graze, (v.) phai-hli, ni, pa-shu, cha-hri. 

Grease, (s.) sa-thaw, thaw. 

Greasy (a.) tlaw, (v.) tlaw. 

Greasy to be, (v.) tlaw. 

Great, (a.) ngai-ta, rao-na, a-bei, lai, pa-hre. 

Greedy be, (a.) aw-hraw, pha-hnai-khang, pa-ha-pa-paw. 

Grieve, (v ) ngia-rand. 

Grievous, (a.) pa-sha-sha. 

Grimaces at, [v,) pa-chi-chi. 

Grin, (v.) pa-ki. 

Grin at, (v.) pa-chi-chi. 

Gritty, (a.) shao-hia. 

Groan, (v.) a-rao. 

Groin, (s.) chhia. 

Ground, (s,) a-lei. 

Group, (s.) hlaw. 

Grow, (v.) ua. 

Growl, (v.) chhao, a-rao. 

Grumble, (v.) pa-pho-pa-leo, pa-pho, pa-mei-pa-ha, pa-pho-pa- 

leung. 
Grumbling, (a.) pa-mei-pa-ha. 
Grumpy, (a.) pa-mei-pa-ha. 

Guess, (y.) pa-cha-pa-rei, ngia-pa-ti, {adv.} ngia-pa-ti-pa-ta. 
Guilty, (a. ) a-dang-vei, {v.) a-dang-vei. 
Gum, (s.) pa-chaw-kha-na. 
Gumboil, (5.) ha-shei-paw. 
Gun, {s.) mei-tliei-paw, mei-thei. 



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154 LAKHEB GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Gunny bag, {s.) via-shaw-khaw, shia-khaw. 
Gunpowder, («.) zai. 

H. 

Habit, (s.) zi. 

Hail,(5.) pa-rei. 

Hair, (s.) sa-pi, hmi. 

Hair-pin, (s.) saw-kaw-hraw. 

Half, (s.) khao-phi, tao-pa-chhu-pa, (a.) khao-phi, a-khang-phi. 

Haifa day's journey, {s.) nang-chhao-hra-kha-khai. 

Half burnt, (a.) thu, (v.) thu. 

Half cock (as gun), (v.) chha-kha. 

Half way, (a.) khao-phi. 

Hallow, (s ) khaw-va-tlaw-pa. 

Hammer, (v.) vaw, (s) a-cha-ia-phei-pa, khang-lang. 

Hammer in (as a nail), (5.) cha-pi. 

Hammer of a gun, («.) cha-ia-phei-pi. 

Hand, («.) ku. 

Handkerchief, (s,) hna-hru-na-pang. 

Handle, (v.) pa-sai-pa-i, (s.) ka-chu. 

Handle (of pot, spoon, etc.)(«.)pa-lai. 

Handle of a hoe, (s.) ha. 

Handsome, (v.) hmia-a-pha, (a.) mei-kia, hmi-pha. 

Hang, {v. t) a-aw-shaw. 

Hang heavily, {v.) a-da. 

Hang-nail, {s.) ia-pa-hnang. pa-tang-a-ia-pahnang. 

Hang up, (v.) pa-kai, pa-hai. 

Haply, (adv.) phi. 

Happy, (v.) pa-tlii-pa-lao-tha-a-pha, leo, tha-pha, (a.) tua-pha. 

Hard, (a.) pa-shang, cha, {v.) cha. 

Harlot. (8.) sha-pia-zua-pa. 

Harm, {v.) chhi-pa-raw. 

Hat, (s.) lu-la-khu. 

Hate, (v.) a-cha-ua, haw. 

Hated, (s.) haw-chai-pa. 
• Haunted, (a.) hri-pa. (v.) hri-pa. 

Have, (v.) hnei, a. 

Have fever, (v.) a-thla-shi. 

Have hole in, ^v.) peung. 

Have leprosy, (v.) phaw. 

Have the teeth on edge, (v,) ha-thla-na-a-za. 

Have worms, (v.) chhao-chhi-phaw. 

Having finished, khai-na-ta. 

Hawk, («.) pa-hmo. 

Haze, (a.) mei-tha. 



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PART IV.— DICTIONABT : ENGLISH -LAKHER. 155 



He, (pro.) a-nang. 

Head, (a.) lu. 

Headache, (s.) lu-pa-aha, lu-a-pa-sha. 

Head Over heels, {adv.) ki-la-bao. 

Healthy looking, (v.) shi, (a.) shi. 

Heap of rice, (5.) tu-ha-bai-sha. 

Hear, {v.) pa-hnang. 

Hearer, {s.) a-pa-hnang-tu-pa. 

Heart (of a tree), (s.) lia-rl 

Heart, {s.) pa-thi-pa-lao. 

Heart broken be, (v.) ngia-chhi. 

Hearth, {a.) cha-kang. 

Heat, (v.) raw. 

Heed to give, (v.) na-thlL 

Heel, (5.) phei-cha-kao. 

He himself, a-nang-dei-ta. * • 

Help (v.) pa-tai, chha-la-acha-pa, pa-chha, boung. 

Henceforth, (adv.) he-taw-na-he-ta. 

Her, (pro.) a-nang-ei, a-nang. 

Herd, (s.) hlaw, zao. 

Here, {adv.) he-lia-ta, he-lia-na-hi. lia-na-hi-ta. 

Hereafter, (adv.) ta-hma-hmang-la. 

Heron, (*. ) ria-shi. 

Hers, (pro.) a-ei, a-nang-el 

Hiccough, (v.) cha-cha-ua. 

Hidden, (v.) a-neung. 

Hide, {v.) khu, phi-pa-ru. phi 

Hide from sight, {v.) pa-kha. 

Hide leather, [s.) sa-vang. 

Hide one's self, (t;.) a-neung. 

High, (adv.) pa-shi, (a.) chhi, sha, pa-hna. (v.) sha. 

Higher up, (adv. Sind prep.) ma-chha-ta. 

High pitched (as the voice) (a.) chhi. 

High pitched to be, (v.) chhi 

High tone, (adv.) chhi. 

Hill, {s.) tla. 

Hill mainah {s.) tla-tang-tla-^ua. 

Hill partridge, (s.) vaw-pa-hlaw. 

Him, (pro.) a-nang 

Hind, (s.) cha-shu. 

Hind-leg, («.) phei-pi. 

Hint at, {v.) a-hnaw. 

Hips, (s.) cha-khai. 

Hip-bone, (s.) cha-khai ru. 

His, (pro.) a-nang, a-ei, a-nang-ei. 



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156 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



History, {s ) kha-pa-lei-pa. 

Hitherto, (adv.) a-ta-hma-tai. 

Hoar fost, (5.) da-haw. 

Hoarse be, [v.) rei-pa. 

Hoe, {v.) lai. 

Hoe, large, (5 ) via-tu-pi, via-tu-phia. 

Hoe, small, (5.) a-tu. 

Hog plum, {s.) dang-kaw. 

Hold, (v.) pa-tu, cha-ba, dei. 

Hold down, (v.) pa-bai. 

Hold in suspense, [v.) pa-cha-na-rai-pa-hnang-lei-pa-ta. 

Hold out (as arms), {v.) pa-za, daw, dai. 

Hold out the hands, (v.) ku-daw. 

Hold up, (v.) cha-kha 

Hold up (as arms), (v ) pa-za. 

Hole, {s.) ao-pao-pa, khaw-va-tlaw-pa, pa-kaw, khaw, peung, kaw. 

Hole, a dig. (v.) chaw. 

Holiday, (s.) a-nang. 

Hollow, (a.) ka-raw, {v.) rua, reua-pa, ka-ra\v, (a.) rua, ka-raw, 

reua-pa. 
Hollow out, (r.) khaw-ma-tlao-pa. 
Holy, (a.) pa-sha pa-rang. 
Home, (s.) a-na. 
Homeless, (v.) via-vi. 
Homeless person, (5.) via-vi. 
Hone, (5.) lao-ta. 
Honest, (a.) zang-a-chhi. 
Honey, {s ) a-khei-ti-pa. 
Honeycomb, (5.) a-khei-thlaw. 
Honoured, (v.) ngia. 
Hoof, (5.) pa-tang. 
Hook, (v.) bai. 
Hook a stick, (s.) chia-la-ba. 
Hop, (v.) a-tlai, a-pi. 
Hope, (r.) hna-bei-shei. 
Horizon, (.s.) a-ka, mang-saw-chha-na. 
Horizontally, {v.) phei-la. 
Horn (s.) pi. 

Horn bill, (a.) a-kaw-nga. 
Hornet, {s.) a-khei. 
Horrible, (a. ^ ri-thei-chhi. 
Horse, (s.) a-ra. 
Hot, (a.) sha, pa-tha, la-Iao, hia, sha-hmu, (v.) pa-tha, hia, sha, 

sha-hmu, la-lao. 
Hot weather, (.9.)nang-pi-tl 



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PART IV. — dictionary: bnglish-lakher. 157 



House, (s.) ang. 

House for storing rice, (s.) shaw-va* 

Household, («.) saw-hlaw, sha-nawh-pa« 

How, khei-ta-e. 

How for, kha-sha-a-hla-pa-maw ? 

How long, kha-sha-maw, kha-zi-maw. 

How long (time), khei-ta-ma. 

How many, kha-zi-maw, kha-zi, khei-tn-ma. 

How much, kha-sha-maw, kha-zi, kha-zi-maw, khei-ta-ma. 

Humble be, {v.) a-rei-pa-vei. 

Hunch-backed, (a.) zao-thlu, [v.) zao-thlu. 

Hundred, (a.) za. 

Hunger, (s.) nang-di. 

Hungry, (v.) nang-di, cha-ka. 

Hunt, (v.; cha-dai, ra-a-khi, ra-pua. 

Hunting, (a.) ra-pua. 

Hurt, {v. /.) pa-sha-sha-kha. 

Hurriedly, {adv.) a-pa-ra. 

Hurry, (v,) a-pa-ra. 

Husband, (s.) paw, a-va-pa. 

Husband and wife, {s.) nao-va. 

Husband's sister's daughter, {s.) tu-nao. 

Husband's sister's son, (s.) tu-pa. 

Hush a child, (v.) pa-shua-pa-li. 

Husk of grain, (s.) sha-via-kua. 

Hut, (s.) beo-rei. 

Hypochondriac, (s.) lao-li-tla. 

I. 

I, (pro.) kei, kei-ma-i. 

Ice, (s.) da-haw. 

Idiot, (s.) a-hru-pa. 

Idle, (v.) ta-shua-lua, via-lei-pa-thi. 

If, {conj. ) khia-ta-la, cha, hei. 

If thou, la. 

If youj ila. 

Ignite, (v. ) TO. 

Ill {v.) pa-sha, a-tla-lei-pa. 

111-dispositioned, (a.) lei. 

Ill-tempered, (a.) rei-cha-hra 

Ill-treat, (v.) pa-sai-pa-i. 

Ill-use, (v.) ta-shua-lua. 

Image, (s.) nang-thla-pa. • 

Imitate, (t;.) a-chu-pa, a-chu. 

Imitation, («.) nang-thla-pa. 



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158 LAKHBR GRAMMAR AND DICTION ART. 



Immediately, (adv.) pa-la, a-cha-ra-dai-phai-pa-ta, {conj.) na-ta. 

Immediately upon, pa-taw-na-ta. 

Immense, (a.) va-rang. 

Impatient, (a.) pa-lao-cha-ra, (r.) pa-lao-cha-ra. 

Imperial pigeon, {s.) a-tu-ma-nao. 

Important, {a. ) liari, (y.) pei-cha, (a.) pei^chai. 

Impossible {v.) ri-ma-vei. 

Impotent, (a.) chang. 

Impression, ($.) hnl 

Imprison, (v.) khao. 

Imprisoned be, [v,) ta. 

In, (prep.) haw-sai-ta. 

In, (prep.) chhao-ta. 

In a row, (adv.) tia. 

Inattentive, {v.) hei-hi-hei-la. 

Incisor teeth, (s.) ha-hmia. 

Increase in numbers, (v.) pao. 

Increase in quantity, (v.) pao. 

Increase in size, (v.) lai, pa-hre. 

Indeed, (adv ) a-hra 

Indian corn, {$.) chhai-mei. 

Indigestion, (s.) chho-chhi. 

In error, (a.) lei. 

Inflate, (v. t.) hmao. 

Inflexible, (a.) pa-chaung. 

Inform, (v.) chhauiig. 

Injure, (v.) pa-khaw-pa-ba. 

Ink, («.) cha-rang-na-ti-pa, cha-ti-pa. 

In layer, (a.) thang. 

Inkpot, (s.) cha-ti-pa-aw. 

Inner, (a.) ang-chhao. 

Inner room of a chiefs house, (s.) ang-chhao-pi. 

Innermost, (a.) ang-chhao-chai. 

Innocent, (a.) dang. 

In one's dotage, {v.) pi-pa-hru. 

In other respects, a-hrang-a-ria-pa. 

In other things, a-hrang-a-ria-pa. 

Inquisitive, (v.) hei-li-hei-la. 

Insect, (s.) lao-va-pa. 

Insert, (v.) pa-mai. haw. 

Inside, (prep.) chhao-ta, («.) chhao. 

Inside out, (a.) li-la. 

Insignificant, (v.) a-rei*pa-vei. 

Insist upon doing, (v.) ta-ra-rua. 

Insist upon saying, (v.) ta-ra-rua. 



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PART IV.— DICTIONARY : BNOUSH-LAKHER, 159 



Inspect, (V.) tleo. 

Instead, (p^ep.) cha-pa-ta. 

Instead of, {prpp.) cha-pa-ta. 

Institute, (v. t) pa-pua. 

Institutor. {$.) a-pua-pa. 

Instruct, (v.) pa-sM-pa-aw. 

Intend, [v.) chhua. 

Intense, (a.) va-rang. 

Intentionally, (adr.) ria-Iia. 

Intercept, (t;.) cha-kha. 

Intermittently (as in fever), (adv.) pa-sha-nang-ha-hnei-pa-ta. 

In that direction, (adv.) hawla-ta. 

Intoxicate, (v. /.) pa-ri-sha. 

Intoxicated, (v.) pa-ri. 

Introduce, (v.) cha-khi-pa. 

In vain, mang-zua-dua-ta {adv.) sai-pa. 

Invest, {v. ) ria-lia. 

Invite, (v.) hrua. 

Iris of the eye, (s.) maung-veo-pa. 

Iron, (s.) thua. 

Iron bar, {s.) thu-a-tlai. 

Iron jumper, (s. ) thu-a-shao-khai. 

Iron nail, (s.) thang-kai-va, thua-khai-na. 

Iron wire, (s.) thua-rl 

Irritable, (a.) rei-cha-hra, (v.) pa-thia-chhi. 

Island, («.) hra-lia-lo-pa. 

It, {pro.) a-nang. 

Itch, (s.) ria-tha, (v. ) pa-tha, hia. 

Itinerate {v.) tleo. 

It is really, a-hmei-shei-na. 

Its, {pro.) a-ei, a-nang-ei, a-nang. 

Itself, a-nang-dei-ta. 

J. 

Jackal, (5.) shi-hal. 

Jagged be, {v.) chai-ha. 

Jagged edge, (5.) chai-ha. 

Jam, (v.) cha-khi. 

Jar, {s.) raw. 

Jealous of, (v.) hei-tlia. 

Jeopardy, {v.) chi-pa-hua-awh-ngai-ta-pa-ta. 

Jerk, (v.) daw-phi. 

Jhum, (s.) lo, laung. 

Jhum house, (s.) cha-pu. 

Jhums, (a.) pi. 



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160 LAKHER OKAIIMAB AUD DICTIONARY. 



Jhum to go to, (v.) shi. 

Join, (s.) a-pa-ne-ta, a-pa-taw-na, zaw-la, {v.) Jigia, pa-zaw, 

pa-shu. 
Joined, (v.) a-pha-pa, pa-zaw. 
Join in, (v.) ngia. 

Joint, {s.) a-pa-te-na, la, pa-zaw-na, a-pa-taw-na. 
Join together, (v. ) pa-zaw, a-pa-hle. 
Joke, (s.) shai-shang-bi. 
Joking, (a.) shai-shang, ria-thaw. 
Joyful, (V.) pa-thi-pa-lao-tha-a-pha, (a.) tha-pha, tha-paw-a-ohhi- 

kaw. 
Judge, {s.) a-pa-rai-pa, bia-pa-rai-tu-pa, (v.) pa-rai. 
Juice, (s.) ti, hnia. 
Jump, (v.) zaw. 

Jump down, (v.) a-zaw-pa-thla. 
Jumper, (s.) thu-a-tlai. 
Jungle, (a.) ru. 
Jungle fowl, (s.) ra-aw. 
Just, (a.) shia. 
Just as, a-lo-pa-ta, raw-law-pa-ta, a-lo-chhei-ha-khia-ta-cha, (adv.) 

hmei-shei. 
Just as if. a-lo-chhe-ha-khia-ta-cha, a4o-pa-ta, a-lb-chhu-ha-khia- 

ta-cha. 
Just as though, a-lo-pa-ta, a-lo-chhei-ha-khia-ta-cha, a-lo-chhu-ha- 

khia-ta-cha. 
Just now, (adv.) deung. 
Justly, (adv.) shia. 
Justified be. (a.) a-dang. 
Just when, thla-baw-na-ta. 

K. 

Keen, (a.) pa-va. 

Keen scented be, (v.) hna-a-pa-va. 

Keep, (v.) a-la-pa, a-khei-pa, a-raw, a-ma-thlao-haw, a-vaw-thla- 

haw. 
Keep anything back, (y.) phi 
Keep down, [v.) pa^bai. 
Keeper, (a.) a-vai-pa. 
Keep from, (v.) pa-kba. 
Keep hold of, (v.) a-raa-thleo-haw. 
Keep in mind, (v.) pa-hnang-thla. 
Kernel, (a.) thua-khai, hmo. 
Kerosine oil, (s.) mei-ti-pa. 
Kick, (v.) rei-shi, chhu. 
Kick about, (v.) zaw. 
Kick against, (v.) rei-shi. 



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PART IV. — dictionary: english-lakher. 161 



Kick against to, (v.) chhu. 

Kick out, (v.) zaw. 

Kid, (5,) mi- taw. 

Kidneys, (s.) cha-law. 

Kill, [v.) tu, thi. 

Kill oflF, (v.) taw. 

Kind, (a.) nao-pha, ngia-chhi-thei, (s.) hlaw, hmang. 

Kindle, (v.) hmao. 

Kindly, {adv.) ngia-chhi-pa-ta-ta. 

Kingdom, («.) khi-va-ta-li. 

Knee, («.) pa-khu. 

Kneel, (v.) pa-khu-pei-nei. 

Knicker-bockers, («.) phei-via-pa-kaw. 

Knife, {s.) chai-zao. 

Knit, (v.) pa-hi. 

Knitted, (a.) pa-hi. 

Knock, (v. t.) pa-paw, (v.) cha-kha, (a.) khu-bi. 

Knock against, (v.) na, ha. 

Knock down, (v. /.) psl-paw. 

Knock together, {v.) a-shu. 

Knot, (s.) pa-kaw, cha-khi, (v.) cha-khi-shu-pa-hli. 

Knot of hair, (s.) sa-tao. 

Knotted, (s.) cha-khi. 

Know, (v.) pa-hnang, thai. 

Know by sight, (v.) hmia-pa-hmang. 

Know how to, (v.) pa-cha-na-pa-hnang. 

Known, (v.) phua. 

Know well, (v.) pa-hnang-khai. 

Knuckle, (s,) ku-la. 

Kodali, (5.) via-tu-pi, via-tu-phi. 

Kuki weed, (s.) rang-pa-hno-pa. 



L, 

Labour with child, (v.) saw-phaw. 

Lace, (5.) cha-ri. 

Lack, (v.) hi. 

Ladle out, (r.) li. 

Lame, (a) cha-bia, (v.) cha-bia, phei-chao. 

Lame person, (5.) phei-chao-pa. 

Lamp, (s.) mei-ti-pa. 

Lamp chimmey, (s.) mei-ti-pa-aw. 

Lamp glass, (s.) mei-ti-pa-aw. 

Lamp oil, (*.) mei-ti-pa. 



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162 LAKHER QRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Land, (v.) ngia-a-pua. , 

Land (in contradistinction to water,) (s.) ngia-ka. 

Language, (s.) rei, a-pha. 

Lantern, (s.) mei-ti-pa. 

Lap, {v.) pa-li. 

Large, (a.) pa-hre, lai, {v.) lai, pa-hre, (a.) pa-nao-kaw, {adv.) pha- 
hnal 

Largely, (adv.) pha-hnai. 

Lasso, {v.) bu. 

Last, {v.) dai, (a.) hnang-chai-ta, hnang-ta, chha« 

Last month, thla-pang-pa, hi-mia«tuata-thla. 

Last night, a-za-hia. 

Last year, a-za-ko-ta. 

Late, (adv.) haw. 

Latter, la.) bu-cha. 

Laugh, (v.) pa-hnei, pa-hnei-shaw. 

Lay up, (r.)-pa-chao. 

Lawful, (a.) pa-na, pa-thai. 

Lay an esgj (v.) ti. 

Lay^i*! (^3 thang. 

Lazily, (adv.) tha-chhi, {v.) ta-shua»lua. 

Lazy, (a.) tha-thi, via-lei-pa-thi, (v.) tba-thi, tha-chhi, via-lei-pa-thi, 

(a.) tha-chhi. 
Lead, (s.) ka, (t;.) a chhi. 
Lead away, {v.) a-chhi-hrang. 
Leader, (a.) hmia-a-sha. 
Leaf, (a.) ohang-hna. 
Leak, {v.) khi, cha-khoung. 
Lean, (v.) a-lao, (a.) zo, (a.) a-sha-shai. 
Lean against, (v.) pa-cha-hua-chha-pa, pa-chha, ha«a«ha-na. 
Lean back, (v.) a-ua. 
Lean upon, {v.) cha-hnaw. 
Leap, (v.) zaw. 
Learn, (r.) a-chu. 
Leave, {v.) khao-phi, shi-shai. 
Leave, (r.) hnang-chheo, shai, lei-shai. 
Leave behind, (v.) hnang-chheo. 

Leisurely, {v.) shao, {adv.) shao. 
Lemon, (a.) i-sha. 
Lend, {v.) pa-tha-sha. 
Length, (5.) dang. 
Leopard, {a.) kei-chhang. 
Leprosy, {a.) phaw. 
Lessen, (r. f.) pa-haw. 



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PART IV. — diotionart: bnglish*lakher. 163 



Lest, (v.) shia, (conj.) cha-vei-khia-ta-cha. 

Let do\vn, (v.) pa-thla-pa-thla. 

Let go, {v.) pua, pa-shi-sha, pa-phua-sha. 

Letter, (a.) cha-hna. 

Level, (a.) rai, (v.) pa-rai-pa, pa-mi, la-phei, rai. 

Lever, (v.) ka-pu. 

Levy a tax, (s.) pa-chei-sha. 

Liar, (s.) hai-phia-pa, hai-a-phia-pa. 

Lick, (t;.)pa-li 

Lick, (as flames do a pot) hi 

Lid, (s.) pa-hru, pa-hru-na. 

Lid of a woman's pipe, {$.) ka-raw-lu-pa«brtt. 

Lie, (v.) hai-phia, hai-be, hai-bi-hrei, phi. 

Lie down (as animals) (v.) beo, a-mao. 

Lie in ambush, (v.) beo. 

Lie in wait, (v.) beo. 

Lie on the back, (v.) a-di. 

Life- time, (s.) hran-chhao. 

Lift, (v.) cha-lua. 

Lift down, (r.) pa-thlia. 

Lift the foot, (v.) phei-pa-hai. 

Lift the head, (v,) ua. 

Lift up, (v.) pa-hni. 

Lift up the foot, (v.) phai-pa-hai. 

Light, («.) khai-na, khai, a-pa-khai-pa, (a.) ahua, pa-va, hua, (v.) 

hua, chang, (v. t) pa-pua. 
Light a fire, (v.) mei-pa-ka. 
Light become, (v.) khua-dei. 
Light colour, (a.) ngeo. 
Lighten, (v.) dao-hla-a-pa-thli. 
Lightly, {v. t) pa-ka. 
Lightning, (a.) dao-hla. 
Like, {adv) he-haw-ta, (a.) hmia-kha, (v.) khang, ngia-shi, (a.) 

mia-kha. 
Like as, (prep.) haw-sai-ta, {conj.) haw-ta, (v.) mia-kha. 
Liken to, (v.) pa-khang. 
Liken unto, (v.) pa-nua. 
Lime, (a.) iasha. 
Lime stone, (s.) chi-nai-lao. 
Line. («.)rang. 
Liquid, (a.)a-kia* 
Listen, (v.) va, na-thli. 
Listless be, (v. ) cha-ao. 
Little, (adv.) a-cheo-ta, a-cha-a-cha, (a.) cheo. 
Little by little, (adv.) via-nga-la. 



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164 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Little finger, («.) ti-ta. 

Little, is.) phei- ti-ta. 

Little while, (adv.) che. 

Live, (v.) hrang, (a.) tla. 

Lively, (a.) ria-thaw. 

Liver, (s.) pa-thi. 

Living creature, (5.) lao-va-pa. 

Load, (5.) hmang-a-paw, (v.) ra.^ 

Load (as a boat) (v.) a-ngia-khei. 

Load a gun, (v.) mei-thei-zai. 

Loaded gun, (s.) mei-thei-zai 

Loaf, (a.) via-chha-phia-pa. 

Loathe, (v.) pa-shl . 

lioathesome, (a.) pa-shi-a-chhl 

Local shower, («.) ava-hnaw. 

Lock, (v.) thla-chha. 

Lock of the jaw, (s.) sai-li 

Locust, (s.) khaw-shu. 

Lodge, (v.) tlao. 

Lodge in, (v.) ta. 

Logger-heads, (v.) a-hru-sa-shi. 

Loincloth, (5.) dua. 

Loins, (5.) hnao. 

Lonely, (a.) a-da-ka-rao, (v.) a-da-ka-rao, a-da. 

Long, (a.) shei. 

Long after, (v.) va. 

Long as, (conj.) chho-ta. 

Long be, (v.) shei. 

Long for {v.) khang. 

Long time, (5.) pa-shi 

Long time ago, (adv.) ei-kha-nang. 

Look, (v.) sai, tla-pa-chha, mang. 

Look about one, {v.) hei-hi-hei-la, ua. 

Look after, (v.) a-ha-pa, mang-kha, vai. 

Look at, (v.) sai, nai. 

Look for, (y.) la. 

Looking glass, (s.) thla-ha. 

Look into, [v.) nai. 

Look out for, (r.) a-pa-che. 

Look out (as of a door) (v.) ua. 

Look through, (v.) thua-sho-phl 

Look upwards, (v.) ua. 

Loop, (s.) pa-kaw, hei-baw. 

Looped up, (a.) chhang. 

Loose, {v.) ba-shi, a-i-vei, [a,) a-i-vei. 



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PART IV. — DICTIONARY : ENOLISH-LAKHER. 165 



Loose fitting, (a.) hua-pua, (v.) hua-pua. 

Loosen, (v. t ) pa -daw, (v.j shu, pa-hua. 

Lopsided, (a.) chao. 

Lose, {v. t) pa-hlei-pa-hlo, (v.) pa-hlei. 

Lose in weight to, (v.) khai. 

Lose power, (v.) ma-chhi. 

Lose prestige, (v.) ma-chhi. 

Lose savour, (v.) a pa-da. 

Loss, (v.) pa-shai-a-chhi-vei. 

Lost, (a.) lei, (v.) lei, (adv.) pha-hnai. 

Loud, (a.) tha-pi. 

Loudly, (adv.) tha-pi. 

Louse, (s.) aw-hlu. 

Love, (v.) va, ngia-chhi, ngia-shi. 

Low, (a.^ cha-kua, hnai, (y.) cha-kua. 

Lower, (prep.) ma-thi-la, (v.) pa-thla-pa-thia, pa-hnai, (adv.) uia- 

thi-la, uia-thi. 
Lower end, (as of stick post, etc.,) tha-beo. 
Lower lip, (5.) hmaw-sha. 
Lower jaw, (5.) ka. 
Low-lying, (a.) cha-kua. 
Lucifer match, (s.) mei-ra. 
Lucky, (a.^ nang-hlaw, (v.) nang hiaw. 
Luggage, (s.) hma-kei. 
Lumbago, (s.) zo-pa-sha. 
Luminary, (s.) khai-na, a-pa-khai-pa. 
Lungs, (s.) pa-chaw. 
Lye, (s.) lao-lia, thla. 

M 

Mad person, (s.) hru. 

Magician, (s.) deung-a-thai-pa. 

Magistrate, (s.) bia-pa-rai-tu pa. 

Magnificent, (a.)rao-na. 

Magnify, (v.) pa-lai. 

Magnifying glass, (it.) nang-pa-khai-na. 

Maiden, (s.) laisha. 

Maim, (v.) pa-khaw-pa-ba. 

Maimed be, (a.) a-7ia-a-khaw. 

Maimed, (v.) pi-pa-shi. 

Maize, (a.) pashi, (a,) chha-mei. 

Make, (v.) taw, avaeu, (a net), (v.) chhaw. 

Make a defence, (v.) a-dang-na-bi-rei. 

Make a foot- print, (v.) hni. 

Make a dust, (v.) mei-sha-dang-pa-khu. 



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166 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DIOTIONART. 



Make a feast, (v.) law-ta. 

Make a hole through, (v.) vi-pa-thla. 

Make a noise, (v.) pa-u. 

Make a road, (v.) la-pi-chhaw. 

Make dirty, (u) pa-pua, (y. t.) pa-ba-sha. 

Make excuse, (v.) ei. 

Make false alarm, (v.) ria-pa-haw-a-pa-sha. 

Make for, (v.) pa-heL 

Make grimaces at, (v.) pa-ki. 

Make into, (t;.) pua. 

Make into pieces, (v. ^) pa-zaw. 

Make much of, (v.) cha-ha. 

Make plain, (v.) shia. 

Make ready, (r.) pa-cha, vaw-ngia-pa. 

Make shift with, (v.) pa-cha. 

Make signs, (v.) thli-thla 

Make spars, (r.) pa-chhi. 

Make tidy, (v.) pa-mi. 

Make up the mind, (v.) pa-lo-ri-pa-hnei. 

Make up to, (r.) cha-ha. 

Make well, (v.) pa-hrang, pa-tla. 

Male, (s.) paw. 

M allet, (a. ) bang-thao. 

Man, (s.) cha-paw, she-sha-pa, che-sha. 

Manage, (v.) khi-sha. 

Manager, (v.) pa-rai, a-pa-rai-pa. 

Mangoe, (s.) thei-hia. 

Alanipur, (5.) Mei-teL 

Manly, (a.) sha-tlia-pha- 

Manner, (s.) da. 

Man's pipe, (s.) awng-ma-bei, 

Mantri, (a.) ma-cha, a-bei-ma-cha. 

Manure, (v.) i-hlaw-vaw-cha-hei. 

Many, (a.) ngai-ta, a-hlu-pi, (adv.) nga-sha, (a.) hlu, lai-lao. 

Mar, (v. t.) pa-raw. 

Mark, {s.) pa-chhao-pa-khu-na, (v.) pa-chhao-pa-khu. 

Market, (s.) sao-daw. 

Market-place, {s.) sao-daw-ra-chhao. 

Marry a wife, (v.) la-pi-nao. 

Martin, (a.) shi-via. 

Marvellous, (a.) rao-na. 

Massacre, (v.) cha-ki, (v.) hia-hri. 

Master, («.) a-ho-tu-pa. . 

Masticate, (v.) cha-ri, cha-ei 

Matter, {v.) pel 



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PART IV. — DICTIONARY : ENGLI8H-LAKHER. 167 



Mature, (a.) cha, hmang. 

Maze, {v. t) nang-po-rai. 

Me, (pro.) mania. 

Meal, (s.) chha. 

Mean, (a.) pa-shang. 

Meaning, («.) a-zi, ta-na-zi. 

Meaning of, cha-kua. 

Means of, cha-kua. 

Measure, (3.) mei-ha-lua-sha. 

Measure, (s.) dang-khi, kua-chia-kaw-pa-sha, pa-nua-na, tu-lia* 

bai-sha. (v.) pa-nua. 
Measuring, (v. t.) pa-thlo. 
Measurement, (s,) la-kha-chhi. 
Measurement of about a mile, (s.) lo-pi-sha. 
Meat, (s.) a-hmi, sha. 
Medal, (s.) ta-ka-pi. 
Medicine, (s.) da-daw, a-pang-pa. 
Medium growth, (a.) tci. 
Meet, (t;.)deo, teo 
Mela, {s/) daw-phi. 
Melancholic, (v.)lao-li-tla. 
Melt, (v. t) pa-di-sha, (v.) ti, (v. t.) cba-tel 
Membrane, (s.) a-ka-ka-daw-pa. 
Men and women, (s.) cha-nao-cha-paw. 
Menses, («.) thi. 
Mention, (v.) la. 

Mercenary be, (v.) shi-pha-khang. 
Merciful, (a.) za-a-ngia. 
Merely, {adv.) thla-haw, chakheo. 
Merge into one, (v.) a-shu-pa, a-pa-hle. 
Meteor, (s.) thla-shi-pu. 
Meteorite, (s.) pa-chhL 
Mew, (y.) sha. 
Midday, (s.) la-chaw-ni-ti. 
Middle, {s.) phei-lia-pi, lia. 
Midnight, (s.) za-chang. 
Mighty, (a.) rao-na, tha-zang-hnei. 
Migrate, (v.) pai. 
Migrated, (js.) pai. 
Mildew, (s.) mu. 

Milk, (8.) sa-pi, sa-pi-pi, sa-pi-po-za. 
Milk teeth, (s.) ha-ti-ha. 
Millet, (s.) sha-tao-pa 

Mind, (s.) pa-cha, (v.) pa-cha-pa-hrei, pa-lo-a-li. (s.) pa-thi-pa-laa 
Mine, (pro^ kei-ma, ei. 



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168 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Minister, (s.) bei-phia-a-chhang-pa, (v.) bei-phia-cljhano*. 

Mire, (s.) chang-tlaw. 

Miscarriage, (v.) tla-pa-shi, shaw-chhi. 

Miscarriage to have, taw-tla-pa-shi, taw-a-raw. 

Mischief, (v.) chhi-pa-raw. 

Mischief make, (v. ) bi-pa-lei-pa-rei. 

Miser, (a.) a zang-a-pia-pa. 

Miserable, (a.) ri-thei-chhi, shi-pa-sha. 

Miserly, (a.) pa-shang. 

Miss, (v.) dai-ma. 

Misfire (as a gun), {v.) tlaw. 

Mist, (s.) a-mei. 

Mock, (v.) pa-hnei-shaw, a-chu-pa. 

Model, (5.) nang-thla-pa. 

Modeof life, (5.)zi. 

Moderately, (adv.) dai-khi-ta-ta. 

Mode of speech, (.5.) rei-ka. 

Modest, (a.) za. 

Moist, (a.) pa-zua. 

Molar teeth, (s.) ha-pi. 

Mole, (s,) bi-li, hla. 

Money, (s.) ta-ka-shao, taka. 

Monkey, (».) a-zeu. 

Monotonous, (a.) nang-hai-a-chhi. 

Month, (5.) thia-pa. 

Moon, (5.)-thla-pa. 

Moon, new, is.) thia-thi. 

More, hlei-khao, (a.) hla, (adv.) via, ri-li, chhi-law-khao-ta 

More likely, (adv.) via. 

More than necessary, lai-lao. 

Morning, (5.) nang-chhao-bla^ mei-dang. 

Morning, in the early, meu-ta. 

Morning meal, (s.) meu-pa-ti. 

Morning this, a-ta-meu. 

Morsel, (5.) ma-shao-pa. 

Mortar for pounding rice, (s.) shao-khai. 

Mosquito, (s.) thlang-hmia. 

Mosquito curtain, (a.) thlang-hmia-la. 

Moss, ($.) cha-pa. 

Most, {adv.) chai.- 

Moth. (s,) ta-ba-la-pa. 

Mother, (s.) nao. 

Mould, (s.) mu. 

Mound, (a.) thlang, cha-khua-pa. 

Mountain, (s.) tla 



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PART IV. dictionary: enoush-lakher. 169 



Mouse, (s.) shia-hlaug. 

Moustache, («.) hmaw-hmL 

Mouth, (s.) kia, pa-ka. 

Mouth of a bottle, {s.) raw. 

Move, (v.) a-pa-shi, pi, a-thi, {v. <.)pa-8hi. 

Move (as the ears and nostrils), {v.) a-cha-nei-cha-na. 

Move along, {v.) a-pa-shi. 

Move up down, (as water), (v.) ka-tlaw. 

Much, lai-lao, (ac2t;.)nga-la, nga-sha, pha-hnai, ngat-ta, (^.) pha« 

hnai, (a.) hlu. 
Much have, (v.) hao. 
Much very, {adv.) chhei-hao. 
Mucus, (5.) thaw, hna. 

Mud, (5.) chang-tlaw, a-lei-ka-ni-ka-naw-pa, a-ka-ni-a-ka-naw. 
Muddy, (a.) pa-nao, (v.) pa-nao, a-ka-nia-ka-naw. 
Multitude, (s.) zaw-pi. 
Murder secretly, (v.) phi. 
Murmur, (v.) pa-pho-pa-ru, pa-pho. 
Muscle, {s.) a-sha-shai. 
Mushroom, (s.) paw. 
Mutilate, (v.) pa-sai-pa-i. 
Mutter, (v.) pa-phO-pa-ru, pa-pho. 
Mutually, (v.) a-bai-pa. 
My, (pro.) kei-ei, kei-ma. 
My, (pro.) I 
Mystery, (s.) bi-pa-lao-pa. 

N. 

Nag, (v.) sha. 

Name, (s.) mang, (v.) bi. 

Nail, (5.) hrai-thla-na^ (v.) hrai-thla, (s.) thang-kai-va-thua-khai- 

na, pa-tang. 
Nail down, (v.) khai-pa. 
Nail to, (v.) khai-pa. 
Nail up, (v.) khai-pa. 

Naked, (v.) reua, reua-pa, (a.) reua, reua-pa-khai-ka-lao-pa. 
Nape of the neck, (s.) aw-lu-tai-na, hnang-khi. 
Narrow, (a.) ku, bua, (v.) bua. 
Nasty, (a.) pa-ha-vei, chhi, (v.) pa-ha-vei. 
Nation, (s.) phang. 
Native, (a.) khi-chhao, (s.) zi. 
Navel, (s.) lia. 

Near, (prep.) kia-pa, (adv.) kia-lia-ta, (a.) hnia. 
Nearly, (adv.) dai-ma. 
Nearly dry, (a.) a-ua. 



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170 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Necessary, (a.) pei-chai. 

Necessary be, (v.) va. 

Necessity, (s.) khang-tla-pa. 

Neck (s.) raw, ku-khi. 

Necklace, (s.) pa-chhi-ri, chhi-na. , 

Need, (v.) pa-zL 

Need of nave, (v.) va. 

Needle, (s.) chiphao. 

Neighbour, («.) ao*pa, vai. 

Neither, (conj.) hra-va. 

Nephew, Xs.) naw-ta, shaw-cha-paw. 

Nervous, (y.) hrang. 

Nest, (s.) bu. 

Net, (s.) shaw. 

Never, (adv,) tla-va-na, bei-va-na. 

Nevertheless, (conj.) cha-hra-sa-la, a-cha-thla-ha-pa-ta. 

New, (a.) thi, (v.) thi. 

Newly, (adv.) deung. 

News, M kha-pa-lei-pa, bi, tha«ki. 

Next, (a.) haw-hei, pa-te, (adv.) pa-te. 

Next one, (s.) pa-te-pa. 

Next month, (s.^ thla-lai-ta. 

Next year, (a.) na-ka-ta. 

Nice, (a.) pha, pa-ha, (v.) pa-ha. 

Nick-name, (y.) mang-pa-khei-pa-ama-bi, («.) mang-pa-khei-pa. 

Nicotine water, (s.) ka-raw. 

Niece, (s.) shaw-cha-nao. 

Niggard, (s.) a-zang-a-pia-pa. 

Night, (s.) za. 

Night before last, za-hia-za-la. 

Nightfall, (s.) za-la. 

Nine, (a.) pao-cha-ki, ki. 

Nineteen, {a.) po-hraw-na-ta-po-cha-kl 

Nip, (v.) pa-shi. 

Nipple, (s.) sapi-hmu-aw. 

No, {adv.) cha-baw-va, cha-vei, hmia-shia-vei-lo. 

Nod, (v.) chhi. 

Nod (the head), (v.) chhi. 

No how, khei-ta-hma-ta. 

No one, (pro.) a-heu-ma-ta. 

Noose, (s.) pa-kaw, (y.) bu. 

No purpose, (adv.) sai-pa. 

Nor, (conj.) hra-va. 

North, (s.) maw-pa. 

Northwards, maw-la. 



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PART IV. — DICTIONARY : ENGUSH-LAKHBR. . 171 



North-west, ($.) maw-pa-ma-thi. 

Nose, (s.) hna-pa-shu. 

Not, (adv.) na, vei. 

Not any how, khei-ta-hma-ta. 

Not at all, (adv.) hra-va, cha-chei-ta-va-na, khei-ta-hma-ta, hma- 

hma-va-na. 
Not any time, kha-pa-nang-ta-hma-ta. 
Notch, (v.) chhu, chhaw-pa-ri 
Not exactly, (adv.) zang-ava-vei. 
Not for a long time, kha-ti-ta-hma-ta. 
Nothing, (a.) kha-pa-vei. 
Notice of take, (v7) va. 
Not so, hmia-shia-vei-lo. 
Notwithstanding, (conj.) rai-ta, chhaw-ta. 
Not particularly, (adv.) zang-a-vei, hlei-narva. 
Not quite, (adv.) zang-a-vei. 
Not want, tv.) ngia-rang. 
Now, (adv.) a-ta-hma, a-ta-hla-ra-chhao, a-hma-he-hra, a-ta-hma- 

tla-lai. 
Now-a-days, a-ta-hla-ra-chhao. 

•Now-already, (adv.) a-ta-hma-ra-ri-taw-ta, ta-hma-ri-taw-ta. 
Now at once, (adv.) ta-hma-ri-taw-ta- 
Now at this moment, (adv.) a-ta-hma-tla-lal 
No where, (adv.) khai-lia-ta-vei. 
Numbers, (adv.) hao-lao. 
Nurse, (v.) mang-kha. 

o. 

Oar, (s.) taw-pe. 

Oath, (v.) chhi-sha. 

Obedient, (v.) a-dao-pa, tua-phai (a.) a-dao«pa. 

Obey, (v.) rei-ta-ta, va, zang, a-peu, ngia. 

Object, (v.) n^a-rang, cha-kua. 

Observe a holiday, (a.) pa-na. 

Obstacle, (s.) pa-kha-ma. 

Obstruct, (v.) pa-kha. 

Obstructed, (v.) va-shaw. 

Obstinate, (a.) tua-chhi, chhang-taa 

Obtain, (v.) hnei. 

Occasionallvi (adv.) a-lo-pa, a«clia-a-cha«ta. 

Occupy, (v.) pa-hra, tlao. 

Of J (prep.) ta. 

OflF, (adv.) a-law, chao, tal 

Offer, (v.) pi, tao. 

Offer a sacrifice to, (v.) bL 



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172 LAICHER GRAMMAE AND DICTIONART. 



Oflfer a sacrifice to quiet one's mind, (v.) thla-pa-shaw-cha-dao. 

Offer for sale, (v.) zua. 

Offer for sale at a profit, {v.) pa-po. 

Officer, {3.) a-ho-tu-pa. 

Offshoot, {$.) pa'Chia'^na. 

Offspring, (s.) shaw, chha. 

Often, (adv.) teo. 

Oil, {s.) sa-thaw. 

Old, {v.) chhi, a-bei-ma-cha, ma-cba, pa-rang^pa, pi, pa^chi^pa, (a.) 

chhi, pa-rang-pa. 
Old and young, {s.) haw-ti-ma-cha. 
Old clolies, (5.) hmang-pang-chhi. 
Olden times, {adv.) ei-kba-nang. 
Old looking, (a.) shia. . 
Old man, («.) paw-pi-pa. 
Old woman, (s.) nao-pi, (v.) nao-pl 
Omit to, (v.) tlaw. 
On, (prep.) ta. 

Pn all sides of, (prep.) kia-pa-ta. 
Once, (adv.) ei-kha. 
One, (a.) pao-kha, bi, (^) cbe^sa. 
One after another, (adv.) a-pa-cbha, lao. 
One by one, (adv.) a-pi-sbai-ta, a-pi-ta-pa-ta. 
Onion, (s.) kha-chhaw. 
Only, (adv.) a-hua-kaw, shai, (a.) dei-ta. 
On the back, (adv.) a-dl 
On the face, (adv.) a-bu-pa-khu-pa-ta. 
On top, (t;.)khai. 

Open, (a.) pa-haw-chi-pa, (v.) pa-kai, bra, pa-haw, (as a flower), kai. 
Openly, (adv.) va-tla-bmaw-pa-ta, pa-tla-pa-hnang-pa-ta, la-ha-ta. 
Open the legs, (v.) kei-cha-kaw. 
Opinion, ($.) tla-bi. 

Opportune, (a.) ta-zi, a-ra-chai, (v.) a*-ra-cbai. 
Opportunity, (s.) a-ra-chai. 
Oppose, (v.) pa-kha-pa-di, brai. 
Opposite, (prep.) hmia-daw-ta. 
Opposite side, bia-kha-la. 
Opposite to, (prep.) cha-tang. 
Oppress, (v.) ta-shua-lua. 
Oppressively silent, (a.)ria-dia, (v.) ria-dia. 
Or, (conj.) bei, tleo-ma. 
Orange, (s.) thei-tbu. 
Orchid, (s.) mai-tao. 
Ordain, (v.) pa-cba. 
Order, (v.) bi-tai. 
Order about, (v.) tua-cbhi. 



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PART IV,— DICrriONART : INOLISH-LAKBBR. 173 



Order in, (adv.) a-pa-te- thai-pa- ta-ta. 

Ordinary, (a.) ma-nao, pa-hma, zua-dua. 

Originator, (j.) a-pua-pua-pa. 

Originate, (v.) pua, {v. t) pa-pua. 

Orphan, (a.) ha-ra-pa. • 

Other, (a.) hla, a-hrang-pa. 

Others, (pro.) khao-phi- 

Other side, hia-kha^Ia. 

Otter, (s.) sia-hra-pa. 

Our, (pro.) i-ma, kei-mang. 

Ours, (pro.) kei-mang-ei. 

Outcast, (v.) ti-shaw, ti-pa-lel 

Outer, (a.) khao-thang-ta. 

Outermost, (a.) kbao-thang-chai-ta. 

Outside, {adv. and prep.) khao-thang-la-ta, khaw*thang-ta, (s.) 

khao-tbang. 
Outstrip, (v.) ria-vai, chhaw. 
Outwardly, (adv.) la-ha-ta. - 
Over, (v.) cha-lua,(t;. *.) pa-paw, {culv.) khao. 
Over again, (adv.) li-law. 
Over against, (prep.) kia-pa. 
Overcome, (v.) pa-hnl 
Over-flow, (v.) khao. 
Over-grown, (a.) si-pao-pa. 
Overlap, (v.) pa-shu-pa-hli 
Overseer, (s.) a-ho-tu-pa. 
Overshadow, (v.) pa-kha. 
Overtake, (t;.)pha. 
Overtaken by night, (v.) zang. 
Owe, (V.) a-ba, lei-ba. 
Owl, {$.) va-ku. 
Own brother, (s.) pi-khei 
Owner, (s.) a-hnei-pa. 



P. 



Pace, (v.) a-chha. 

Pacify, (v.) rei-aw. 

Paddle, (v. ) ka-pu, (s.) taw-pe. 

Page, (s.) phia. 

Pain, (v.) pa-sha, (s.) pa-sha. 

Pair, {$.) hlaw. 

Palate, (s.) da. 

Palm of the hand, (s.) ku-pa-za. 

Pancake, (5.) via-chha-phia-pe. 

Pant, (v.) hu-hia. 



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174 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY, 



Paper, (s.) cha-hna. 

Parable, {s.) pa-khang-pa-bi. 

Paralysed, (a.) thi. 

Parched, (a.) chaw. 

Parched rice, (s.) hi. 

Parrot, (s.) va-ki. 

Part, (a.) a^hua-kaw, (s.) hmang, pa-chhu. 

Particular, (a.) ta-nai-lai. ta-nai-la, (v.) ta-nai-lai, ta-nai-la. 

Particularly, (adv.) pa-chi-pa-chia. 

Partition, (s.) pa-chhao, chhao-pa-da-pa. 

Pass, (v.) khao. 

Pass allow to. (v.) khao. 

Pass away, (v.) tlan. 

Pass by, {v.) khao, shi-pa-khao. 

Pass by to walk round about, (v.) cha-hri- 

Paste, (s.) pa-chaw-kha-na. 

Pasture, (v.) ni. 

Pat, (v.) cha-bai. 

Paternal aunt, {s.) nang. 

Patella, (s) khu-kang. 

Path, (v.) dang-ka, {s.) la-pi. 

Patient, (a.) ang-thei. 

Patiently, (a^iv.) tia-ma-a-chhi-ngai-ta-pa-ta. 

Pay homage to, (v.) pa-naw. 

Peace, (v.) a-pa-rei, pa-rai. 

Peach, («.) mi-tei. 

Peak, («.) la-ki, (v.) pa-thlaw. 

Peck, (v.) pa-chu. 

Peck up, (v.) pa-chu. 

Peel off, (v.) kheo. 

Peevish be, (v.) ha-tia-cha, (a.) ha-tia-cha. 

Pellet bow, (s.) chei-shia. 

Pen, (j.) pa-kaw, pa-kaw-chhao, cha-rang-na. 

Pencil, (5.) cha-rang-na. 

Penis, {«.) za. 

Perch, (v.) chang. 

Perfect, (a.) a-hlia-phia, (r.) shi-va-pha. 

Perfectly, {aclv.) hao. 

Perform, (v.) hria, a-pi. 

Perhaps, {adv.) a-cha-ei-aw-na. 

Perilous, (a.) chi-pa-hua-aw. 

Perish, lei-lao. 

Perishable, (a.) lei-Iao-thei. 

Permanent teeth, (s.) ma-cha-ha. 

Permission, {adv.) thla-haw, thla. 



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PART tV. — WCTIONARY : ENGLISH-LAKHER. 175 



Permit, (v.) pa-shai. 

Perpendicularly, (adv ) pa-thlao. 

Persecute, (v.) ta-shua-lua. 

Persevere, (y.) tia-ma-a-chhi. 

Perseveringly, (adv.) ria-lia-pa-tha, tia-ma-a-chhi-ngai-ta-pa-ta 

Persistently, (adv.) ria-lia-pa-tha. 

Person, (s.) she-sha-pa, che-sa. 

Personate, (v.) a-pa-khai. 

Perspiration, (s) ina-thlai 

Perspire, (v.) ina-thlai-lei 

Persuade, (v.) rei-pa-saw-pa-thlu, rei-aw. 

Pervert, (v. t.) pa-ro-pa-kei. 

Pestilence, (s.) hri-pi 

Pestle for pounding rice, (s.) shao-khai. 

Pettish, (a.) ha-tia-cha. 

Pewter, (s.) tlaw. 

Pheasant, is.) va-chi-pa. 

Phlegm, (s.) da-khaw. 

Photiograph, (5.) nang-thla-la-pa, (v.) nang-thla-la-.pa. 

Pice, (s.) phu-sha. 

Pick (as sore), (v.) cha-khei 

Pick a quarrel, (v.) pa-lao-lai. 

Pickaxe, (s.) lau-tu-na. lo-tu-na. 

Pick up, (v.) a-hua. 

Picnic, (v.) ang-taw-ta-pa. 

Picture, (s.) nang-thla-pa, dua. 

Fie, {s. ) phu-sa-de-re. 

Piebald, (a.) ra. 

Piece, (s.) ma-shao-pa. 

Pieces, (adv.) pa-chhu. 

Pierce, (v.) a-chao. 

Pigeon, (5.) pi-vaw. 

Pile or post, (5.) cha-bi. 

Pile up to, (v. t.) pa-thlo, (v.) in. 

Pillow, (5.) la-hua. 

Pimple, {8.) a-pa-pao. 

Pincers, (s.) chai-chi. 

Pinch, (v.) cha-khi, pa-shi. 

Pine, (rf.) mei-sha. 

Pineaple, is.) thai-hrai-thei. 

Pit, (v.) chhei. 

Pithy, (a.) a-hua. 

Pitiable, (a.) ngia-chhia-chhi. 

Pity, (v.) ngia-chhi. pa-shai-a-chhi-vei. 

Pitiful, (a.) ngia-chhi-thei. 



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176 LAKHSR GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Place, (v.) kei, (s.) kei, hmang, la, a-na. 

Place of, {prep.) na. 

Place to, (v.) shang 

Place that in, (adv.) cha-lia-na-cha-ta. 

Place where paths meet, (a.) la-zaw. 

Place where roads meet, (s.) pa-chia-na. 

Plain, (a.) shia. 

Plainly, (adv,) shia, a-shia-pa-ta-ta. 

PJains, (s.) phai-tual. 

Plait, (v.) pa-hi. 

Plan, (v.) bi-pa-chia, {s.) bi-pa-chia. 

Planet, (s.) dei-va. 

Planet Mars, {s.) aw-shi-cha-kei-pa. 

Plant, (s) kao, si-pao-pa, (v.) chei, tu, bao. 

Plantain, (s.) ba-hla. 

Plantain flower in bunch, (s.) hla-cha-aw. 

Plantain fruit wild, («.) hla-cha-thei. 

Plantain wild, (s.) hla-cha. 

Plastic, (a.) a-kia. 

Plate, (s.) thlia. 

Plateau, (s.) tla-rai. 

Platform in front of a Lakher house, (s,) ka-hmi. 

Play, (v.) ang-taw-law-pa, a-hria, tao. 

Playing cards, (a.) cha-hna. 

Play pranks, (v.) ria-thaw. 

Play together, {v. ) a-cha-tao. 

Pleasant, {s.) vaw-va. 

Pleased be, {v.) ngia-pa-chhi, leo, pa-leo-cha. 

Pleased with, (v.) leo. 

Pleasing, (a.) tha-paw-a-chhi-kaw. 

Pleasure, {s.) rei-ta. 

Pleasure in, (r.) leo. 

Pleiades, (s.) aw-shi-cha-ru. 

Plentiful, (a.) hlu. 

Plod, (v.) bi-pa-chia, («.) bi-pa-chia. 

Pluck (as flower, fruit, etc. j, (v.) laung. 

Plunge, (v.) ti-a-nia- 

Pocket, {s.) sa-hria. 

Pod, («.)kaw. 

Poem, (s.) hla. 

Poet (5.) hla-a-pa-pi-thei-pa. 

Poetry, {s.) hla. 

Point, (8.) paw-hmou. 

Pointed, (a.) pa-zaw. 

Point out, (v.) cha-khi-pa. 



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PART IV. — DICTIONARY: BNGLISH-LAKHBR. 177 

Poison, (s.) cha-nai, thi-na-thang-hma-pa. 

Poisonous, (a.) cha-mei-hnei, cha-mai-ha-pa-ia, thi-na, (v.) cha-mai- 

ha-pa-ia, cha-mei-hnei. 
Pole, (y.) taw. 

Polished, (a.) pa-thli, (v.) pa-thli 
Ponder, (v.) pa-cha. 
Pool (in a river), {8.)'\u 
Poor, (a.) shi-pa-sha, (r.) shi-pa-sha. 
Pop-gun, {s.) phai-lai-pa. 
Popular, (a.) hlaw-tlang. 
Popular to be, (y.) hlaw-tlang. 
Porcupine, (s.) sa-ku. 
Pork, («.) vaw-sha. 
Porter, (s.) hmang-a-paw. 
Portion, (5.) pa-chhu, vaeu-pa, vaeu-na-nang-pa. 
Possessed, (v.) pei. 
Possession of, (y.) tlao. 
Possessions, (5.) shao. 
Possess much, (v.) hao. 
Possible, (a.) tlai-ang-na. 
Post, (s.) ang-tao. 
Posterior, (s.) chaw. 
Posterity, (s.) chi-pa-thla. 
Potash, (s.) lao-lia. 
Potato sweet, (s.) via-ba-hra. 
Pot fat, (y.) shaw-thu. 
Potted fat, (5.) shaw-thu. 
Potter, (s.) bi-ha-vi-thai-pa, bei-ha-vi-pa. 
Pounce, (v.) cha-hnaw. 
Pounce upon, (y.) a-zaw. 
Pounch, («.) sa-hria. 
Pound, {v. ) vaw. 

Pour out, (v.) pa-tlai, (as a fluid), baw. 
Powder, (v.) pa-di. 
Powder horn, (5.) zai-aw. 
Powdered, (a.) di. 

Power, (5.) a-hrang-a-ria-pa-ta-thei-na. 
Praise, (v.) ria-thai. 
Praise one's self, (v.) a-rei-thai. 
Prawn, (s.') ia-ka. 

Pray, (v.) lia-sha-ta-ta-hia, hia-ra-rua, hia-phei-pha. 
Praying mantis, (s.) kai-bang-kai-pa. 
Precipice, U) lao-ka-pa. 
Pregnant, (a.) phaw, (v.) shaw-phaw, phaw. 
Preparation, (v.) a-pa-che. 



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178 ULKHIR GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Prepare, (v.) a-pa-shi-pa-thai. 

Present, (5.) pa-»naw. 

Presently, (adv.) hnang-ta-ta, a-ta-via. 

Preserve, (v.)a-vaw-thla-haw, a-vaw. 

Preserve from harm, (v.) a-hlia-pbai. 

Press, (v.) na. 

Press against, (v.) cha-khang. 

Press closely together, {v. t) ta^pa-aha, dai-pa-ah». 

Press in, (v.) cha-hnaw. 

Pretend, (r.) dao-vei. 

Pretty, (v.) ngia, (a,) ngia, a-ngia, mei^kia. 

Prevalent, (y7) hria-khi, cha-rei. 

Prevaricate, (v.) phi. 

Prevent, (v.) pa-kha. 

Prevented, (v.) tlaw. 

Prevent rolling by wedging, (v.) chao. 

Previously, (adv.) dua. 

Price, (5.) ma, (v.) rei. 

Prick, (v.) a-chao. 

Prick as a blister, (v.) cha-khei. 

Prickle, (5.) a-hlang. 



Prick up, (v.) pa-chao. 
Priest, (s.) thei-a-thai-pa. 



Prime a gun, (v.) na-thi. 

Priming of a gun, (s.) a-na-thi, na-thi. 

Prior to,(p7-ep.) hla-ta, hniia-ta. 

Prison, (5.) lo-ao. 

Prisoner, (5.) a-ta-pa. 

Probe, (v.) cha-hraw. 

Proclaim, (v.) tla-pi-pa. 

Produce, {v.) pa-pua. 

Profit, (adv.) a-thao-a-ha, (v.) hlai. 

Profound, (a.) lia-ri. 

Progenitor, (s.) pa-thla-pa. 

Prolix be, (v.) rei-shei. 

Promise, (v.) tai, bi-tai. 

Promote, {v.) chei-cha-lang. 

Pronounce, (v.) la. 

Pronounce guiltless, (y.) a-pa-dang-sha. 

Pronounce guilty, (v.) a-dang-vei. 

Pronounce right, (i;.)ia-pa-ds^n»g-sha. 

Proof, (8.) pa-hnang-na, pa-kh^-ta-ta-pflu-hnawg-na. 

Prop, (v.) deung. 

Proper, (a/) a-dang, shi«,^ Ka-sha, ra, (v.} ugia. 

Properly, (arft;.)a-ma-phu, lia-sha. 



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PART IV. — DICTIONARY : BNULISH-LAKHER. 179 



Property, (s.) hmang. 

Prophesy, (v.) rei-tua. 

Propose for marriage, (r.) bi. 

Prop up, (r.) chao. 

Prosperous, (a.) di-a-rua-lua, a-i, cha-hnaw, (v.) a-va-a-kha, di-a- 

rua-lua. 
Proud, (a.^ cha-peo, (v.) cha-lua. 
Proud to De, (v.) cha-peo. 
Prove, (v.) shia. 
Proverb, {s ) pa-khang-pa-bi. 
Puberty, (y.) paw-tlang. 
Public, (5.) zaw. 
Publicly, (adv.) va-tla-hinaw-pa-ta, pa-tlaTpa-baang-pa4a, iJi- 

ha-ta. 
Puckered, (a.) daw, (v.) daw. 
Pull, (v.) pa-rai, daw-phi. 
Pull down towards one (as a bough), (a.) kei. 
Pull off, (y.) kheo. 

Pull out with a jerk (as twig or tooth), pa-hlai. 
Pull open, (v.) cha-kei, a-ei. 
Pull out, (v.) phia. 
Pull round, (v.) cha-zai. 
Pull up, (v.) pa-rai. 
.Pumpkin, («.) maw-meo. 
Punch, (y.) a-chao. 

Punch with the knuckles, (v.) tao-shu. 
Pungent, (a.) pa-a, pa-tha, hia, (v.) pa-tha, hia, ka. 
Punish, (v,) hri. 
Purify, (v,) lo-hrawt-ang. 
Purpose, (v.) chhua, (s.) khang-tla-pa. 
Purposely, (adv.) ria-lia. 
Purr, (v) a-rao. 
Pus, (s^ hnia. 

Pu»h, (v.) cha-khei, na, dai, pa-shu. 
Push away through, (y.) cha-khoung. 
Push in, (v.) cha-hraw. 
Push on one side, (v.) hnei. 
Push over, (v. t.) pa-paw. 
Put in, (v.) ra, khao. 
Put to, (v.) shang. 

Put a stop to, (v) pa-shai-lei-pa-hlao. 
Put by, (v.) shang. 
Put forth strength, (v.) chha. 
Put in a fix, (v.) pa-cha-na-rai-pa-hnang-lei-pa-ta, nang-la-law- 

pa-ta-taw. 



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180 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Put inside, (v.) a-ngia-khei. 

Put in water, {v.) pa-chi. 

Put on, (v.) a-keo. 

Put one on top of another, (r.) pa-chang. 

Put on the side, (v.) hrang-hla. 

Put on top, (v.) pa-chang. 

Put out, {v. t) pa-pua. 

Putrid, (a.) thu. 

Put together, (v.) pa-kha. 

Put up to, (v.) tlao. 

Put up with, {v.) ngia-thei. 

Put wood on a fire, (v.) ti. 

Python, (a.) pa-ri-pi. 

Q. 

Quail, {s.) ma-ijiang. 
Quake (as the earth), (v.) a-lang-a-shi. 
Quarrelsome, '(^-j mang-lei 
Quarrel, (v.) a-tu, a-ra, a-cha-ua. 
Quarter, {s.) khao-phi-a-tai-pa-chhu-lai. 
Queen Victoria, («.) Kawng-pa-nang-naw. 
Quest house, («.) zaw-bu. 

Question, (5.) bi-pei-pa, hia-hri-lei, (v.) a-pa-khai. 
Quick, (v.) a-pa-ra, cha-tli, ti-thaw-cha-tlia, fa.) cha-tli, thi-thaw- 
cha-tJia. ' 

Quickly, (ar/v.) pa-ra-pa-ra, pa-ra, cha-tli, ta-tua. 

Quick of hearing, (a.) na-pa-va-pa. 

Quiet, (u t.) pa-dai, pa-thi-sha, (v.) dia. 

Quietly (adv.) shao. 

Quite, (adv.) chhei-hao, hao, pa-ba, a-vei, (s.) cha-li, (v,) cha-li. 



Race, (v.^ a-ra-pa-shua. 
*" lish, (s.) 



R. 



Badish, (s.) a-hra-bia-pa. 

Raft, (s.) a-pa. 

Raid, (v.) chhaung. 

Rail, (5.) sha-do-tla. 

Railing, (5.) sha-do-tla. 

Rain, (s.) a-vua-sha-pa, (v.) a-va-a-shua. 

Rainbow, (h.) mei-sa-ku. 

Raindrop, (s.) a-va-di-daw. 

Rainwater, (-.) a-va-shua-ti. 

Rainy looking, (a.) a-va-nang. 

Rainy season, (s.) sha. 

Raise, (v. t ) dci. 



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PART IV. — DICTIONARY : ENGUSH-LAKHER. 181 



Raise the head, (v.) ua. 

Rake, (2;.)pa-zu-pa-tha. 

Ram, (v.) dai-pa-sha, saw-ka-kua. 

Rammer, (s.) chao-cha-phi. 

Ram rod, (s.) mei-thei-cha-raw-na. 

Range of hills, (s.) tla-thlo-dang. 

Rank, (a.) ru, (v.) ru. 

Ransom, (v,) cha-tlai. 

Rapid, (^.) ti-hra. 

Rat, (s.) pa-zu. 

Rather, (adv.) chllei-haw, via. 

Ravine, {f<.) chava-hnaw. 

Raw, (a.) hei. 

Reach, (v.) tlang, khai, pha. 

Reach maturity, (v.) chei. 

Read, (v.) rei. 

Reading and writing, (s.) cha-hna. 

Ready, (v ) a-chhua, ma, tai. 

Ready-ma«le, (a.) taw-chi-pa. 

Real, (a.) shei-ngai-ta, hraei-shei-nsrai-ta. 

Really, (adv.) hmei-shei, shei-ngai-ta, shei, ngai-ta, tla-lai. 

Reap, (v.) a. 

Reaped, (a.) a. 

Reaping hook, (s.) sha-kar-a. 

Reason, (s.) khang-tla-pa. 

Reason for, cha-kua. 

Reason of, cha-kua. 

Rebuke, (v.) kaw-kha-ha-pa-shi. 

Receive, (v.) a-vaw-thla-haw, a-vaw, ki, rei-ta, hmao. 

Receive authority, (v.) bi-hnei. 

Reckon, (v.) rei, ngia-pa-ti. 

Reckoning, (s.) tlia, (aJv.) ngia-pa-ti-pa-ta. 

Recline, (v.) a-mao. 

Recline with the head raised, (v.) beu. 

Recognise, (v.) hmia-pa-hmang. 

Recollect, (v.) pa-hnang-lal 

Recompense,' (v.) thao, («.) ma. 

Red, (a.) shai. 

Reduce, (v. t.^ pa-naw. 

Red yarn, (s.) mei-ma. 

Reel, (s.) la-tao. 

Reform, (v.) rang. 

Refreahea, (v.) tla. 

Refreshment, («.) cha-ei-cha-ma. 

Refuse, (v.) el 



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182 LAKHIR GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Refute, (v.) pa-zei. 

Regard, (v.) a-ngia-pa-chhi, pei-sha. 

Regard with favour, (y.) ngia-chhi. 

Regent, (5.) a-chang-la. 

Rejoiceful, (a.) pa-Iawh-a-ei-pa-ma. 

Relation, a brother, (s,) u-naw. 

Release, (y.) pua. 

Reliable, (a.) zar.g-a-chhi. 

Relieve, (v.) a-thla. 

Rely upon, (v.) pa-cha. 

Remain, (y.) a, lai. 

Remaining, (a,) ba. 

Remember, (v.) pa-hnang, pa-hnang-thla. 

Remind, (v.) pa-hnang-khei, pa-hnang*thla-haw. 

Remove, (v.) shi-khei 

Renowned, (v.) mang-tha, (a.) mang-tha. 

Repair, (v,) pa-mi. 

Repent, (v.) rang. 

Reply, (v.) chheu, pa-li. 

Report, {v. ) rei-thai, {s.) bi-pa-tha. 

Reproach, (v.) ra. 

Reprove, (v.) pa-shi-pa-aw. 

Requisite, (s.) khang-tla-pa. 

Rescue, [v.) pa-chha-pa-tla, pa-chlij»'ta, pa-ciiha-pa-pua, a-hlia- 

phei, pa-chha. 
Resolutely, (a^/v.) ha-pa-chi-pa-ta. 
Resolved, (v.) a-chhua-pa-tha, a-chhua-ria-lia, dia-thla-pa-ta-ha- 

chhua. 
Respect, (y.) pei-sha. 
Rest, (v.) ei, a,a-pa-ha. 
Rest against, (r.) pa-ba. 
Restrain, (v.) pa-tu. 
Rest upon, (v.) pa-ha. 
Retain, (v.) pa-da. 
Retainer, (a.) shei. 
Retain in the mouth, (v.) pa-ao. 
Retch, (v.) tia-ua. 

Return, (v.) pa-kua, vaw-kua, kua, li. 
Reveal, (y.) phua. 
Revere, (v.) za. 
Reverence, (v.) za. 

Revive, (v.) tla. •» 

Revolve, (v.) a-khi-cha-hlao, hi. 
Revolver, (s.) tlai-hlu-pa-pa-mei-th^i. 
Reward, («.) ma. 



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PART IV.— DICTIOICAHY : KSfOLISH-LAlCIIKH. 188 



Rheumatism, (v.) ru-shia-ang, (s.) ru-sbi- 

Rhinoceros, (.«.) Kaw-ra. 

Rib, (s.) va-ru. 

Ribs, (s.) va-ru. 

Rice, (s.) sha. ^ 

Rice cooked very soft, (s,) ka-ei. 

Rice water, (s.) ka-ei. 

Rich, (a.^ hnei-rao. 

Riches, (^t.) taka-shao. ^ 

Ridicule, (v.) pa-ta-vei. 

Ridge pole, (s.) ang-na-na. 

Right, (a.) a-dang, pa-na. 

Right-hand side, (s!) cha-cha- la. 

Rijrht proportion, (v.) a-ma-phu-kaw, a-msi-phu. 

Righteous, (a.) a-dang. 

Right on, (adv.) pa-la, lao. 

Rigid, (a.) a-i. 

Ripe, (v.) hmang, (a.) hmang, cha. (v.) cha, (a.) mal 

Ripen, (v, t.) pa-hmang. 

Rip up, (v.) hri. 

Rise, (v.) nang-chhi, tleung. 

River, {s.) cha-va-pi, cha-va. 

Road, (s.) via-la-pi. 

Road -way, (5.) la-pi. 

Roast, (v.) pa-ai-hu, raw, pa-ai. 

Rock. (5.) a-lao. 

Rod, (s.) pi-lao. 

Roll, (v.) a-hlua, (as a ship) ka-tlaw, pa-hlua. 

Roll up, (v.) pa-li. 

Roll up in the hand, (v.) cha-ri. 

Romp, {v.) a-hria. 1 

Romp together, {v.) a-cha-tao. 

Roof, (5.) chao. 

Room, (a\) chhao-pa-da-pa-chhaw. . 

Roost, {v.) chang. ^ { 

Root, (5.) tha-beu. 

Rx)pe, U'i hei-cha-rao-pa, kJ^w-hxi, hel-cha-rao-pa, (v.) hrai 

Rosy, (a.) mai. ^ ^ ^ 

Rot, {y.) thu, ra-raw. 

Rotate, {v.) a-khi-cha-hlao. 

Rotten, (a,^ thu. ra-raw. 

R^Migiw (fX birta-hra, (m) dN^lo^^ (a.) cba-bm 

Kound, (a.) a-hlao, (v.) kia-pa, {prep.) kia-pa-ta, ((».) W«x 

Round about, {adv.) kaung. *r 7 v / c^ 

Row, (v.) ka-pu, tla. 



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184 LAKUER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONART. 



Rub, (v.) hru, cha-ta, a-shia-na-tai. 
Rubber, (s.) ha-ri. 
Rubber tree, (s.) ha-ri-thang. 
Rub clean, (v.) a-shia-na-tai, hru-ahia. 
Kub on, (vs) hnia. 
Rudder, (s.) cha-khia-pa-hi-na. 
Ruddy, (a.) mai. 
Ruin, (v. t.) pa-hlei-pa-hlo. 
'Ruined, (y.) lei-lao. 
Rule, (v.) a-beung. 
Rumour, (5.) bi-pa-tha. 
Run, (v.) a-ra. 
Run down, (v.) rei-pa-chhi. 
Run out, (v.) cha-khoung. 
Run up against, (v.) hnei. 
Rupee, (5.) tlaw, ta-ka. 
Rust, (.^.) sai-i, (v.) sai-i 
Rusty, (a.) sai-i. 

s. 

Sack, (s.) via-saw-khaw, shia-khaw. 

Sack cloth, (5.) la-thang-pa. 

Sacrifice, (v,) hri-khao. 

Sad be, (v. ) ngia-chhi, ngia-rang. 

Sad feel, (v.) pa-lao-li. 

Saddle of a hill, («.) shai-ka. 

Saddle joining two ridges, (s.) shai-ka. 

Safe, (a.) a-hlia-phia. 

Sag, (v.) ba-shi. 

Sago cake, (s,) ba-kao-via-chha. 

Saliva, (s.) pa-chi 

Salt, {s ) a-lao, (a.) mia, (v.) mia. 

Saltpetre, (5.) zai. 

Saltspring, {s.) a-lo-khaw. 

Same, (a.) mia-kha, hmia-kha. 

Same again, U-law. 

Same as, (5.) thang-cha-zaw, sha-naw-pa. 

Sand, («.) sha, lei-sha-di-paw-pa. 

Sandfly, (5.) thlang-hmia-di. 

Sap, (s.) hnia. 

Satchel, («.) sa-hria. 

Save, (v.) pa-tla, a-hlia-phai, pa-chha-ta, pa-chha-pa-tla, pa-chha- 

pa-pua, pa-hrang . 
Saved, (a.) a-hlia-phia, (v.) tla- 
Save up, (v.) pa-chao. 



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PART JV.-^PICrWONAItT ; maMBHrUL^SBR. X85 



Saw, (a.) thang-a-hna. 

Sawdust, (i) thang-a-hna-zo-pei-pa. 

Say, (v.) ta, rel 

Saying, (v.) bl 

Scabbard, (s.) pal 

Scald, (v.) ti-sha-pa-ta-baw. 

Scales, (s.) khao-na| khao-pa*thlia-na. 

Scales, (of fish, sores), («.) phu-hlu-pa. 

Scanty, (a.) cha-kang. 

Scapula, (s.) phia-kaw-ru. 

Scar, (t;.^ nma-daw-pa, (a.) hma-daw-pa. 

Scarce, (a,) cha-kang, (v.) cha-kang. 

Scattered, (a.) hi, (t;.^ hi. 

Scattered abroad, (v.) hi. 

Scissors, (s.) a-ra-sha. 

Scoflf) (v.) pa-ta-vei. 

Scold, (s.) pa-shi*pa<-aw. 

Scoop, (v.) thai. 

Scoop up, (v.) hru. 

Scorch, (v. t.) pa-ka, (v.) pa-ai, a-ka, sha. 

Scorch much, (v.) pa-ai-hu, (v. t) pa-u. 

Scorch upon, (a.) sha. 

Scour, (v.) hru-shia, cha-ta. 

Scout, (v,) ria-vai, (s.) ria-vai 

Scramble for, (v.) a-chhu. 

Scrape, (v.) pa-zu-pa-tha. 

Scrape past, (v.) cha-kheL 

Scraper, (s.) phei-cha-ta-na. 

Scrape with a hoe, (v.) cha-raw. 

Scratch, (v.) khou, cha-pheo, (s.) rang, (v.) rang. 

Scratch up, (v.) pa-haw, thia. 

Scream, (v.) phe. 

Screen, (r.) pa-kha. 

Screw, Cs.) thua-hrai-thla-na, hrai, (r.) hi. 

Scribe, (s.) cha-rang-pa. 

Scrotum, («.) hri 

Sculpture, (v.) dai. 

Scum, ($.') bu-cha. 

Scurf, u.) lu. 

Sea, (5.) ti-pi, li-lai-pi. 

Sealing wax, (s.) cha-ri. 

Seam, (s.) bi. 

Search, (v.) tlua. 

Search for, (v.) la. 

Season, (s.) ti. 



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186 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Seat, (s.) a-teung-na. 

Second toe, ($.) phei-pa-zao. 

Secret, (s,) phi, bi-phi. 

Secretly, (adv.) a-ru, la-ta. 

Secret murderer, (5.) phi-hma. 

Secretly, slyly, (adv.) pa-ru. 

See, (v.) khi-chhai, hmao, (prep.) kia-pa-ta, (s.) cha-hri. 

See in a dream, (v.) ma-la- ta-hmao. 

Seed, (s.) chi. 

Seed, (s.) hmo. 

Seer, (s.) khao. 

Seize by the throat, (v.) ri. 

Select, (v.) pa-cha. . 

Self, ta. 

Self-collected, (v,) shao. 

Self-collectedly, (adv.) shao. 

Self-willed, (a.) chhang-tao, tua-chhi, (v.) tua-chhi. 

Sell, (v.) pa-hlei-pa-hlaw, (v.) zua. 

Sell at a profit, (v.) a-po-po-sa-pa. 

Semen, (s?) ti-pa. 

Send, (v.) pa-phaw, tua. 

Send away, (v.) pa-shi-sha, pa-lei-sha. 

Send for, (v.) ta. 

Sentence, (v.) bia-pa-pai. 

Sentry, (s.) ria-vai. 

Separate, (v.') a-pa-chhai, cha-thlei, khao-phi, hrua. 

Separately, (adv.) a-hrang-a-hrang-ta, khao-phi. 

Sepoy, (sS pnei-shai. 

Serve, (v.) bei-phia-chhang. 

Servant, (s.) shei, bei-phia-a-chhnng-pa. 

Serve one right, (v.) rang. . 

Serve out (as food), (v.) chha. 

Sesamum, (s.) a-chhi, chho-hri, chhi-tao. 

Set (a trap), (v.) chao, tla. 

Set, (as sun, etc.,) chha, tla. 

Set an example, (v.) pa-hmaw. 

Set a part, (v.) pa-cha. 

Set in an up-roar, (v. t.) pa-maw-pa-la. 

Set on edge, (v. t.) a-za. 

Set on fire, (v.) ro. 

Settle, (v.) pa-paw, chang. 

Settled, (v.) paw. 

Seven, (a.) pao-sa-ri, sa-ri. 

Seventeen, (a.) po-hraw-na-ta-po-sa-ri. 

Sew, (v.) bi. 



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PART IV. — DICTIONARY : ENGLISH-LA KHER. 187 



Shade, (s.) nang-di-pa, nang-dua-pa, dua. 

Shadow, (5.) dua. 

Shady, la.) nang-di-pa, nang-dua-pa. 

Shake, (v. t.) cha-thang, a-tlaw-chaw, shaw, laung. 

Shake hands, (v.) ku-ta-pa-tu. 

Shake open, (v.) cha-thao-pa-kai. 

Shake out, (y,) cha-thao-pa-kai. 

Shallow, (a.) khao-thang. 

Shame, (v. t.) pa-za. 

Shameful, (a.) za-a-chhi. 

Sham fight, (s.) cha-ria-shai-shang-pa-a-cha. 

Shape, (s.) hmia, a-zi. 

Share, (r.) a-pa-hleo, a-pa-ka, (s.) veupa, veu^na-nang-pa. 

Sharp, (a.) na-pa-va-pa. 

Sharpen, (v.) pa-zaw. 

Sharpen, (v. L) a-tia-na-tai. 

Shavings, (.•«.) thang-pa-mi-na-zao-pa-pa. 

She, (pro.) a-nang. 

Sheath, (s,) pai. 

Sheaf ^of rice,) (s.) ku-shao. 

Shed, (s.) bu-cha. 

Shed blood, (v.) thi-sai-pa. 

She herself, a-nang-dei-ta. 

Shell, (5.) kaw, kua-heo-pa. 

Shelter of, (prep.) a-pa-kha-ta.' 

Shield, (s.) veo-phaw. 

Shin, (.^.) ngia-leo. 

Shine, (v.) vaw-pa-va. 

Shine upon, (v.) sha. 

Shingle, (s.) cha-va-lai-o. 

Shirt, (s.) via-pa-kaw. 

Shoe, (s.) phei-ka, phei-kaw. 

Shoot, (v.) khai. 

Shoot at, (v.) ka. 

Shoot and miss the mark, (v.) ka-chhei. 

Shoot dead, (v.) ka-shaw. 

Shoot with the pellet, (v.) shia. 

Shoot now, (s.) zi. 

Shop, (s.) sao-daw. 

Shore, (s.) kia. 

Short, (a.) chhang, hnai, cheo, (v.) cheo. 

Short, (s.) a-shu-pa-hli. 

Short sharp shower, ($.) cha-va-ka-tla. 

Short time ago, (adv.) a-thia-paw. 

Shot, (s.) thei-sa-lao. 



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18B LAKHER GHAMMAH AND DICTIONARY. 



Shot small, (s.) thei-sa-di-pa. 

Shoulder, (v.) bai, (s.) phia-kaw, ngia-tha. 

Shoulder blade with flesh, (s.) phia-kaw. 

Shout, (v.) phe. 

Shovel, (5.) bu-cha-hru-na. 

Show, (v.) pa-mang-sha, hmao-sha, 

Shrill, (a.) chhi. 

Shut ^as the eye), (v.) pa-shang. 

Shut (as an umbrella), (v.) pa-hua, (v. t.) pa-daw. 

Shut, (v.) pa-hru, khao. 

Shut a door, (v.) aug-chhi. 

Shy, (a.) a-nang-nang, za, (v.) a-nang-nang, za. 

Sickness, (s.) pa-sha, (v.) pa-sha. 

Side, (s.) pao-pa, pai, ria-ai, va. 

Side of a door way, (s.) ang-chhi-tla. 

Side of a house, (s.) chho-cha-la. 

Side post of a door, (5.) ao-khai. 

Sideways, (a^v.) hrang-la. 

Sieve, (.s.) si-phi, (y.) pa-chha. 

Sift, (v.) cha-thlei, hrua. 

Sift in a sieve, (v.) pa-thlei. 

Sigh, (v.) hu-shang. 

Sight, (a.) pa-va. 

Sight piece of a gun, (s.) mei-thei-mang-pa-na. 

Sign, (s.) pa-chhao-pa-khu-na. 

Silent, (s.^ cha-li, (v.) cha-li. 

Silver, («.) ta-ka-sa-pa, (a.) ta-ka. 

Silver-smith, (s.) ta-ka-sa-pa-dai-pa. 

Simply, (adv.) cna-kheo. 

Sin, (s.) lei. 

Since, a-ta-haw, (conj.) taw, (adv.) taw-ta, (conj.) li-kaw-ta^ a* 

hnang-ta, na-tieiw. 
Sinew, ($.) tha. 
Sinful, (a.) lei. 
Sing, (v.) sha, hla-sha. 
Single one, (v.) di, (s.) sha-hmaw. 
Sink, (v.) pa-hma. 
Sink in, (v.) a-pa-mao, da. 
Sinner, (s.) mang-lei. 

Sister, (s.) pi-khei, shi-ta-nao, na-rao, na-rao-nao, cha-hnia. 
Bister's child, (s.) tu. 
Sister or cousin, (s.^u-naw. 
Sister's daughter, (s.) tu-nao. 
Sister's son, (s.) tu-pa. 
Sit (as a fowl), (v.) a-beung. 



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PART IV.— dictionary: bnglish-lakhbr. 189 



Sit, (v.) a-beung.' 
Sit down, (v.) a-teung. 
Site, (s.) hmang. 
Six, (a.) cha-ru, pao-cha-ru. 
Sixteen, (a.*) po-hraw-na-ta-po-cha-ru. 
Skeleton, (s.) shaw-shaw. 
Skewer, (sA shao-ti, cha-thi. 
Skilful, (a.) thei-a-thai-pa. 
Skilled in palmistry, (v) ku-mang-a-thai^pa. 
Skin, (v.) ua, (s.) a-ka-ka-daw-pa, vang. 
Skull, («.) lu-ru. 
Sky, (s.) a-va. 
Slab, (5.) phia. 
Slacken, (v. t.) pa-daw. 
Slant, (v.) pa-phang, (v. i.) pa-ua. 
Slanting, (a.) cbao. 

Slantingly, {adv.^ chao, (v. t.) pa-pbang. 
Slap, (v.) cba-bai. 
Slate pencil, (s.) lo-cba-rang-na. 
Slave, Of.) shei. 
Sleek, {^a.) tlaw. 

Sleep, {v.) pa-shua, pa-li-la-pa-mo, a-mao, a-mo. 
Sleeping place, (s.) a-mao-na-bmang. 
Sleepy, (v.) puo. 

Sleeveless vest, (s,) via-pa-kaw-la-lei-pa. 
Slender, (v.) tei, (a.) cbbi, (as tbe waist), cbbi. 
Slender to be, (v.) cbbi. 
Slice, (s.) pbia. 
Slice up, (v.) cba-a. 
Slide, (v.) cba-kbaw. 
Sligbt, (a.) cbbi. 
Slight, (xKj bmia-mang-hnei. 
Sligbtly, (adv.) via, a-cba-a-cba, (v.) pbai-bli. 
Sligbtly spotted, (v.) ra, (a.) ra. 
Slip, (v.) pa-bri. 
Slip away, (v.) dang-ka. 
Slip knot, (v.) pa-kaw. 
Slip oflF, (v.) cba-kboung, pa-hri. 
Slippery, (v.) pa-bnia, (a.) pa-bnia. 
Slip tbrougb, (v.) pa-hn. 

Slop over (as water), (v.) a tlaw-ta-ina-Iei-tiihi. - 
Slovenly, (v.) a-pa-thla. 

Slow, (a.) du-sbaw, sbao-bmia, (v.) shao, pa-shao-hmia. 
Slowly, (adv.) sbao, cha-bra-lei-pa, 4iHaMw-ta*ta| duHsfaaw^u- 
sbaw-ta, pa-shi, du-shaw-ta, (v.) a-di. 



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190 LAKHBR GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Sly, (adv,) a-ru-la-ta. 

Small, (a.) chia-i, bua, ku, cheo, (v.) ch'eo. 

Small, pieces, (adv.) di, pa-di. 

Small piece of anything, (5.) sha-cha-rang. 

Smart, (r.) ka. 

Smashed be, (r.) kai. 

Smear, (v.) hnia. 

Smell, (s,) rang, (v.) rang-pa-hnag, pa-hna. 

Smelling, (a.) oa-a, pa-hna. 

Smile, (v.) pa-ki. 

Smile at, (v.) pa-chi-chi. 

Smoke, (s,) mei-khu. 

Smooth, (a.) mi, zi, pa-hnia, (v.) mi, zi. 

Smoothly, (adv,) zi. 

Snail, land, (5.) awshi-cho-ru. 

Snake, (s.) pa-ri. 

Snap, (v. t,) thli, (v.) cha-beung^. 

Snapped, (r.) tli. 

Snares, (5.) a-hei. 

Snatch away, (u.) chhu. 

Snatch up, [v,) chhu. 

Sneeze, (v.) ha-thi. 

Sniff, (u ) hna. 

Snipper, (s.) ti-ti-ba-pa-ze-pa. 

Snivel, (v.) ci-shi-na-i. 

Snore, (v.) pa-hnaw. 

Snow, (s.) da-haw. 

So, (adv.) he-haw-ta, cha-tang-a-sha-ta-cha. 

So and so, (conj.) chata-na-cha-ta. 

So far as, (prep.) tlao-na-tai-ta. 

Soft, (a.) nai, pua, {s.) taw, nai, (v.) nai. 

Soak, (v.) pa-chi. 

Some how or other, W^O pa-tha. 

Some other, (adv.) kha-tai-la-tla-ma. 

Some thing, (s.) daw. ^ 

Somewhere, (adv,) kha-tai-la-tla-ma, kha-ta\-ta-chha. 

So it is, a-hmei-shei-na. 

Sojourn, (v.) cha. 

Solder, (5.) t'aw. 

Soldier, (s.) phei-shai. 

Sole of the foot, (s.) phei-pa-zar-da. 

Solid, (a.) pa-shang. 

So-many, he-zi. 

Some, kha-pa, (pro.) khao-phi. 

Some one, (pro.) a-heo-tleo-ma. 



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PART IV. — DICTIONARY : ENGLISH-LAKHER. 191 



Something, (s.) kha-pa-lei-pa. 
Some time ago, (adv.) ei-kha-nang, a-za-ohha-nang. 
Sometimes, (adv.) a-cha-a-cha-ta. 
So much, he-sha. 
Son, (s.) shaw-cha-paw. 
Song, (s,) hla, sha. 

Sons and daughters, (s.) shaw-naw-to-pa. 
Soon, (adv.) hma, dua 
Soot, (s.) chochang. 
Sooty, (a.) cho-chang. 

Sorcerer^ (s.) depng-a-thlai-pa, deong-a-thai pa. 
Sore, (^s,^ pa-u. 
Sort» (s.) chi, hmang. 
Sorrowful be, (v.) ngia-rang. 
Sorry for, (v.) daw. 
So that, (conj.) cha-ta-na-cha-ta. 
Soul, (s.^ thla-pa. 
Sound, (s.^ ri, (r.) ri. 
Soundly, (adv.) pa-ba. 
Soundly a-sleep, (adv.) pa-ba. 
Sour, (a.) hi, li, (v.) thaw. 
Sourbe, (v.)li. 

Source of a stream, (s.) hna-pa-shu. 
Sow, (v.) chei, (s.) vaw-pa-nao. 
Space in front of a house, (s.) khi-lia. 
Span, («.) pa-zao-kha, (v.) pa-zao-kha. 
Spare, (v.^ pa-hrang, pa-hlo. 
Sj)ark, (a.) mei-pa-lei. 
Speak, (v.) bi, rei, a-pha. 
Speak again, (v.) rei-pa-chhi. 
Speak against to, (v.) tei. 
Speak of, (v.) la. 

Speak sarcastically, (y.) pa-ta-vei. 
Speak secretly, (v.) bia-pa-ru. 
Speak to, (v.) bi. 

Speak unadvisedly, (v.) chhia-pa-thlua. 
Speak well of, (v.) rei-thai. 
Spear, (s.) a-shei, (v.) a-chao, cha-khaw. 
Special work, (v.) shia. 
Species, (t.) a-thei, hlaw. 
Spectacles, (s.) mang-bai-pa. 
Speech, (v.) a-pha, (».) rei. 
Speechless, (a.) hrao-pa, pa-zei. 

Spend, (v.) pa-hlei, zua, (as money), pa-hlei-pa-hlaw, (as money, 
strength), (v.) pa-hlei. 



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192 LAKHER GRAMHAB AHD DICTIONABT. 



Spherical, (a.) a-hlao. 

Spherically, (adv.) a-hlao. 

Spider, (s.) shei-sna-a-chhu-pa, (y.) chia-ria. 

Spider's web, (v.) chia-ria. 

Spill, (v. L) lei. 

Spilled, (v.) pa-tlai. 

Spin, (v.) pa-hi, thlaw. 

Spinal cord, (s.) zao-ru-la-thli. 

Spinning top, (s.) kai-bu. 

Spirit, (s.) thla-pa. 

Spirits, (v.) zu-ri. 

Spit, (y.) pa-chi-pa-chhaw, pa-chhaw. 

Spittle, (5.) pa-chL 

Splash, (v.S thia. 

Spleen, (s.) cha-law. 

Spleen enlarged, (a.) cha-law-tla. 

Splinter, (s ) chai-ha. 

Split, (v.) hri, pa-tlaw, (v. t.) pa-chi, hri, (y.) ua. 

Spoil, (y. t.) pa-raw, pa-ro-pa-kei. 

Spoiled, (v.) chhi, (a.) khai, chhi. 

Spongy, (a.) a-hua, (v.) a-hua. 

Spoon, (s/) phia-tla. 

Spot, («.) hla. 

Spotted, (a.) cha-pal 

Sprain, (v. i.) pa-kang. 

Sprain the wrist, (y.) ku-mi 

Spread, (v.) zaw, (as cloth), (v.) phaw, phaa, pa-kaa 

Spread, {v.) pa-phua-sha. 

Spread out (as the hand), {v.) kai, pa-kai. 

Spring, (v.) a-tlai. 

Spring, (as a watch, gun, etc.), (a.) li. 

Spring small, (s.) a-shi. 

Spring upon, (y.) a-zaw. 

Springy, (a.) pa- tha. 

Springy to be, Iv.) pa-tha. 

Sprinkle, (y.) thia, mia. 

Sprout, (v/) chheo-thaw, pa-mang, a daw-pa, («.) chheo-thaw. 

Spur, («.) cha-kia, khu-lu. 

Spy into, (v.) nai. 

Squabble, (v.) a-zaw. 

Square, («.) a-hlao. 

Squeak, (v.) sha. 

Squeal, (v.) pa-ki- 

Squee;iey {v.) hmi na^ cha-khi, cha-khoung, shaw. 

Squeeze in, {v.) ri. 



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PART IV. — DICrriONABY: BNGLISH-LAKHBR. 193 



Squeezed in, (a.) chhi. 

Squeezed into be, (v.) chhi. 

Squirrel, (s.) lei-cha-pa. 

Stab, (y.\ a-chao. 

Stable, (a.) a-i. 

Stack up, (v.) tu. 

Stag, (s\) sha-khi-chei-pa, zu-nai. 

Stairs, (s.) phei-bi-cha-khua. 

Stale (a,) chhang-pa. 

Stalk of flower, {s) cha-kua. 

Stammer, (v.) rei-cha-aw 

Stamp, (v.) a-tlai, pa-mai. 

Stamp upon, (v.) tleo. 

Stand, (v.) dua, a-vaw-dua. 

Stand by, (v.) pa-tai, pa-zi. 

Stand up for, (v.) pa-tai. 

Stand tip toe, (v.) a-dei-cha-ka. 

Star, (.^.)aw-8m. 

Stare at, (v.) taw-pa. 

Start, (v.) thaw. 

Startle, (v.t.) pa-chhi-para, ra-khu-pa-hlaw, (v.) pa-hlaw. 

Startled, (v.) a-pa-hlaw, pa-thia-chaw-chhaw. 

Staunch; (r.t.) pa-dai. 

Staunch blood by charming, (v.) thia ha. 

Stay over a day and a night, {v.) nang-hlei. 

Steal, (r.) pa-ru. 

Steam, («.) ti-pa-chang. 

Steam boat, (s.) mei-ba-le. 

Steamed, ($.) sha-hma-pi. 

Steel, (s.) ka-pa-thi, thua-cha-hra-pa. 

Steep, (a.) pa-daw, cha-kha-sai-pa, (downward^) chhu-ta-cha-khi, 

(y.) kei, cha-kha, pa-daw. 
Steer for, (v.) pa-hei. 
Stem of a plant, (s.) tao. 
Step, (s.) kei, (v.) a-chha. 
Step-mother, (s.) nao-hraw. 
Step over, (v.) cha-ka. 
Steps, (s.) phei-bi-cha-khua. 
Stern, bi-pa-tlao-lai. 
Stew, (v.) pa-chhaw. 
Stick (v.) bai, bei. 
Stick in, (v.) ta, tei. 
Stick insect, (s.j sao-tha-paw. 
Sticky, (a.) a-kia, (v.) a-kia- 
Stiff, (a.) pa-chaung. 

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194 LAKHER ORAMMAR AND DIOTIONART^ 



Still, (adv.) a-ta-hma-i, a ta-hraa-rai, a-ta-hma-tai-ta-chhaw-ta, 

meung-lang (conj.) tlao, cka-hra-sa-la. 
Still-born, (a.) sha-pi-pa-shi. 
Stilts, (s.) phei-shi-na. 
Sting, (s.) za, (v.) shi. 
Stingy, (a.) pa-shang 
Stink, (v.) pa-hna. 
Stinking, (a) pa-hna 
Stir, (v.t) cha-hria, (v.) cha-hria. 
Stir up, (v.) pa-hlaw-pa-hli. 
Stocked, (s.) thang-kheo. 
Stock of gun, (s.) kaw. 
Stomach, ($.) pa-veo. 
Stone, (v.) vaw, (s.) a-lao. 
Stone house, (s.) lo-ao. 
Stool, (5.) a-teung-na. 
Stoop, (v.) a-lao. 
Stop, (s.) sao-daw, cha-li, (v.t.) pa-dai, (v.) pa-hru, ba, pa-chhao, dua, 

a, lai, pa-kha, cha-kha. 
Stop growing, (v.) lai-chha. 
Stopper, (s) pa-hru, pa-hru-na* 
Store up, (v.) pa-chao. 
Stormy looking, (a.) a-va-nang. 
Story, (s.) phao-pa. 
Story of a house, (s.) pa-chhu. 
Stove, (s.) thu. 

Straight, (a.) a-rai, tla, (adv.) tla, (v.) tla, rai. 
Straight and long, (a,) tlai. 
Straighten, (v.) pa-tla. 
Straightway, (adv.) pa-la. 
Strain, (v.) sa-pa-ang. 
Strainer, (s.) shi-phi, a-di. 
Stranger, (s.) khi-chhai, hraia-hnang-lei-pa. 
Straw, (s.) shavu-pa. 
Stream (s.) cha-va. 
Street, (s.) khi-lia. 
Strength, (s) tha 
Stretcli, (v.) pa-za. 
Stretcher, (s.) a-la. 
Stride, (v.) kei, a-chha, (s.) kei. 
Strike, (v.) tu, sao-thla, cha-kha. 
Strike at an angle and slip along, (v.) cha-hri. 
Striker of a gong, ($.) a-taona. 
Strike with the fist, (v.) a-chao. 
String, {s.) khaw-hri, hei-cha-rao-pa, hei-cha-rao-pa, cha-khi 



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PART IV. — dictionary: BN0U8H-LAKHER. 195 



Striped, (a.) cha-pai. 

Strip off, (v.) pa-hlai. 

Strip off bark, (v.) pa-thai, hlai. 

Strive, (v.) a-chhua-pa-tha, ft-chhua-ria-lia. 

Stroke, (v.) chaw-naw, pa-zu-pa-tha. 

Stroll, (v.) cha-rei. 

Strong, (v.) tha-tlao, tleo, (v.) thlao, tha-zang-hnei^ (a.) tha-zang, 

hnei, pa-a, pa-hna, pa-chaung-tleo, (physically) tha-tlao, (as rope)- 

(a.) chai. 
Strong smelling, (a.) hmaw. 
Struggle, (v.) a-thi. 
Stubborn, (a.) chhang-tao, tua-obhi 
Stuck, (v.) a pha-pa. 
Stuck in, (v.) tei. 
Stuff, in the mouth, (v.) baw. 
Stumble, (v.) a-pi. 
Stump (of a tree), (.s.) tha-beo. 
Stupendous, (a.) rao-na. 
Stupid, (a.) na-tla-bei-pa, pa. 
Stutter, (r.) rei-cha-aw. 
Stuttering, (a,^ rei-cha-aw. 
Subject to, iv.) rei-ta-ta-a. 
Substance, (s.) pao-pa-sha-pa, a-sha-shai. 
Substitute, (v.) a-thla, (s.) a thla-pa. 
Succeed in persuading, (v.) rei-pa-saw-pa-thlu. 
Successor, (s.) thla-pa. 
Suck (as sugarcane), (v.) chai. 
Suck in the mouthy (v.) pa-ao. 
Suck up, (v.) sheo. 

Suck up (as cattle do water, etc.), (t;.) pa-zoo. 
Suddenly, (adv.) sao-kha-ta, shao-kha-ta-ta, paw-di-pa-ra. 
Suffer, (v.) ngia-thei. 
Sufficient, (v.) dai, khi, pa-lang-khai, ki. 
Sufficiently, (aclv,) khi, dai, ki. 
Sufficiency, (^.) khi. 
Sugar, (s.) a-lo-thlo. 
Sugarcane, (s.) hra-sha, ba-shu. 
Suggest, (v.) pa-rua. 
Suitable, (a.) phu. 
Sulk, (v.) a-te, a-nao. 
Sulphur, (s,) kai. 
Summer, (s,) nang-pi-ti. 
Summit, (s.) la-ki. 
Summon, (v.) la. 
Sun, (s.) nang. 



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196 LAKHER GRAMBfAB AND DIOTIONART. 



Sunken be, {v.) da. 

Sunlight, (s.) nang-khai. 

Sunrise, (s.) nang-chhl 

Sunsetj (s.) nang-tla 

Sun-shade, (s.) nang-theo. 

Sun-shine, (s.) nang-sha, tfang-lo. 

Superintend, (v.) a-ha-pa. 

Supersede, (v.) pa-ma. 

Supper, (s.) za-pa-ti. 

Supple, (v.) za-za, (a.) za-za. 

Support, (v.) pa-zi, cha-kha. 

Support from underneath, (v.) chao. 

Support (from below), (v.) deung. 

Supporter, (5.) chha-pa-haw-pa. 

Suppose, (v.) pa-cha, pa-rua. 

Supposing if, chhang-ehhi-khia-ta-cha. 

Suppress, (v.) phi. 

Surely not, (adv.) cha-chei-to-va, cha-chei-ta-va-na. 

Surge, (v.) ka-tlavv. 

Surly, (v.) pa-thia-chhi. 

Surmise, (v.') pa-hnang. 

Surprise, {v.) pa-hlaw. 

Surprised, (v.) a-pa-hlaw. 

Surprise, (v. t.) ra-khu-pa-hlaw. 

Surround, (y.) kia-pa, dao. 

Suspend, (v.) pa-hai. 

Suspense be in, (y.^ nang-la-law-pa. 

Swallow, (s.) shi-via-pi, shi-via, (v.) pa-la. 

Swallow the wrong way, (v.) pa-thei. 

Swarm (of bees), (s.) pao, (v.) pao. 

Sweep, (y.^ phi. 

Sweet, (a.) thlao, (y.) thlao. 

Sweet potatoe, (s.) via-ba-hra. 

Swell, (v.) cha-khi, thlang. 

Swelling. (5.) cha-khi. 

Swiftly, (a.) tha-tlao. 

Swim, (v.) ti-a-zaw. 

Swim like a dog, (v.) i-tia-zaw. 

Swindle, (v. t.) rei-chhi. 

Swing, (s?) zi-za-pua-pa, (v.) ang-i. 

Swollen, (a.) thlang, thlu. 

Swollen out, (as ears of rice), (v.) a-hi-phu-chu. 

Swoop down, (v.) a-pa-thlao. 

Sword, («.) vai-na, ta-ka-shei-pa, zaw-zi. 

Syphilis, (s.) hri-chhi-pa. 



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PART IV. — DICTIONARY : ENGLISH -LAKH BR. 197 



Syphon, (s.) pa-kao, (v.) bei-phia. 
Syringe, (s.) ti-thao-ao. 



Table, (a.) tla-khai. 

Tadpole, (s.) utu. 

Tail, (s.) mel 

Take, (v.) thaw, a-peo, la, cha-ba. 

Take after, (v.) a-hlao. 

Take as security, (v.) hrai-pa-ta-a-la. 

Take away, (v.) chhu, lei-khai, shi-khei, la-pa. 

Take care, (v.) du-saw-ta-ta. 

Take care of, (v,') a-vaw-thla-haw. 

Take hold of, (v.) a-peo. 

Take in, (r.) angia-khei. 

Take off, (v.) pa-hli 

Take off ^as a coat), (v.) shu. 

Take off (as cloth), (v,) shang. 

Take off a covering, (v.) pa-haw. 

Take off the fire, (v.) chei. 

Take on one side, (v.) a-chhi-hrang. 

Take out, (v.) pua-khei, cha-daw, pa-na. 

Take shelter behind, (r.) a-pa-kha. 

Take the lead, (v.) hmia-a-sha. 

Take the place of, (v.) pa-ma. 

Take to pieces, (v.) phi. 

Take up, (v.) daw. 

Take up much room, (v.) pa-hra-kaw-na. 

Take up room, (v.) pa-hra. 

Take with, (v.) a-chhi. 

Tale, (s.) phao-pa. 

Talk, (v.) a-pha. 

Talkative, (a.) rei-cha-tli-pa, (v.) rei-cha-tli-pa, ka-hlu. 

Talk to, (5.) rei. 

Talk to one's self, (v.) pa-pho-pa-ru, pa-pho. 

Tall, (a.) sha. ^ 

Talon, (f.) pa- tang. 

Tame, (v.) pa-sha. 

Tamp, (v.) haw. 

Taper, (v.) pa-zaw. 

Tapering, (a.) pa-zaw. 

Tape-worm, (s!) chhao-hrL 

Taste, (v.) pa-cha. 

Taste lose, (v.) a-pa-da. 



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198 LAKHBR OBAMMAR AND DIOTIONART. 



Tattoo, (a.) cha-pai. 

Tax, (s.) a-lei, chhi, (v,) pa-chei-sha, (s.) lei-ba. 

Tax Collector, (s.) chnia-khei-pa. 

Tea, (s.) thang-pi. 

Tear, (v.) hri. 

Tears, (s.) maung-tbli. 

Tease, (v.) cha-tao. 

Teat, (s.) sa-pi-hmu aw. 

Tea seed, (s,) thang-pi-thei. 

Tea tree, (s.) thang-pi. 

Teeth, (s) ha. 

Telescope, (s.) mao-pha-hli-na, thua-shaw-phi. 

Tell, (v.) chhaung. 

Temper (as steel), (v.) raw, a-te, a-nao. 

Temperate, (v.) zi. 

Tempered, (v.)nao-a-nai,(a.) rao-nai. 

Temples, (5/) sai-li. 

Temporary house, (s.*) beorei, tla-phia, (v.) cha-khaw. 

Temporary lodging, (s.) tlao-na-ang. 

Tempt, (v.) rei-aw. 

Tempting, (a.) pa-shi-ta-ia. 

Ten, (a ) pa-hraw. 

Tenacious of life be, (v.) hu-cha a-ru. 

Tend, (y.) pa-sha, mang-kha. 

Tend a fire, (v.) ti. 

Tender, (s.) fciw. 

Testicle, (5.) ti-hm«o, hri. 

Than, (omj.) cha-pa-ta, khao-ta, hlei khao. 

Thankful, (v.) leo. 

That, (am),) ta, (pro.) khaw, (a.) khaw, kha-khaw, cha-cha, haw-ze- 

hu, (aftv.) hu, haw-hu, (pro.) cha. 
Thatch, (v.) dia, ngia-di-dia 
Thatching grass, (s.) ngia-di. 

That by you, (a.) Khaw, kha-khaw, (adv.) kha-khaw. 
That up there, (a.) khi, khi-khi. 
Thee, (pro.) cha-ta, na-ma, na. 
Their, (pro.) a-mang, ama. 
Theirs, (pro.) a-mang-ei. 
Them, (pro.) a-mang. 
Then, (adv.) hei, (conj.) cha-ta-va-cha-ta, (adv.) cha-Tai-khia-ta, 

chha. 
There, (adv.) cha-lia-na-cha-ta, kha-lia-na-kha-ta, haw-la-ta, haw- 

lia-na-haw-ta, kha-tiata, (a.) cha-a-cha-la. 
Therefore, (conj.) cha ta-na-cha-ta. 
There in that place, (adv.) kha-lia-na-kha-ta^ kha-tia-ta. 



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PART IV. — DICnONART : ENGLISH-LAKH «R. 199 



There near you, (adv.) kha-lia-na-kha-ta, kha-lia-ta. 

These, (a.) cha-a-sha-hlao-cha, he-sa-hlaw-hi, cha-cha. 

They, (pro.) amang, ama. 

Thick, (a.) a-kia-a-za, ri-pa-hrei, pa-pai-pa-vei. 

Thick (as wood), (a.) chha. 

Thick, (v.) chha, pa-pai-pa-vai. . 

Thickness, (s.) thang. 

Thief, (s.') a-rua-phia, rua-hma-pa, a-rua-phia, baw-pi. 

Thin, (a.) pa, cho, zo, a-shia-pa-hri, pa-pai, (v.) zo. 

Thine, (pro.) na-ei, na, na-ma-eL 

Thing, (s.) a-tang-a-ria-pa, che-sa. 

Things, (s.) hma-kei, hmang. 

Think, (v.) pa-cha, hna-bei-shei, va, a-palai. 

Think out, (v.) taw. 

Thin, very, (a.) a-thla-da. 

Thirst, (v.) da-phi. 

Thirsty, (a.) da-phi. 

Thirteen, (a.) po-hraw-na-ta-po-tho. 

Tliis, (a.) hi, (adv.) he-haw-ta, (a.) hei-hi, cha-cha. 

This month, a-ta-hma-ta-thla-pa. 

This much, he-sha. 

Thorn, (5.)a-hlang 

Thoroughly, (adv.) a-zang, pba; pha-hnai-khang, a-cha-khi-cha-li- 

pa-tai. 
Those, (pro.) cha-a-cha-la, (a.) haw-ze-hu, cha-a-sha-hlao-cha, cha- 

chu. 
Those down there, (a.) khu-khu-khu-sha-hlaw-khu, khu-zia-khu. 
Those up there, (a) Idii-sha-hlaw, khi-khi. 
Thou, (pro.) na, na-ma-na. 
Thoughtful, (a,) nao-pha. 
Thoughts, (s.) pa-cha. 
Thread, (v.) cha-thi. 
Thread of a crew, (s.) hrai. 
Threaten, (v.) a hua-ha, ti-tai. 
^fhree, (a.) thao, pao-thao. 
Threshing floor, (s.) shaw-shi-hmang 
Thrice, (aUv,) ei-thao. 
Throng, (v.) cha-khang, tleo. 
Through, (adv,) pa-hli, (v.) khao. 
Throughout, (prep.) kia-pa-ta. 
Throw, (v.) vow, pa-thlua. 
Throw as spear, (v.) cha-khaw. 
Throw away, (v.) tha. 
Throw into the air, (v.) va-Ia-pa-thlua. 
Throw out sparks, (v.) pa-cbhi. 



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200 LAKHBR GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Throw over, (v.) bao. 

Thumb, (s.) ku-pi, pu-pi. 

Thunder, (s,) a-va-a-thua, (y.) a-va-a-thua. 

Thunder-bolt, (s.) pa-chhi. 

Thus, (adv.) cha-ta-na-cha-ta, he-haw-ta. 

Thy, (pro,) na, na-ma. 

Tick, (s.) saw-cha. 

Tickle, (v.) za, (v. t) ki-li. 

Tidy, (v.) pa-mi. 

Tie, (v.) cha-hreo, cha-khi. 

Tie a knot, (v.) cha-khi. 

Tie in a bow, (v.) cha-khi-ia-pi. 

Tie in an ordinary knot, (v.) cha-khi- shu-pa-hli. 

Tie in a weaver's knot, (v.) cha-khi. 

Tie together, (v.) pa-shu. 

Tiger, (s.) sa-kei, cha-kei. 

Tiger trap, (s.) kha-pi. 

Tight, (a) chi-ih. 

Tight fitting, (a.) chi-ih. 

Tightly, (a.^ a-ral 

Time, (s.) ti, (adv.) a-pi-sai-ta, a-pi-ta-pa-ta-che. 

Time ago, some, (adv.) a-za-chha-nang. 

Time of the midday meal, (s.) la-chaw-ni-ti. 

Timid be, (s.) hrang. ^ 

Tin (s.) ra-Ta, (a.) ra-va. 

Tingle, (v.) pa-ra. 

Tip, (s.) paw-hmou-kia. 

Tire, (v. t.) tha-chha. 

Tired, (a.) shi-pa-sha. 

Tired to be, (v.) tha-chha. 

Tired of be, (v.) nang. 

Tired of life be, (v.) hrang-ai. 

Tired out be, (v.) pa-naw. 

Tiresome, (a.) nang-hai-a-chhi. 

Tiring, (a.) tha-chha-zao-chha. 

Toad, (s.) u-phaw. 

Toad stool, (s.) paw-chhi. 

Toast, (v.) pa-hi. 

Toast bread, (s.) via-chha-pa-ai-pa. 

Toasted bread, (s.) via-chha-pa-ai-pa. 

Toast so as to burn, (v.) pa-ai-hu. 

Tobacco box, (s.) du-baw. 

To-day, ata-nang, ta-a-ta-nang. 

Toe, (s.) phei-pa-rang. 

Toe, first, (s.) pa-zao. 



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PART IV.— DIOTIONAEY: KN0LI8H-LAKHBB. 201 



Toe, big, (s.) phei-pi. 
'J'oe, little, (s.) ka-dang. 
'i'oes, (s.) phei-pa-rang. 
Together, (v.) thia. 

Together with, (prep.) chhaw-ta, dua-ta. 
To-morrow, meo-la. 
Tone, (s.) sha, pa-ei-zi. 
Tongs, (s.) chai-chi. 
Tongue, (s.) za, a-lei. 
To-night, nang-thla-ma, a-ta-za. 
Too, (adv.) tu, hra-tu, pa. 
Tool, (s.) thang-pa-mi-na. 
Tooth, (s,) noung, ha. 

Top (of tree, post, etc.), (s.) kia-^hao, la-kL 
Torch, (s.) inaw-rei-phei, mei-rei-pei. 
Torn, (a.) hri, (v.) hri. 
Tortoise, (s.^ sei-la-kao-pa. 
Torture, (v.) pa-sai-pa-i. 
Toss, (v.) ang-ri. 

Touch, (v.) ki^-pa-ta, ha, sao-thla, hria. 
Touchhole, («.) mei-thei-na-thi. 
Touching, (a.) a-hria, (v.) a-hria. 
Touchy, (r!) pa-thi-pa-chhang, (a.)pa-thi-pa-clihang. 
Towel, (.?.) a-hru-na-pang. 
, Track, (y.^ hni-cha-thaw, a-shia-ra, laicha-dai. 
Tra*ce, (r.) lai-cha-dai. 
Trade, {v. ) shao-daw. 
Trading, (v. ) shao-daw. 
Trample under foot, (v.) tleo. 
Transform, {v.t.) cha-tua. 
Transparent, (v.) a thia-da. 
Trap, (s.) a-hei. 

Travail with child, (r.) shaw-phaw-na. 
Tread, (v.) tleo 
Tread out, (v.) tleo. 
Tread upon, (v.) tleo. 
Treat, (v.) pa-tlia. 
Treat badly, (v.) a-chhi-pa-ta. 
'IVeat well, (v.) pha-ta-ta-ta. 
Treat with favour, (v) ngia-chhi. 
Treat with unfairness, (v.) cha-khang. 
Tree, (s.) kao, mei-sha. 
IVee wood, (s.) thang. 
Tributary village, (s.) khi-law-pa. 
Tribute, (s.) lei-ba. 



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202 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Trick, (s.) chao-cha-hrei. 

Trigger of a gun, (5.) mei-thei-za-pa-pa. 

Trivet, (5/) iawng-ina-thao. 

Trouble, (v.) ta-ma-ta. 

Troubled, (a.) pa-cha-pa-hrei. 

Troublesome, (a,) tha-chha-zao-chha, rithei-chhi. 

Trough, (5.) thlia. 

Trousers, (s.) phei-via-pa-kaw. 

True, (a.) a-dang. 

Truly, (adv.) ta-hmei-shei-pa. 

Trunk, (5.) maw. 

Trunk of tree, (s.) kao. 

Trust, (v.) pa-cha. 

Trustworthy, (a.) a-zang-a-chhi. 

Try, (v.) chhua. 

Try hard, (v.) a-chhua-pa-tha, a-chhua-ria-lia. 

Try hard to persuade, (v.) lia-sha-rei-pa-saw. 

Tube, (s.) pa-thlaw. 

Tuber, (s,^ bia-pa. 

Tuck in, (v.) zi. 

Tune, (5.) hla-pha-ei-da, pa ei-zi. 

Turban, (s,) khu-thang. 

Turbid, (a.) pa-nao, (u.) pa-nao. 

Turmeric, (s.) iasa-mai-pa. 

Turn, (v.) hei, pa-chia. 

Turn inside out, (v.) pa-li. 

Turn over, (v.) pa-li. 

Turn over lengthways, (v.) ki-la-bao. 

Turn round, (i;^ hi. 

Turn towards, (v.) a-pi-pa-ti. 

Turn up, (y,) pa-li. 

Turn upside down, (r.) pa-li. 

Tusk, (s.) noung. 

Tweezers, (s.) chai-chi. 

Twice, (adv.) a-nang. 

Twig, (s.) pa-hrei. 

Twins, (s,) ma-phi. 

Twist, (v.) cha-cha -mi-pa-chhao. 

Twisted, (v.) chhi. 

Twist round, (v.) cha-mi. 

Twitsed together, (v.) a-va-cha-khia, a-va-va-cha-khia 

Two, (a.) nang, pa-nang. 

Twofold, (a.) a^pa-thlang, (v, /.) a-pa-thlang. 

Two pounds weight, (s.) khao. 



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PART IV. ^DICmONART-BNOLISH-LAKHBR, 203 



U. 

Udder, (s.) sa-pi. 

Ug'y> (^0 hmi-chhi, chhi. 

Ugly be, (v.) hmia-chhi. 

Ulcer, (s.) khei-hlu. 

Umbrella, (s.) nang-theo. 

Unanimously, (adv.) a-chhi. bi-pa-raw-ta, bia-pa-tlang-kha-ta. 

Uncle, (s.) paw, pu. 

Uncock (a gun), (v.) pa-chhang. 

Uncomfortable, (a.) ri-thei-chhi. 

Uncommon, (a.) dua-vei, cha-kang. 

Under, (prepi) reo-la-ta. 

Undergrowth, (s.) si-pao-pa. 

Underneath (prep, and adv.) cha-hri-ta. 

Understand, (v.) pa-hnang. 

Under the lee of, (prep.) a-pa-kha-ta. 

Undeservedly, (adv.) cha-kheo. 

Undo, (v.) shu, phi. * 

Uneven, (a.) thlu. 

Unexpectedly, (adv.) sao-kha-ta. 

Unfasten, (v.) shu. 

Unfinished, (a.) ba. 

Unfit, (a.) pa-ha-vei. 

Unfortunate be, (v.) va-dua, (a.) va-dua. 

Unharmed, (a.) a-hlia-phia. 

Unhuskedtf-ice, (s.) sa-hang. 

Unlawful, (a.) a-na. 

Unlike, (a^fv.) a-lo-vei. 

Unload, (v.) pua-khei. 

Unluckv, (a.) va-dua. 

Unreliable be, (v.) pa-sao-pa-hia, (a.) pa-sati-pa-hia 

Unripe, (a.) hei. 

Unripe to be, (t;.)*hei. 

Unselfish, (a.) nao-pha. 

Unsheath, (v.) phia. 

Unstable, (a.) a-i-vei. 

Unstop, (v.) khi. 

Unsuitable, (v.) phu-vei, (a.) phu-vei. 

Untempered, (a.) nai. 

Untidy (a.) a-pa-mi-lei-pa, (v.) a-pa-thla. 

Until, (conj.) hla-ta-cha. 

Untrue, (a.) hai. 

Untrustworthv, (a.) pa-sao-pa-hia. 

Unworthy, (a.) pa-ha-vei. 

Up, (adv.) pa-chhua. 



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204 XJLKHIR GRAMMAR AND DIOTIONART. 



Upbraid, (y.) n. 

Upon, (prep.^ chao-ta, khu. 

Uppermost, (a.) a-cbao-chaL 

Uprigbt, (r.^ dua. 

Upset, (v. t.) lei. 

Upside down, (a.) li-la, (v.) li-la. 

Upstream, (adv.) cha-va-hnaw-Ja. 

Up tbere, (a.) khi-lia-ta. 

Up to, (prep.) tai-ta, tlao-na-tai-ta 

Urge, (v.) pa-sbeung. 

Urine, («.) pa-zu-ti, pa-zao, {v.) pa^zao. 

Urine, to bave stoppage of, (v.) zao-pa-brai. 

Us, (pro.) ma-nia. 

Use, {s ) kbang-tla-pa, (v.) bma. 

Useful, (a.) ham-daung-tla, bma-zi, (v.) pba-bnai {adv.) pba-bnai. 

Useless, (a.) thi. 

Uselessly, (adv.) cha-kheo. 

Use up, (y.) pa-hlei, (v. t.) pa-tlaw-pa-pa. 

Usurp, (v.) pa-ma. 

Uvula, {s.) da-^-pa. 



Vaccinate, (v.) ba-a. 
Vagabond, (5.) via-vi. 
Valley, (s) sbai-ka, cha-va-bnaw. 
Valuable, (v.) sbo-cbai, (a.) shochai 
Value, (v.) khai. 
Value highly, (v.) pa-shao sha. 
Variegated, (a.) chei. 
Various colours, (a.) cbei. 

Vegetables, (a.) pa-shi, («.) chi-kaw, a-bmi, la-kha-aha. 
Vehemently, (adv.) pa-tei. 
Veins, (s) tha-pa-chia. 
Venomous bites, (v.) haw. 
Verandah, (s.) lai-cha-hmo. 
Verdict, (v.) bia-pa-pai. 
Vertical, {adv.) pa-thlao. 
Vertically, (adv.) pa-thlao. 

Very, {adv.) chai, dua, shei, ngai-ta, chei-haw, (a.) tang- 
Very good, (adv.] pha-hnai. 
Very much, (adv.) pha-tei, (a.) a-hlu-pi. 
Vessel, (s.) ao. 

Vexed be, {v.) pa-lao-cha-vei, ngia-pa-chhi*vei. 
Vice versa, (a.) li-la. 



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PART IV. — ^DICTIONARY : BKOLIBH-LAKHIR. 205 



Vicinity, (s.) vai. 

Vicious, (a) na-tlabi-pa, nao-chhi, (v.) hia-hrl 

Victorious, (a.) ria-pha. 

View, (v.) sai 

Vie with, {v.) zaw. 

Village, («.) khi, vai 

Village, small out-lying, {s. ) khi-Iaw-pa. 

Visible be, (v.) la. 

Vision, (v.) thla-pa-hmao. 

Visit, (v.) a-hnaw, si-pa, tleo. 

Visit (a young woman to court), (v.) cfaa-rei. 

Voice, (5.) O. 

Vomit, {sA pa-li. 

Vulture, (s.) pa-hmo-na-kaw-hei. 

Vulva, (s) chhu. 

„ w 

Wad, (5.) thei-sa-lao-hnaw. 

Wade, (r.) a-dia. 

Wages, (s.) ma, hlou. 

Waist, (5.) chai. 

Waist-coat, (s.) via-pa-kaw-ba-lei-pa. 

Wait, (v.) ha. 

Wait for, (v.) va, vaw-ha. 

Wake, (v.) tla, hra, (v.t.) pa-theo. 

Wake up, (v.) tla-zia. 

Walk, (v.) phei-ta-shi, cha-rei. 

Walk along, (v.) a chhi. 

Walk on the hands, (v.) li-la-ta-shi. 

Walk up and down in front of, (y.) cha-hri. 

Wall, (s.) pa-chhao. 

Wallow, (v.) a-shi. 

Wall plate, (s.) pa-la-i. 

Wander, (y.) pa-lo-a-li. 

Wander about, (y.) a-va. 

Wanderer, (s.) via-vi. 

Want, (v.) khang. chhua. 

Want very much, (v.) ngia-ba, ua-va. 

War, (v.) cha-ria. 

War against, (v.) charia. 

Warm, (a.) la-lao, (v.) la-lao. 

Warning, (adv.) thla-haw, thla. 



Warp, (s.) pang-tao. 



Wash, (v.) pa-shi, pa-shi-pa-hlia. 
Wash (the face), (v.) pa-hli. 
Wash clothes, (v.) pa-shu. 



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206 LAKHER QRAMMAK AN'D DIOTIONART. 



Wasp, (s.) a-kbei, kheUa-mai. 
Waste, (v. t.) pa-tlaw-pa-pa. 
Waste away (as in illness), (v.) pa-hua. 
Wasted, (a.) khai. 
Waste time, (v.) taw-tlia-shi. 
Watch, (s.) nang-la, nang-la-a-thei-pa, (v.) vai. 
Watch for, (v.) beo. 
Watcher, (s.) a-vai-pa. 
Water, (s.) ti. 
Water-bottle, (s.) ti-thei. 
Water-carrier, (s.) ti-a-thai-pa. 
Water-fall, (s.) ti-shaw, ti-cha-khaw, ti-pa-lei. 
Water-flask, (s.) ti-thei. 
Water-hole, (s.) ta-khaw. 
Water-leech, (s.) ma-shia-nga-lili. 
Water-plants, (s.) ti-hnaw. 
Water-pot, (s ) sha-ka-hma-bei-rai. 
Water-proof cloth, (s). ha-ri-pang. 
Water-rat, {s. . ti-pa-zu. 
Water-supply, (s.) ti-ni. 
Water-tight, (a.) hi. (v.) hi. 
Watery, (a.) a-shia-pa-hri. 
Wave, (5.) ti-ka-tlaw, ;^t>.) laung. 
Wave about, (a. phaw. 
Way, (s.) la, da. 
Way lay, (v.) beo. 
Way on the, (adv,^ si-pa-ta. 
We, (pro.) i-ma, kei-mang. 

Weak, (v.) cha-hra-lei-pa, (a.) cha-hra-iei-pa, na-ta. 
Weekly manner, (aoJi;.)cha-hra-lei-pa. 
Weal, (s.) a-hri, (v.) a-hri. 
Wear, (y.) a-bu, a-khu, cha-kai, a-keo. 
Wear in the ear, (v.) ba 
Wear in the hair, (v.) a-chhao. 
Weather, (s.) khi. 
Weave, (v) sha. 
Weaving machine, (s,) law-bu. 
Weed, (s.) si-pao-pa, a-pang-pa. 
Week, (5.) nang-sa-ri. 
Weep over or about, (v.) cha-khei. 
Weigh, (y.) khao. 
Weigh to, (v.) khao. 
Weighty, (a.) lia-ri. 

Well, (a.) pha, (adv.) pha, pha-hnai-khang, (s.) ta-khaw, (y.) pa- 
hnang-khai, tla. 



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PART IV — DICTIONARY : SNQLI8H-LAKHER. 207 



Well, do, (v.) pha-ta-ta-ta. 

Well do, by, (v.) pha-ta-ta-ta. 

Well-to-do, (a.) pha. 

West, (s.) ma-thi, ma-thi-la, khi-ma-thi. 

Wet, (y. t.)shua. 

Wet and dirty, (a.) a-shia-pa-hri, (v.) a-shia-pa-hri. 

Wet. weather, (s.) a-va-nei. 

What, (jpro.) kha-pa, khe-zia, kha-pa-maw, khei-ta-e. 

Whatever, (j[)ro.) kha-pa-rai-thi-tha3¥, zua-dua, pahma, ma-nao, 

thi-thaw. 
What for, (adv.) kha-zia-maw, kha-paw-pa-maw. 
Wheedle, (v.) cha-ha. 

When, {conj) na-ta, khia-ta-la, khai-na-ta, rai-ta. thla-baw-na-ta, 
cha, (v. t) pa-tblo, (arfu.) ti-ta, kha-ti-ta-ma, kha-ti-ta, ti-ta-cha, 
kha-ta, nang-ta, ti-ta, (s^ daw. 
Whence, (adv) kha-tai-la ta-pa-naw, kha-tai-la-ta-maw, kha-tai-lia 

ta-pa-maw, na-taw-ta. 
Whenever, {adv!) zua-dua-ta, ma-nao-ta, ihli-thaw-ta. 

Where, {adv.) na-taw-ta, khei-ha, kha-tai-ta-maw, kha-tai-ta. 

Wherever, {adv) zua-dua-ta, ma-nao-ta, kba-tai-la-clihaw, na- 
zua-dua-ta. 

Wherefore, {adv^ kha-zia-maw. 

Whether, (conj.) tleo-ma. 

Which, (pro.) a-khei-haw-pa-maw, a-kha-pa-maw, khei-hainaw, 
kha-pa, cha, khaw, a-khei-haw-pa-ma. 

While, (prep.) thla-ta, (conj.) chao-ta. 

While about it, (adv.) pa-la. 

Whine, (v.) sha. 

White be, (a.) pa-va. 

Whirlwind, (5.) sha-khao-pa-khi. 

Whisper, (v.) pa-pho-pa-ru. 

Whisper to, (v) bia-pa-ru. 

Whistle, (v.) pa-hi, ku-tao. 

White, (a.) ngeo, paw, (v.) paw. 

White-ant (wingless), (s.) lei-chliaw. 

White medal, (s.) ta-ka-sa-pa. 

Who, (pro^ khaw, cha, a-heo-maw 

Whoever, (pro.) ma-nao, pa-hma, zua-dua, thi-thaw. 

Whole, (a.) a-pao-pa, pao-pa-ta, baung-hlaung. 

Whole length, (s.) tlai. 

Whom, (pro.^ a-heo-maw. 

Whomever, {pro) pa-hma, zua-dua, ma-nao, thi-thaw. 

Whose, (pro) a-heo-maw. 

Why, (adv.\ kha-zia-maw, kha-paw-paw-maw. 

Wicked, (a) lei. 



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208 I«A.KHSR GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Widow, (s,) nao-hmei. 

Wife, (5.) ba-pa-nao. 

Wife's mother, (s.) mang-nao. 

Wife's sister, (s.) mang-nao. 

Wild boar. (5.) ngia-cha. 

Wild cat, («.) sa-haw. 

Wild cherry, (s.) saw-thlaw. 

Wild dog rCania dhola),(«.) chang-i. 

Wild gayai, (s.) chaw-lia-tao-pa, chaw-lia. 

Wild goat, («.) sa-za, sa-thaw. 

Willing be, (v.) tai. 

Wilt, (v.) ua. 

Wilted, (a.) ua. 

Win, (v.) pa-hnL 

Wind, (5.) zi-za. 

Winding, (adv.) kaung. 

Window, (5.) aung-pa. 

Wind up a case, (v) bia-pa-pai. 

Wind storm, (s,) khao-khi. 

Winged white ant, {$.) phi-pa-hri-pa. 

Winnow, (r.) zi. 

Wipe, (y.) hru. 

Wire, (v.) hrai, (s.) thua-ri. 

Wise, (a.) na-pa-va-pa, shang. 

Wish, (v.) pa-chu-pa-hrei, chhua, (a.) rei-ta. 

Wish God-speed, (v.) rei-pha-ta-pa-thli 

Witch, (5.) deung-a-thai-pa. 

With, (prep.) na-ta, hnang-ta, ta. 

Withal, (adv.) thla-va-ta. 

With all the might, (adv.) ha-pa-chi-pa-ta. 

Wither, (v.) pa-hua, ua. 

Withered, (a.) thi, ua, (v.) thi. 

Within, (prep.) chhao-ta. 

With one consent, (adv.) a-chhi. 

With one desire, (adv.) bia-parMang-kha-ta. 

With one hand, ba-kha. 

With one mind, (v.) pa-lo-ri-pa-mia-kha-ta, (adv.) bia-tlang-klia-ta. 

Without a flaw, (a.) a-hlia-phia. 

Without blemish, (a.) pa-sha-pa-rang. 

Without fail, (adv) i-zang-a-vei. 

Without gloss, (a.) pa-rao. 

Without moving, (adv.) a-pi-lei-pa-ta. 

Withstand, (v.) pa-kha-pa-di. 

Witness for, (v.) chha-la-a-cha-pa, (5.) hia-pa-hmang-pa. 

Wizard, (s.) deung-a-thai-pa. 



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PART IV. — ^DIOnONAKY: K»aLlSH"IiAKfl«R. 209 



Wizened, (a.) a-daw. 

Woman, («.) cha-nao. 

Woman's pipe, (s.) ka-raw-lia. 

Womb, («.) hla-thi, (adv.) chhu-ta 

Wonderful, (a^ ri-ma, (v.) ri-ma. 

Wonderfully, (adv.) ri-ma. 

Wood, («.) cha-khi. 

Wooden, (s.) thang. 

Wood-pigeon, (s.) a-tu-va-chhu, va-shi. 

Woof, ts^ pang-phei. 

Wool, (5.) la-thang, hmi. 

Word, (8.) bi. 

Work, (v.) rai-hria, hria, a-pi, (m.) rai-hria, rai. 

Work at, (v.) pa-shai-pa-i. 

Work for wj^es, (v.) a-hlaw-fa-pa. 

Works, U.) a-hrang-a-ria-pa-ta, a-pi-da-pha-vei. 

World, (s,) va-lei-kha-tang. 

Wordly estate, (s,) khi-sha-zi. 

Worm, (s.) cha-ka-ri-pa, chhao-hri. 

Worried, (a.) pa-cha-pa-hrei, (v.) pu-cha-pa-hrei. 

Worry, (y. /.) pa-maw-pa-la, nang-pa-rai. 

Worship God, (v.) kha-zao-pa-a-bi. 

Worthy, (a.) tlai-ang-na, pa-ha. 

Wound, (s.) pa-u, (v.) pa-khaw-pa-ba, hna-pa. 

Woundea, (a.) a-za-a-khaw, hna-pa, (t>.) a-tu. 

Wound one s self, (y.) a-tu. 

Woven, (a.) sha. 

Wrap round, (y.) khu. 

Wrap up, (y.) chat-teung. 

Wrench, (y.^ cha-mi-pa-chhao. 

Wrestle, (vS a-pia. 

Wretched, (a.) ri-thei-chhi. 

Wriggle, (v.) ka-pu, a-thi. 

Wring, (v.) shaw. 

Wrinkle, (v.) a-daw, ua. 

Wrinkled, (a.) daw, ua, a-daw, (v.) a-daw. 

Wrist, (s.) ba-pai. 

Write, (v.) rang. 

Writer, (s.) cha-rang-pa. 

Writing for, slate, (s.) lo-cha. 

Wrong, (a.) a-na, lei, (v.) a-na. 

Wrongly, (a.) lei. 

Wrong way about, (a.) li-la. 

DD 



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210 LAKHER GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARY. 



Yam, (5.) ba-hra. 

Yard, (s.) pa-kaw-chhao, pa-kaw. 

Yarn, ($.) pa-la. 

Year before last, a-zo-ko-va-vaw-lai-pa. 

Year, (s.) kao. 

Year this, a-ta-ko. 

Yeast, (s.) thi-iiao. 

Yellow, (a.) mai. 

Yes, (adt).) a-cha-cha, cha, 6, eo. 

Yesterday, za-bia. 

Yet, (conj.) cha-hra-sa-la, tlao, (adv.) a-ta-hma-i, a-ta-hma-rai, 

ta-hma-taih-ta-chhaw-ta. 
You, (pro!) na-mang, cha-ta-hei-hi, na-ma. 
Young, (sS taw, (v.) shai, (a.) theung-tlia. 
Young to oe, (v.) theung-tlia. 
Young of animals, (s.) taw. 
Younger brother, r5.)'naw-ta. 
Younger sister, (s.) naw-ta. 
Young leaf, (s.) zi-pa-nao-pa. 
Young man, (s.) sha-tHa, theung-tlia. 
Young shoot, ($.^ zi-pa-nao-pa. 
Young woman, (s.) la-sha. 
Your, (pro.) narmang, na-ma. 
Yours, (pro.) na-mang-ei. 



Zealous, (a.) pha-hna-khang. 
Zenith, (s.) a-va-lia-pa-lao. 



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